Ariarathes V of Cappadocia

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Ariarathes V "Father-Loving"
Greek Polytheism
O: Diademed head of Ariarathes V R: Athena holding Nike with wreath and resting hand on grounded shield, spear behind; ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΡΙΑΡΑΘΟΥ / ΕΥΣΕΒΟΥΣ; monograms in field
Eusebia 133 BC; ref.: Simonetta 2 [1]

and means 30th year of reign

Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator (

liberal arts and is considered by some historians to have been the greatest of the kings of Cappadocia.[1]

Early life

Ariarathes V was the son of the king

Antiochus III.[2][3][4] According to Livy,[5] he was educated in Rome; but this account may perhaps refer to another Ariarathes. Rather, Ariarathes Eusebes probably spent his youth studying in Athens, where he seems to have become a friend of the future king of Pergamon, Attalus II Philadelphus


In consequence of rejecting, at the wish of the Romans, a marriage with Laodice V, the sister of Demetrius I Soter, the latter made war upon Ariarathes, and brought forward Orophernes of Cappadocia, his brother and one of the supposed sons of the late king, as a claimant of the throne. Ariarathes was deprived of his kingdom, and fled to Rome in around 158 BC. He was restored to his throne by the Romans, who, however, allowed Orophernes to reign jointly with him, as is expressly stated by Appian,[6] and implied by Polybius.[7] The joint government, however, did not last long; for, shortly afterwards, Ariarathes was named as sole king.

In 154, Ariarathes assisted the king of

Attalus II, in his war against Prusias II of Bithynia, and sent his son Demetrius in command of his forces. Ariarathes was killed in 130, during the war of the Romans against Aristonicus of Pergamon. In return for the assistance and support Ariarathes has provided to the Romans on that occasion, Lycaonia and Cilicia
were added by the Romans to the dominions of his family.

Marriage and succession

By Ariarathes' wife Nysa of Cappadocia (who was the daughter of King Pharnaces I of Pontus) he had six children. However, all but one of the children were killed by their mother, so that she might obtain the government of the kingdom. After she had been put to death by the people on account of her cruelty, her only surviving son succeeded to the crown as Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia.


Ariarathes was a strong

Diogenes Laërtius attests.[8]



 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Ariarathes V.". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Cappadocia

163 BC – 130 BC
Succeeded by