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The Dṛg-Dṛśya-Viveka or Vâkyasudhâ is an Advaita Vedanta text attributed to Bhāratī Tīrtha or Vidyaranya Swami(c. 1350)


Although also attributed to Shankara,[web 1] the text is most commonly attributed to Bĥaratī Tīrtha (c. 1350).[1][2] It is also known as Vakya Suddha, which is attributed to Shankara.[2]


The Dṛg-Dṛśya-Viveka contains 46 slokas[1][3] performing an inquiry into the distinction between the "seer" (Dṛg) and the "seen" (Dṛśya),[2] an overview of samadhi, centering on savikalpa and nirvikalpa, and the identity of Atman and Brahman.

See also


  1. ^ a b Witz 1998, p. 227.
  2. ^ a b c Nikhalananda 1931, p. xiii.
  3. ^ Nikhalananda 1931, p. xiv-xv.


Printed sources
  • Deshmukh, Dr. Shrikrishna. The Essence of Drk-Drsya Viveka::Distinguishing the 'Perceiver' from the 'Perceived'. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-8120842175.
  • Nikhalananda, Swami (1931), Drg-Drsya-Viveka. An inquiry into the nature of the 'seer' and the 'seen.', Sri Ramakrishna Asrama
  • Witz, Klaus G. (1998), The Supreme Wisdom of the Upaniṣads: An Introduction, Motilall Banarsidas

Further reading

External links

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