Green Party (Sweden)

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Green Party
Miljöpartiet de gröna
AbbreviationMP
Spokespersons
County councils[8]
48 / 1,696
Municipal councils[9]
395 / 12,700
Website
www.mp.se
  • Elections
  • Historical membership in 1-year intervals, 1987–Present
    YearPop.±%
    19875,500—    
    19888,500+54.5%
    19898,000−5.9%
    19907,600−5.0%
    19916,900−9.2%
    19926,400−7.2%
    19935,300−17.2%
    19946,500+22.6%
    19955,600−13.8%
    19966,950+24.1%
    19977,500+7.9%
    19987,900+5.3%
    19997,285−7.8%
    20006,918−5.0%
    20016,701−3.1%
    20028,011+19.5%
    20037,483−6.6%
    20047,178−4.1%
    20057,249+1.0%
    20069,543+31.6%
    20079,045−5.2%
    20089,111+0.7%
    200910,635+16.7%
    201015,544+46.2%
    201114,648−5.8%
    201213,354−8.8%
    201313,760+3.0%
    201420,214+46.9%
    201516,735−17.2%
    201613,689−18.2%
    201710,719−21.7%
    201812,418+15.9%
    201910,588−14.7%
    20209,530−10.0%
    source[10] —    

    The Green Party (Swedish: Miljöpartiet de gröna, lit.'Environmental Party the Greens', commonly referred to in Swedish as Miljöpartiet or MP) is a political party in Sweden based on green politics.

    Sparked by the anti-

    threshold
    .

    In 1994, they returned to parliament again and since have retained representation there. The party is represented nationally by two spokespeople, always one man and one woman. These roles are currently held by Per Bolund and Märta Stenevi.

    Between 3 October 2014 and 30 November 2021, the Green Party was a part of the Social Democratic led government. This was the first time the Greens have entered government in its history.[13] The Greens left the government after the right-wing opposition parties' budget for 2022 was passed in the Riksdag, and the government's own budget failed to pass.[14]

    In the 2018 general election, the Greens received 4.4% of the vote and 16 seats, making the party the smallest in the Riksdag. Despite this, the party was still able to maintain its place in government.

    Ideology

    Fundamental principles

    In their party platform, the Greens describe their ideology as being based on "a solidarity that can be expressed in three ways: solidarity with animals, nature, and the ecological system", "solidarity with coming generations", and "solidarity with all of the world's people". A Green analysis of society is based on a holistic view – everything is connected and interdependent.[15]

    The platform then describes these solidarities being expressed in "several fundamental ideas", these being

    The Swedish Green Party has its roots in the environmental, solidarity, women's rights and peace movements.

    Climate change and the environment

    The Green Party was the first political party in Sweden to raise the issue of climate change.[citation needed] Fighting climate change is a major policy issue for the party. For example, the party's main criticism of The Alliance's 2010 election manifesto was the "entirely astonishing" lack of effort in fighting climate change,[17] and in 2013, the party announced a budget proposal that was dominated by a 49 billion kronor "climate package".[18] The party supports a general shift in taxation policy, towards high taxes on environmentally unfriendly or unsustainable products and activities, hoping to thus influence people's behavior towards the more sustainable.[citation needed]

    Nuclear power

    The anti-nuclear movement was a major factor in the party's creation.[11] The party's party platform reads that "we oppose the construction of new reactors in Sweden, or an increase in the output of existing reactors, and instead want to begin immediately phasing out nuclear power."[16] MP Per Bolund clarified in 2010 that the party "does not propose shutting down nuclear power reactors today, but rather phasing them out as new and renewable electricity is phased in."[19]

    European integration

    The party was initially opposed to membership in the European Union, and sought a new referendum on the issue. The party's EU-opposition captured them 17 percent of the votes in the 1995 European Parliament election, the first following Sweden’s EU accession.[20] The Greens included withdrawal from the EU in their party platform as recently as 2006.[21]

    This policy was abolished in a September 2008 internal party referendum.[22] However, the party remains somewhat Eurosceptic. The section of the party platform on the subject opens by citing how decentralization and making decisions as locally as reasonably possible is a central part of green politics. It continues to state that the Greens "are warm adherents to international cooperation. We want to see Europe as a part of a world of democracies, where people move freely over borders, and where people and countries trade and cooperate with each other."[16]

    Symbol

    The Green Party's party symbol is the dandelion.[23]

    Leadership and organisation

    The Greens, like many other green parties around the world, do not have a party leader in the traditional sense. The party is represented by two spokespeople, always one male and one female. The current spokespersons are Per Bolund and Märta Stenevi.[24] The spokespeople are elected annually by the party congress, up to a maximum of nine consecutive one-year terms.[25]

    The party congress, consisting of elected representatives of all of the party's local groups, is the highest decision-making organ in the Green Party. The congress, in addition to the two spokespeople, also fills many other important posts in the party, including a party board (Swedish: partistyrelse), which is the party's highest decision-making authority between party congresses, and the day-to-day operation of the party's national organisation. The congress also elects a party secretary (Swedish: partisekreterare), who is an internal, organisational leader for the party.[25] The current party secretary, initially elected by the 2021 party congress, is Katrin Wissing.

