COVID-19 vaccination in Germany

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COVID-19 vaccination in Germany
Germany map of fully vaccinated people by percentage of population by state as of 23rd of June 2021.png
Map of Germany by state. Percentage of people getting fully vaccinated by population as of June 23, 2021.[1]
Date27 December 2020 (2020-12-27) – present
CauseCOVID-19 pandemic
TargetFull immunisation of people in Germany against COVID-19
Participants55,869,314 people with one dose
52,503,166 people fully vaccinated (19 September 2021)
WebsiteOfficial Website

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Germany began on 26 December 2020.[2] As of 19 September 2021, 55,869,314 people have received at least one dose (67.2 % of total population), while 52,503,166 people have been fully vaccinated (63.1 % of total population).[3]

Vaccines on order

German vaccination certificate with evidence of two-dose of COVID-19 vaccination

There are several COVID-19 vaccines at various stages of development around the world. The ones listed as "pending" in the table below are under review by the European Medicines Agency as of 15 May 2021.[4]

Vaccine Approval Deployment
Pfizer–BioNTech Green check.svg 21 December 2020 Green check.svg 27 December 2020
Moderna Green check.svg 6 January 2021 Green check.svg 12 January 2021
Oxford-AstraZeneca Green check.svg 29 January 2021 Green check.svg 7 February 2021
Janssen Green check.svg 11 March 2021 Green check.svg 5 May 2021
CoronaVac Pending Pending
Novavax Pending Pending
CureVac Pending Pending
Sputnik V Pending Pending

The German Immunization Committee (STIKO) initially recommended jabs from AstraZeneca[5] and Janssen only for patients ages 60 and above after reports of blood clot post-vaccination, but this was made available to everyone by the federal government on May 6, 2021[6] and May 10, 2021,[7] respectively.

Doses delivered

As of 19 July 2021

Timeline of vaccination

COVID-19 vaccination center in Hall 4 of Cologne Trade Fair.

Priority groups

At the beginning of the vaccination campaign, the vaccine was planned to be distributed in four priority groups.[8]

Vaccination group 1

The first priority group received their first vaccination on 26 December 2020. Everyone ages 80 and above, residents & caretakers of senior residents and high risk medical personnel are included in this group.

Vaccination group 2

This group consists of everyone ages 70 to 79, people with high risk preexisting conditions or down syndrome or psychologically impaired and their caretakers, caretakers of pregnant women, and other medical personnel not included in group 1.

Vaccination group 3

Group 3 consists of everyone ages 60 to 69, people with moderate preexisting conditions and their caretakers, employees of the government, shops, and vital infrastructure, and teachers.

Vaccination group 4

Everyone under the ages of 60, but at least 16 years old, who are not included in the above vaccination group will be the last to get inoculation once most members of the top three priority groups receive their first dose. At a press conference on 26 April 2021, chancellor Angela Merkel promised to remove the prioritization by June,[9] with Health Minister Jens Spahn later announcing its end on June 7, 2021.[10] However, the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, and Berlin decided to enable this group to also get vaccinated through a doctor's office starting on 17 May 2021.[11][12][13]

On 27 May 2021, chancellor Angela Merkel announced the extension of this priority to include children ages 12 to 15, on the condition that at least one existing vaccine is approved for use in this age range by the European Medicines Agency (EMA).[14]

Slowing of vaccination campaign and government response

On 8 August 2021, it was reported that in response to a decreasing demand for vaccinations, in particular the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, the Health Ministry would, starting from 16 August, distribute vaccines to the 16 states on the basis of reported demand, instead of the maximum feasible amounts. For the same reason, states projected in a survey by Die Welt that they would return over 2 million vaccine doses to the federal government. Development minister Gerd Müller told the newspaper that the amount of 30 million vaccine doses already promised should be increased in view of the situation, and that as the next step, the capacities for domestic production in poorer countries should be improved.[15]

From 13 to 19 September, mobile vaccination centers were set up on public transport, mosques and football fields as part of a campaign to increase the vaccination rate in the population.[16]


Vaccination figures were obtained from the RKI, updated every business day and correspond to progress on the previous day.[17] Starting from April, inoculations can also be administered at a doctor's office alongside the existing vaccination center and mobile teams [18] and from 7 June at a company's physician office. A first dose is described as a person who received at least one COVID-19 vaccine doses, while a full dose stands for a person who completed the vaccination process with the prescribed doses.

