Centre Party (Sweden)

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Centre Party
Centerpartiet
155 / 1,696
Municipal councils[10]
1,603 / 12,700
Website
centerpartiet.se

The Centre Party (Swedish: Centerpartiet [ˈsɛ̂nːtɛrpaˌʈiːɛt] (listen); C) is a liberal[11][12] political party in Sweden, founded in 1913.

The party's major issues are the

decentralisation and social integration. It is represented in all of the Riksdag's parliamentary committees, currently holding 31 seats. From 2019 to 2021, it provided confidence and supply to the Löfven II Cabinet.[clarification needed
]

Traditionally part of the

decentralisation of governmental authority.[13][14] The party self-describes as liberal feminist,[15] campaigning for policies which enhance gender equality on an individualist basis. Its environmental policies stress the importance of consent and voluntary action,[16] including working with foresters and private landowners to promote biodiversity within a mutually agreeable framework.[17]

The Centre Party has held the position of Prime Minister of Sweden three times, most recently Thorbjörn Fälldin from 1979 to 1982. It is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, the Liberal International and Renew Europe. It was originally named Farmers' League (Swedish: Bondeförbundet [ˈbʊ̂nːdɛfœrˌbɵndɛt] (listen); B).

History

The party was founded in 1913 as the Farmers' League (

centre-right
borgerlig ("bourgeois" or "nonsocialist") parties that achieved power between 1976 and 1982 and between 1991 and 1994.

right-libertarian policies and viewing the Social Democrats as its main opponent.[18][13][19]

In 2005, the Centre Party sold its ownership of the newspaper group

billion SEK,[20] making it the richest political party in the world at the time.[21]
In 2022, Annie Lööf resigned as the leader of the Centre Party.

2006 general election

The

Boxing Day Tsunami and the 2005 Cyclone Gudrun (Erwin) which struck only two weeks following the tsunami are major events that impacted government popularity in the general election and contributed to the redistribution of voter support within and across party-blocs, with particularly interesting results for the Centre Party. According to this research, "[t]he core findings from this thesis show that the Swedish Social Democratic Party (S) government's poor crisis response to Gudrun, which is the hitherto most costly natural disaster in Swedish history, alone has an estimated effect of a magnitude that likely contributed to the 2006 historic regime shift, while the tsunami also seems to have mattered. The tsunami is particularly interesting, as S's poor international crisis response to the event constitutes the first natural disaster situation to knowingly have affected an election on the other side of the planet. Moreover, to some degree voters recognized the active opposition by C as effective representation and rewarded the party for its strong stance on the poor handling of both events by S. In fact, the active voice of C concerning these disasters likely helped move the party from the periphery of party politics to becoming the third-largest party in Swedish politics".[24] Part of the dissertation has been published in Electoral Studies which is to be considered the leading scientific journal in election research. In the article,[25] long-term effects are also found over the 2010 and 2014 Swedish general elections, implying that the Cyclone Gudrun in particular triggered long-lasting changes in voter support from the left to the right side of the political spectrum. A comprehensive summary of the dissertation is available for download via Uppsala University.[26]

Ideology and political position

The Centre Party has been also described as socially liberal,[27] economically liberal,[28] and "ecological-liberal".[29] It describes itself as a green-liberal and libertarian party,[30][31] while it has traditionally associated with agrarianism.[32][33][34]

National economy

The party has been described as one of Sweden's most market liberal parties in liberal, socialist and conservative media.[35] However, the party describes itself as "a party with a green, social and decentralised liberalism".[36] The party leadership has advocated neoliberalism and right-libertarianism[citation needed]. The party advocates lower taxes, greatly reduced employer contributions, a freer market and an increased RUT-deduction. The party is a big advocator for small-business, farmers and entrepreneurs.[37] They also want to invest in the infrastructure and transportation so that employees could work in bigger cities but still live in the rural areas and vice versa. On economic policy, they view the Social Democrats and the Sweden Democrats as their opponents, though they have been supporting a government of the Social Democrats since 2018.

Immigration

The party is liberal on immigration, seeking to combine generous immigration policy with an initially more restrictive contribution policy to the immigrants. After the

Swedish student loans.[38]

The balance of the state responsibility of accepting refugees with their responsibility for integration into Swedish society is at the core of the party policy. In January 2016, the party for example proposed to give all immigrants compulsory civic education in both rights and expectations from the society.[39]

European Union

The party is a decentralist

pro-European party that believes that the European Union is an important union to secure peace, freedom and trade between the European countries. The party also advocates a smaller but sharper European Union that focuses on democracy and peace, free movement and trade, vigorous action against climate change and collaboration against organized crime while also believing that Sweden should stay outside the monetary union and keep the krona as the currency.[40]

The party is a member of the ALDE and its European Parliament group Renew Europe.[41] MEP Fredrick Federley is a vice-president of the ALDE Party[42] and the group leader of the ALDE group in the European Parliament Committee on Industry, Research and Energy.

