Endotheliitis is an immune response within the endothelium in blood vessels, in which they become inflamed. The condition can cause oedema of the surrounding tissue, including the stroma, and can cause irritation and pain. If it is within the cornea, it can result in permanent loss of vision. The condition can be caused by a number of factors, such as mumps and cytomegalovirus under certain circumstances.
- "Herpes Simplex" EMedicine, Retrieved 27 March 2010
- Xiaodong Zheng, Masahiko Yamaguchi, Tomoko Goto1, Shigeki Okamoto and Yuichi Ohashi "Experimental Corneal Endotheliitis in Rabbits" 2000 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
- Singh, Kirti "Mumps-Induced Corneal Endotheliitis" 2004 Cornea
- Chee, Soon-Phaik; Bacsal, Kristine; Jap, Aliza; Se-Thoe, Su-Yun; Cheng, Ching Li; Tan, Ban Hock (2007). "Corneal Endotheliitis Associated with Evidence of Cytomegalovirus Infection". Ophthalmology. 114 (4): 798–803. doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2006.07.057. PMID 17207531.