Cumulative vaccinations

Vaccinations per day

Vaccination by federal state

First and second vaccination by federal state
Federal state Vaccinated population Percentage of population vaccinated
first dose full dose first dose full dose
Flag of Baden-Württemberg.svg Baden-Württemberg 6,435,349 4,997,370 57.97% 45.02%
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg Bavaria 7,540,575 5,701,136 57.45% 43.44%
Flag of Berlin.svgBerlin 2,147,058 1,638,437 58.51% 44.65%
Flag of Brandenburg.svgBrandenburg 1,375,187 1,054,578 54.53% 41.82%
Flag of Bremen.svgBremen 466,271 335,939 68.45% 49.32%
Flag of Hamburg.svgHamburg 1,108,873 802,957 58.39% 42.28%
Flag of Hesse.svgHesse 3,685,035 2,802,307 58.60% 44.57%
Flag of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.svgMecklenburg-Vorpommern 936,360 749,999 58.23% 46.64%
Flag of Lower Saxony.svgLower Saxony 4,951,180 3,477,263 61.94% 43.50%
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svgNorth Rhine-Westphalia 11,261,315 8,676,898 62.75% 48.35%
Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate.svgRhineland-Palatinate 2,483,523 1,716,644 60.66% 45.33%
Flag of Saarland.svgSaarland 637,961 489,318 64.64% 49.58%
Flag of Saxony.svgSaxony 2,059,109 1,716,644 50.57% 42.16%
Flag of Saxony-Anhalt.svgSaxony-Anhalt 1,217,594 963,730 55.48% 43.91%
Flag of Schleswig-Holstein.svgSchleswig-Holstein 1,828,390 1,375,489 62.97% 47.37%
Flag of Thuringia.svg Thuringia 1,153,817 935,186 54.08% 43.84%
Bundeswehr Kreuz Black.svgBundespolizei-Logos.svg Bundeswehr / German Federal Police 180,891 140,916
Flag of Germany.svg Germany 49,468,488 37,713,915 59.48% 45.35%
Total injected doses 87,182,403
As of 16 July 2021 per data from Robert Koch Institut.


  1. ^ Germany COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: States Map. By George Karabassis. Click on the 1M button on the bottom right of the map and on the 2x button to produce the map shown.
  2. ^ "Erste Corona-Impfungen in Halberstadt: Pieks für 101-Jährige" (in German). dpa. 26 December 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Aktueller Impfstatus". (in German). Federal Ministry of Health (Germany). Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  4. ^ "COVID-19 vaccines: under evaluation". European Medicines Agency. n.d. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Germany restricts use of AstraZeneca vaccine to over 60s in most cases". Deutsche Welle. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Coronavirus: Germany opens up AstraZeneca COVID vaccines for all adults". Deutsche Welle. 6 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Johnson & Johnson prioritization lifted" (in German). tagesschau. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Vaccination priority" (PDF). German Ministry of Health. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Merkel: Germany to let everyone apply for vaccine by June". Deutsche Welle. 26 April 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Germany to open up vaccines to all adults from June 7th: What you need to know". 18 May 2021. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Coronavirus in Bavaria: Assistance in English". Bayerischer Rundfunk. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Corona-Impfungen in Arztpraxen künftig freigegeben - große Nachfrage". Südwestrundfunk. 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  13. ^ "Ab Montag Berlin hebt Impfpriorisierung bei Ärzten auf" (in German). Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  14. ^ Thurau, Jens (27 May 2021). "COVID: Germany's Merkel wants vaccines for children aged 12 to 15". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  15. ^ Doll, Nikolaus (8 August 2021). "Bundesländer geben mehr als zwei Millionen Impfdosen zurück". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  16. ^ "German Chancellor Angela Merkel kicks off COVID vaccination action week". Deutsche Welle. 12 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  17. ^ "RKI - Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 - Digitales Impfquotenmonitoring zur COVID-19-Impfung".
  18. ^ "Germany: Merkel, state leaders agree on strategy to jump-start vaccinations". Deutsche Welle. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.