Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party

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Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party
Seats in the House of Representatives
9 / 17
Seats in the Barbuda Council
2 / 11
Website
ablpantigua.com

The Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party (ABLP) is a political party in Antigua and Barbuda. The current leader of the party is Gaston Browne, who serves as the Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. The party had previously been led by Lester Bird, who was chairman of the party since 1971, and was Prime Minister and political leader in 1994.

History

The party was founded in 1946, during the first national elections, as the Antigua Labour Party (ALP). Its founders included

2014 general election
.

2004 defeat

Two major events precipitated the ABLP's first defeat in 28 years in

1999 election. According to international observers, the 1999 election was rife with irregularities. The report from an observer group from across the Commonwealth concluded that "voting rolls appeared to be inflated" and recommended "the establishment of an independent electoral commission to improve the voter registration process."[2] Second, in 2002 there was a scandal over medical benefits, in which the government failed to contribute EC$120 million to cover recipients' medical expenses.[3]

The opposition

general election
held on 24 March 2004. It received 41.8% of the popular vote, but won only four out of 17 seats. ABLP Prime Minister and political leader Bird was also defeated in his constituency.

Leadership crisis and transition

In early 2009, the Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party faced an internal leadership crisis. There was speculation that even if the ABLP won the 2009 election, Bird's leadership would be challenged.

2009 general election, he would step down.[5] Nevertheless, despite not winning, he remained the ABLP's leader[6]
until 2012, when he was defeated by Gaston Browne in a leadership challenge.

2014 elections and return to government

The Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party won 14 of the 17 seats in the Legislature in the

2018 general elections
and thereby retained power.

Electoral results

House of Representatives

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1951
Vere Bird 4,182 87.4
8 / 8
New 1st Majority
1956
5,509 86.7
8 / 8
Steady 0 Steady 1st Majority
1960
2,128 85.0
10 / 10
Increase 2 Steady 1st Majority
1965
7,275 78.9
10 / 10
Steady 0 Steady 1st Majority
1971
6,409 37.9
4 / 17
Decrease 6 Decrease 2nd Opposition
1976
12,056 49.0
11 / 17
Increase 7 Increase 1st Majority
1980
12,794 58.0
13 / 17
Increase 2 Steady 1st Majority
1984
12,972 67.9
16 / 17
Increase 3 Steady 1st Majority
1989
14,207 63.9
15 / 17
Decrease 1 Steady 1st Majority
1994
Lester Bird 14,763 54.4
11 / 17
Decrease 4 Steady 1st Majority
1999
17,521 52.6
12 / 17
Increase 1 Steady 1st Majority
2004
16,534 41.9
4 / 17
Decrease 8 Decrease 2nd Opposition
2009
19,657 46.9
7 / 17
Increase 3 Decrease 2nd Opposition
2014
Gaston Browne 24,212 56.5
14 / 17
Increase 7 Increase 1st Majority
2018
23,063 59.24
15 / 17
Increase 1 Steady 1st Majority
2023 20,052 47.1
9 / 17
Decrease 6 Steady 1st Majority

Barbuda Council

Election Leaders Votes Seats Position Government
No. % ± No. ±
1976 Vere Bird
1979[7] [8] BPM
1981 BPM
1983 BPM
1985 ONR[9]
1987 BPM
1989 BPM
1991/1992 BPM
1993/1994 BPM
1996[8] Lester Bird [8] Increase1st Majority
1997 BPM
1999 BPM
2001 BPM
2003 BPM
2005 [10] BPM
2007 [11][12] 2nd BPM
2009 [13][14][8] BPM
2011 1,680[15] 48.81 [15][14][8] 2nd BPM
2013 Gaston Browne 2,295[16] 53.51
6 / 11
[16][14]
Increase1st Majority
2015
8 / 11
[17]
Increase2 Steady1st Majority
2017 2,791[18] 48.34
6 / 11
[19]
Decrease2 Steady1st Majority
2019
2 / 11
Decrease4 Decrease2nd BPM
2021 1,319[20][21][22] 36.19
2 / 11
Steady2 Steady2nd BPM

See also

References

  1. ^ "Antigua and Barbuda may become republic within 3 years after British queen's demise". news.am. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "US State Department Human Rights Report", 23 February 2000
  3. ^ "Fraud". Miami Herald, 4 April 2002
  4. ^ "Who's the Leader" Da Garat, 11 January 2009[unreliable source?]
  5. ^ "Bird to call it quits if ABLP fails at polls", Antigua Sun, 30 December 2008
  6. ^ "Bird said he is ready for court challenge to electoral law". Antigua Observer. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "THE BARBUDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT CHAPTER 44" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  8. ^ a b c d e Pat (19 August 2012). "ALP candidates announced for March 2013 Council election". Barbudaful. Retrieved 24 January 2022. The Barbuda Council has been controlled by the BPM since the first election was held around 35 years ago. The ALP gained control for a brief period in 1996.
  9. .
  10. ^ pj67admin (23 March 2005). "Barbuda Council Election Day". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ pj67admin (1 March 2007). "Barbuda Council elections". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ pj67admin (23 March 2007). "Barbudan Council Election Results". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ pj67admin (8 January 2013). "Result of the BPM Primaries". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ a b c "Caribbean Elections | Members of the Senate of Antigua and Barbuda 2009 – 2014". www.caribbeanelections.com. Archived from the original on 1 January 2022. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  15. ^ a b pj67admin (4 April 2011). "Barbuda Council Election Results". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ a b pj67admin (18 February 2013). "The Results". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ "BPM are back – two more seats in Council". Barbudaful. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  18. ^ barbudaful (30 March 2017). "BPM bring back Council". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  19. ^ "It's done … time to move on". Antigua Observer Newspaper. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  20. ^ "Clean Sweep for BPM". 30 March 2021.
  21. ^ barbudaful (18 March 2021). "Council elections March 29th 2021". Barbudaful. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Barbuda Council Elections 2021 Results". www.abec.gov.ag. Archived from the original on 4 January 2022. Retrieved 4 January 2022.