Ariarathes V of Cappadocia
|Ariarathes V "Father-Loving"|
|O: Diademed head of Ariarathes V||R: Athena holding Nike with wreath and resting hand on grounded shield, spear behind; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ / ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ; monograms in field|
Eusebia 133 BC; ref.: Simonetta 2 ;
exergue is a greek numeraland means 30th year of reign
Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator (
Ariarathes V was the son of the king
In consequence of rejecting, at the wish of the Romans, a marriage with Laodice V, the sister of Demetrius I Soter, the latter made war upon Ariarathes, and brought forward Orophernes of Cappadocia, his brother and one of the supposed sons of the late king, as a claimant of the throne. Ariarathes was deprived of his kingdom, and fled to Rome in around 158 BC. He was restored to his throne by the Romans, who, however, allowed Orophernes to reign jointly with him, as is expressly stated by Appian, and implied by Polybius. The joint government, however, did not last long; for, shortly afterwards, Ariarathes was named as sole king.
In 154, Ariarathes assisted the king of
Marriage and succession
By Ariarathes' wife Nysa of Cappadocia (who was the daughter of King Pharnaces I of Pontus) he had six children. However, all but one of the children were killed by their mother, so that she might obtain the government of the kingdom. After she had been put to death by the people on account of her cruelty, her only surviving son succeeded to the crown as Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia.
Ariarathes was a strong
- Appian, The foreign wars, Horace White (translator), New York, (1899)
- Hazel, John; Who's Who in the Greek World, "Ariarathes V", (1999)
- Head, Barclay; Historia Numorum, "Cappadocia", (1911)
- Ab urbe condita, Canon Roberts (translator); New York, (1905)
- Polybius; Histories,
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Ariarathes V.". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.