Hawaiian tropical dry forests

Coordinates: 21°N 157°W / 21°N 157°W / 21; -157
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
21°N 157°W / 21°N 157°W / 21; -157
Hawaiian tropical dry forests
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park.
BiomeTropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
Area6,600 km2 (2,500 sq mi)
CountryUnited States
Conservation statusCritical/Endangered[2]
Global 200Yes[3]

The Hawaiian tropical dry forests are a

Caesalpinia kavaiensis), and Gouania spp. The palila (Loxioides bailleui), a Hawaiian honeycreeper, is restricted to this type of habitat.[2]

Prehistoric dry forests

The plant composition of Hawaii's dry forests has changed rather dramatically since the arrival of Polynesians, excluding the deliberate introduction of non-native species.[5] Fossilized pollen has shown that loulu (Pritchardia spp.) forests with an understory of Ka palupalu o Kanaloa (Kanaloa kahoolawensis) and ʻaʻaliʻi (Dodonaea viscosa) existed on the islands' leeward lowlands[6] from at least before 1210 B.C. until 1565 A.D. Populations of loulu and ʻaʻaliʻi still exist in diminished form, while only two Ka palupalu o Kanaloa specimens have ever been seen in the wild.[7]



Haleakala on the island of Maui.[8]

See also


  1. ^ "Hawaii Tropical Dry Forests". Bioimages. Vanderbilt University. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  2. ^ a b c "Hawaii tropical dry forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  3. JSTOR 3298564
  4. ^ World Wildlife Fund, ed. (2001). "Hawaii tropical dry forests". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  5. ^ a b "The Hawaiian Islands". Tropical Dry Forests of the Pacific. University of California, Los Angeles. Archived from the original on 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  6. S2CID 40057425
  7. ^ Bohm, Bruce A. "Rare Delights in Hawaiʻi". Floridata. Archived from the original on 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  8. ^ PARSONS, ROB (2007-04-12). "Maui Koa". Maui Time. Retrieved 2018-02-13.

External links