Ariarathes VIII of Cappadocia
|O: Diademed head of Ariarathes VIII||R: Athena holding Nike with wreath and resting hand on shield, spear behind; T left, Λ right|
exergue is a greek numeralmeaning 2nd year of reign
Ariarathes VIII Epiphanes (
Ariarathes ascended to the throne when the Cappadocian nobleman rebelled against his maternal uncle, King
The death of both sons of Ariarathes VI meant that the Cappadocian royal family was extinct. So Mithridates VI placed upon the Cappadocian throne his own son Ariarathes IX, who was only eight years old. However, King Nicomedes III of Bithynia sent an embassy to Rome to lay claim to the Cappadocian throne for a youth, whom, he pretended, was a third son of Ariarathes VI and Laodice. According to Justin, Mithridates VI also, with equal shamelessness, sent an embassy to Rome to assert that the youth, whom he had placed upon the throne, was a descendant of Ariarathes V of Cappadocia, who fell in the war against King Eumenes III of Pergamon. The Roman Senate, however, did not assign the kingdom to either but granted liberty to the Cappadocians and, in 95, ordered to depose Ariarathes IX. After a short period of direct Pontic rule and a brief restoration of Ariarathes VIII, an attempt to restore a Cappadocian republic was made by the Roman Senate. As the people wished for a king, the Romans allowed them to choose whom they pleased, and their choice fell upon Ariobarzanes I.
- Hazel, John; Who's Who in the Greek World, "Ariarathes VIII", (1999)
- Head, Barclay; Historia Numorum, "Cappadocia", (1911)
- Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Ariarathes VIII", Boston, (1867)
- Justin, Epitome of Pompeius Trogus, xxxviii. 1-2; Geography, xii.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Ariarathes (VIII)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 1. p. 285.