Argentine Confederation

Coordinates: 31°43′56″S 60°31′43″W / 31.73222°S 60.52861°W / -31.73222; -60.52861
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Argentine Confederation
Confederación Argentina (Spanish)
1831–1861
Coat of arms of Argentine Confederation
Coat of arms
Motto: 
  • "
    Argentine National Anthem (1813)
    "National Argentine Anthem"
Constitutional Argentine Confederation and independent State of Buenos Aires, 1858.
Constitutional Argentine Confederation and independent State of Buenos Aires
, 1858.
Capital
Common languagesSpanish
Government
Governor/President 
• 1835–1852
Juan Manuel de Rosas
(Governor of Buenos Aires Province, in charge of the Foreign Relations of the Confederation)
• 1852–1860
Justo José de Urquiza
(President of the Argentine Confederation, 1854–1860)
• 1860–1861
Santiago Derqui
(President of the Argentine Confederation, 1860–1861)
History 
4 January 1831
1838–1840
1845–1850
3 February 1852
• State of Buenos Aires secession
11 September 1852
23 October 1859
17 September 1861
• Establishment of the Argentine Republic
12 December 1861
Population
• 1845
1,000,000
CurrencyArgentine Peso
Preceded by
Succeeded by
United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
Argentine Republic
State of Buenos Aires

The Argentine Confederation (Spanish: Confederación Argentina) was the last

predecessor state of modern Argentina; its name is still one of the official names of the country according to the Argentine Constitution, Article 35.[1] It was the name of the country from 1831 to 1852, when the provinces were organized as a confederation without a head of state. The governor of Buenos Aires Province (Juan Manuel de Rosas during most of the period) managed foreign relations during this time. Under his rule, the Argentine Confederation engaged in conflicts with Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, France and the United Kingdom, as well as other Argentine factions during the Argentine Civil Wars
.

Rosas was ousted from power in 1852 by Justo José de Urquiza, after the battle of Caseros. Urquiza convened the 1853 Constituent Assembly to write a national constitution. Buenos Aires resisted Urquiza and seceded from the Confederation in 1852, becoming the State of Buenos Aires; the province would return to Argentina in 1861.[2]

History