Charismatic megafauna

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Charismatic megafauna are animal species that are large—in the relevant category that they represent

Use in conservation

Charismatic species are often used as

endangered, and only the giant panda shows a demographic growth from an extremely small population.[6]

Beginning early in the 20th century, efforts to reintroduce extirpated charismatic megafauna to ecosystems have been an interest of a number of private and non-government conservation organizations.

wisent (the European bison) to Poland's Białowieża Forest.[8]
These and other reintroductions of charismatic megafauna, such as Przewalski's horse to Mongolia, have been to areas of limited, and often patchy, range compared to the historic ranges of the respective species.[9]

Environmental activists and proponents of

habitat loss, for example, conservation groups can raise support for the protection of the panda and for the entire ecosystem of which it is a part.[citation needed] (The giant panda is portrayed in the logo of the World Wide Fund for Nature

Taxonomic bias

Charismatic megafauna may be subject to taxonomic inflation, in that taxonomists will declare a subspecies to be a species because of the advocacy benefits of a unique species, rather than because of new scientific evidence.[11] The public's preference to identify with species sold through the ecotourism industry may be a factor for creating taxonomic inflation.[11] In the public perception, ecotourism may be about seeing species, and the number of unique species increases the perceived biodiversity and tourism value of an area.[12][13] A correlation may exist between the taxonomic bias in biodiversity datasets and the charisma of terrestrial megafauna, with the more charismatic species being largely over-reported.[14] However, reports that charismatic megafauna are more engaging to the public than other species have recently been questioned.[15]

See also


Further reading