Indianapolis Zoo

Coordinates: 39°46′1″N 86°10′37″W / 39.76694°N 86.17694°W / 39.76694; -86.17694
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Indianapolis Zoo
Main Entrance
39°46′1″N 86°10′37″W / 39.76694°N 86.17694°W / 39.76694; -86.17694
Date openedApril 18, 1964; 60 years ago (1964-04-18) (Washington Park site)
June 11, 1988; 36 years ago (1988-06-11) (current site)
LocationWhite River State Park, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Land area64 acres (26 ha)[1]
No. of animals1,416[3]
No. of species235[3]
Annual visitors1.2 million[2]
MembershipsAZA,[4] AAM,[5] WAZA[3]
Major exhibitsDeserts, Flights of Fancy, Forests, Oceans, Plains, Simon Skjodt International Orangutan Center, White River Gardens
OwnerIndianapolis Zoological Society[1]
DirectorDr. Robert W. Shumaker (President & CEO)[1]
Public transit accessLocal Transit IndyGo 8

The Indianapolis Zoo is a 64-acre (26 ha) non-profit zoo, public aquarium, and botanical garden in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States. Incorporated in 1944, the Indianapolis Zoological Society established the first zoo at George Washington Park in 1964. The current zoo opened in 1988 at White River State Park near downtown Indianapolis. It is among the largest privately funded zoos in the U.S.[6][7]

The institution is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and American Alliance of Museums and is a member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.[3] It was the first in the U.S. to receive triple accreditation as a zoo, aquarium, and botanical garden.[7] The zoo is a leader in animal conservation and research, recognized for its biennial Indianapolis Prize and as home to the Global Center for Species Survival through its partnership with the International Union for Conservation of Nature.[8][9]

In 2020, the zoo housed more than 1,400 animals of 235 species while the adjoining White River Gardens contained more than 50,000 plants of nearly 3,000 species, respectively.[3] The Indianapolis Zoo is a significant economic driver in the city and among its most visited attractions. In 2021, the zoo employed 700 people and welcomed 1.2 million guests, contributing nearly $60 million annually to the city's economy.[2]

Site and access

The Indianapolis Zoo is situated within

Monument Circle on the eastern edge of the Near Westside neighborhood area. The White River hugs the zoo's northern and eastern boundaries, physically separating the facility from downtown Indianapolis

Visitors arriving by car access the parking lot from West Washington Street, which forms the zoo's southern boundary. Parking is free for zoo members and $10 for non-members.[10] The zoo is accessible to pedestrians, bicyclists, or other non-motorists via the White River Trail which runs between its namesake river and the zoo's property. Public transportation serves the facility via IndyGo's Route 8.[11]

The former Washington Street Bridge spanning the White River was completed in 1916 as part of the National Road. In 1984, construction began on the realignment of Washington Street to the south to make way for the zoo's development.[12] The bridge was preserved and renovated in the 1990s to carry non-motorized traffic between downtown and the zoo's east entrance at White River Gardens.[13][14]



Limited in number and species, Indianapolis's earliest captive animals were located in small exhibits at various city parks. Brookside Park was home to a collection of birds, including cockatoos, parrots, and macaws. Garfield Park contained a bear and several monkeys. Riverside Park exhibited a pair of sea lions. By 1906, the Indianapolis Parks Department consolidated the various exhibits into a single site at Riverside.[15][16] The zoological garden's demise came amid wartime conservation efforts as the U.S. entered World War I.[15] The park board began selling the animals in 1916 and the zoo was officially closed in 1917.[17]

In 1944,

Indianapolis Star, began to advocate for a zoo through his column "Inside Indianapolis", which inspired the incorporation of the Indianapolis Zoological Society in October 1944.[18] Soon after, members outlined plans for the zoo. Group members were adamant that "the zoo will rely on admissions, in-park sales, contributions, and memberships to support the zoo". However, it would not be until 20 years later, in 1964, that the zoo would open to the public.[18]

Washington Park

The Indianapolis Zoo opened as Washington Park Children's Zoo on April 18, 1964, at Washington Park on East 30th Street. In its first year, the new attraction drew more than 270,000 visitors. The zoo originally featured an Asian elephant, penguins, kangaroos, foxes, raccoons, camels, bison, deer, lambs, tortoises, llamas, prairie dogs, pygmy goats, and buffalo exhibits. In 1965, the zoo became one of few in the country to employ a full-time education staff. By the 20th anniversary of the zoo, its animal collection had doubled in size and it was determined that the zoo needed a new location where it could continue to expand.[18]

