Page semi-protected

Battle of Kherson

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Battle of Kherson
Part of the Southern Ukraine offensive and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.svg
Date24 February – 2 March 2022
(6 days)
Location
Result Russian victory[1]
Belligerents
Russia Russia Ukraine Ukraine
Units involved

Russian Armed Forces

Russian Airborne Forces

Ukrainian Armed Forces

Casualties and losses
Per Ukraine:
Heavy[5]
Per Ukraine:
~300 soldiers and civilians killed[1]

The battle of Kherson was a military engagement between Russian and Ukrainian forces which began on 24 February 2022, as part of the Southern Ukraine offensive during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Kherson was the first major Ukrainian city captured by Russian forces during the Southern Ukraine offensive.[1] As of 24 May 2022, Kherson is the only capital city of one of Ukraine's provinces to have fallen during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Russian offensive and capture of Kherson

February

Russian forces invaded Kherson Oblast from the south through Crimea on 24 February, with Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy saying "Our troops are fighting fierce battles near the outskirts of Kherson, the enemy is pressing from the occupied Crimea, trying to advance towards Melitopol."[6] By the evening of 24 February, Russian forces reached the city of Kherson and had secured the Antonovskiy Bridge,[7][8] which provides a strategic crossing over the Dnieper River and towards the important junction city of Mykolaiv.[9]

By the early hours of 25 February, Ukrainian forces recaptured the bridge in a battle that was described as fierce and left dead soldiers and several destroyed military vehicles lying on the bridge.[8][10][11] The counterattack forced the Russians to push north and capture the next closest crossing of the Dnieper, the city of Nova Kakhovka.[12][13] Russian troops once again seized the Antonovskiy Bridge later in the day.[5]

On 26 February, Ihor Kolykhaiev, the mayor of Kherson, stated that Russian forces pulled back from Kherson after a Ukrainian air strike on Russian armored vehicles, allowing the city to remain under Ukrainian control.[14][15] A Ukrainian official, Anton Herashchenko, later claimed that a Russian army column was defeated by Ukrainian forces near the town of Oleshky, located just south of Kherson.[16] Later, the Ukrainian Prosecutor General, Iryna Venediktova, claimed that Russian forces killed a journalist and an ambulance driver near Kherson. Venediktova stated that Ukrainian law enforcement had opened criminal proceedings into the shootings.[17]

On the morning of 27 February, the Russian Ministry of Defence stated that Russian forces had encircled Kherson and, according to Ukrainian officials, captured a part of the city, including Kherson International Airport.[18][19][20] Later in the morning, the Ukrainian Air Force allegedly conducted a successful drone strike against Russian forces in the town of Chornobaivka, just to the north of Kherson.[21]

Ukrainian officials alleged that beginning on 27 February, Russian forces began moving civilians from nearby villages towards Kherson, attempting to use civilians as human shields.[22]

March

In the early morning of 1 March, Ukrainian officials stated that Russian forces had launched a renewed assault on Kherson and were advancing from Kherson International Airport to the highway between Kherson and Mykolaiv. While conducting heavy shelling, Russian forces surrounded the city and reached the highway, advancing to the village of Komyshany before establishing a checkpoint.[23][24] Russian forces entered Kherson later in the day.[25] Kolykhayev described the impact on citizens in the city, stating that many remained in their homes and in bomb shelters. He also claimed that schools and high rise buildings were damaged by the fighting, while residential buildings were being fired upon by Russian forces. Kolykhayev also claimed that on 1 March, Russian soldiers shot citizens armed with Molotov cocktails.[26]

In the early morning of 2 March, Kolykhayev reported that Russian forces captured a railway station and a river port.[26] Later in the morning, Russian forces were seen at Svobody Square in central Kherson, where the Kherson Regional Administration building is located.[23] The Russian Ministry of Defense later claimed to have captured the city,[27] while Ukrainian and American officials denied the claim and stated that fighting continued.[28][29]

Later on 2 March, a group of around ten Russian soldiers, including a commander, entered the city council building and began negotiations with Kolykhaiev. That evening, Kolykhaiev announced that he had surrendered the city and that the Russian commander intended to set up a military administration. Kolykhaiev acknowledged the Ukrainian military was no longer present in Kherson, and another official stated the Russian military was in all parts of the city. According to Kolykhaiev, the battle led to the deaths of around 300 Ukrainian soldiers and civilians and severe destruction of the city's infrastructure. He also said that bodies were being buried in mass graves, and that many remains were unrecognizable.[1][30]

Aftermath

After the fall of the city, Kherson and the Kherson Oblast came under a Russian military occupation.[30]

On 23 March, Ukrainian forces launched counterattacks against Russian forces in Kherson Oblast.[31][32] A senior US defense official claimed that the Russian forces no longer had full control of Kherson as the Ukrainians fought "fiercely" to recover the city, however, CNN reported the situation in the city remained unchanged, citing residents confirming Kherson was under full Russian control.[33] Ukrainians in Kherson also "questioned the Pentagon’s assessment, saying that the city remained in Russian hands".[34][35]

On 18 April, Igor Kastyukevich was appointed by the Russian authorities as mayor of Kherson.[36]

