George B. Hartzog Jr.

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George B. Hartzog Jr.
7th Director of the National Park Service
In office
January 9, 1964 – December 31, 1972
PresidentLyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Preceded byConrad L. Wirth
Succeeded byRonald H. Walker
Personal details
Born(1920-03-17)March 17, 1920
Smoaks, South Carolina[1]
DiedJune 27, 2008(2008-06-27) (aged 88)
Washington, D.C.
Helen Hartzog
(m. 1947)
OccupationLawyer, conservationist

George Benjamin Hartzog Jr. (March 17, 1920 – June 27, 2008) was an American attorney and Director of the National Park Service. Admitted to the bar in South Carolina in 1942, he became an attorney for the General Land Office (now the Bureau of Land Management) in the Department of the Interior in 1945, and six months later transferred to the National Park Service.

He moved to field assignments at

National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, and the Bible amendment to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act that led to establishment of the Alaska parks. He ordered the Yosemite Firefall tradition discontinued in 1968. During his nine-year tenure, he enlarged the service's role in urban recreation,[2]
historic preservation, interpretation, and environmental education.

In 1969, NPS faced budget cuts. Harzog pioneered what became known as the

Washington Monument Syndrome
political tactic and closed all national parks two days a week. As public outcry grew, Congress restored the funding.

Hartzog was dismissed by President Nixon in December 1972. Afterwards, he practiced law in Washington, D.C.[3]

George B. Hartzog died on June 27, 2008.[4]


  1. ^ Hartzog, Jr., George B. Battling for the National Parks. New York: Mt. Kisco, 1988.
  2. ^ Hohmann, Heidi (June 21, 2016). "Solving the "Recreation Problem": The Development of the National Recreation Area". National Park Service. Archived from the original on January 2, 2021. Retrieved 2021-01-18.
  3. ISSN 0362-4331
    . Retrieved 2021-10-13.
  4. ^ Schudel, Matt. (July 6, 2008.) "Obituaries: George B. Hartzog Jr., 88; Expanded Nation's Park System. The Washington Post. Retrieved on June 14, 2010.

Further reading

  • [1]
  • McPhee, John/Pieces Of The Frame/Ranger

External links

Government offices
Preceded by Director of the National Park Service
Succeeded by