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COVID-19 vaccination in the Republic of Ireland

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COVID-19 vaccination in the Republic of Ireland
COVID-19 Vaccination Centre road sign in the Republic of Ireland.png
Large vaccination centres were put in place nationwide to administer COVID-19 vaccines
Date29 December 2020–present
LocationRepublic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
CauseCOVID-19 pandemic
Organised by
Participants
  • 3,792,047 first doses[1]
  • 3,493,274 second doses[1]
  • 236,111 single doses[1]
  • 7,285,321 total doses[1]
Outcome
  • 77.38% of the Irish population has received at least one dose[a]
  • 71.29% of the Irish population has received two doses[b]
WebsiteGov.ie – COVID-19 Vaccine

The COVID-19 vaccination programme in the Republic of Ireland is an ongoing mass immunisation campaign that began on 29 December 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland.[3][4] Ireland's vaccination rollout has been praised as one of the most successful rollouts in the world and is currently ranked number one in the European Union in terms of its percentage of adult population fully vaccinated.[5]

As of 18 October 2021, 3,792,047 people had received the first dose of a vaccine, 3,493,274 had received their second dose and 236,111 had received a single dose, bringing the total of vaccines administered to 7,285,321.[1]

Vaccines

Annie Lynch, a 79-year-old woman, became the first person in the Republic of Ireland to receive the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine at St. James's Hospital, Dublin on 29 December 2020,[6][7][8] and received the second dose three weeks later on Tuesday 19 January 2021.[9]

A COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card issued by the Health Service Executive (HSE) in August 2021

The Health Service Executive (HSE) issues a vaccine record card to those receiving a COVID-19 vaccine in Ireland that provides reminders for a follow-up appointment. The card contains the recipient's name, the dates on which the two doses were administered, the name of the vaccine, and its batch number.[10] The vaccine record card, along with the EU Digital COVID Certificate, are being used as proofs of vaccination in restaurants and bars to gain access to indoor hospitality.[11][12]

Timeline

On 1 December 2020, the Government of Ireland approved an advance purchase agreement for 875,000 doses of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.[13][14][15]

On 15 December, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced the Government's National COVID-19 Vaccination Strategy, which outlines the country's high-level plan for safe, effective and efficient vaccination of the Republic of Ireland, while safeguarding continued provision of health and social care services.[16][17][18]

On St Stephen's Day, the first shipment of 10,000 Pfizer–BioNTech vaccines arrived in the country.[19][20][21]

Maura Byrne, a 95-year-old woman, became the first nursing home resident in the Republic of Ireland to receive the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine on 5 January 2021,[22] while Dr Eavan Muldoon, an infectious diseases consultant, became the first healthcare worker in the Mater University Hospital to receive the vaccine.[23] On the same day, Taoiseach Micheál Martin announced that up to 135,000 people would be vaccinated nationwide by the end of February 2021.[24]

Following the approval of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine by the European Medicines Agency on 6 January 2021, Tánaiste Leo Varadkar announced that the vaccine would allow 10,000 more people in Ireland to be vaccinated per week.[25][26][27]

The rollout of the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine in private and voluntary nursing homes began nationwide on 7 January, with 22 nursing homes of 3,000 residents and staff to be vaccinated.[28][29][30]

The first shipment of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine arrived in the Republic of Ireland on 12 January.[31][32]

Around 1,800 healthcare workers received the Moderna vaccine at three mass vaccination centres that opened in Dublin, Galway and Portlaoise on 16 January.[33][34][35]

On 17 January, the Government requested early deliveries of the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine as discussions to secure early delivery of the vaccine got underway.[36][37][38] The first shipment of 21,600 AstraZeneca vaccines arrived in the country on 6 February.[39][40][41]

On 24 February, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced that Ireland had ordered enough vaccines to vaccinate 10.3 million people with 18.5 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines ordered.[42][43][44]

On 6 March, Taoiseach Micheál Martin announced that Ireland had reached the milestone of half a million COVID-19 vaccines administered.[45][46][47]