Move to White River State Park

In 1982, international zoo, aquarium, and wildlife authorities gathered to set goals for establishing the new zoo. It was determined that a zoo should not only be a place to see animals, but also an institution of conservation and education. That same year, White River State Park was announced as the new site of the zoo. The groundbreaking at the new downtown location was held in September 1985. The old zoo closed in 1987.[18] The current zoo at White River State Park opened on June 11, 1988, with a size of 64 acres (26 ha).[1]

Jeffrey Bonner began his tenure as the zoo's president and chief executive officer in January 1993.[19]

After the construction of the Waters building and the Dolphin Pavilion, the zoo earned AZA accreditation as an aquarium as well as a zoo. In 1996, the Indianapolis Zoo became the first institution to be triple-accredited as a zoo, aquarium, and botanical garden. White River Gardens was considered a separate facility from 1999 to 2006, but now is included as part of the zoo.[20]

The world's first successful artificial insemination of an African elephant occurred at the zoo in 2000.[21]

Time under Michael Crowther (2002–2019)

Michael Crowther was appointed president and chief executive officer of the zoo in June 2002.[22] During his tenure, the zoo experienced a nearly 240 percent increase in annual revenue, a 700 percent increase in the value of its endowment, a 27 percent increase in total assets, and a 34 percent rise in attendance. Under Crowther's leadership, numerous capital projects were undertaken and the Indianapolis Prize was established.[1]

A $10 million renovation of the Dolphin Pavilion opened in May 2005, including an underwater dolphin viewing dome and new programming.[23] The following season, a $400,000 renovation of the Deserts Dome was completed. The zoo invested nearly $10 million in a redesigned Oceans building, which debuted in 2007.[1]

A portion of the Simon Skjodt International Orangutan Center under construction in 2013

In September 2012, the zoo broke ground on the $21.5 million Simon Skjodt International Orangutan Center, serving as both an exhibit and research hub to assist with orangutan conservation.[24] The project was partially funded by a $2 million donation from the family foundation of Dean and Barbara White.[25] The exhibit houses nine orangutans[26] and features a 90-foot (27 m)-tall viewing atrium. The Myrta Pulliam Hutan Trail, a series of cableways and platforms, allows the orangutans to travel throughout the zoo at their leisure.[26] The exhibit opened Memorial Day weekend 2014.[26]

In October 2019, the zoo acquired two parcels for a combined 28.2 acres (11.4 ha) south of Washington Street. One parcel, consisting of 12.2 acres (4.9 ha) of the former General Motors plant site, was donated to the zoo by Indianapolis-based developer Ambrose Property Group, while the second parcel—consisting of 16 acres (6.5 ha) of undeveloped land—was purchased from Ambrose for $3 million. Upon the announcement, zoo officials said the first parcel would "almost immediately" be used as an overflow parking lot. Further, a zoo spokesperson said the existing 13-acre (5.3 ha) surface parking lot would "likely be converted into new exhibits and other zoo programming," though years of planning were anticipated.[27]

Time under Robert Shumaker (2020–present)

Alligators & Crocodiles: The Fight to Survive in 2022

Dr. Robert Shumaker was appointed president in 2016 and assumed the role of chief executive officer in January 2020, following Crowther's retirement.[1]

Since 2020, the zoo has debuted three exhibitions: Elephant Tembo Camp (2020), Alligators & Crocodiles: The Fight to Survive (2021), and Kangaroo Crossing (2022), with a total investment of nearly $4.8 million.[2]

In December 2022, officials announced a $53 million fundraising campaign, the largest in the zoo's history. The campaign will finance capital projects, including the construction of a $5 million entry plaza and welcome center and a $13 million home for the Global Center for Species Survival.[2] Construction began in September 2021[28] and is projected to conclude in May 2023.[2] A $25 million International Chimpanzee Complex is planned to open in May 2024.[2]

Biomes and exhibits

The Indianapolis Zoo is organized around the concept of

captive breeding program, as recognized by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums' Species Survival Plan.[3]


Outside of the Desert Dome
A blue iguana in the zoo's Deserts Dome

As of June 2022, the Deserts biome contains the following:[29]

