Ensemble Citoyens

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Ensemble !
LeaderRichard Ferrand (LREM)
Secretary-GeneralStanislas Guerini (LREM)
Vice Presidents
Founded29 November 2021; 7 months ago (2021-11-29) (as Ensemble Citoyens)
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Political positionCentre[1] to centre-right[2]
Members
Colours
  •   Black
  •   White
  •   Yellow
Senate
46 / 348
National Assembly
245 / 570
European Parliament
23 / 79
Website
ensemblecitoyens.fr

Ensemble (lit.'Together') is a liberal political coalition in France.[3] Formed in November 2021 as Ensemble Citoyens,[4] it includes La République En Marche! (LREM), Democratic Movement (MoDem), Agir, Territories of Progress (TDP), Horizons, En commun, and the Progressive Federation.

History

Initial logo of the coalition

François Bayrou, the leader of the Democratic Movement (MoDem) has previously proposed the formation of a coalition that would include centrist and centre-right parties. In November 2021, president of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand, accepted his proposal and together they had formed Ensemble Citoyens. Besides the Democratic Movement and La République En Marche!, Agir was also its founding member.[5][6][7] In the following month, they were joined by the Radical Party, Horizons, Territories of Progress, and En Commun.[8][9]

From its foundation in November, the coalition has been headed by Ferrand as its leader, Bayrou and Édouard Philippe as vice-presidents, and Stanislas Guerini as secretary-general.[10][11] Jean Castex has also affiliated himself with the coalition.[12] Philippe suspended its participation in the coalition on 14 January 2022, although, four days later he had announced that his party was reinstated into the coalition.[13][14] In April, LREM announced that it would change its party name to "Renaissance", and a month later, the name of the coalition was shortened to just Ensemble.[15][16] The Progressive Federation joined the coalition in May 2022.[17]

Members

Party Abbreviation Ideology Position Leader
Logo-LREM-noir.svg
La République En Marche ![a] LREM Liberalism Centre Stanislas Guerini
MoDem logo 2019.svg
Democratic Movement MoDem Liberalism
Christian democracy
Centre to centre-right François Bayrou
Logo Parti Politique Horizons - 2021.svg
Horizons Horizons Liberalism Centre-right Édouard Philippe
Logo of French political party Agir.png
Agir Agir Conservative liberalism Centre-right Franck Riester
Logo of the Territories of Progress.png
Territories of Progress[b] TDP Social liberalism
Social democracy
Centre to centre-left Olivier Dussopt
Radical Party PRV Liberalism Centre Laurent Hénart
Logo en commun.png
En Commun EC Green politics Centre-left Philippe Hardouin [fr]
Progressive Federation FP Social democracy Centre-left François Rebsamen

Objectives

The coalition aimed to bring the presidential majority of Emmanuel Macron together in order to present its joint candidates for the 2022 legislative election.[5][7] In May 2022, Ferrand indicated their commitment for "a stable majority in the National Assembly", while Philippe specified that the program of Ensemble "is that of the Macron". Bayrou indicated that the parties would form a joint parliamentary group in the National Assembly.[18] Some media sources consider it as a modern incarnation of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing's Union for French Democracy (UDF), founded in 1978.[19]

Notes

  1. ^ Officially named Renaissance since May 2022.
  2. ^ Officially named Territories of Progress – Social Reformist Movement.

References

  1. ^ a b Opalín, León (30 May 2022). "El débil triunfo de Macron y la Unión Europea". El Financiero (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  2. ^
    • Bloch, Michel (9 June 2022). "Législatives : voici les quatre scénarios possibles au soir du second tour". Le Journal du dimanche (in French). Retrieved 13 June 2022. C'est sans aucun doute les élections législatives les plus indécises depuis l'instauration du quinquennat et l'inversion du calendrier électoral en 2002. Le premier tour de la présidentielle a révélé la présence de trois blocs dans le pays (un bloc macroniste de centre-droit, un bloc d'extrême-droite et un bloc de gauche).
    • "Macron coalition, leftwing bloc neck and neck in first round of French elections". France 24. Agence France-Presse. 12 June 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022. The election 'confirms the fact that Ensemble (Macron's coalition) is now the centre-right,' says Mathieu Doiret of FRANCE 24's polling partners Ipsos, noting that the president's camp now draws most of its support from an elderly, centre-right constituency that previously voted for the mainstream conservative party, Les Républicains. Should Macron's coalition fail to win an outright majority, an alliance with the rump of the Républicains is the most likely outcome, Doiret added. 'We have a centre-right majority because elderly people hold the balance of power, because they vote twice as much as the young,' he said. 'That's why Angela Merkel stayed in power for so long in Germany and why Boris Johnson wins in the UK.'
    • "Macron's bloc falls short of absolute majority, leftist coalition second, large gains for far right". France 24. Agence France-Presse. 19 June 2022. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  3. ^ "Présidentielle : la majorité s'affiche unie en lançant " Ensemble Citoyens ! "". Les Echos (in French). 29 November 2021. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  4. ^ "France: LREM devient «Renaissance», au sein d'une confédération pour les législatives". RFI (in French). 5 May 2022. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Investiture unique aux législatives, parité... Les défis du mouvement "Ensemble citoyens !" porté par LREM et le MoDem". Franceinfo (in French). 29 November 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  6. ^ "La majorité lance sa « maison commune », pour quoi faire ?". www.20minutes.fr (in French). Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Qu'attendre d'"Ensemble citoyens !", le mouvement lancé par la majorité ?". Europe 1 (in French). Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  8. ^ "L'offensive d'Édouard Philippe bouscule l'aile droite de la majorité". LEFIGARO (in French). 23 September 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Politique. Pôle de gauche dans la majorité". www.ledauphine.com (in French). Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Des députées s'agacent de la gouvernance trop masculine de la "Maison commune" de la majorité". TF1 INFO (in French). 30 November 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  11. ^ "Ces élues de la majorité ne veulent pas "juste être sur la photo" de la maison commune". Le HuffPost (in French). 29 November 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  12. ^ "«Ensemble citoyens !» : la majorité lance son alliance en soutien à Macron". LEFIGARO (in French). 30 November 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  13. ^ "Entre Edouard Philippe et Emmanuel Macron, les relations tournent à l'aigre". Le Monde.fr (in French). 14 January 2022. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Tensions dans la majorité présidentielle : Édouard Philippe accepte de réintégrer la maison commune". ladepeche.fr (in French). Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  15. ^ "Détail d'une annonce | Associations — Journal Officiel". www.journal-officiel.gouv.fr. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  16. ^ Tronche, Sébastien; Pol, Chez. "Législatives: avec Ensemble et Renaissance, la macronie vole à gauche". Libération (in French). Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  17. ^ "Attribution des nuances aux candidats aux élections législatives de 2022". www.legifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  18. ^ "Législatives : LREM devient « Renaissance » et se rapproche du Modem et d'Horizons avec « Ensemble ! »". Public Senat (in French). 5 May 2022. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  19. ^ "Investiture unique aux législatives, parité... Les défis du mouvement "Ensemble citoyens !" porté par LREM et le MoDem". 29 November 2021.
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