On 10 March, Taoiseach Micheál Martin confirmed that Ireland was to receive a further 46,500 doses of the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine before the end of March.[48][49][50]

On 22 March, it was announced that President Michael D. Higgins and his wife Sabina Higgins received their first doses of a COVID-19 vaccine on 19 March.[51]

On 8 April, the CEO of the Health Service Executive (HSE) Paul Reid announced that Ireland had reached the milestone of one million COVID-19 vaccines administered.[52][53][54]

On 15 April, over 26,000 people registered for a COVID-19 vaccination after the online portal for 69-year-olds went live.[55][56][57]

On 25 April, Taoiseach Micheál Martin announced that Ireland had reached the milestone of one million first doses of COVID-19 vaccines administered.[58][59][60]

On 9 May, Taoiseach Micheál Martin received his first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine in Cork City Hall and urged people to get vaccinated to protect themselves, while a record 52,278 doses were administered on Friday 7 May.[61]

On 17 May, the National Immunisation Advisory Committee (NIAC) confirmed that people in their 40s would be given a choice to accept the Johnson & Johnson or AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine or opt to wait for another vaccine.[62][63][64]

On 2 June, NIAC advised that the gap between two doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine could be reduced from 12 weeks to 8 weeks.[65][66]

On 5 June, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly received his first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine in Greystones, County Wicklow.[67][68]

On 2 July, following recommendations from NIAC, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced an expansion of the vaccination rollout programme to younger people with 750 pharmacies to begin administering the Janssen vaccine to people in the 18 to 34 age group who opted in for earlier vaccination from 5 July, while vaccination centres would begin administering the AstraZeneca vaccine to the group from 12 July.[69][70] On 5 July, over 500 pharmacies around the country began administering the Johnson & Johnson vaccine to people aged 18 to 34 who opted-in to receive it.[71][72][73]

On 27 July, after the COVID-19 vaccine registration portal opened to people aged 16 and 17 for the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, the Government agreed to extend the vaccination programme to those aged 12 to 15 following recommendations from the National Immunisation Advisory Committee.[74][75] On the evening of 11 August, the COVID-19 vaccine registration portal opened to people aged 12 to 15 for the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines.[76] On 12 August, the Chief Executive of the HSE Paul Reid said the vaccination programme was in "the final leg" after more than 50,000 people aged 12 to 15 registered to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, with 90% of adults partially vaccinated and 80% fully vaccinated.[77]

On 1 September, under changes to the COVID-19 vaccination programme, the National Immunisation Advisory Committee recommended that pregnant women could be offered an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine at any stage of pregnancy and that immunocompromised individuals aged 12 and older could receive a third additional vaccine dose.[78]

On 8 September, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced an update to Ireland's COVID-19 vaccination programme, with residents aged 65 years and older living in long term residential care facilities and people aged 80 years and older living in the community to receive a booster dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.[79] Two days later on 10 September, latest figures showed that 90% of adults in Ireland were fully vaccinated against COVID-19, while the seven-millionth dose was administered.[80] This is one of the highest levels of vaccination in the European Union.[81]

Blood clots and issues

On 14 March, the administration of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine was suspended in Ireland by the National Immunisation Advisory Committee (NIAC) as a precautionary measure following concerns over serious blood clots in Norway.[82][83][84] On 19 March, the NIAC recommended that the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine could continue to be used in Ireland following approval from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) on 18 March.[85][86][87]

On 8 April, the Health Products Regulatory Authority (HPRA) began an investigation after the first case of a very rare blood clot in the brain of a person after vaccination with the AstraZeneca vaccine was confirmed in a 40-year-old Dublin woman.[88][89][90]

On 12 April, following a lengthy meeting, the National Immunisation Advisory Committee (NIAC) recommend that only people over 60 years of age should get the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine and that a second dose of the vaccine should not be given to anyone who developed unusual blood clots with low platelets after the first dose.[91][92][93]