Deserts Dome

Size, Speed & Venom: Extreme Snakes

Flights of Fancy

Hornbill (Bucerotidae) with zookeeper at a live show
An artist painting at the flamingo exhibit

As of June 2022, Flights of Fancy contains the following:[30]

Budgie and Lorikeet Aviaries

Flamingo Pool

Other animals


Amur tiger in the zoo's Forests biome
Kodiak bears (Ursus arctos middendorffi)

As of June 2022, the Forests biome contains the following:[33]

Alligators & Crocodiles: The Fight to Survive

Kangaroo Crossing

Magnificent Macaws

Other animals

Simon Skjodt International Orangutan Center

Tiger Forest

  • Amur tiger
    (Panthera tigris altaica)‡


One area of the Oceans biome contains a shark touch tank with other interactive experiences.
Ripley and China (Atlantic bottlenose dolphins) demonstrating the squawk vocalization during a show
Seals and sea lions exhibit

As of June 2022, the Oceans biome contains the following:[34]


Ascension St. Vincent Dolphin Pavilion

Penguin Hall

Pinniped Shore

Sharing One World: Long-Tailed Macaques

  • Long-tailed macaque
    (Macaca fascicularis)

Walrus Complex


African bush elephants on exhibit in 2009. The zoo was the site of the world's first successful artificial insemination of an African elephant in 2000.[21]
Giraffe being given a treat by a zookeeper

As of June 2022, the Plains biome contains the following:[35]

White River Gardens


  • Lion (Panthera leo)
    Lion (Panthera leo)
  • Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)
    Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)
  • Grant's zebra (Equus quagga boehmi)
    Grant's zebra (Equus quagga boehmi)
  • Baby elephant playing at the zoo
    Baby elephant playing at the zoo
  • Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
    Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
  • Koala
  • Rhinoceros
  • A macaw in flight
    A macaw in flight
  • A butterfly on one of the many flowering plants at the zoo
    A butterfly on one of the many flowering plants at the zoo
  • Endangered species carousel
    Endangered species carousel

Other attractions

Kōmbo Family Coaster in 2009

The Indianapolis Zoo offers several seasonal amusement rides, animal feedings, rotating exhibits, and presentations for zoo visitors. As of June 2022, general admission costs cover seven "featured attractions" at the zoo, including zookeeper-led presentations highlighting the zoo's dolphins, macaws (Magnificent Macaws), and African elephants (Tembo Camp); Shark/Ray Touch Pool; Kangaroo Crossing; Alligators & Crocodiles: The Fight to Survive; and Race A Cheetah. Tickets purchased at additional cost permit visitors to feed flamingos, budgerigars, lorikeets, or giraffes; and enjoy four rides, including the Endangered Species Carousel (carousel); Kōmbo Family Coaster (roller coaster); Skyline (gondola lift); and the White River Junction Train (train ride).[36][37]


Since 1986, Zoobilation has served as the Indianapolis Zoo's annual black tie fundraiser. The outdoor event takes place each June on the zoo grounds, featuring live music and food and beverages from area restaurants. The 2010 event drew about 4,500 attendees and raised more than $1 million to support the zoo's animal care and conservation efforts.[38][39] The Indianapolis Zoo hosts popular holiday events throughout the year, notably ZooBoo and Christmas at the Zoo. Held annually each October, the Indianapolis Zoo is decorated in recognition of Halloween; ZooBoo encourages guests to wear costumes for trick-or-treating and special programming.[40] Christmas at the Zoo, held from November through December, is credited as the first holiday lights display at a U.S. zoo, having begun in 1967.[41][42]

Conservation and research

Orangutan research taking place inside the Tim M. Solso Learning Studio at the Simon Skjodt International Orangutan Center

The Indianapolis Zoo has a multifaceted approach in its conservation and research efforts. The zoo participates in the

Species Survival Plans (SSPs) and conservation programs of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the national zoo membership organization of the U.S. Under the auspices of the Polly H. Hix Institute for Conservation and Research, an initiative that supports the Society's current and future research and conservation programs, the zoo conducts research projects both in situ and ex situ on selected species. The Indianapolis Zoo also participates in three conservation and research foundations: the International Elephant Foundation (IEF), the International Iguana Foundation (IIF), and the International Rhino Foundation (IRF). The Hix Institute also supports the Tarangire Elephant Project in Tanzania to protect migration corridors between Tarangire National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. The zoo has a second partnership with the IUCN – The World Conservation Union, a conservation network. The Indianapolis Zoo, in partnership with the MacArthur Foundation, is supporting the IUCN's project documenting the known effects of climate change
on wildlife habitats.

