Earth Summits

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Earth Summits are

, also took place in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.

Evidence of the development of a global culture of respect for the environment, the Earth Summits are symbolically very important as - together with the

), whose signatory countries have met annually since 1995.


The entry into force of an

international treaty
usually takes several years. This is a complex process as each country needs to complete two steps to join: signing the treaty, and then ratifying it formally. The treaty enters into force only when a sufficient number of countries have ratified it (the number varies from one treaty to another).

The signatory countries of this type of treaty organize, roughly once a year, a conference of the parties (COP). Before each conference there is a preparatory meeting called the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) where governments negotiate the technical details of the treaty. The process is similar for the Earth Summit, which includes a series of preparatory pre-conferences.

List of Earth Summits

  1. 1972 - The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm
  2. 1982 - The 1982 Earth Summit in Nairobi (Kenya). An Earth Summit was held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 10 to 18 May 1982. The disinterest of US President Ronald Reagan (who appointed his delegated daughter Of the United States) made this summit a failure.[citation needed] Now no longer admitted by the United Nations as an official Earth Summit
  3. 1992 - The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) or Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  4. 2002 - The
    World Summit on Sustainable Development, Earth Summit 2002 or Rio+10, Johannesburg (South Africa
  5. 2009 - 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference or Copenhagen Summit, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  6. 2012 - The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) or Rio+20, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  7. 2018 - The 7th Digital Earth Summit 2018, DES-2018, on Digital Earth for Sustainable Development in Africa was to be held in El Jadida (Morocco), at the Faculty of Science, Chouaib Douakkali University from April 17–19, 2018
  8. 2019 - The Santiago Climate Change Conference, featuring the 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) and meetings of the UNFCCC subsidiary bodies, convened from 2nd to 13 December 2019.
  9. 2022 - Stockholm

See also

  • Earth for All initiative


  1. ^ "United Nations Observances | United Nations". Archived from the original on 2015-03-19.