On 14 May, the COVID-19 vaccination registration portal was made offline after the Health Service Executive (HSE) shut down all of its IT systems after a major ransomware attack, but was later restored in the evening.[94][95][96]

COVID-19 booster campaign

The HSE announced on 24 September that immunocompromised people aged over 12 would be notified of an appointment for a third dose of COVID-19 vaccine from Wednesday 29 September, as Ireland's COVID-19 booster vaccination campaign would commence.[97] In addition, the National Immunisation Advisory Committee recommended additional vaccines be given to elderly people aged over 80 and to anyone over 65 in a long-term care facility.[98]

On 19 October, the National Immunisation Advisory Committee (NIAC) approved vaccine boosters for people aged 60 and over.[99]

Vaccines on order

Vaccine Doses ordered Approval Deployment
Pfizer–BioNTech 5.4 million Green check.svg 21 December 2020[100] Green check.svg 29 December 2020[6]
Moderna 0.88 million Green check.svg 6 January 2021[101] Green check.svg 16 January 2021[33]
Oxford–AstraZeneca 3.3 million Green check.svg 29 January 2021[102] Green check.svg 8 February 2021[103]
Janssen 2.2 million Green check.svg 11 March 2021[104] Green check.svg 6 May 2021[105]

Organisations involved

A High-Level Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccination was established on 11 November 2020 to oversee the roll-out of COVID-19 vaccines in the country once they were approved by the statutory authorities,[106] and to support the Department of Health and Health Service Executive (HSE) to deliver a COVID-19 immunisation programme that meets best practice and provides good governance.[107] The first full meeting of the task force took place on 23 November 2020 and was chaired by Professor Brian MacCraith.[108]

The National Immunisation Advisory Committee (an independent body outside of the HSE) provides expert, evidence-based and impartial guidance about the COVID-19 vaccines to the Chief Medical Officer in the Department of Health.[109][110]

Members of the Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccination

Members of the High-Level Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccination is made up of senior representatives from the Department of Health, the Health Service Executive, the Health Products Regulatory Authority, the Office of the Government Chief Information Officer, the Office of Government Procurement, IDA Ireland, the Dublin Airport Authority, the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment and the Department of the Taoiseach.[111][112][113]

Member Role
Brian MacCraith Chair of the High-Level Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccination
Elizabeth Canavan Chair, Senior Officials Group on COVID-19
Tony Holohan Chief Medical Officer, Department of Health
Fergal Goodman Assistant Secretary, Department of Health
Paul Reid Director-General, Health Service Executive (HSE)
Colm Henry Chief Clinical Officer, Health Service Executive
Barry Lowry Chief Information Officer, Office of the Government Chief Information Officer
Paul Quinn Government CPO and CEO, Office of Government Procurement
Martin Shanahan Chief Executive Officer, IDA Ireland
Dermot Mulligan Assistant Secretary, Innovation and Investment Division, Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment
Dalton Philips Chief Executive of the Dublin Airport Authority (DAA)
Lorraine Nolan Chief Executive, Health Products Regulatory Authority (HPRA)
Rachel Kenna Chief Nursing Officer, Department of Health
Derek McCormack Expert on Cold Chain Logistics

In attendance

Lorraine Doherty National Clinical Director Health Protection, Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC)
Sean Bresnan National Director of Procurement at Health Service Executive
Gerry O'Brien Acting Director, Health Protection Division, Department of Health
Deirdre Watters Head of Communications, Department of Health
Kate Waterhouse Secretary, High-Level Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccination
Ronan Glynn Deputy Chief Medical Officer, Department of Health

Rollout schedule

Phases

Under the Government's National COVID-19 Vaccination Strategy, the vaccines will be rolled out in three phases:[114][17][115]

Plan Stage 1. Initial Roll-Out → 2. Mass Ramp-Up → 3. Open Access
Vaccine availability Limited doses available Large number of doses available Large number of doses available
Vaccination sites used Long-term care facilities, large scale healthcare sites Mass vaccination centres, GPs and pharmacies Mass vaccination centres, GPs and pharmacies