In March 2019, two female African elephants at the Indianapolis Zoo died from an outbreak of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV3 strain). Mainly associated with Asian elephants, the EEHV outbreak was a rare instance of the virus infecting elephants of the African species, drawing national interest from researchers.[43] In February 2020, the Indianapolis Zoo hosted a conference convening veterinarians, scientists, and zookeepers from across the U.S. to learn from the case and advance research to benefit conservation efforts.[44]

Indianapolis Prize

The biennial Indianapolis Prize was established in 2004 to recognize conservationists who have made substantial contributions toward the sustainability of an animal species or group of species. Recipients are awarded the Lilly Medal and US$250,000.[1][45]

Notable animals



Azy, a male orangutan, has resided at the Indianapolis Zoo since 2010.[46] Born on December 14, 1977, at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., Azy was a participant in the Smithsonian Institution's Orangutan Language Project, providing researchers and the public insight into great ape language. Dr. Robert Shumaker, current president and chief executive officer of the Indianapolis Zoo, has worked with Azy in cognitive learning since 1984.[47]


Rocky, a male orangutan, has resided at the Indianapolis Zoo since 2010.[46] Rocky has been noted for his unique vocal demonstrations and ability to "speak". In 2017, Rocky's interactions with a zoo guest were captured in a viral video. The guest had recently suffered a burn and had a large bandage covering a portion of her arm and shoulder. The video captures Rocky expressing interest in the bandage, gesturing to it, and seemingly requesting she remove the bandage. The guest did so, and Rocky is seen inspecting her burn.[48]


Tahtsa, a female polar bear, resided at the Indianapolis Zoo from 2006 to 2009. Born at the Denver Zoo on November 20, 1974, Tahtsa lived at the Louisville Zoo from March 1976 to October 2006, before her transfer to Indianapolis. Tahtsa died on August 12, 2009, at the age of 34. At the time of her death, she was the oldest polar bear known to be living in captivity or in the wild.[49]

Incidents and controversy

Since the introduction of common bottlenose dolphins to its collection in 1989, the Indianapolis Zoo has faced criticism from animal welfare advocates, including the Indiana Animal Rights Alliance and the Dolphin Project, founded by activist Ric O'Barry. Concerns about the health of the captive mammals, their use in entertainment, and the results of the zoo's dolphin breeding program have been chief among advocates' complaints. Zoo officials have maintained that the dolphins are cared for in accordance with best practices set forth by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and serve as "ambassadors for their counterparts in the wild" by educating the public.[50][51][52]

On January 11, 1993, a wallaroo named Mookie escaped his enclosure and cleared the zoo's perimeter fence. Mookie roamed downtown Indianapolis for about 20 minutes before being recaptured unharmed by zoo officials.[53]

On November 8, 1998, a zookeeper cleaning a holding area for Cita—one of the zoo's African elephants—was "slammed" repeatedly by the elephant's trunk, knocking the zookeeper unconscious and breaking several ribs. The zookeeper was hospitalized in critical condition and was later upgraded to fair.[54] Another incident involving the zoo's African elephants occurred on July 18, 2003. Ivory struck and injured a trainer upon reacting to a call from her calf, Ajani. A zoo spokesperson said Ivory was "suffering from separation anxiety during training," as Ajani was in another holding area. The trainer underwent surgery to repair an injury to their lower left leg.[55]

On July 17, 2005, a pack of stray dogs breached the zoo's Australian Plains exhibit, killing two

magpie geese, and three emus. Indianapolis Police Department officers responded to the scene and attempted to corral the dogs, eventually capturing one but fatally shooting four, while a sixth dog escaped. It was not clear how or where the dogs were able to enter the grounds.[56]

On August 9, 2006, a truck carrying a shipment of 24 penguins, an octopus, and several exotic fish from the Indianapolis Zoo overturned near Marshall, Texas, en route to Moody Gardens in Galveston, Texas. Four penguins and several fish died in the crash.[57]

