List of endangered birds

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

5 extinct in the wild avian species (0.05%)223 critically endangered avian species (2%)460 endangered avian species (4.2%)798 vulnerable avian species (7.2%)1,001 near threatened avian species (9.1%)8,460 least concern avian species (76.9%)52 data deficient avian species (0.4%)Circle frame.svg
Avian species (IUCN, 2020-3)
  • 10,999 extant species have been evaluated
  • 10,947 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 9,461 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1,481 to 1,533 are threatened[c]
  • 164 to 183 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 159 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 5 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 19 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT and LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species

As of December 2019, the

avian species.[1]
4% of all evaluated avian species are listed as endangered. No subpopulations of birds have been evaluated by the IUCN.

For a species to be considered endangered by the IUCN it must meet certain quantitative criteria which are designed to classify taxa facing "a very high risk of extinction." An even higher risk is faced by critically endangered species, which meet the quantitative criteria for endangered species. Critically endangered birds are listed separately. There are 683 avian species which are endangered or critically endangered.

Additionally 53 avian species (0.48% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of endangered avian species evaluated by the IUCN. Where possible common names for taxa are given while links point to the scientific name used by the IUCN.

Penguins

  • Northern rockhopper penguin
  • Erect-crested penguin
  • Yellow-eyed penguin
  • African penguin
  • Galapagos penguin

Procellariiformes

Includes petrels and albatrosses.

  • Amsterdam albatross
  • Antipodean albatross
  • Northern royal albatross
  • Polynesian storm petrel
  • Ashy storm petrel
  • Townsend's storm petrel
  • Macgillivray's prion (Pachyptila macgillivrayi)
  • Sooty albatross
  • Westland petrel
  • Phoenix petrel
  • Henderson petrel
  • Barau's petrel
  • Bermuda petrel
  • Black-capped petrel
  • Atlantic petrel
  • Zino's petrel
  • Hawaiian petrel
  • Bannerman's shearwater
  • Hutton's shearwater
  • Indian yellow-nosed albatross
  • Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross
  • Grey-headed albatross

Gruiformes

("Crane-like")

  • Grey crowned crane
  • Whooping crane
  • Red-crowned crane
  • Talaud rail
  • Masked finfoot
  • Okinawa rail
  • Lord Howe woodhen
  • Junin crake
  • Takahē
  • Olive-winged trumpeter (Psophia dextralis)
  • Bogotá rail
  • Plain-flanked rail
  • Slender-billed flufftail
  • Sakalava rail

Parrots

There are 41 parrot species assessed as endangered.

Kakapo
species

  • New Zealand kaka
  • Kea

Cockatoos

  • White cockatoo
  • Baudin's black cockatoo
  • Carnaby's black cockatoo

Psittacids

  • Black-billed amazon
  • Yellow-naped amazon
  • Lilac-crowned amazon
  • Yellow-headed amazon
  • Vinaceous-breasted amazon
  • Red-crowned amazon
  • Lear's macaw
  • Sun parakeet
  • Grey-cheeked parakeet
  • Chatham parakeet
  • Coxen's fig-parrot
  • Red-and-blue lory
  • Purple-naped lory
  • Night parrot
  • Green-thighed parrot
  • Green racket-tail
  • Golden-shouldered parrot
  • Echo parakeet
  • Grey parrot
  • Timneh parrot
  • Santarem parakeet
  • Perija parakeet (Pyrrhura caeruleiceps)
  • Azuero parakeet (Pyrrhura eisenmanni)
  • El Oro parakeet
  • Pfrimer's parakeet
  • Santa Marta parakeet
  • Thick-billed parrot
  • Maroon-fronted parrot
  • Scarlet-breasted lorikeet
  • Kuhl's lorikeet

Ciconiiformes

  • Oriental stork
  • Storm's stork
  • Greater adjutant
  • Milky stork

Suliformes

  • Cape gannet
  • Abbott's booby
  • Cape cormorant
  • Pitt shag
  • Bank cormorant