In the European Committee of the Regions, the Center Party sits in the Renew Europe CoR group with one full and one alternate member for the 2020-2025 mandate.[43][44]

Publications

The Centre Party owned a media consortium called Centertidningar AB. It included newspapers that the party had either started on their own or brought from competitors. It included Hallands Nyheter, Södermanlands Nyheter, Länstidningen i Södertälje, Nynäshamns Posten, Norrtelje Tidning, Lidingö Tidning, Ljusdalsposten, Östersunds-Posten, Hälsingekuriren and Hudiksvalls Tidning. The consortium was split in 2005 and sold to Mittmedia, Stampen Group and VLT for a total of 1.815 billion Swedish kronor.

Electoral results

Riksdag

Election Votes % Seats +/– Government
Sep
1914
1,507 0.2 (#4)
0 / 230
Extra-parliamentary
1917 39,262 5.3 (#5)
9 / 230
Increase 9 Opposition
1920 52,318 7.9 (#4)
20 / 230
Increase 11 Opposition
1921 192,269 11.0 (#4)
21 / 230
Decrease 9 Opposition
1924 190,396 10.8 (#4)
23 / 230
Increase 2 Opposition
1928 263,501 11.2 (#4)
27 / 230
Increase 4 Opposition
1932 321,215 14.1 (#3)
36 / 230
Increase 9 Opposition (1932–1936)
Minority (1936)
1936 418,840 14.4 (#3)
36 / 230
Steady 0 Coalition
1940 344,345 12.0 (#3)
28 / 230
Decrease 8 Coalition
1944 421,094 13.6 (#3)
35 / 230
Increase 7 Coalition (1944–1945)
Opposition (1945–1948)
1948 480,421 12.4 (#3)
30 / 230
Decrease 5 Opposition
1952 406,183 10.7 (#4)
26 / 230
Decrease 4 Coalition
1956 366,612 9.5 (#4)
19 / 231
Decrease 7 Coalition
1958 486,760 12.7 (#4)
32 / 231
Increase 13 Opposition
1960 579,007 13.6 (#4)
34 / 232
Increase 2 Opposition
1964 559,632 13.2 (#4)
36 / 233
Increase 1 Opposition
1968 757,215 15.7 (#2)
39 / 233
Increase 3 Opposition
1970 991,208 19.9 (#2)
71 / 350
Increase 32 Opposition
1973 1,295,246 25.1 (#2)
90 / 350
Increase 19 Opposition
1976 1,309,669 24.1 (#2)
86 / 349
Decrease 4 Coalition (1976–1978)
Opposition (1978–1979)
1979 984,589 18.1 (#3)
64 / 349
Decrease 22 Coalition
1982 859,618 15.5 (#3)
56 / 349
Decrease 8 Opposition
1985 490,999 8.8 (#4)
43 / 349
Decrease 13 Opposition
1988 607,240 11.3 (#4)
42 / 349
Decrease 1 Opposition
1991 465,356 8.5 (#4)
31 / 349
Decrease 11 Coalition
1994 425,153 7.7 (#3)
27 / 349
Decrease 4 Opposition
1998 269,762 5.1 (#5)
18 / 349
Decrease 9 Opposition
2002 328,428 6.2 (#6)
22 / 349
Increase 4 Opposition
2006 437,389 7.9 (#3)
29 / 349
Increase 7 Coalition
2010 390,804 6.6 (#5)
23 / 349
Decrease 6 Coalition
2014 370,834 6.1 (#5)
22 / 349
Decrease 1 Opposition
2018 557,500 8.6 (#4)
31 / 349
Increase 9 External support
2022 434,945 6.7 (#5)
24 / 349
Decrease 7 Opposition

European Parliament

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1995 192,077 7.2 (#5)
2 / 22
1999 151,442 6.0 (#7)
1 / 22
Decrease 1
2004 157,258 6.3 (#6)
1 / 19
Steady 0
2009 173,414 5.5 (#7)
1 / 18
1 / 20
Steady 0
Steady 0
2014 241,101 6.5 (#6)
1 / 20
Steady 0
2019 447,641 10.8 (#5)
2 / 20
Increase 1

Voter base

Traditionally, most of the party's voters come from rural areas and include farmers and agricultural producers. Since the takeover of

Liberals have been moving to the Centre Party due to changes in both parties.[45]

Leaders of the Centre Party

The Leader of the Centre Party is its highest political and organisational officer, its president in the National Executive Board and representative of the party in the media, in public and with other parties.[46] The party leader has often held an important cabinet portfolio when the party has been part of a coalition.