On November 10, 2007, a fire in the zoo's Critter Corner building killed at least three turtles, two birds, an armadillo, and a snake. Following the incident,

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to investigate.[58] An internal inspection the month prior identified no violations, corroborated by the USDA's post-fire inspection. The likely cause of the fire was attributed to combustible bedding that had been moved too close to a heat lamp.[59]

On January 19, 2009, 15

bonnethead sharks in the zoo's Oceans exhibit died after staff failed to reopen a valve regulating ozone while the tank was undergoing routine maintenance. The incident prompted zoo officials to reevaluate staff training, repair procedures, and life-support system design.[60]

Since its debut in 2014, the zoo's Skyline gondola lift has experienced various technical malfunctions that have stranded passengers in midair on a number of occasions. None of the incidents resulted in injuries.[61][62]

On September 6, 2015, a cheetah named Pounce escaped his enclosure, prompting a one-hour lockdown of the zoo facility. Officials subdued Pounce with a tranquilizer dart before the animal was able to enter a publicly accessible area.[63] No zoo staff or visitors were harmed in the incident.[64][65] In the months following the incident, fencing was added to the cheetah exhibit as part of the zoo's ongoing investments in enclosure safety.[63]

Public art collection

The Indianapolis Zoo's public art collection is composed of several pieces, including

