Gossau, St. Gallen

Coordinates: 47°25′N 9°15′E / 47.417°N 9.250°E / 47.417; 9.250
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Gossau
Coat of arms of Gossau
Location of Gossau
Map
Waldkirch
Websitewww.stadtgossau.ch
SFSO statistics

Gossau is a

St. Gallen in Switzerland
.

History

Gossau is first mentioned in 824 as Cozesaua.[3]

Geography

Aerial view by Walter Mittelholzer (1920)
Aerial view above Gossau

Gossau has an area, as of 2006, of 27.5 km2 (10.6 sq mi). Of this area, 63% is used for agricultural purposes, while 16.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 20.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.6%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[4]

The municipality is located in the St Gallen Wahlkreis. Gossau is the largest municipality in the valley between the Glatt Valley and the Sitter River and lies on the intersection of the St. Gallen-Zürich and Thurgau-Appenzell roads. It consists of the village of Gossau with the sections of Mettendorf, Niederdorf, Oberdorf and Watt and the village of Arnegg as well as the hamlets of Albertschwil, Enggetschwil, Geretschwil, Hochschoren, Hueb, Matten, Neuchlen, Rain, Rüeggetschwil, Rüti, Wilen, Zinggenhueb, Erlen, Herzenwil and Stöcklen. In 1806 the hamlets of Arnegg (without Oberarnegg), Erlen, Fronackeren, Geretschwil, Herzenwil, Hölzli, Stöcklen, Wilen and Zinggenhueb came to Gossau from Andwil in exchange for Fronackeren, Hölzli, Landegg and Neuegg.

Coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Or a Cross bottony Gules issuant from jaws of a Wyvern passant Vert and in sinister chief a Bear rampant Sable langued and in his virility of the second.[5]

Demographics

Gossau has a population (as of 31 December 2020) of 17,990.[6] As of 2007, about 18.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2000), 168 are from Germany, 487 are from Italy, 1,574 are from ex-Yugoslavia, 105 are from Austria, 214 are from Turkey, and 496 are from another country.[7] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 3.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (88.4%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 4.2%) and Italian being third ( 2.1%).[4] Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000), 14,855 speak German, 48 people speak French, 349 people speak Italian, and 24 people speak Romansh.[8]

The age distribution, as of 2000, in Gossau is; 2,007 children or 11.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 2,158 teenagers or 12.8% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 2,304 people or 13.7% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 2,703 people or 16.1% are between 30 and 39, 2,401 people or 14.3% are between 40 and 49, and 2,125 people or 12.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 1,324 people or 7.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 1,074 people or 6.4% are between 70 and 79, there are 617 people or 3.7% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 90 people or 0.5% who are between 90 and 99, and 2 people or 0.0% who are 100 or more.[8]

In 2000 there were 2,251 persons (or 13.4% of the population) who were living alone in a private dwelling. There were 3,870 (or 23.0%) persons who were part of a couple (married or otherwise committed) without children, and 9,167 (or 54.5%) who were part of a couple with children. There were 870 (or 5.2%) people who lived in single parent home, while there are 98 persons who were adult children living with one or both parents, 82 persons who lived in a household made up of relatives, 97 who lived household made up of unrelated persons, and 370 who are either institutionalized or live in another type of collective housing.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 36.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (26.3%), the SP (13.9%) and the FDP (12.2%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Gossau about 68.9% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4] Out of the total population in Gossau, as of 2000, the highest education level completed by 3,808 people (22.7% of the population) was Primary, while 6,416 (38.2%) have completed Secondary, 1,678 (10.0%) have attended a Tertiary school, and 670 (4.0%) are not in school. The remainder did not answer this question.[8]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1837 2,649
1850 2,853
1900 6,055
1910 8,455
1941 7,512
1950 8,316
1970 12,793
2000 16,805

Heritage sites of national significance

Gossau Industrial sector

The Former Rubberband Factory at Stadtbühlstrasse 12 is listed as a Swiss

heritage site of national significance.[9] Both the village of Gossau and the Kulturlandschaft Matten/Wilen/Zinggenhueb (Cultural region Matten/Wilen/Zinggenhueb), which is shared between Gossau and Andwil, are designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[10]

Sights

Castle Oberberg in Gossau

The

Reformed church of Gossau was built in 1899–1900. Castle Oberberg is located east of Gossau. It was built in the 13th Century. During the Appenzell Wars (1401–1429) it was destroyed and rebuilt in the 15th Century. It is a late gothic castle, with a high medieval south west wall and a modern chapel.[11]

Economy

As of  2007[update], Gossau had an unemployment rate of 1.92%. As of 2005, there were 322 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 118 businesses involved in this sector. 4,104 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 205 businesses in this sector. 6,539 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 551 businesses in this sector.[4]

As of October 2009 the average unemployment rate was 3.0%.[12] There were 915 businesses in the municipality of which 201 were involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 604 were involved in the third.[13]

As of 2000 there were 4,500 residents who worked in the municipality, while 4,514 residents worked outside Gossau and 6,318 people commuted into the municipality for work.[14]

Sport

FC Gossau is the municipality's football club.

Religion

From the 2000 census, 9,608 or 57.2% are

Roman Catholic, while 3,935 or 23.4% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 22 individuals (or about 0.13% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 943 individuals (or about 5.61% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 286 individuals (or about 1.70% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There is 1 individual who is Jewish, and 625 (or about 3.72% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 104 individuals (or about 0.62% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 804 (or about 4.78% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 477 individuals (or about 2.84% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Giulia Steingruber, 2015

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Gossau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 11-January-2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 11-January-2010
  6. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  7. ^ Der Kanton St. Gallen und seine Menschen in Zahlen - Ausgabe 2009 Archived 2010-05-07 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 30 December 2009
  8. ^ a b c d e Canton St. Gallen Statistics-Hauptergebnisse der Volkszählung 2000: Regionen- und Gemeindevergleich-Personen Archived 2010-09-09 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 30 December 2009
  9. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 11-Jan-2010
  10. ^ ISOS site Archived 2009-09-16 at the Wayback Machine accessed 11-Jan-2010
  11. ^ Flüeler (1982). Kulturführer Schweiz. Zurich, CH: Ex Libris Verlag AG. p. 165.
  12. ^ St Gallen Canton statistics-Unemployment Archived 2009-09-22 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 30 December 2009
  13. ^ St Gallen Canton statistics-Businesses Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 31 December 2009
  14. ^ St Gallen Canton statistics-Commuters Archived 2009-07-22 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 31 December 2009

External links