An aviary is a large enclosure for confining
Various types of aviary
Large aviaries are often found in the setting of a
Home aviaries are popular with some bird fanciers who have the space for them. Many bird breeders list themselves as "aviaries", since most bird pairs breed best in aviaries in contrast to breeding cages. Home aviaries may be built by the owner or obtained from a commercial supplier.
There are two main subcategories of home aviaries: grounded aviaries and suspended aviaries. Grounded aviaries are affixed to the ground with a
Early modern origins
An aviary, a large cage to house and display birds, dates as far back and possibly earlier than the 1500s found in the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan as noted by Hernán Cortés when he and his men arrived in 1521. Also the Raven Cage (created in 1829), is regarded as one of the oldest structures in the London Zoo.
The first large aviary inside a zoological garden was established in 1880 in the setting of the Rotterdam Zoo. Aviaries were an important aspect for the many Rothschild houses that proliferated across Europe in the 19th century. This was a recalling of the aristocratic custom from the late 1600s, which involved the elite society displaying their power, status and wealth through the exhibition of exotic birds and animals. For instance, Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild built his aviary in 1889 at Waddesdon Manor, UK, erected in the style of Versailles' trelliswork pavilions.
20th century to modern day
In 1902, a flying cage was completed in the setting of the National Zoological Park of the Smithsonian Institution. A new Great Flying Cage was built in 1964.
In 1937, the San Diego Zoo's aviary designed by architect Louis John Gill opened; it was then the largest in the world. The mammoth steel structure, 55 m (180 ft) long, 18 m (60 ft) wide and more than 30 m (100 ft) high, funded by the Works Progress Administration at a cost of $50,000, had no beams, cross or guy-wires to impede the flight of the birds.
With the Antwerp cage system (1948), birds are only separate from public with a light system used indoor the Bird Building at Antwerp Zoo.
The Snowdon Aviary in London Zoo was designed by Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, Cedric Price and Frank Newby, and built in 1962–1964.
The Bronx Zoo's World of Birds, a two-story bird house completed in 1972, is a huge, landscaped, indoor free-flight exhibit. The one-way flow pattern in the exhibit moves the visitors through twenty-five birds habitats, ranging from desert to tropical forest. Each setting recreates with impressive fidelity the microculture of the birds that fly merrily about within their diorama world, complete with living plants. Five of the aviaries are completely open: in two of the largest the uncaged public walks through the habitat with birds freely overhead.
Birds of Eden bird sanctuary, located in the Western Cape of South Africa, is possibly the largest free flight aviary in the world. The aviary opened in 2005 and covers an area of 21,761 m2 (234,230 sq ft) with a total volume of 375,372 m3 (13,256,100 cu ft). It is home to around 3,000 individual birds from 200 species.
List of public aviaries
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (October 2011)
- Hamilton Aviary, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
- Bird Kingdom, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada
- Birds of Eden, Western Cape, South Africa
- Bloedel Floral Conservatory, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
- Butterfly World, Coconut Creek, Florida, United States
- Clissold Park, Hackney, United Kingdom
- Edward Youde Aviary, Hong Kong, China
- Flamingo Gardens, Davie, Florida, United States
- Apple Tree Creek, Australia
- Jurong Bird Park, Jurong, Singapore
- Kuala Lumpur Bird Park, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- Living Coasts, Torquay, Devon, United Kingdom
- Melaka, Malaysia
- National Aviary, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
- Turtle Back Zoo, New Jersey, United States
- Miami Metro Zoo, Florida, United States
- Canary islands, Spain
- Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil
- Snowdon Aviary, London, United Kingdom
- Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
- Voliere Zürich, Enge (Zürich), Switzerland
- Waddesdon Manor's Aviary, United Kingdom
- Weltvogelpark Walsrode, Germany
- Shukavana  mysuru, India
- Bird Garden of Isfahan Iran
- Bioparco di Roma, Rome, Italy
1904 Flight CageSt. Louis Zoo
The Snowdon Aviary in London Zoo
Spacious walk-in aviary atJurong BirdPark in Singapore
Aviary in the gardens of Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria
Aviary in a farm of Concorezzo, Italy
The Victorian Aviary atNational Trustproperty in Buckinghamshire, 1889
- ^ Tracy Aviary History Archived 11 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine retrieved on 7 December 2008.
- ^ Birds Archived 19 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Oregon Coast Aquarium's official website, retrieved on 3 February 2007.
- ^ Sandy Shores Archived 12 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Monterey Bay Aquarium's official website Archived 14 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved on 3 February 2007.
- ^ a b ZSL ArchitectureArchived 28 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine, ZSL, retrieved on 3 June 2008.
- ^ "The Aviary at Waddesdon Manor". Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Smithsonian Institution Archives.
- ^ "Giant Zoo Cage to be Dedicated by Eagles Soon," San Diego Union, 21 February 1937.
- ^ San Diego Historical Society
- ^ "European zoos", Life, Vol. 25, No. 23, 6 December 1948.
- ^ ISBN 1-57958-174-9;
Scherpner, Christian, "Walk-through Bird aviaries at Frankfurt Zoo", International Zoo Yearbook, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1965, pp. 244–246.
- ISBN 1-56898-254-2
- ^ Henry Doorly Zoo's Aviary Archived 23 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine retrieved on 27 November 2008.
- Waddesdon Manor's Aviary, YouTube video
- 1904 Flight Cage
- 1926 Scripps Aviary, San Diego Zoo
- Birds of Eden, a 2.176 hectares (21,760 m2) aviary in South Africa
- Tracy Aviary