Pigeons and doves

  • Palau ground dove
  • Wetar ground dove
  • Caroline ground dove
  • Marquesas ground dove
  • Santa Cruz ground dove
  • São Tomé olive pigeon
  • Polynesian imperial pigeon
  • Marquesan imperial pigeon
  • Mindoro imperial pigeon
  • White-fronted quail-dove
  • Indigo-crowned quail-dove
  • Tolima dove
  • Black-naped pheasant-pigeon
  • Tawitawi brown dove
  • Raiatea fruit dove
  • Mariana fruit dove
  • Blue-headed quail dove
  • Comoro green pigeon
  • Timor green pigeon
  • São Tomé green pigeon
  • Tuxtla quail dove

Pelecaniformes

("Pelican-like")

  • Humblot's heron
  • Malagasy pond heron
  • Australasian bittern
  • Northern bald ibis
  • White-eared night heron
  • Crested ibis
  • Black-faced spoonbill
  • Malagasy sacred ibis

Galliformes

  • Waigeo brushturkey
  • Sichuan partridge
  • Gunnison grouse
  • Red-billed curassow
  • Wattled curassow
  • Maleo
  • Micronesian megapode
  • Horned guan
  • Helmeted curassow
  • Green peafowl
  • White-winged guan
  • Baudo guan
  • Cauca guan
  • Manipur bush quail
  • Black-fronted piping guan
  • Hainan peacock-pheasant
  • Bornean peacock-pheasant
  • Black-fronted francolin
  • Mount Cameroon francolin
  • Swierstra's francolin
  • Crested argus
  • Udzungwa forest partridge

Bucerotiformes

Includes hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes.

  • White-crowned hornbill
  • Mindoro hornbill
  • Visayan hornbill
  • Wrinkled hornbill
  • Sumba hornbill
  • Narcondam hornbill

Accipitriformes

Includes most of the diurnal birds of prey.

Secretarybirds

  • Secretarybird

Accipitridae

  • Gundlach's hawk
  • Steppe eagle
  • Chaco eagle
  • Malagasy harrier
  • Réunion harrier
  • Black harrier
  • Madagascan serpent eagle
  • Cape vulture
  • White-collared kite
  • Egyptian vulture
  • Javan hawk-eagle
  • Philippine hawk-eagle
  • Pinsker's hawk-eagle
  • Martial eagle
  • Grey-backed hawk
  • Black-and-chestnut eagle
  • Bateleur
  • Lappet-faced vulture

Anseriformes

("Goose-like")

  • Bernier's teal
  • Meller's duck
  • Hawaiian duck
  • White-winged duck
  • Blue duck
  • Scaly-sided merganser
  • White-headed duck

Owls

  • Blakiston's fish owl
  • Forest owlet
  • Camiguin hawk-owl
  • Cebu hawk-owl
  • Romblon hawk-owl
  • Little Sumba hawk-owl
  • Flores scops owl
  • Anjouan scops owl
  • Seychelles scops owl
  • Sokoke scops owl
  • Moheli scops owl
  • Karthala scops owl
  • Serendib scops owl
  • Congo bay owl

Charadriiformes

  • Madagascar jacana
  • Marbled murrelet
  • Great knot
  • Black-fronted tern
  • Chatham oystercatcher
  • Far Eastern curlew
  • Tuamotu sandpiper
  • Indian skimmer
  • Australian painted-snipe
  • Moluccan woodcock
  • Black-bellied tern
  • Peruvian tern
  • Guadalupe murrelet
  • Shore dotterel
  • Nordmann's greenshank
  • Fynbos buttonquail
  • Buff-breasted buttonquail

Passerines

Pittas

  • Sangihe pitta
  • Siau pitta
  • Superb pitta

Cotingas

Tyrant flycatchers

  • Ash-breasted tit-tyrant
  • Santa Marta bush tyrant
  • Urich's tyrannulet
  • Bahia tyrannulet
  • Antioquia bristle tyrant
  • Minas Gerais tyrannulet
  • Lulu's tody-flycatcher
  • Giant kingbird

