Lund University

Coordinates: 55°42′21″N 13°11′36″E / 55.70583°N 13.19333°E / 55.70583; 13.19333
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Lund University
Lunds universitet
LERU
EUA
ASAIHL
Websitehttps://www.lu.se https://www.lunduniversity.lu.se

Lund University (

Franciscan studium generale was founded in Lund. After Sweden won Scania from Denmark in the 1658 Treaty of Roskilde, the university was officially founded in 1666 on the location of the old studium generale next to Lund Cathedral
.

Lund University has nine faculties,[5] with additional campuses in the cities of Malmö and Helsingborg, with around 47,000 students[2] in 241 different programmes and 1,450 freestanding courses. The university has 560 partner universities in approximately 70 countries. It belongs to the League of European Research Universities as well as the global Universitas 21 network.[6] Among those associated with the university are five Nobel Prize winners, a Fields Medal winner, and prime ministers.

Two major facilities for materials research are in Lund University:

MAX IV, a synchrotron radiation laboratory – inaugurated in June 2016, and European Spallation Source (ESS), a new European facility that will provide up to 100 times brighter neutron beams than existing facilities today, to be operational by the end of 2027.[7]

The university centres on the

Faculty of Engineering
.

History

Lund University Main Building, built in 1882, designed by Helgo Zettervall

Medieval origins

The city of Lund has a long history as a centre for learning and was the ecclesiastical centre and seat of the archbishop of Denmark. A cathedral school (the Katedralskolan) for the training of clergy was established in 1085 and is today Scandinavia's oldest school.

In 1425, a

Lutheran Reformation
of 1536, which is why the university is considered a separate institution when founded in 1666.

17th–19th centuries

After the

Academy of Åbo (1640, now in Finland), and the University of Greifswald (founded 1456; Swedish 1648–1815, now in Germany
).

The university was at its founding granted four faculties:

Samuel Pufendorf, a juridical historian; and Canutus Hahn and Kristian Papke in philosophy.[9]

The Scanian War in 1676 led to a shut-down, which lasted until 1682. The university was re-opened largely due to regional patriots, but the university was not to enjoy a high status until well into the 19th century. Lecturing rooms were few, and lectures were held in the Lund Cathedral and its adjacent chapel. The professors were underpaid.

View of the Historical Museum building in the 19th century

In 1716, Charles XII of Sweden entered Lund. He stayed in Lund for two years, in between his warlike expeditions. Lund and the university attracted a temporary attention boost. The most notable lecturer during this time was Andreas Rydelius.

Peace was finally restored with the death of Charles XII in 1718, and during the first half of the 18th century, the university was granted added funds. The number of students was now around 500. Despite not being on par with Uppsala University, it had built a solid reputation and managed to attract prominent professors.

Around 1760 the university's reputation dropped as the number of students fell below 200, most of whom hailed from around the province. However, by 1780 its reputation was largely restored and continued to rise through the 1820s. This was largely owing to popular and well-educated lecturers particularly in philology; the prominent professor Esaias Tegnér was a particularly notable character with widespread authority. He, in turn, attracted others towards Lund. One of these was the young theological student C. G. Brunius, who studied ancient languages under Tegnér and was later to become a professor of Greek. With time he was to devote himself to architecture and he redesigned several of Lund's buildings, as well as churches of the province.

In 1829, the murder at Locus Peccatorum occurred in the Locus Peccatorum residence at the university. Jacob Wilhelm Blomdahl, a theology student, beat his fellow student Anders Landén to death in the night. Blomdahl was later executed for the murder, and the controversy the murder created around the conditions of student life were a factor in the creation of

Akademiska Föreningen in the 1830s.[10][11]

In 1845 and 1862 Lund co-hosted Nordic student meetings together with the University of Copenhagen.

A student called Elsa Collin was the first woman in the whole of Sweden to take part in a spex (a student comedy show).

20th century – present

The University Square in the 1910s.

In the early 20th century, the university had a student population as small as one thousand, consisting largely of upper-class pupils training to become civil servants, lawyers and doctors. In the coming decades, it started to grow significantly until it became one of the country's largest. In 1964 the social sciences were split from the Faculty of Humanities.

Lund Institute of Technology
was established in 1961 but was merged with Lund University eight years later.

In recent years, Lund University has been very popular among applicants to Swedish higher education institutions, both nationally[12] and internationally.[13][14] For studies starting in autumn 2012, Lund received 11,160 foreign master's applications from 152 countries, which was roughly one third of all international applications to Swedish universities.[13]

Women at the university

The first woman to study in Lund was

rector magnificus (or, strictly speaking, rectrix magnifica) of Lund University. As such, she was the first woman to be the head of a European university.[citation needed
]

Campus

Kungshuset, the oldest university building (completed 1584)

The university's facilities are mainly located in the small city of Lund in Scania, about 15 km away from central Malmö and 50 km from Copenhagen. The large student and staff population makes an impact on the city, effectively making it a university town. Over a hundred university buildings[16] scatter around town, most of them in an area covering more than 1 km2, stretching towards the north-east from Lundagård park in the very centre of town. Buildings in and around Lundagård include the main building, Kungshuset, the Historical Museum and the Academic Society's headquarters. The main library building is located in a park 400 meters to the north, followed by the large hospital complex.

