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Cambarellus lesliei
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Pleocyemata
Family: Cambaridae
Genus: Cambarellus
Ortmann, 1905[1]
Type species
de Saussure
, 1857

Cambarellus is a

extinct. C. chihuahuae was also believed to be extinct until rediscovered in 2012.[2] C. alvarezi and four undescribed, extinct Cambarellus species were restricted to desert spring systems in southwestern Nuevo León; each one shared its habitat with a Cyprinodon pupfish (these are also fully extinct or extinct in the wild).[3][4]

An orange form of C. patzcuarensis is regularly seen in the freshwater aquarium trade.[5]


Cambarellus patzcuarensis var. "Orange" is common in the aquarium trade, but it is rare in the wild where the species typically is dull gray-brown
Cambarellus shufeldtii, a relatively widespread species from the United States

The genus contains the following species:[6]

Subgenus Cambarellus (Cambarellus)
Subgenus Pandicambarus


  1. ^ "Cambarellus Ortmann, 1905". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
  2. ^ Carson, et al. (2015). The rediscovery and precarious status of the Chihuahua dwarf crayfish Cambarellus chihuahuae. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Southwestern Biology 12: 1-7.
  3. ^ Lozano-Vilano, M.d.L.; S. Conteras-Balderas (1993). "Four new species of Cyprinodon from southern Nuevo León, Mexico, with a key to the C. eximius complex (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae)". Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters. 4 (4): 295–308.
  4. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S.; L. Lozano-Vilano (1996). "Extinction of most Sandia and Potosí valleys (Nuevo León, Mexico) endemic pupfishes, crayfishes and snails". Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters. 7 (1): 33–40.
  5. ^ "Mexican dwarf orange crayfish, Cambarellus patzcuarensis orange". EncycloFish. 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  6. ^ James W. Fetzner, Jr. (January 14, 2008). "Cambarellus Ortmann, 1905". Crayfish Taxon Browser. Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2007.
  7. ^ Villalobos, A. (1952). Estudios de los cambarinos mexicanos. X. Una nueva especie del genero Cambarellus del Estado de Nuevo Leon. Anales del Instituto de Biologia Universidad de Mexico, 22, 525–532.
  8. ^ Faxon, W. (1885). A revision of the Astacidæ. Part 1. The genera Cambarus and Astacus. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 10(4).
  9. ^ a b Faxon, W. (1898). Observations on the Astacidæ in the United States National Museum and in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, with Descriptions of New Species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 20, 643–694.
  10. ^ a b Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1980). New dwarf crayfishes (Decapoda: Cambaridae) from Mexico and Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 93, 194–207.
  11. ^ de Saussure, H. (1857). Diagnoses de quelques Crustacés nouveaux de l’Amérique tropicale. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée, 9, 501–505.
  12. ^ a b Villalobos, J. L. (1943). Estudios de los Cambarinos Mexicanos, I. Observaciones sobre Cambarellus montezumae (Saussure) y Algunas de sus Formas con Descripción de una Subspecie Nueva. Anales del Institute de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 14(2), 587–611.
  13. ^ Villalobos-Figueroa, A. & Hobbs, H., Jr. (1981). A new dwarf crayfish from the Pacific versant of Mexico (Decapoda: Cambaridae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 94(2), 492–502.
  14. ^ Pedraza-Lara, C. & Doadrio, I. (2015). A new species of dwarf crayfish (Decapoda: Cambaridae) from central Mexico, as supported by morphological and genetic evidence. Zootaxa, 28(3963), 583–594.
  15. ^ a b Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1945). Two new species of crayfishes of the genus Cambarellus from the Gulf Coastal states, with a key to the species of the genus (Decapoda: Astacidae). The American Midland Naturalist, 34(2), 466–474.
  16. ^ Fitzpatrick, J. F. & Laning, B. A. (1976). A new dwarf crayfish (Decapoda: Cambaridae: Cambarellinae) from southwest Alabama and adjacent Mississippi, U. S. A. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 89, 137–146.
  17. ^ Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1950). A new crayfish of the genus Cambarellus from Texas (Decapoda, Astacidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 63, 89–96.
  18. ^ Schuster, G. A. & Kendrick, M. R. (2017). A new dwarf crayfish (Decapoda: Cambaridae) from floodplain swapms in central Alabama. Zootaxa, 4238(3), 375–384.
  19. ^ Hobbs, H. H., Jr. (1942b). The Crayfishes of Florida. University of Florida Publications, Biological Science, 3(2).
  20. ^ Faxon, W. (1884). Descriptions of new species of Cambarus; to which is added a synonymical list of the known species of Cambarus and Astacus. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 20, 107–158.
  21. ^ Albaugh, D. W. & Black, J. B. (1973). A new crayfish of the genus Cambarellus from Texas, with new Texas distributional records for the genus (Decapoda, Astacidae). The Southwest Naturalist, 18(2), 177–185.