    Spokespersons of the Green Party (1984–present)

    Spokespersons Year
    Ragnhild Pohanka Pehr Gahrton 1984–1985
    Birger Schlaug 1985–1986
    Eva Goës 1986–1986
    Fiona Björling
    Anders Nordin
    1988–1990
    Margareta Gisselberg Jan Axelsson 1990–1991
    Vacant 1991–1992
    Marianne Samuelsson Birger Schlaug 1992–1999
    Lotta Nilsson Hedström
    1999–2000
    Matz Hammarström 2000–2002
    Maria Wetterstrand Peter Eriksson 2002–2011
    Åsa Romson Gustav Fridolin 2011–2016
    Isabella Lövin 2016–2019
    Per Bolund 2019–2021
    Märta Stenevi 2021–present

    Secretary-Generals (1985–present)

    Secretary-Generals Year
    Kjell Dahlström 1985–1999
    Håkan Wåhlstedt 1999–2007
    Agneta Börjesson 2007–2011
    Anders Wallner 2011–2016
    Amanda Lind 2016–2019
    Marléne Tamlin (acting) 2019
    Märta Stenevi 2019–2021
    Linus Lakso (acting) 2021
    Katrin Wissing 2021–present

    Current status

    Currently, the Swedish Green Party has about 10 000 members, and is a popular party foremost among young people and women.

    Organisations connected to the Swedish green party:

    • The Young Greens of Sweden
      (Grön ungdom)
    • The Green Students of Sweden (Gröna studenter)
    • The Green seniors of Sweden (Gröna seniorer)

    The Swedish Green party is part of the European Greens.

    Criticism

    Islamic extremism

    The Green Party was hit by a political scandal in April 2016, as images emerged of Green Party housing minister Mehmet Kaplan attending a dinner party alongside leading members of the Turkish far-right extremist group Grey Wolves.[26][27][28][29] Following attention to comments made by Kaplan in 2009 comparing Israel to Nazi Germany, Kaplan resigned as minister, while still defended by the party leadership.[26][30] In 2014 during a seminar Kaplan equalized jihadists who travel to Syria with Swedish volunteers who fought on the Finnish side against the Soviet Union during the Winter War 1939-1940.[31] Kaplan later defended himself as being misunderstood and said he is against "young Swedes traveling to the war in Syria".[32] After his resignation, images emerged of Kaplan and other members of the Green Party displaying hand gestures associated with the Muslim Brotherhood.[26][30] Another controversy ensued as a rising Green-Party star, Yasri Khan, refused to shake hands with a female TV reporter.[28][30] Lars Nicander, director of the Centre for Asymmetric Threat Studies at the Swedish Defence University, compared the revelations with how the Soviet Union sought to infiltrate democratic Western parties during the Cold War, alleging that the Green Party similarly may have been "infiltrated by Islamists".[26][33] Yasri Khan was criticised by members within the party. He withdrew his candidacy for the Green Party executive board and also quit his seats on a regional board and city council. Spokesperson Fridolin said: men, especially those wanting to be in Swedish politics, should have no problems shaking a woman's hand. The Green Party's spokespersons also comment the debate saying there's no evidence of Islamists influencing party policies, but underlined the party needs a "reset" with greater focus on environmental issues.

    In April 2016, Kamal al Raffi, a Green Party politician from the council of

    salafist, is known for openly antisemitic views and denying the Holocaust. The Green Party politician was suspended for a time by the party leadership.[34][35] During the scandal, the party secretary promised the party will better handle crises in the future.[36]

    In May 2016, Green Party co-spokesperson and Environmental Minister Åsa Romson confirmed she would resign from both positions as a result of her leadership during the party crisis, along with controversies of her own, such as referring to the September 11 attacks as the 11 September "olycka" (which can be translated as "accident", or alternatively as "misfortune" which Romson later claimed as her intention) in a television interview.[37][38][39][40]

    Romson later explained her comment, and said: "Of course, the attack on New York on 11th September 2001 is one of the biggest attacks, terror-actions and assaults on the peaceful and democratic world we have seen in modern times. I have no other opinion on this matter."

