List of stringent regulatory authorities
A stringent regulatory authority (SRA) is a national drug regulation authority which is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to apply stringent standards for quality, safety, and efficacy in its process of regulatory review of drugs and vaccines for marketing authorization.
The official WHO definition is
A regulatory authority which is:
a) a member of the International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH), being the European Commission, the US Food and Drug Administration and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan also represented by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (as before 23 October 2015); or
b) an ICH observer, being the European Free Trade Association, as represented by Swissmedic, and Health Canada (as before 23 October 2015); or a regulatory authority associated with an ICH member through a legally-binding, mutual recognition agreement, including Australia, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (as before 23 October 2015).
The concept of an SRA was developed by the WHO Secretariat and The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to guide decisions regarding procurement of medicines for humanitarian assistance. The idea is that countries with non-SRA drug authorities can use accelerated process to facilitate approval (registration or marketing authorization) of medicines, including vaccines and biologics, which have already been approved by SRAs.
As of 2020, the national regulatory authorities of 35 countries are considered SRAs:
- World Health Organization & WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations (2018). Fifty-second report of the WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations (PDF). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. p. 355–6. ISBN 978-92-4-121019-5. OCLC 1039407367.
- No authors listed (2020-06-22). "WHO | List of Stringent Regulatory Authorities (SRAs)". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2020-12-15.