Communist Party of Sweden (1995)

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Communist Party of Sweden
Sveriges kommunistiska parti
0 / 1,597
Municipal councils
0 / 12,780

The Communist Party of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges kommunistiska parti) is a Marxist–Leninist communist party in Sweden and continuation of Workers' Party – The Communists (Swedish: Arbetarpartiet kommunisterna, APK).


The Flamman group, an orthodox pro-Soviet section within Left Party – The Communists (Vänsterpartiet Kommunisterna), emerged as an internal fraction when C.-H. Hermansson took over as party leader and distanced the party from Moscow. The group was centered on the party newspaper Norrskensflamman ('The Flame of the Aurora Borealis'; usually just called Flamman), the regional party publication in Norrbotten County. The fraction worked as a parallel party centre, and relations between it and the party leadership soured.

At the party congress in 1975, when Hermansson stepped down as party leader, the Flamman group launched

Kommunistisk Ungdom
(Communist Youth), the youth league of the party.

The group broke away in 1977, and formed Arbetarpartiet Kommunisterna ('Workers Party – the Communists', abbreviated APK). A founding congress took place in the Swedish

World Communist Movement
. Two MPs (and party central committee members), Rolf Hagel and Alf Löwenborg, led the split. Hagel was elected party president. Norrskensflamman became the central party organ.

Entire VPK party units joined APK in many places, including

KU district in Gävleborg County
joined APK.

Sveriges Kommunistiska Ungdomsförbund ('Young Communist League of Sweden', abbreviated SKU) was created as the youth league of the party. A student wing, Marxistiska Studenter ('Marxist Students'), was founded although it never attained any importance.

APK failed to make any electoral breakthrough, and gradually the party declined. The fall of the Soviet Union had a very negative impact on the party; many members left, either to leave politics completely or to rejoin the Left Party. SKU broke away in 1990, and had a short-lived period as an independent communist youth organization.

In 1995, APK was declared financially bankrupt by state authorities, the first political party in Sweden to suffer that fate.

Directly after the bankruptcy of APK, the core around Hagel regrouped and reconstituted their party as Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti (Communist Party of Sweden). In 2000

was reorganized as the party youth league.

Factions within the Swedish left during the last century.

Election results


Year Votes % Seats +/– Government
1998 1,868 0.03 (#15)
0 / 349
New Extra-parliamentary
2002 1,182 0.02 (#17)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary
2006 438 0.01 (#20)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary
2010 375 0.01 (#20)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary
2014 558 0.01 (#21)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary
2018 702 0.01 (#20)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary
2022 1,181 0.02 (#21)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary

European Parliament

Year Votes % Seats +/–
2019 974 0.02 (#18)
0 / 20

The party was represented in a municipal council until 2013 when their representatives were expelled from the party.[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Partiprogram [Party program]url=" (in Swedish).
  2. ^ "European Communist Action's Founding Declaration". 27 November 2023. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  3. ^ ""Det viktiga är att bli av med den här regeringen" - P4 Norrbotten".

External links