Indiana limestone sculpture of Azy (by artist David Petlowany) was unveiled near the zoo's entrance in honor of the resident orangutan's 40th birthday.[71]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Shuey, Mickey (December 20, 2019). "Incoming zoo CEO seeks to continue momentum". Indianapolis Business Journal. IBJ Media. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Shuey, Mickey (December 1, 2022). "Zoo announcing $53M campaign to fund chimp exhibit, welcome center and more". Indianapolis Business Journal. Retrieved December 7, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "2020 Indianapolis Zoo Annual Report". Indianapolis Zoo. pp. 18, 21–22, 28, 138. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  4. ^ "Currently Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". AZA. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  5. ^ "List of Accredited Museums" (PDF).
    . Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  6. ^ Hurst, Richard M.; Hillier-Geisler, Megan (2021) [1994]. "Indianapolis Zoo". Digital Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Indianapolis Public Library. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Indianapolis Zoo Achieves Accreditation Through the Association of Zoos & Aquariums" (Press release). Indianapolis: Indianapolis Zoological Society. October 25, 2021. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  8. ^ Hillier-Geisler, Megan (March 2021). "Indianapolis Prize". Digital Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Indianapolis Public Library. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  9. ^ "Indianapolis Zoo gets $4M grant to establish global center for species survival". Indianapolis Business Journal. IBJ Media. October 18, 2019. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  10. ^ "Parking and Directions". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  11. ^ "Route 8 2022" (PDF). Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  12. ^ "Washington Rerouting To Begin". The Indianapolis Star. April 27, 1984. p. 19. Retrieved June 2, 2022 – via A groundbreaking ceremony has been set for May 4 for the $11.4 million rerouting of Washington Street, including a new bridge over the White River. The road is being relocated to make way for the new Indianapolis Zoo, which will be the largest feature in White River State Park.
  13. ^ Livers-Powers, Crystal (October 11, 1995). "Downtown Canal expansion begins". The Indianapolis News. p. 1. Retrieved June 3, 2022 – via The canal will then turn south and feed into a basin near the Old Washington Street Bridge, which will be renovated during the project. The bridge will be transformed into a pedestrian crossing to the Indianapolis Zoo.
  14. ^ Swiatek, Jeff (March 20, 1997). "Floating toward the finish". The Indianapolis Star. p. 2. Retrieved June 2, 2022 – via Designers also built a walkway atop the original roadbed of the National Road, which runs through the site to the river, where covered wagons carrying settlers once forded the water. The project also includes a $2.5 million conversion of the old Washington Street Bridge into a 950-foot-long plaza. It leads to the Indianapolis Zoo on the other side of the river.
  15. ^ a b "Indianapolis Never Really Had Big Zoo Before". The Indianapolis Star. April 15, 1964. p. 3A. Retrieved June 25, 2022 – via The nearest early-day approach to a real zoo came in 1906 when the Indianapolis Park Department moved exhibits of animals from several other parks into one fairly sizable exhibit at Riverside Park. A bear, several monkeys and birds had been shown at Garfield Park. Brookside had an assortment of birds, such as cockatoos, parrots and macaws. Riverside itself had a pair of sea lions in a concrete basin. Within a year, the Riverside menagerie contained several horses, elk, deer, bears, wolves, raccoons, a flock of sheep, squirrels, ducks, rabbits, pheasants, a badger and a sea gull. In 1916, with the United States drawing near to participation in World War I, the Riverside zoo was abolished.
  16. ^ "Plans for a "zoo"". The Indianapolis Star. May 18, 1906. p. 11. Retrieved June 25, 2022 – via Believed all animals will be housed at Riverside by end of summer.
  17. ^ "Park pet bear sold in steaks". The Indianapolis Star. December 21, 1917. p. 9. Retrieved June 25, 2022 – via Her passing as bear steaks marks the end of the zoo at Riverside Park. War time economy lead the park board to sell Old Molly after she had been the park attraction for years and years. (...) One by one zoo attractions have been sold or have died until now not a single animal except horses is owned by the park board. Elk, deer, coyotes, pheasants, birds, monkeys and even a few snakes have been in the varied collection at Riverside and other parks, but now all are gone. War-time conservation has prevailed.
  18. ^ a b c d Indianapolis Zoological Society. "The History of the Indianapolis Zoo". Archived from the original on August 19, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  19. ^ Ambrose, Eileen (March 3, 1993). "A man with a vision". The Indianapolis News. pp. A1–A2. Retrieved June 26, 2022 – via Since taking over in January as president and chief executive officer of the Indianapolis Zoo, Bonner has plenty of ideas on how to take the zoo into the next century.
  20. ^ "The History of the Indianapolis Zoo". Indianapolis Zoological Society. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  21. ^ a b Fleming, Marcella (March 9, 2000). "Baby elephant gains fame, awaits name". The Indianapolis Star. p. 21. Retrieved June 2, 2022 – via Whatever her name, you can call her Number One: She is the first African elephant conceived via artificial insemination.
  22. ^ Rochon, Michael J. (June 7, 2002). "New zoo chief aims to make education fun". The Indianapolis Star. pp. B1, B6. Retrieved June 26, 2022 – via Michael Crowther, who was named president and CEO of the Indianapolis Zoological Society on Thursday, helped make the New Jersey State Aquarium one of the top four tourist attractions in the Philadelphia region.
  23. ^ Penner, Diana (May 22, 2005). "Dolphin Adventure". The Indianapolis Star. pp. B1, B3. Retrieved June 26, 2022 – via Indianapolis Zoo officials hope the reopening of the dolphin pavilion this week after a $10 million renovation will not only add some luster to the exhibit but also a little sparkle to the zoo's regional and national reputation. (...) An in-water program will be offered in a limited way this year, mostly in the fall.