Vaccine priority groups

The COVID-19 Vaccine Allocation Strategy currently includes 9 priority groups for the vaccine rollout in Ireland.[116]

On 23 February, following the publication of the Government's new revised Living with COVID-19 plan called "The Path Ahead", Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced an update to the COVID-19 Vaccine Allocation Strategy with people aged between 16 and 69 who are at very high risk of developing severe COVID-19 moved up the priority list, after the National Public Health Emergency Team endorsed recommendations by the National Immunisation Advisory Committee.[117][118][119]

On 30 March, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly announced an update to the COVID-19 Vaccine Allocation Strategy with priority groups being changed to an age-based system after vulnerable people with underlying conditions were vaccinated.[120][121][122]

Ireland's COVID-19 vaccination programme[123]
January–March April–May May–July
1. 2. 3.
  • People aged over 80
  • Frontline healthcare workers
  • People aged over 65 in long-term care facilities
  • People aged 65–79
  • People at high or very high risk
  • Key vaccination workers
  • Other vulnerable groups
  • Everyone aged 18–64
Order Priority group Progress
1 People aged 65 years and older who are residents of long-term care facilities In progress
2 Frontline healthcare workers
3 People aged 70 and older
4 People aged 16–69 whose medical condition puts them at very high risk of severe disease and death
5 People aged 65–69 whose underlying condition puts them at a high risk of severe disease and death
6 Other people aged 65–69, other healthcare workers not in direct patient contact, and key workers
7 People aged 16–64 whose underlying condition puts them at high risk of severe disease and death
8 Residents of long-term care facilities aged 18–64
9 People aged 64 years and younger, and people aged 16–64 living or working in crowded settings
55–64 years
45–54 years
35–44 years
25–34 years
16–24 years

"People who have an underlying condition that puts them at high risk of severe disease and death" is defined as:[124]

Progress to date

Percentage of eligible population (12+) vaccinated with at least one dose as of 18 October 2021:

89.69%

Percentage of eligible population (12+) fully vaccinated as of 18 October 2021:

88.21%

Vaccination status of the Irish population as of 18 October 2021

  Unvaccinated population: ~1,108,380 people (22.62%)
  Partially vaccinated[c]: 298,773 people (6.09%)
  Fully vaccinated: 3,493,274 people (71.29%)