    Electoral politics

    Green Party results by group,
    VALU 2010[41]
    Group Votes
    (%)
    Avg. result
    +/− (pp)
    Students 19 +9
    Members of SACO 16 +6
    Aged 18–21 16 +6
    Aged 22–30 16 +6
    First-time voters 16 +6
    Government employees 12 +2
    Public sector employees 12 +2
    Local government employees 12 +2
    White-collar workers 11 +1
    Employed persons 11 +1
    Members of TCO 11 +1
    Females 11 +1
    Unemployed 10 0
    Private sector employees 9 -1
    Males 9 -1
    Aged 31–64 9 -1
    Blue-collar workers 9 -1
    Business owners
    8 -2
    Raised outside Sweden 7 -3
    Members of LO 7 -3
    On sick leave 7 -3
    Aged 65+ 4 -6
    Farmers 4 -6
    All groups (total) 10 0

    It is often believed that the party is situated on the left on a left-right scale due to its co-operation with the

    libertarian socialists, by referring to its liberal policy regarding immigration and its support of personal integrity, participation and entrepreneurship, among other issues.[43]

    Church politics

    The party does not directly participate in elections to the Church of Sweden, but Greens in the Church of Sweden, an independent nominating group, participates in church elections at all levels.

    Relationship with other parties

    The Green Party has a good relationship with the

    centre-right parties in Sweden. The Green Party on first entering the Riksdag, allied with the Conservative Bloc in opposition to the Social Democrats. The Green Party has made clear that its preference among cooperative arrangements with the Conservative Bloc does not include support of a government led by the liberal-conservative Moderate Party. However, historically there have been political deals concluded with the parties forming the centre-right Alliance as an example concerning education. Co-operation with the Moderate Party on the municipal level are relatively frequent.[citation needed
    ]

    Electoral results

    Parliament (Riksdag)

    Election Votes % Seats +/– Status
    1982 91,787 1.7 (#7)
    0 / 349
    Extra-parliamentary
    1985 83,645 1.5 (#7)
    0 / 349
    Extra-parliamentary
    1988 296,935 5.5 (#6)
    20 / 349
    Increase 20 Opposition
    1991 185,051 3.4 (#8)
    0 / 349
    Decrease 20 Extra-parliamentary
    1994 279,042 5.0 (#6)
    18 / 349
    Increase 18 Opposition
    1998 236,699 4.5 (#7)
    16 / 349
    Decrease 2 External support
    2002 246,392 4.7 (#7)
    17 / 349
    Increase 1 External support
    2006 291,121 5.2 (#7)
    19 / 349
    Increase 2 Opposition
    2010 437,435 7.3 (#3)
    25 / 349
    Increase 6 Opposition
    2014 408,365 6.8 (#4)
    25 / 349
    Steady 0 Coalition
    2018 285,899 4.4 (#8)
    16 / 349
    Decrease 9 Coalition (2018-2021)
    External support (2021-2022)
    2022 329,242 5.1 (#7)
    18 / 349
    Increase 2 Opposition

    Regional councils

    Election Votes % Seats +/–
    1982 98,042 1.9
    0 / 1,717
    1985 104,166 2.0
    0 / 1,733
    1988 237,556 4.8
    73 / 1,743
    Increase 73
    1991 156,594 3.1
    34 / 1,763
    Decrease 39
    1994 236,666 4.6
    78 / 1,777
    Increase 44
    1998 226,398 4.4
    70 / 1,646
    Decrease 8
    2002 204,169 3.9
    55 / 1,656
    Decrease 15
    2006 256,547 4.74
    68 / 1,656
    Increase 13
    2010 398,782 6.9
    104 / 1,662
    Increase 36
    2014 442,760 7.2
    106 / 1,678
    Increase 2
    2018 265,522 4.1
    48 / 1,696
    Decrease 58
    2022
    31 / 1,696
    Decrease 17

    Municipal councils

    Election Votes % Seats +/–
    1982 91,842 1.6
    129 / 13,500
    Increase 129
    1985 142,498 2.5
    237 / 13,520
    Increase 108
    1988 302,797 5.6
    693 / 13,564
    Increase 456
    1991 199,207 3.6
    389 / 13,526
    Decrease 304
    1994 298,044 5.3
    616 / 13,550
    Increase 230
    1998 252,675 4.8
    559 / 13,388
    Decrease 8
    2002 227,189 4.2
    443 / 13,274
    Decrease 116
    2006 269,560 4.8
    436 / 13,092
    Decrease 7
    2010 418,362 7.1
    686 / 12,978
    Increase 250
    2014 483,529 7.7
    732 / 12,780
    Increase 46
    2018 301,825 4.6
    395 / 12,700
    Decrease 337

