1998 Swedish general election
All 349 seats in the Riksdag
175 seats needed for a majority
Map of the election, showing the distribution of constituency and levelling seats, as well as the largest political bloc within each constituency.
General elections were held in
The incumbent Social Democratic minority government, led by Göran Persson, was returned to power despite losing seats and receiving fewer votes than in their 1991 defeat. They remained in power with support from the Left Party and the Green Party. While the three left-wing parties saw a net loss of 11 seats, the Left Party nearly doubled its representation in the Riksdag. This reflected how many Social Democratic voters were dissatisfied with the policies of the government, which had implemented austerity measures to reduce the budget deficit.
The Social Democrats were able to form a government in spite of the sizeable decline of the vote, since the centre-right parties failed to recover more than a net share of 11 seats out of the required 27. The most notable gain was that the capital Stockholm going blue in spite of a stable nationwide left-leaning majority, something that previously had been unlikely. In suburban areas around Stockholm and Gothenburg several municipalities also flipped blue. Other gains were in the blue heartlands of Southern Sweden, with Jönköping and Linköping being major pickups.
Even so, smaller municipalities away from the bigger cities gave the red-green bloc a sizeable edge, with the Left Party getting into double-digits nationwide. Even though there was a drop of support in major cities, many areas that had previously voted blue remained with the red-green bloc. For the Social Democrats, the steep drop of the party's nationwide vote share was still felt in many of its historically strong industrial areas. The party's vote share had dropped to a 70-year low and many absolute majorities from 1994 election were lost.
Besides from the Left Party, the other party that made major gains were the
|Swedish Social Democratic Party||1,914,426||36.40||131||–30|
|Liberal People's Party||248,076||4.72||17||–9|
|Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party||52,869||1.01||0||0|
|The New Party||25,276||0.48||0||0|
|Senior Citizen Party||6,865||0.13||0||0|
|Socialist Justice Party||3,044||0.06||0||0|
|Source: Statistical Central Bureau|
|By party||By coalition|
|Skåne North and East||12||4||3||1||2||1||1||5||7|
|Västra Götaland East||10||4||2||1||2||1||5||5|
|Västra Götaland North||12||4||2||1||2||1||1||1||6||6|
|Västra Götaland South||6||3||1||1||1||4||2|
|Västra Götaland West||13||4||3||1||2||1||1||1||6||7|
|Source: Statistics Sweden|
Votes by municipality. The municipalities are the color of the party that got the most votes within the coalition that won relative majority.
Cartogram of the map to the left with each municipality rescaled to the number of valid votes cast.
Map showing the voting shifts from the 1994 to the 1998 election. Darker blue indicates a municipality voted more towards the parties that formed the centre-right bloc. Darker red indicates a municipality voted more towards the parties that form the left-wing bloc.
Votes by municipality as a scale from red/Left-wing bloc to blue/Centre-right bloc.
Cartogram of vote with each municipality rescaled in proportion to number of valid votes cast. Deeper blue represents a relative majority for the centre-right coalition, brighter red represents a relative majority for the left-wing coalition.
- Nohlen & Stöver, p1873