Total doses administered by vaccine type as of 18 October 2021

  Pfizer–BioNTech (5,282,594) (72.58%)
  Oxford–AstraZeneca (1,189,551) (16.34%)
  Moderna (570,279) (7.84%)
  Janssen J&J (236,092) (3.24%)
Vaccinations figures for December 2020 to August 2021 (Updated weekly)[1]
Date 1st dose 2nd dose Total vaccinations % of population per dose
31 December 2020 1,800+[125] 0.03%
4 January 2021 4,000[126] 0.08%
7 January 2021 15,314[127] 0.31%
13 January 2021 77,303[128] 1.58%
17 January 2021 94,000[129] 1.89%
20 January 2021 121,900[130] 2.45%
24 January 2021 143,000[131] 3.0%
27 January 2021 147,700 13,800 161,500[132] 3.01% (1st) 0.28% (2nd)
31 January 2021 150,500 49,300 199,800[133] 3.07% (1st) 1.01% (2nd)
3 February 2021 152,200 67,000 219,200 3.1% (1st) 1.36% (2nd)
10 February 2021 166,863 89,818 256,681 3.4% (1st) 1.83% (2nd)
17 February 2021 197,609 113,291 310,900 4.03% (1st) 2.31% (2nd)
24 February 2021 254,948 136,407 391,355 5.2% (1st) 2.78% (2nd)
3 March 2021 328,598 146,047 474,645 6.7% (1st) 2.98% (2nd)
10 March 2021 409,662 160,729 570,391 8.36% (1st) 3.28% (2nd)
17 March 2021 468,328 171,258 639,586 9.55% (1st) 3.49% (2nd)
24 March 2021 529,984 202,694 732,678 10.81% (1st) 4.13% (2nd)
31 March 2021 619,003 246,457 865,460 12.63% (1st) 5.02% (2nd)
7 April 2021 716,636 301,628 1,018,264 14.62% (1st) 6.15% (2nd)
14 April 2021 789,526 331,477 1,121,003 16.11% (1st) 6.76% (2nd)
21 April 2021 904,774 371,054 1,275,828 18.46% (1st) 7.57% (2nd)
28 April 2021 1,067,378 419,665 1,487,043 21.78% (1st) 8.56% (2nd)
5 May 2021 1,233,067 467,471 1,700,538 25.16% (1st) 9.54% (2nd)
12 May–28 June 2021 Figures unavailable as a result of the Health Service Executive cyberattack
29 June 2021 2,443,921 1,593,517 4,109,474 49.87% (1st) 32.52% (2nd)
1 July 2021 2,482,377 1,681,784 4,236,206 50.66% (1st) 34.32% (2nd)
8 July 2021 2,652,657 1,967,163 4,619,820 54.13% (1st) 40.14% (2nd)
15 July 2021 2,803,491 2,192,228 4,995,719 57.21% (1st) 44.73% (2nd)
22 July 2021 3,084,093 2,353,247 5,437,340 62.94% (1st) 48.02% (2nd)
29 July 2021 3,272,791 2,506,309 5,779,100 66.79% (1st) 51.14% (2nd)
5 August 2021 3,394,945 2,645,049 6,039,994 69.28% (1st) 53.98% (2nd)
12 August 2021 3,468,729 2,820,025 6,288,754 70.79% (1st) 57.55% (2nd)
19 August 2021 3,571,239 2,965,045 6,536,284 72.88% (1st) 60.51% (2nd)
26 August 2021 3,649,203 3,087,014 6,736,217 74.47% (1st) 63% (2nd)
2 September 2021 3,698,849 3,172,584 6,871,433 75.48% (1st) 64.74% (2nd)
9 September 2021 3,726,813 3,261,598 6,988,411 76.05% (1st) 66.56% (2nd)
16 September 2021 3,745,660 3,343,045 7,088,705 76.44% (1st) 68.22% (2nd)
23 September 2021 3,759,608 3,408,067 7,167,675 76.72% (1st) 69.55% (2nd)
30 September 2021 3,771,808 3,446,993 7,218,801 76.97% (1st) 70.34% (2nd)
7 October 2021 3,780,236 3,467,360 7,247,596 77.14% (1st) 70.76% (2nd)
14 October 2021 3,786,942 3,484,258 7,271,200 77.28% (1st) 71.10% (2nd)
Uptake by age group[134]
Age group Full vaccination At least one dose Not vaccinated
80+ years
100%
100%
0%
70–79 years
100%
100%
0%
60–69 years
99.6%
100%
0%
50–59 years
97.8%
98.3%
1.7%
25–49 years
85.7%
87.3%
12.7%
18–24 years
81.1%
83.7%
16.3%
<18 years
21.7%
23.5%
76.5%

Vaccination centres

Up to 40 large vaccination centres were put in place across the country to administer COVID-19 vaccines.[135]

Major facilities were put in place in Cork, Dublin, Waterford, Sligo, Galway, Limerick and Athlone, with smaller centres in Mullingar, Longford, Ennis, Nenagh, Bantry and Tralee.[136][137][138] Three GP-run vaccination centres were also put in place across the country, with The Helix at Dublin City University the first to be established, vaccinating 5,000 people a day.[139][140][141] Cork City Hall, Páirc Uí Chaoimh GAA grounds and Munster Technological University's Bishopstown campus were transformed into mass vaccination centres, administering 10,000 shots a day.[142][143][144]

Large venues such as sports stadia, GAA clubs, hotels, conference centres and arenas were used as mass vaccination centres across all counties in Ireland.[145][146][147]

Aviva Stadium vaccination centre.
Waterford IT Arena vaccination centre.
Cork City Hall vaccination centre.

