Counties of Sweden

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Counties of Sweden
Sveriges län (Swedish)
CategoryUnitary state
LocationSweden
Number21
PopulationsLeast: Gotland, 59,686
Most: Stockholm, 2,377,081
AreasSmallest: Blekinge, 2946.4 km2
Largest: Norrbotten, 98244.8 km2
Government
Subdivisions

The counties of Sweden (

fiefdoms. The county borders often follow the provincial borders, but the Crown
often chose to make slight relocations to suit its purposes.

In every county there is a

regional council (region). In the county of Gotland
however, the county's only municipality has adopted regional responsibilities.

The aims of the county administrative board are to supervise local state administration (that is not otherwise assigned to other government agencies), and to coordinate political goals with the central government. The regional council is the elected regional political assembly that oversees the municipal affairs of the county, primarily in regard to

, and culture.

Beginning in the 2000s, many major government agencies have reorganised from a countybased subdivisional structure into larger geographical or functional areas. This include the Swedish Tax Agency (1 January 2004), the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (1 January 2005), the Swedish Public Employment Service (1 January 2008), and the Swedish Police Authority (1 January 2015).

List of counties

ISO
NUTS
CoA County (Län) Administrative centre Governor Area
(km2)
Pop.
(2019)[1]
Den.
SE-AB SE110 Stockholm Stockholm Anna Kinberg Batra 6,519.3 2,377,081 360
SE-C SE121 Uppsala Uppsala Göran Enander 8,207.2 383,713 45
SE-D SE122 Södermanland Nyköping Beatrice Ask 6,102.3 297,540 52
SE-E SE123 Östergötland Linköping Carl Fredrik Graf 10,602.0 465,495 43
SE-F SE211 Jönköping Jönköping Helena Jonsson 10,495.1 363,599 34
SE-G SE212 Kronoberg Växjö Maria Arnholm 8,466.0 201,469 23
SE-H SE213 Kalmar Kalmar Peter Sandwall 11,217.8 245,446 22
SE-I SE214 Gotland Visby Anders Flanking 3,151.4 59,686  19
SE-K SE221 Blekinge Karlskrona Ulrica Messing 2,946.4 159,606 52
SE-M SE224 Skåne Malmö, Kristianstad Anneli Hulthén 11,034.5 1,377,827 120
SE-N SE231 Halland Halmstad Brittis Benzler 5,460.7 333,848 59
SE-O SE232 Västra Götaland Gothenburg, Vänersborg Lisbeth Schultze (acting) 23,948.8 1,725,881 68
SE-S SE311 Värmland Karlstad Georg Andrén 17,591.0 282,414 16
SE-T SE124 Örebro Örebro Maria Larsson 8,545.6 304,805 35
SE-U SE125 Västmanland Västerås Ulrica Gradin (acting) 5,145.8 275,845  37
SE-W SE312 Dalarna Falun Camilla Fagerberg Littorin (acting) 28,188.8 287,966  10
SE-X SE313 Gävleborg Gävle Per Bill 18,198.9 287,382 16
SE-Y SE321 Västernorrland Härnösand Berit Högman 21,683.8 245,347  11
SE-Z SE322 Jämtland Östersund Marita Ljung 49,341.2 130,810 3.4
SE-AC SE331 Västerbotten Umeå Helene Hellmark Knutsson 55,186.2 271,736 4.9
SE-BD SE332 Norrbotten Luleå Lotta Finstorp 98,244.8 250,093 2.6

Map

With county codes, which were official until 1974.

Each county region contains a number of municipalities (kommuner), the existence of which is partly at the discretion of the central government. Since 2004 their number has been 290, thus an average of 13.8 municipalities per county.

Until 1968, the City of Stockholm had its own "county code" A, which is still used interchangeably with AB in some contexts, and County of Stockholm had county code B. L was for Kristianstad County and M was for Malmöhus County but since they were merged to form Skåne County, M is usually used. O used to stand for Gothenburg and Bohus County but has been used for Västra Götaland County since it was merged with Skaraborg County (R) and Älvsborg County (P).

History

Older subdivisions

Sweden's

Lappland
was also one province until 1809.

Historically, the provinces were grouped in three lands: Götaland, being southern and western Sweden; Svealand being eastern and south-eastern, and Norrland being the entire northern half. The names of the first two refer to ancient tribes, and the third is a geographical reference. They are still commonly used as geographical references. The boundaries have changed over time, with the most significant in 1658 (the cession of provinces from Denmark-Norway to Sweden) and 1812 (due to the loss of Finland to Russia in 1809). In 1812 some provinces were moved from Götaland to Svealand.

Finland

After the

reform
in 1997. They are still in use in Sweden, 370 years later.

The counties in Finland established in 1634 were:

Turku and Pori County, Nyland and Tavastehus County, Viborg and Nyslott County, Ostrobothnia County and Kexholm County. Over time the number of subdivisions in Finland increased to twelve, until a reorganization in 1997 reduced their number to six provinces
, while keeping the administrative model intact. The counties in Finland were abolished in 2010.

Abolished counties

Abolished counties in current-day Sweden proper were:

Counties in Swedish-ruled Finland were:

Proposed regions

Six or nine new administrative regions.

Under the aegis of the

Swedish government, Ansvarskommittén has been investigating the possibilities of merging the current 21 counties into 6 to 9 larger regions. These proposals are from their final report, delivered in 2007:[2]

A model for this comes from the merger of some counties into Skåne County and Västra Götaland County in 1997 and 1998, respectively, which is now considered a success.

The counties are discussing the proposal. An obstacle is that Stockholm County does not want to merge with any other county, while its neighbours want to merge with Stockholm. After this discussion the following proposal has in 2016 emerged:

  1. Norrbotten, Västerbotten, Västernorrland and Jämtland county
  2. Dalarna, Gävleborgs, Södermanlands, Uppsala, Västmanland and Örebro county
  3. Östergötland, Jönköping, Kalmar and Kronoberg county
  4. Gotland and Stockholm county
  5. Halland, Värmland and Västra Götaland county
  6. Blekinge and Skåne county

The main difference is that the proposed Bergslagen is divided to other counties, and Stockholm is on its own (plus the small Gotland which has air connections to Stockholm)

Riksområden

Current statistical regions (riksområden).

The counties in Sweden correspond to the third level of division in the

.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sweden: Major Municipalities". City Population. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Regional utveckling och regional samhällsorganisation". Government Offices of Sweden (in Swedish). 23 March 2007. SOU 2007:13.

External links