Apalachee Province

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Apalachee Province was the area in the

Guale Province (along the Georgia coast north of the Altamaha River


Around 12,000 years ago, bands of

but gradually developed agricultural surpluses that allowed more population density.

Apalachee Province was closely linked by trading and cultural exchange to other Native American cultures throughout the interior Southeast, including the later Southeastern Ceremonial Complex (SECC). As many as 60,000 people lived in 40 towns scattered through the area.[2][3] Production of surpluses of maize aided in the growth of towns and more complex cultures. The elite organized workers to construct complex earthwork mounds for religious, political and ceremonial purposes.[4]

The historical Apalachee occupied the

, they called this cultural area the Apalachee Province.

The Apalachee Province was heavily depopulated with Carolina Governor James Moore's raids into the area during Queen Anne's War. Most of the Spanish missions in the province were destroyed during the Apalachee massacre.


  • Anhaica was the capital of Apalachee Province, located near Myers Park in Tallahassee.
  • Lake Jackson
  • Velda Mound was the center of an older town located north of Tallahassee. It is now within the Killearn Estates neighborhood.[5]

See also

  • Mission San Luis de Apalachee


  1. ^ "Historic Florida Indians, The Apalachee Tribe and The Calusa Tribe", Floridian Nature
  2. ^ The Apalachee of Northwest Florida, University of Florida
  3. ^ SEAC Reviews, The Apalachee Indians and Mission San Luis Archived November 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Apalachee Province" Archived 2014-10-19 at the Wayback Machine, Mission San Luis
  5. ^ "Velda Mound" Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, Archeology Stabilization Guide, Florida Heritage, p. 18, accessed 1 Feb 2010


External links