Locations

On 15 February, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly confirmed locations for 37 vaccination centres across all counties as part of the country's COVID-19 vaccination programme.[148][149][150]

On 20 February, nearly 1,000 patients over the age of 85 received their first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine at the country's first mass vaccination centre at The Helix in Dublin City University.[151][152][153]

On 28 July, it was announced that some of the vaccination centres would allow walk-in vaccinations on certain days and times without an appointment.[154]

Location of vaccination centres in the Republic of Ireland
Centre County
Carlow IT Carlow
Kilmore Hotel Cavan
West County Hotel, Ennis Clare
Bantry Primary Care Centre Cork
City Hall, Cork Cork
Páirc Uí Chaoimh Cork
Clonakilty GAA Club Cork
MTU Cork, Bishopstown Cork
Mallow GAA Club Cork
Letterkenny IT Donegal
Aviva Stadium Dublin
Citywest Convention Centre Dublin
Croke Park Dublin
The Helix, DCU (until July 2021) Dublin
National Show Centre, Swords (from July 2021)
Ballybrit Racecourse Galway
MTU Kerry, Tralee Kerry
Killarney Sports & Leisure Centre Kerry
Punchestown Racecourse Kildare
Cillin Hill Conference Centre Kilkenny
Midlands Park Hotel, Portlaoise Laois
Primary Care Unit, Carrick-on-Shannon Leitrim
Radisson Hotel (until July 2021) Limerick
Limerick Racecourse (from July 2021)
Clonguish GAA Club, Newtownforbes Longford
Fairways Hotel, Dundalk Louth
Simonstown Gaels GAA Club, Navan Meath
Breaffy House Resort, Castlebar Mayo
Hillgrove Hotel Monaghan
Tullamore Court Hotel Offaly
Abbey Hotel Roscommon
Sligo IT Sligo
Abbeycourt Hotel, Nenagh Tipperary
Clonmel Park Hotel Tipperary
Waterford IT Arena Waterford
Athlone IT Arena (until September 2021) Westmeath
Moate Community Centre (from September 2021)
Bloomfield House Hotel, Mullingar (until September 2021) Westmeath
Riverside Hotel, Enniscorthy (until July 2021) Wexford
Astro Active Centre, Enniscorthy (from July 2021)
Kilanerin Community Centre, Gorey (from June 2021) Wexford
Arklow Bay Hotel (until June 2021) Wicklow
Shoreline Leisure Centre, Greystones Wicklow

Controversies

On 26 March, the Labour Party leader Alan Kelly called for the chief executive of the Beacon Hospital to resign after it gave 20 leftover COVID-19 vaccines to a number of teachers and staff at a private secondary school in Bray, County Wicklow on 23 March.[155][156][157] One day later on 27 March, Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly requested the Health Service Executive (HSE) to suspend vaccine operations at the Beacon Hospital following the controversy.[158][159][160] On 19 July, four months after the controversy, an independent report found that the decision by the hospital to provide vaccines to 20 teachers at the Bray school was incorrect, but was made in good faith.[161]

On 30 March, a decision by the Government to overhaul the allocation of COVID-19 vaccines to an age-based system sparked anger and concern among teachers' unions and key workers.[162] The new change meant that key workers in essential jobs and the education sector who couldn't avoid a high risk of exposure to the virus would lose vaccine prioritisation.[163] Ireland's largest teaching union, the Irish National Teachers' Organisation (INTO), strongly criticised moves to change the vaccination rollout plan stating it was "extremely concerned" by the news, while the Teachers' Union of Ireland (TUI) echoed concerns and called for urgent engagement with the Department of Education.[164][165][166] The Association of Secondary Teachers, Ireland (ASTI) stated it was "shocked and dismayed" by the changes and claimed the decision was "totally at odds" with the objective to keep schools open, while the president of the Garda Representative Association (GRA) described the change as "a sucker punch" to their members, and that the decision "downgraded" the work of Gardaí and disregarded the risks they took while policing the pandemic.[167][168][169] On 7 April, the three teacher unions voted for an emergency motion backing industrial action, up to and including strike action, if they were not prioritised for vaccination.[170][171][172]