Antbirds

  • Recurve-billed bushbird
  • Yellow-rumped antwren
  • Black-hooded antwren
  • Restinga antwren
  • Sincora antwren
  • Ash-throated antwren
  • Scalloped antbird
  • Fringe-backed fire-eye
  • Slender antbird

Tapaculos

  • Bahia tapaculo
  • Paramillo tapaculo
  • Diamantina tapaculo
  • Boa Nova tapaculo
  • Marsh tapaculo
  • Brasilia tapaculo
  • El Oro tapaculo
  • Magdalena tapaculo

Ovenbirds

  • Perijá thistletail
  • Pernambuco foliage-gleaner
  • Scaled spinetail
  • White-browed tit-spinetail
  • White-throated barbtail
  • Pinto's spinetail
  • Russet-bellied spinetail
  • Delta Amacuro spinetail

Bushshrikes and allies

  • Mount Kupe bushshrike
  • Gabela bushshrike
  • Braun's bushshrike
  • Uluguru bushshrike

Vangas

  • Helmet vanga
  • Bernier's vanga
  • Gabela helmetshrike
  • Van Dam's vanga

Monarchs

  • O'ahu ʻelepaio
  • Santa Cruz shrikebill
  • Chuuk monarch
  • Marquesan monarch
  • Biak monarch
  • White-tipped monarch
  • Flores monarch

Crows, jays, magpies, and allies

  • Flores crow
  • Asir magpie
  • White-winged magpie
  • Stresemann's bushcrow

Larks

  • Rudd's lark
  • Ash's lark
  • Sharpe's lark (subspecies M. a. sharpii)
  • Botha's lark

Cisticolas

  • Yellow-throated apalis
  • Namuli apalis
  • Mozambique forest warbler
    (subspecies A. m. sousae)
  • Sierra Leone prinia

Marsh-warblers

  • Bokikokiko

F*

Basra reed warbler

  • Speckled reed warbler
  • Pitcairn reed warbler

White-eyes

  • Golden white-eye
  • Flame-templed babbler
  • Teardrop white-eye
  • Bridled white-eye
  • Príncipe white-eye
  • Javan white-eye
  • Gizo white-eye
  • Saipan white-eye
  • Taita white-eye
  • Negros striped babbler

Laughingthrushes

  • Sumatran laughingthrush
  • Grey-crowned crocias
  • Nilgiri laughingthrush
  • Banasura laughingthrush
  • Golden-winged laughingthrush
  • Collared laughingthrush

Old World flycatchers

  • Black shama
  • Seychelles magpie-robin
  • Matinan blue flycatcher
  • Lompobattang flycatcher
  • Humblot's flycatcher
  • Rufous-headed robin
  • Amber Mountain rock thrush
  • Nilgiri blue robin
  • Sri Lanka whistling thrush
  • Rubeho akalat
  • Gabela akalat
  • Usambara akalat
  • White-throated jungle flycatcher

Weavers

  • Aldabra fody
  • Mauritius fody
  • Gola malimbe
  • Ibadan malimbe
  • Golden-naped weaver
  • Bates's weaver
  • Clarke's weaver
  • Usambara weaver

Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers

  • Yellow-throated seedeater
  • ʻAkiapolaʻau
  • Black rosy finch
  • Brown-capped rosy finch
  • Warsangli linnet
  • Hispaniolan crossbill
  • Hawaiʻi ʻakepa
  • Hawaiʻi creeper
  • Maui alauahio
  • Red siskin

True sparrows

  • Saltmarsh sparrow
  • Black-spectacled brush finch
  • Pale-headed brush finch
  • Guadalupe junco
  • Worthen's sparrow
  • Sierra Madre sparrow

Grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles

  • Tricolored blackbird
  • Yellow-shouldered blackbird
  • Saint Lucia oriole
  • Colombian mountain grackle
  • Jamaican blackbird
  • Baudó oropendola
  • Saffron-cowled blackbird