    European Parliament

    Year Votes % Seats +/–
    1995 462,092 17.2
    4 / 22
    1999 239,946 9.5
    2 / 22
    Decrease 2
    2004 149,603 6.0
    1 / 19
    Decrease 1
    2009

    2011
    349,114 11.0
    2 / 18
    2 / 20
    Increase 1
    Steady 0
    2014 572,591 15.4
    4 / 20
    Increase 2
    2019

    2020
    478,258 11.5
    2 / 20
    3 / 21
    Decrease 2
    Increase 1

    See also

    References

    1. ^ "15 000 medlemmar lämnade Socialdemokraterna" [15 000 members leave the Socialdemocrats]. Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). 29 January 2021. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
    2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Sweden". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
    3. ^ a b "Vad står Miljöpartiet för? – Riksdagsval.info".
    4. ^ "Feminism utan feminism är ingenting alls, KD".
    5. ^ "The Greens – The Green Alternative". The Democratic Society. 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
    6. ^ "2018: Val till riksdagen - Valda" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
    7. ^ "Election results for the European Parliament 2019". Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
    8. ^ "2018: Val till landstingsfullmäktige - Valda" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
    9. ^ "2018: Val till kommunfullmäktige - Valda" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
    10. ^ "Historical Membership Numbers". Green Party of Sweden. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
    11. ^ a b Ljunggren, Stig-Björn (2010). "Miljöpartiet De Gröna. Från miljömissnöjesparti till grön regeringspartner". Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift. 112 (2). Retrieved 1 October 2013.
    12. ^ "Allmänna valen, 1988, Del 1 Riksdagsvalet" (PDF). Statistics Sweden.
    13. ^ Sveriges Radio (3 October 2014). "Sweden gets a new government". Sveriges Radio. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
    14. ^ "MP kan lämna regeringen – om de inte får igenom budgeten". www.expressen.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 24 November 2021.
    15. ^ "Miljöpartiet de gröna - Uppslagsverk - NE.se". www.ne.se. Retrieved 6 November 2022.
    16. ^ a b c "Party Platform 2013" (PDF). Miljöpartiet de gröna.
    17. ^ Hernadi, Alexandra (26 August 2010). "Wetterstrand: "Fullständigt häpnadsväckande"". Svenska Dagbladet.
    18. ^ "MP föreslår klimatpaket". Svenska Dagbladet. 30 September 2013.
    19. ^ "Miljöpartiet chattade om kärnkraften". Dagens Nyheter. 26 May 2010. Archived from the original on 22 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
    20. .
    21. ^ "Miljöpartiet la fram valmanifest". Dagens Nyheter. 20 April 2006.
    22. Sveriges radio
      (in Swedish). 6 October 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
    23. ^ "Registrerade partibeteckningar". val.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 6 November 2022.
    24. Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå
      . Retrieved 21 May 2011.
    25. ^ a b "Stadgar" [Constitution] (in Swedish). Miljöpartiet de gröna. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
    26. ^ a b c d "Sweden's Green Party hit by religious row". Al Jazeera. 27 April 2016.
    27. ^ "Housing minister, Turkish extremists dined together". Radio Sweden. 14 April 2016.
    28. ^ a b "Swedish cabinet member compared Israel with Nazi-Germany". Svenska Dagbladet. 17 April 2016.
    29. ^ "Sweden's housing minister Mehmet Kaplan quits after his Nazi comparison to Israel". International Business Times. 18 April 2016.
    30. ^ a b c "Green Party leaders: We have no plans to resign". The Local. 25 April 2016.
    31. ^ "Mehmet Kaplan avgår efter kritiken". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 13 January 2021.
    32. ^ Kaplan, Mehmet (3 October 2014). "Angående Mehmet Kaplans uttalande om svenskar som stred i Finland". Miljöpartiet. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
    33. ^ "'Green Party may have been infiltrated by Islamists'". The Local. 23 April 2016.
    34. ^ "Tre olika Malmöföreningar ville lyssna på bin Ladins förra mentor". Sydsvenskan. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
    35. ^ "Efter skandalinbjudan – Miljöpartisten tar time-out". Sveriges Television www.svt.se. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
    36. ^ "MP: Inget tyder på att islamistisk infiltration är reell". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 24 April 2016.
    37. ^ "Swedish deputy premier resigns amid Green Party crisis". Yahoo News/AP. 9 May 2016.
    38. ^ "Green leader steps down as government minister". The Local. 9 May 2016.
    39. ^ "Lövin recommended to replace Romson". Radio Sweden. 9 May 2016.
    40. ^ "Swedish Greens vote in their new co-leaders". The Local. 13 May 2016.
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    42. ^ "Partiledarna litar inte på Lars Ohly". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). 3 October 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
    43. Newsmill (in Swedish). Archived from the original
      on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2011.

    External links