On 1 April, an independent review of the COVID-19 vaccination programme at the Coombe Hospital found that a consultant brought two leftover vaccine doses home to administer them to two family members.[173][174][175]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 93% of the Irish adult population has received at least one dose.[2]
  2. ^ 91.8% of the Irish adult population has received two doses.[2]
  3. ^ Partially vaccinated means people with 1st but not yet 2nd dose.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Ireland's COVID19 Data Hub – Vaccinations". Gov.ie. Department of Health. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b "COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker – European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control". European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). 12 October 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Statement from the National Public Health Emergency Team - Tuesday 29 December". gov.ie. Department of Health. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Covid-19: Republic of Ireland begins vaccine rollout". BBC News. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  5. ^ McCurry, Cate (27 September 2021). "Taoiseach hails Ireland's 'most successful' vaccine rollout in the world". Irish Independent. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b Creed, Karen (29 December 2020). "Dublin grandmother feels 'privileged' to be first to receive Covid vaccine". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  7. ^ Dwyer, Orla (29 December 2020). "79-year-old Dublin woman first in Republic of Ireland to get Covid-19 vaccine". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  8. ^ O'Loughlin, Ciara (29 December 2020). "'There is hope now'- Annie Lynch (79) first person to receive Covid-19 vaccine in Republic of Ireland". Irish Independent. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  9. ^ "'No moves' to shift teachers further up vaccine list". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 17 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  10. ^ Carswell, Simon (17 April 2021). "Give me a crash course in . . . proof of Covid-19 vaccination". The Irish Times. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Vaccination card also permitted for indoor dining – Varadkar". Irish Independent. 30 July 2021. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  12. ^ Wilson, Jade (26 July 2021). "'Day of relief' as indoor hospitality reopens after some venues have been closed almost 500 days". The Irish Times. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Cabinet approves purchase of 875,000 doses of Moderna Covid-19 vaccine". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  14. ^ Finn, Christina (1 December 2020). "Cabinet agrees to purchase 875,000 doses of Moderna Covid-19 vaccine". TheJournal.ie
    Press Association. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  15. ^ Leahy, Pat; O'Halloran, Marie (1 December 2020). "Cabinet approves purchase of 875,000 doses of Moderna vaccine". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Minister for Health announces National COVID-19 Vaccination Strategy". gov.ie. Department of Health. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021. "COVID-19 Vaccination Strategy" (PDF). gov.ie. Department of Health. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  17. ^ a b "What you need to know about the Government's vaccination plan". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  18. ^ Murray, Sean; Ní Aodha, Gráinne; Hennessy, Michelle; Halpin, Hayley; Burke, Ceimin; Daly, Adam (15 December 2020). "The Covid-19 vaccination strategy has been announced - here's everything you need to know". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  19. ^ "First batch of Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine arrives in Ireland". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 26 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  20. ^ "First shipment of Covid-19 vaccine arrives in Republic". The Irish Times. 26 December 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  21. ^ Boland, Lauren (26 December 2020). "Nearly 10,000 vaccines arrive in Ireland with four days to go to first vaccination". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  22. ^ Carswell, Simon (5 January 2021). "Dublin woman (95) becomes first nursing home resident in the State to be vaccinated". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  23. ^ Sunderland, Ciarán (5 January 2021). "Breastfeeding doctor and 95-year-old Covid-19 survivor vaccinated". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  24. ^ Dwyer, Orla (5 January 2021). "Up to 135,000 people to be fully vaccinated by end of February, Taoiseach says". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Ireland to see 10,000 more weekly vaccines with Moderna approval". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 6 January 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  26. ^ Coyle, Dominic (6 January 2021). "Second Covid vaccine wins EU approval". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
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