New World warblers

  • Grey-headed warbler
  • Whistling warbler
  • Paria whitestart
  • Elfin woods warbler
  • Bahama warbler
  • Golden-cheeked warbler

True tanagers

  • Golden-backed mountain tanager
  • Cone-billed tanager
  • Venezuelan flowerpiercer
  • Carriker's mountain-tanager (Dubusia carrikeri)
  • Yellow cardinal
  • Saint Lucia black finch
  • Wilkins's finch
  • Plain-tailed warbling finch
  • Cochabamba mountain finch
  • Rufous-breasted warbling finch
  • Ibera seedeater
  • Great-billed seed finch
  • Marsh seedeater

Other Passeriformes

  • Elegant sunbird
  • Amani sunbird
  • Sokoke pipit
  • Brown-cheeked bulbul
  • Mountain starling
  • Noisy scrubbird
  • Rufous scrubbird
  • Grauer's swamp warbler
  • Prigogine's greenbul
  • Javan leafbird
  • Sumatran leafbird
  • Greater green leafbird
  • Rufous-brown solitaire
  • Apolinar's wren
  • Eastern bristlebird
  • Western bristlebird
  • Grand Comoro drongo
  • Tablas drongo
  • Jankowski's bunting
  • Zapata wren
  • Cundinamarca antpitta
  • Jocotoco antpitta
  • Ochre-fronted antpitta
  • Chestnut-capped thrush
  • Mao
  • Black-cheeked ant tanager
  • Kaempfer's tody-tyrant
  • Usambara hyliota
  • Streak-breasted bulbul
  • Sharpe's longclaw
  • Pulitzer's longbill
  • Rufous-throated white-eye
  • Black-eared miner
  • Floreana mockingbird
  • Yellowhead
  • Amber Mountain rock thrush
  • Loveridge's sunbird
  • Silver oriole
  • Java sparrow
  • Forty-spotted pardalote
  • Black robin
  • Banded wattle-eye
  • Galápagos martin
  • Aceh bulbul
  • White-breasted thrasher
  • White-throated wren-babbler
  • Algerian nuthatch
  • Giant nuthatch
  • White-browed nuthatch
  • Mallee emu-wren
  • Bahama swallow
  • Long-legged thicketbird
  • White-winged cotinga
  • Spotted ground thrush

Caprimulgiformes

There are 23 species in the order Caprimulgiformes assessed as endangered.

Hummingbirds

  • Venezuelan sylph
  • Mangrove hummingbird
  • Perija starfrontlet
  • Glittering starfrontlet
  • Colorful puffleg
  • Black-breasted puffleg
  • Blue-capped hummingbird
  • Hook-billed hermit
  • Royal sunangel
  • Scissor-tailed hummingbird
  • Marvellous spatuletail
  • Violet-throated metaltail
  • Perijá metaltail
  • Black-backed thornbill
  • Glow-throated hummingbird
  • Grey-bellied comet
  • Long-tailed woodnymph

Nightjars

  • Puerto Rican nightjar
  • Prigogine's nightjar

Swifts

  • Mariana swiftlet

Piciformes

("Woodpecker-like")

  • Yellow-browed toucanet
  • Red-headed flameback
  • Yellow-faced flameback
  • Lesser crescent-chested puffbird
  • White-rumped woodpecker
  • Speckle-chested piculet
  • Varzea piculet
  • Red-necked aracari

Other bird species

  • Moustached kingfisher
  • Guadalcanal moustached kingfisher
  • Bay-breasted cuckoo
  • Saker falcon
  • Mauritius kestrel
  • Junin grebe
  • Banded ground cuckoo
  • Ludwig's bustard
  • Kagu
  • Titicaca grebe
  • Secretarybird
  • Lesser florican
  • Madagascar grebe
  • Dwarf tinamou
  • Bannerman's turaco

See also

References

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2020-3". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.