On 23 April, Ukraine claimed to have struck a Russian command post in Kherson. Two generals were killed and one seriously injured. Some 50 officers were present, in total, during the strike.[37]

On 6 May 2022, Secretary of the United Russia General Council Andrey Turchak during his visit to Russia-controlled city of Kherson was cited as saying "Russia is here forever. There should be no doubt about this. There will be no return to the past," and that "We will live together, develop this rich region, rich in historical heritage, rich in the people who live here,". He further announced opening of humanitarian aid center in Kherson.[38]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Schwirtz, Michael; Pérez-Peña, Richard (2 March 2022). "First Ukraine City Falls as Russia Strikes More Civilian Targets". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 25, 2022". Critical Threats. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, February 25, 2022". Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  4. ^ Schwirtz, Michael (6 March 2022). "Proud Band of Ukrainian Troops Holds Russian Assault at Bay — for Now". New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Ukraine loses control over crossing to Kherson". www.ukrinform.net. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Most Problematic Situation In South, Fierce Battles Taking Place Near Kherson – Zelenskyy". ukranews_com. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  7. ^ Schwirtz, Michael; Schmitt, Eric; MacFarquhar, Neil (25 February 2022). "Russia Batters Ukraine With Artillery Strikes as West Condemns Invasion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Battle rages for strategic bridge in southern Ukraine after days of fighting". Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Російські війська хочуть прорватися до Миколаєва, йдуть бої в околицях Чернігова". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Імовірність прориву на Миколаїв знизилася: військові відстояли Антонівський міст". www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  11. ^ Video: See aftermath of battle over key bridge in Ukraine – CNN Video, archived from the original on 26 February 2022, retrieved 25 February 2022
  12. ^ desk, The Kyiv Independent news (24 February 2022). "Russian troops moving towards town of Nova Kakhovka in Kherson Oblast". The Kyiv Independent. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Soldiers Raise the Russian Flag Over Ukraine Power Plant". GreekReporter.com. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  14. ^ "The Kyiv Independent". Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Херсон наш: на линии вышли троллейбусы, водоснабжение в обычном режиме, в бомбоубежищах родились двое малышей | Новости Одессы". dumskaya.net. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Column of Russian occupiers defeated in Kherson region – Interior Ministry". www.ukrinform.net. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Journalist shot dead by Russian occupiers in Kherson Region". www.ukrinform.net. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Russia claims to have besieged Ukraine's Kherson, Berdyansk". Daily Sabah. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  19. ^ Sabbagh, Dan (27 February 2022). "Russian forces advance on Kyiv: fighting on fourth day of invasion". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  20. ^ "Russia says it "blocks" Ukraine's Kherson, Berdyansk – RIA". Reuters. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  21. ^ CNN (28 February 2022). "Ukraine's Air Force claims successful drone strike on Russian forces near Kherson". CNN. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  22. ^ "Russian invaders plan to use Kherson residents as human shield". www.ukrinform.net. Archived from the original on 1 March 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  23. ^ a b "Russian military vehicles seen across Kherson after heavy shelling". CNN. 1 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  24. ^ Tamila Ivanova (1 March 2022). "Шостий день вторгнення РФ: ситуація на Херсонщині. ТЕКСТОВА ТРАНСЛЯЦІЯ". Suspline (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  25. ^ Reuters (1 March 2022). "Russian forces have entered Kherson, says Ukrainian official". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  26. ^ a b Eugene Shaporenko (2 March 2022). "У Херсоні ворог захопив залізничний вокзал та річковий порт". Fakty i Kommentarii (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  27. ^ "Russia says it captures Ukrainian city of Kherson -RIA". Reuters. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  28. ^ "Ukrainians say they are fighting on in southern city of Kherson". Reuters. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  29. ^ "Russia pounds Ukrainian cities as advances stall, draws UN censure". Reuters. 2 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  30. ^ a b James, Liam (3 March 2022). "Russian claims it has seized Kherson as city's mayor agrees to curfew". The Independent. Archived from the original on 3 March 2022. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  31. ^ Williams, Nathan; Waterhouse, James (23 March 2022). "Ukraine changes the narrative". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 March 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  32. ^ Williams, Nathan (23 March 2022). "Where are Ukrainian forces fighting back?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 March 2022. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  33. ^ Cooper, Helene (25 March 2022). "Russia is not in full control of Kherson anymore, the Pentagon says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  34. ^ Cooper, Helene (25 March 2022). "Conflicting reports emerge on whether Russia is still in full control of Kherson". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  35. ^ "Russian military remains in full control of city of Kherson, residents say". CNN. 25 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  36. ^ "Russia has already appointed Igor Kastsyukevich, a Russian MP from Putin's United Russia party, as a "mayor of Kherson." The photo shows Kastyukevich (L) meeting Sergei Aksyonov (R), the head of Russia's occupation administration of Crimea". Twitter. Euromaidan Press. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  37. ^ "Ukraine says it hit Russian command post". APNEWS. 23 April 2022. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  38. ^ "Russia To Stay in Southern Ukraine 'Forever' – Senior Lawmaker". themoscowtimes.com. 6 May 2022.
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article: Battle of Kherson. Articles is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.