Ernst Wigforss

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Ernst Wigforss
Minister of Finance
In office
28 September 1936 – 30 June 1949
Prime MinisterPer Albin Hansson
Tage Erlander
Preceded byVilmar Ljungdahl
Succeeded byDavid Hall
In office
24 September 1932 – 19 June 1936
Prime MinisterPer Albin Hansson
Preceded byFelix Hamrin
Succeeded byVilmar Ljungdahl
In office
8 May 1925 – 7 June 1926
Prime MinisterRickard Sandler
Preceded byFredrik Vilhelm Thorsson
Succeeded byCarl Gustaf Ekman
Personal details
Ernst Johannes Wigforss

(1881-01-24)24 January 1881
Halmstad, Sweden
Died2 January 1977(1977-01-02) (aged 95)
Båstad, Sweden
Political partySocial Democratic

Ernst Johannes Wigforss (24 January 1881–2 January 1977) was a

L.T. Hobhouse and J. A. Hobson. He made contributions in his early writings about industrial democracy and workers' self-management

Early life and education

Born in the town of

Scandinavian languages at the university the same year. He taught at the gymnasium in Lund (Lunds högre allmänna läroverk) 1911-1914 and as lecturer of German and Swedish at the Latin gymnasium in Gothenburg
from 1914.

Political career

In 1919 Wigforss was elected as a Social Democratic member of the First Chamber of the Swedish Parliament, representing Gothenburg, and he became a member of various committees. He was appointed a member of the third cabinet of

Fredrik Thorsson
fell ill, and succeeded him on 8 May of the same year, following his death. The Sandler cabinet resigned on 7 June 1926.

He was again Minister of Finance in the cabinets of Per Albin Hansson and Tage Erlander from 1932 to 1949.

Wigforss became Gunnar Myrdal's main political opponent with respect to the currency crisis of 1947. Swedish historians tend to interpret this crisis as Myrdal's political failure, while the historian Orjan Appelqvist argue that it is Wigforss and Axel Gjöres who hold primary responsibility for this political fiasco.[1]


Stockholm school, who worked in the same direction as Keynes at the same time. John Kenneth Galbraith writes that it "would be more fair to say 'The Swedish Economic Revolution' than the 'Keynesian revolution' in economics, and that Wigforss was first in this transformation of thinking and practice about economy".[2]

In his pamphlet Har vi råd att arbeta? (Can we afford to work?), widely believed to have won the 1932 elections for the Social Democrats, he made fun of the Liberal theory that budget cuts are the proper remedy for economic downturns. Although he is considered the creator of the Swedish social democratic economy, controversies with Minister for Social Affairs Gustav Möller (who would have preferred graduated taxation to have been higher) prevented both from being elected party chairman and Prime Minister at the death of Hansson.

Later life

After his resignation, Wigforss continued until his death to write and speak on political issues and was considered one of the most innovative and daring Social Democratic politicians. He supported the

movement of the 1950s and contributed to the discontinuation of the Swedish nuclear arms programme in 1962.

In popular culture

In the Swedish television movie, Four Days that shook Sweden - The Midsummer Crisis 1941, from 1988, he is played by Swedish actor Helge Skoog.


  1. ^ Örjan Appelqvist (1999:1): "Gunnar Myrdal i svensk politik 1943–1947 – En svensk Roosevelt och hans vantolkade nederlag". NORDEUROPAforum, p. 33-51,
  2. ^ John Kenneth Galbraith (1991). A History of Economics: The Past as the Present.


  • Higgins, Winton. Ernst Wigforss: The Renewal of Social Democratic Theory and Practice. Political Power and Social Theory, vol 15, 1985
  • Newman, Michael. Socialism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2005
  • Rothstein, Bo. Managing the Welfare State: Lessons from Gustav Möller. Scandinavian Political Studies, vol 8, 1985
  • Tilton, Timothy. The Political Theory of Swedish Social Democracy: Through the Welfare State to Socialism. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1990
  • Tilton, Timothy. A Swedish Road to Socialism, Ernst Wigforss and the Ideological Foundations of Swedish Social Democracy. The American Political Science Review, 1979, pp 505–520
  • Tingsten, Herbert. The Swedish Social Democrats: Their Ideological Development. Totowa, Bedminster Press, 1973