  24. ^ "Indy Zoo Breaks Ground On International Orangutan Exhibit". The Indy Channel. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  25. ^ Schouten, Cory (September 4, 2012). "Zoo breaks ground on $21M orangutan exhibit". Indianapolis Business Journal. IBJ Media. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c Milz, Mary. "Indy Zoo breaks ground on new orangutan exhibit". Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  27. ^ Shuey, Mickey (October 2, 2019). "Indianapolis Zoo secures 28 acres of land for expansion". Indianapolis Business Journal. IBJ Media. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
  28. ^ "Landscape Full of Changes in White River Gardens" (Press release). Indianapolis: Indianapolis Zoological Society. September 8, 2021. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
  29. ^ "Plains". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  30. ^ "Flights of Fancy". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  31. ^ a b "Two Remarkable Raptors Join Flights of Fancy Flock" (Press release). Indianapolis: Indianapolis Zoological Society. December 15, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  32. ^ a b c "Animal Adventures". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  33. ^ "Forests". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  34. ^ "Oceans". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  35. ^ "Plains". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  36. ^ "Indianapolis Zoo Map" (PDF). Indianapolis Zoo. May 2022. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  37. ^ "Discover Our Rides and Attractions". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  38. ^ Kightlinger, Cathy (June 20, 2010). "Charity event was on the wild side". The Indianapolis Star. p. 11. Retrieved June 11, 2022 – via Fashion followers are always assured an eyeful at Zoobilation, the Indianapolis Zoo's annual black-tie fundraiser presented by Indianapolis Power & Light Co. The first Zoobilation was held in 1986 when a few hundred people gathered at mall magnate Herb Simon's house. (...) Zoobilation is held outdoors on the grounds of the Indianapolis Zoo each June, forcing guests to find creative ways to look festive while staying comfortable. (...) This year, about 4,500 turned up for the colorful June 11 event, which brought in more than $1 million (a record) for the zoo's endeavors.
  39. ^ "Zoobilation". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  40. ^ "ZooBoo". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  41. ^ "Christmas at the Zoo". Indianapolis Zoo. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  42. ^ Mack, Justin L. (December 21, 2019). "6 sports to hang out with wild animals". The Indianapolis Star. pp. A3. Retrieved June 11, 2022 – via The event dates back to 1967, making the Indianapolis Zoo the first zoo in the nation to hold a holiday lights event, according to the zoo officials.
  43. ^ Karimi, Faith (March 28, 2019). "2 female elephants die days apart after testing positive for herpesvirus at Indianapolis Zoo". CNN. Cable News Network (CNN). Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  44. ^ Villanueva-Almanza, Lorena (August 16, 2020). "Deaths of 2 elephants could help save others". The Indianapolis Star. pp. A27–A28. Retrieved June 6, 2022 – via In March of 2019, the Indianapolis Zoo lost the two young females during an outbreak of Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus, or EEHV, Hemorrhagic Disease – a disease that was previously thought to affect mainly Asian elephants. (...) So in February of 2020, veterinarians, scientists, elephant managers and keepers from all over gathered in the Indianapolis Zoo auditorium for the African Elephant EEHV Workshop. The purpose of the conference was to hear what others had been learning from EEHV in Asian elephants, in hopes of being able to use that knowledge for combating the disease in the African species.
  45. ^ Gibson, London (September 23, 2021). "Want to hear from one of the world's greatest conservationists? Check out these events". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
  46. ^ a b Rudavsky, Shari (May 18, 2014). "Aptitude for apes". The Indianapolis Star. p. A17. Retrieved June 26, 2022 – via Azy, Rocky, Knobi and Katy followed Shumaker to Indiana from Iowa in 2010.
  47. ^ Kean Tabor, Brenda (Autumn 2000). "At Zoo, orangutans use symbols, labels to communicate with humans" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution Research Reports. 102: 1, 6. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  48. ^ Barack, Meredith (August 14, 2017). "Woman's unusual connection with Indy orangutan". WRTV. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  49. ^ Penner, Diana (August 13, 2009). "Polar bear was world's oldest". The Indianapolis Star. pp. A17–A18. Retrieved June 5, 2022 – via The 34-year-old was the oldest polar bear known to be living in captivity or the wild. (...) Tahtsa, born November 20, 1974, had been declining for years with age-related health problems. (...) Tahtsa had a sister, Becky, who died at age 30 in 2007 at the Denver Zoo. That's also where Tahtsa was born. She lived most of her life in Louisville, Ky., from March 1976 until October 10, 2006, when she came to Indianapolis on loan.
  50. ^ Clark, Andrew (May 11, 2019). "Protesters call for Indianapolis Zoo to free dolphins from captivity". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  51. ^ "Empty the Tanks protest at Indianapolis Zoo". NUVO. June 3, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  52. ^ Penner, Diana (August 29, 1993). "Protestors whale away at zoo for efforts to get more marine mammals". The Indianapolis Star. pp. A13. Retrieved June 11, 2022 – via A dozen people got in about a half-hour protest between downpours Saturday, calling on the Indianapolis Zoo to abandon its plans to acquire four more false killer whales. (...) The zoo points to the pregnancies as evidence of the success of its breeding program; the protestors point to the death of the dolphin calf, as well as the two adult animals that have died, as evidence of the zoo's inability to ensure the animals' safety.
  53. ^ "Retro Indy: Heads turn Downtown as wallaroo hops on by". The Indianapolis Star. January 12, 1993. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
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  59. ^ O'Neal, Kevin (November 29, 2007). "Bedding, heat lamp likely set off zoo fire". The Indianapolis Star. pp. B2. Retrieved June 11, 2022 – via An armadillo at the Indianapolis Zoo likely rooted some of its bedding too close to a heat lamp, setting off a fire earlier this month that killed it and several other animals. (...) The Critter Corner building was inspected in October, and no problems were found, according to the zoo. A further post-fire inspection by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which regulates animal care, showed no violations.
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