Addilal (exclosure)

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Addilal exclosure
Map showing the location of Addilal exclosure
Map showing the location of Addilal exclosure
Dogu’a Tembien district, Ethiopia
Nearest cityHagere Selam
Coordinates13°40′23″N 39°19′59″E / 13.673°N 39.333°E / 13.673; 39.333Coordinates: 13°40′23″N 39°19′59″E / 13.673°N 39.333°E / 13.673; 39.333
Area416 ha (1,030 acres)

Addilal is an

Dogu'a Tembien woreda of the Tigray Region in Ethiopia. The area has been protected since 1992 by the local community.[1]



Environmental characteristics

  • Area: 145 ha
  • Average slope gradient: 21%
  • Aspect: the exclosure is oriented towards the south and the west
  • Minimum altitude: 2030 metres
  • Maximum altitude: 2212 metres
  • Lithology: Antalo Limestone



As a general rule, cattle ranging and wood harvesting are not allowed. The grasses are harvested once yearly and taken to the homesteads of the village to feed livestock. There are two guards to protect the exclosure. Field observations showed that no illegal grazing occurred in the exclosure in 2018.[1]

Benefits for the community

Setting aside such areas fits with the long-term vision of the communities were hiza’iti lands are set aside for use by the future generations. It has also direct benefits for the community:[2]

  • improved
    ground water
  • honey production
  • climate ameliorator (temperature, moisture)
  • the sequestered carbon (in total 52 tonnes per ha, dominantly sequestered in the soil, and additionally in the woody vegetation)[1] is certified using the Plan Vivo voluntary carbon standard,[3] after which carbon credits are sold
  • the revenues are then reinvested in the villages, according to the priorities of the communities; it may be for an additional class in the village school, a water pond, conservation in the exclosures, or a store for incense.[4]


With vegetation growth, biodiversity in this exclosure hast strongly improved, not only with regard to flora but also with regard to fauna. Particularly, with regard to birdlife, key species include

northern black tit.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e De Deyn, Jonathan (2019). Benefits of reforestation on Carbon storage and water infiltration in the context of climate mitigation in North Ethiopia. Master thesis, Ghent University.
  2. .
  3. ^ EthioTrees on Plan Vivo website
  4. .
  5. .

External links