|Initial release||January 5, 2002|
6 / February 8, 2022
Apache License 2.0
|Internet media type|
ASP.NET is an
It was first released in January 2002 with version 1.0 of the .NET Framework and is the successor to Microsoft's Active Server Pages (ASP) technology. ASP.NET is built on the Common Language Runtime (CLR), allowing programmers to write ASP.NET code using any supported .NET language. The ASP.NET SOAP extension framework allows ASP.NET components to process SOAP messages.
Microsoft briefly marketed
ASP.NET supports a number of programming models for building web applications:
- ASP.NET Web Forms – A framework for building modular pages out of components, with UI events being processed server-side.
- ASP.NET MVC – allows for building web pages using the model–view–controller design pattern.
- ASP.NET Web Pages – A lightweight syntax for adding dynamic code and data access directly inside HTML markup.
- ASP.NET WebHooks – Implements the Webhook pattern for subscribing to and publishing events via HTTP.
- SignalR – A real-time communications framework for bi-directional communication between client and server.
Other ASP.NET extensions include:
- ASP.NET Dynamic Data – A scaffolding extension to build data driven web applications.
IIS integrated pipeline
On IIS 6.0 and lower, pages written using different versions of the ASP framework cannot share session state without the use of third-party libraries. This does not apply to ASP.NET and ASP applications running side by side on IIS 7. With IIS 7.0, modules may be run in an integrated pipeline that allows modules written in any language to be executed for any request.
It is not essential to use the standard Web forms development model when developing with ASP.NET. Noteworthy frameworks designed for the platform include:
- Base One Foundation Component Library (BFC) is RAD framework for building .NET database and distributed computing applications.
- DotNetNukeis an open-source solution that provides both a web application framework and a content management system that allows for advanced extensibility through modules, skins, and providers.
- Castle ActiveRecord, an ORM layer built on NHibernate.
ASP.NET based on .NET Framework (Prior to ASP.NET core)
The ASP.NET releases history tightly correlates with the .NET Framework releases:
|Date||Version||Remarks||New ASP.NET related features|
|January 16, 2002||Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0||First version
released together with
Visual Studio .NET
|April 24, 2003||Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1||released together with Windows Server 2003
released together with
Visual Studio .NET 2003
|November 7, 2005||Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0||
released together with
Visual Studio 2005 and Visual Web Developer Express
and SQL Server 2005
|November 21, 2006||Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0||Released with Windows Vista|
|November 19, 2007||Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5||Released with
Visual Studio 2008 and Windows Server 2008
|August 11, 2008||Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5 Service Pack 1||Released with Visual Studio 2008 Service Pack 1|
|April 12, 2010||Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0||Released with
Visual Studio 2010
Parallel extensions and other
.NET Framework 4features
The two new properties added in the Page class are MetaKeyword and MetaDescription.
|August 15, 2012||Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5||Released with
Parallel extensions and other
.NET Framework 4.5features
|October 17, 2013||Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5.1||Released with|
|May 5, 2014||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.5.2||
|July 20, 2015||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.6||Released||
|November 30, 2015||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.6.1|
|August 2, 2016||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.6.2||
|April 11, 2017||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.7||Included in the Windows 10 Creators Update||
|October 17, 2017||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.7.1||Included in the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update.||
|April 30, 2018||Older version, yet still maintained: 4.7.2|
|August 09, 2022||Current stable version: 4.8.1||Released|
|November 18, 2015||Old version, no longer maintained: 5 RC1||This version was later separated from ASP.NET and brought into a new project called ASP.NET Core, whose versioning started at 1.0.||An entirely new project with different development tenets and goals|
ASP.NET based on .NET Core (ASP.NET core)
|Version Number||Release Date||End of Support||Supported Visual Studio Version(s)|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0||2016-06-27||2019-06-27|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1||2016-11-18||2019-06-27||Visual Studio 2015, 2017|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0||2017-08-14||2018-10-01||Visual Studio 2017|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.1 long-term support||2018-05-30||2021-08-21||Visual Studio 2017|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.2||2018-12-04||2019-12-23||Visual Studio 2017 15.9 and |
201916.0 preview 1
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0||2019-09-23||2020-03-03||Visual Studio 2017 and 2019|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.1 long-term support||2019-12-03||2022-12-03||Visual Studio 2019|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0||2020-11-10||2022-05-08||Visual Studio 2019 16.8|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 6.0 long-term support||2021-11-08||2024-11-08||Visual Studio 2022|
|Current stable version: 7.0 standard-term support||2022-11-08||2024-05-14||Visual Studio 2022|
The Mono Project supports "everything in .NET 4.7 except WPF, WWF, and with limited WCF and limited ASP.NET 4.7 async stack." ASP.NET can be run with Mono using one of three options: Apache hosting using the mod_mono module, FastCGI hosting, and XSP.
- ELMAH (Error Logging Modules and Handlers), an ASP.NET debugging tool
- ".net download page".
- "ASP.NET is part of a great open source .NET community". Microsoft. Microsoft. May 14, 2013. Archived from the original on May 11, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
- "ASP.NET | Open-source web framework for .NET". Microsoft. Retrieved 2023-06-24.
- "Introduction to ASP.NET 5 — ASP.NET 0.0.1 documentation". asp.net. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
- "Choose between ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core". docs.microsoft.com.
- "ASP.NET Web Pages (Razor) FAQ". docs.microsoft.com.
- "Get Started with ASP.NET Web API 2 (C#)". docs.microsoft.com.
- "How to Take Advantage of the IIS 7.0 Integrated Pipeline". iis.net.
- "Announcing release of ASP.NET and Web Tools for Visual Studio 2013".
- ".net framework product lifecycle".
- "Announcing .NET Framework 4.6".
- "Visual Studio 2015 and Visual Studio 2013 Update 5 Released". msdn.com. Microsoft.
- "Announcing the .NET Framework 4.7". 5 April 2017.
- "Announcing the .NET Framework 4.7.1". 17 October 2017.
- "Announcing the .NET Framework 4.8". 18 April 2019.
- "Releases". GitHub.
- "GitHub - dotnet/core: Home repository of .NET and .NET Core". October 20, 2019 – via GitHub.
- "ASP.NET Blog | Announcing ASP.NET Core 2.2, available today!". ASP.NET Blog. December 4, 2018.
- ".NET Core and .NET 5 official support policy". Microsoft. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
- "ASP.NET Blog | ASP.NET Core and Blazor updates in .NET Core 3.0". ASP.NET Blog. September 23, 2019.
- "ASP.NET Core updates in .NET Core 3.1". ASP.NET Blog. December 3, 2019.
- dotnet/aspnetcore, .NET Platform, 2020-11-11, retrieved 2020-11-11
- "Announcing ASP.NET Core in .NET 6". .NET Blog. 2021-11-08. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
- ".NET and .NET Core Support Policy". Microsoft. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
- "Announcing ASP.NET Core in .NET 7". .NET Blog. 2022-11-08. Retrieved 2022-11-08.
- "Compatibility | Mono". Compatibility | Mono. 8 September 2015. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- MacDonald, Matthew; Szpuszta, Mario (2005). Pro ASP.NET 2.0 in C# 2005 (1st ed.). Apress. ISBN 1-59059-496-7.