Name Portrait Period Notes
Erik Eriksson
No image.svg
1916–1920
Johan Andersson
No image.svg
1920–1924
Johan Johansson
No image.svg
1924–1928
Olof Olsson
No image.svg
1928–1934
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp.jpg
1934–1949 Prime Minister of Sweden 19 June 1936 to 28 September 1936
Minister of Agriculture 1936 to 1945
Gunnar Hedlund
Gunnar Hedlund 1966.jpg
1949–1971 Minister of the Interior 1951 to 1957
Thorbjörn Fälldin
Falldin.JPG
1971–1985 Twice Prime Minister of Sweden 1976 to 1978, and 1979 to 1982
Karin Söder
Karin Söder old portrait.jpg
1985–1987 First woman in Sweden to be elected the leader of a major political party
One of the first female foreign ministers in the world
Minister for Foreign Affairs 1976 to 1978
Minister for Health and Social Affairs 1979 to 1982
Olof Johansson
Olof Johansson2.jpg
1987–1998 Minister for Energy 1976 to 1978
Minister for the Environment 1991 to 1994
Lennart Daléus
Centerpartiets valaffisch 1998 med Lennart Daléus.jpg
1998–2001
Maud Olofsson
Energi- och naringsminister Maud Olofsson. Sverige.jpg
2001–2011 Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden from 2006 to 2010
Minister for Enterprise and Energy from 2006 to 2011
Annie Lööf
Annie Lööf 2019 (cropped).jpg
2011–2022 Minister for Enterprise from 2011 to 2014

Current Members of Parliament

Current Members of Parliament include:[47]

Party leadership

The current party leadership include:[48]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Centerpartiet". Riksdag. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Tusentals medlemmar lämnade S i fjol – bara SD ökade" [Thousands of members leave S last year – only SD increases]. Nyheter Idag (in Swedish). 30 April 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Magdalena Andersson, Sweden's first female PM, unveils new cabinet". euronews. 29 November 2021. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  4. from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  5. ^ Robert Sundberg (20 September 2013). Centerpartiet glider åt höger (in Swedish). Dala-demokraten. Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  6. ^ Milne, Richard (24 November 2021). "Sweden's prime minister resigns just hours after taking office". Financial Times. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  7. ^ "2018: Val till riksdagen - Valda" (in Swedish). Election Authority (Sweden). Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  8. ^ "European Parliamentary election results". Election Authority (Sweden). 31 May 2019. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  9. ^ "2018: Val till landstingsfullmäktige - Valda" (in Swedish). Election Authority (Sweden). Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  10. ^ "2018: Val till kommunfullmäktige - Valda" (in Swedish). Election Authority (Sweden). Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  11. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Sweden". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Swedish Social Democrat Löfven is asked to return as PM". www.euractiv.com. 6 July 2021. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  13. ^ a b "The Centre Party - Centerpartiet". Sveriges Radio. 7 August 2014. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  14. from the original on 28 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  15. ^ "Jämställdhet". Centre Party. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  16. ^ "Biologisk mångfald". Centre Party. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Engagerade privata skogsägare har skapat mångfalden i skogen – inte trädkramarna". Allehanda.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  18. ^ "Guide: Centerpartiets historia och ideologi Archived 28 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine", DN, 2011-04-18
  19. ^ "'The Centre Party is a confused party': expert Archived 5 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine", The Local, 14 Jan 2013
  20. ^ "Näringsliv - affärsnyheter, börs och analys". Svenska Dagbladet. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2006.
  21. ^ Privata Affärer - Centern blir världens rikaste politiska parti Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Väljarbarometern samtliga Archived 13 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Allmänna val 17 september 2006". Archived from the original on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 24 September 2006.
  24. ^ "Natural Disaster and National Election".[full citation needed][permanent dead link]
  25. .
  26. ^ "Natural Disasters and National Election".[full citation needed]
  27. .
  28. ^ "Immigrants and Swedes need the same things". The Local Sweden. 13 June 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  29. ^ Schaffer, Sebastian; Detzer, Sandra (24 August 2018). "The Comeback of the Swedish Center Party - an Eco-Liberal Story of Hope for Europe?". Zentrum Liberale Moderne (in German). Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  30. ^ "Socialliberal, nyliberal, grön liberal eller bara liberal? - Centerpartiet".
  31. ^ "Centerpartiet på 3 minuter". centerpartiet.se. Centre Party. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  32. from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  33. from the original on 30 May 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  34. .
  35. ^ "Centerpartiet starkt framåt i ny väljarundersökning". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 8 December 2016. Archived from the original on 31 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.[full citation needed]
  36. ^ "Vår ideologi: Sverige och världen i framtiden" (in Swedish). Centre Party. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  37. ^ "Ekonomisk politik" (in Swedish). Centre Party. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  38. ^ Nyheter, S. V. T. (4 April 2016). "C vill ersätta bidrag med etableringslån". SVT Nyheter (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Archived from the original on 31 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  39. ^ "Inför obligatorisk samhällsinformation för nyanlända" (in Swedish). Expressen. 14 January 2016. Archived from the original on 31 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  40. ^ "Europa" (in Swedish). Centre Party. Retrieved 31 July 2019.[permanent dead link]
  41. ^ "Member Parties". ALDE. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  42. ^ "Members of the ALDE Party Bureau". ALDE. Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  43. ^ "CoR Members Page". Archived from the original on 29 December 2016.
  44. ^ "CoR Members Page". Archived from the original on 29 December 2016.
  45. ^ "Towards a two-party system? The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006", Nicholas Aylott and Niklas Bolin, West European Politics, 2007 forthcoming
  46. ^ "Partistyrelsen". www.centerpartiet.se. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  47. ^ "Riksdagsledamöter". www.centerpartiet.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  48. ^ "Partistyrelsen". www.centerpartiet.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.

External links