Ingvar Carlsson

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Ingvar Carlsson
Carl XVI Gustaf
DeputyMona Sahlin
Lena Hjelm-Wallén
Preceded byCarl Bildt
Succeeded byGöran Persson
In office
13 March 1986[a] – 4 October 1991
MonarchCarl XVI Gustaf
DeputySvante Lundkvist
Kjell-Olof Feldt
Lena Hjelm-Wallén
Odd Engström
Preceded byOlof Palme
Succeeded byCarl Bildt
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
3 March 1986 – 15 March 1996
Preceded byOlof Palme
Succeeded byGöran Persson
Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
In office
8 October 1982 – 28 February 1986
Prime MinisterOlof Palme
Preceded byOla Ullsten
Succeeded bySvante Lundkvist (Acting)
Minister for Housing
In office
1 January 1974 – 8 October 1976
Prime MinisterOlof Palme
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byElvy Olsson
Minister for Education
In office
14 October 1969 – 2 November 1973
Prime MinisterOlof Palme
Preceded byOlof Palme
Succeeded byBertil Zachrisson
Personal details
Gösta Ingvar Carlsson

(1934-11-09) 9 November 1934 (age 88)
Military service
Armén vapen bra.svg
Swedish Army

Gösta Ingvar Carlsson (born 9 November 1934) is a Swedish politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Sweden, first from 1986 to 1991 and again from 1994 to 1996.[1] He was leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1986 to 1996.[2][3] He is best known for leading Sweden into the European Union.

Carlsson was a

Minister of Education from 1969 to 1973, as Minister of Housing in 1973 and again from 1974 to 1976, and as Minister of Environmental affairs from 1985 to 1986. He served as Deputy Prime Minister from 1982 to 1986, and assumed office as Prime Minister of Sweden upon the assassination of Prime Minister Olof Palme
in 1986.

Early life

Carlsson was born in Borås, Västra Götaland County (then Älvsborg County), Sweden and is the third son of the warehouse worker Olof Karlsson and Ida, née Johansson.[4] Carlsson has a diploma in business economics and a degree in political science from Lund University. In Lund he met with Tage Erlander, the Swedish prime minister, and his aide Olof Palme, later to become Erlander's successor.

Political career

After finishing studies Carlsson got a job in Erlander's staff. In 1965, Carlsson attended

Swedish Parliament. In the same year, he also became leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League. He had the following ministerial posts: Minister of Education 1969-1973, Minister of Housing 1973-1976, Deputy Prime Minister

He was, together with Olof Palme, known as one of "Erlander's boys".

Prime Minister

Following the

centre-right government led by Carl Bildt (1991–1994), creating the fiscal crisis of the early 1990s.[6]

But Sweden's economy began to deteriorate in the early 1990s. In 1990 the

Carlsson cabinet
resigned after failing to gain a majority for its economic policy agenda, but was reinstated immediately with a slightly changed agenda.

The Social Democrats lost the

movement. As Prime Minister he also carried out a comprehensive reform of the tax system.

After three years in opposition and an election victory in the 1994 elections, Carlsson formed a new government. This government realigned its focus on cleaning up Swedish Government finances, and the task was assigned to the newly appointed

Minister of Finance Göran Persson. The ensuing governing period was difficult and it was strongly criticized by trade unions and party members for government service cuts and tax increases that were instituted. On 19 December 1994, Carlsson announced the decision not to recover the wreck of the MS Estonia
, or even the bodies of the victims of the disaster.

In August 1995, Ingvar Carlsson announced that he would resign as party leader and Swedish Prime Minister. His successor was long considered to be the then Minister of Equality and Deputy Prime Minister Mona Sahlin. However, due to the so-called Toblerone Affair, she took back her candidacy and also later resigned from the government. On 5 December 1995 the nominating committee proposed the Minister for Finance, Göran Persson, as the new party leader candidate. He was elected on 15 March 1996 at the Social Democratic Party Congress as party leader and on 22 March 1996 he was elected Prime Minister.

Later life

Ingvar Carlsson was Chairman of the inquiry after the

Gothenburg Riots of 2001 to investigate the events. Their report was submitted to the Government on 14 January 2003.[8]

Ingvar Carlsson was the Chairman of the Independent Inquiry into United Nations actions during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.[9] He is also chairman of the Bergman Foundation Center on Fårö.[10]

With Shridath Ramphal, he was in 1995 one of the co-chairs of the Commission on Global Governance, which reported on issues of international development, international security, globalization and global governance.

His career has been shaped by the heritage of Olof Palme, with whom he worked closely, but his policies are more seen as being a continuation of the legacy established by Tage Erlander.

Personal life

He is married since 1957 to librarian Ingrid Melander (born 1934), daughter of the wholesaler Sven H Melander and Gerda, née Eriksson.[4] They have two daughters.

Ingvar Carlsson is a big supporter of football teams IF Elfsborg and Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C.[11]

Awards and decorations




  1. ^ Acting Prime Minister from 28 February to 12 March 1986


  1. ^ "Sveriges regeringar under 100 år" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Ingvar Carlsson". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  3. Store norske leksikon
    (in Norwegian). Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  4. ^ .
  5. ^ a b Kates, Margaret (16 June 2021). "Looking Back at Northwestern's International Honorary Degree Recipients". Northwestern University. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  6. ^ Englund, P. 1990. "Financial deregulation in Sweden." European Economic Review 34 (2–3): 385–393. Korpi TBD. Meidner, R. 1997. "The Swedish model in an era of mass unemployment." Economic and Industrial Democracy 18 (1): 87–97. Olsen, Gregg M. 1999. "Half empty or half full? The Swedish welfare state in transition." Canadian Review of Sociology & Anthropology, 36 (2): 241–268.
  7. ^ (archive date: 27 June 2007) Between 1990 and 1994, per capita income declined by approximately 10% hdr.undp (original URL: [1]) (access date: 5 July 2007) (dead URL)
  8. ^ Hedberg, Kristina; Klinghoffer, Sanna (14 January 2003). "Hård kritik mot polisen för Göteborgskravallerna" [Harsh criticism against the police for the Gothenburg riots]. Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Press Release SC/6843" (Press release). United Nations. 14 April 2000. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Ingvar Carlsson: "Precis det vi hoppats på"" [Ingvar Carlsson: "Just what we hoped for"]. Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 2009-10-23. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Ingvar Carlsson på besök" [Ingvar Carlsson to visit]. Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). 5 February 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Ingvar Carlsson utnämnd till kommendör av franska Hederslegionen av Frankrikes EU-minister Harlem Désir" [Ingvar Carlsson appointed Commander of the French Legion of Honor by France's EU Minister Harlem Désir] (in Swedish). Embassy of France, Stockholm. 17 February 2017. Retrieved 2022-03-08.
  13. ^
    SELIBR 8261515

Further reading

Political offices
Preceded by Minister for Education
Succeeded by
New title Minister for Housing
Succeeded by
Preceded by Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
Succeeded by
New title Minister for the Environment
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Sweden
Succeeded by
Preceded by Leader of the Opposition
Prime Minister of Sweden
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Social Democratic Party
Succeeded by
Order of precedence
Preceded byas former Speaker of the Riksdag Swedish order of precedence
as former Prime Minister
Succeeded byas former Prime Minister