Lund University has a satellite campus in nearby Malmö, Sweden's third-largest city. The Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts' three academies: Malmö Art Academy, Malmö Academy of Music and Malmö Theatre Academy, are all located in Malmö. The city is also the location of Skåne University Hospital, where Lund University performs a considerable amount of research and medical training.

Campus Helsingborg is, as the name suggests, located in the city of Helsingborg, almost 50 km from Lund. Opened in 2000, it consists of a building in the city center, right next to the central train station and the harbor. Nearly 3,000 students are based on the campus.[17]
The Department of Service Management and the Department of Communication and Media are among those located at the campus in Helsingborg.

Teaching and training at the School of Aviation (LUSA) take place at an airfield next to the town of Ljungbyhed, about 40 km away from Lund.

Museums

The Biological Museum is a research collection, not having public exhibitions. It possesses between 10 and 13 million specimens of plants and animals.

type specimens The collections were previously known as the Botanical Museum and Museum of Zoology. These were merged into the Biological Museum in 2005. The museum is a part of the Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences.[20] It holds the historically important collections of Johan Wilhelm Zetterstedt, Carl Gustaf Thomson, Carl Adolph Agardh, Anders Jahan Retzius, Erik Acharius, Axel Gustaf Gyllenkrok and Sven Nilsson.[19]

Library

University Central Library

Lund University library was established in 1668 at the same time as the university and is one of Sweden's oldest and largest libraries. Since 1698 it has received legal deposit copies of everything printed in the country. Today six Swedish libraries receive legal deposit copies, but only Lund and the Royal Library in Stockholm are required to keep everything for posterity. Swedish imprints make up half of the collections, which amount to 170,000 linear meters of shelving (2006). The library serves 620,000 loans per year, the staff is 200 full-time equivalents, and the 33 branch libraries house 2600 reading room desks.[21]
The current main building at Helgonabacken, designed by architect Alfred Hellerström,[22] opened in 1907. It was named Sweden's most beautiful building in 2019.[23] The old library building was Liberiet close to the city's cathedral. Liberiet was built as a library in the 15th century but now serves as a cafe.

Hospital

University Hospital

Education and research in the

health sciences at the university are operated in cooperation with Skåne University Hospital, located in both Lund and Malmö. Medical education takes place in the Biomedical Centre, next to the hospital in Lund. Nursing and occupational therapy
were taught in the Health Sciences Centre nearby, but have since then moved to the newly inaugurated Forum Medicum, which brings all health sciences disciplines under one roof. The university also operates the Clinical Research Centre in Malmö, featuring many specialized laboratories. There are over 100 faculty.

Accommodation

LU Accommodation offers housing in the cities of Lund, Malmö and Helsingborg. There are different room types including dormitory rooms, studio flats and one and two-bedroom apartments.

Organisation

Administration

Sphinxes overlooking Lundagård Park

The University Board is the university's highest decision-making body. The Board comprises the Vice-Chancellor, representatives of the teaching staff and students, and representatives of the community and business sector.[24] Chair of the board is Margot Wallström. Executive power lies with the Vice-Chancellor and the University Management Group, to which most other administrative bodies are subordinate.[25]

Faculties

BMC, center for research in biology and medicine

Lund University is divided into nine faculties:[25]

  • Faculties of Humanities and Theology
  • Faculty of Engineering (
    LTH
    )
  • Faculty of Fine & Performing Arts
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Social Sciences
  • School of Aviation
  • School of Economics and Management

Research centres

The university is also organised into more than 20 institutes and research centres,[26] such as:

Esaias Tegnér statue near the towering Lund Cathedral.

Academics

LTH's Design Centre.
University Observatory
MAX IV
synchrotron radiation laboratory
European Spallation Source (ESS): a multidiciplinary research facility at Lund
Nano-science & technology Lab
Bio Medical Center

Education

The university offers around 275 educational programmes and some 1400 courses. Several programmes and courses are offered in English, allowing foreign students to study at the university. The university offers 6 of the 10 most popular master's programs in Sweden (2021), in terms of the numbers of applications. Five of those programs are offered at the School of Economics and Management (LUSEM).[27] The LUSEM Master's in Finance ranks 36th in the world, according to the Financial Times annual global ranking.[28] The Financial Times Master's programmes in Management ranking places Lund 44th in the world.[29]

Research

Lund University is well known as one of Scandinavia's largest research universities.[30] It ranks among top performers in the European Union in terms of papers accepted for publication in scientific journals.[31] It is also Sweden's top receiver of research grants from the EU, and places fifth among european universities in funding from Horizon Europe.[32] The university is active in many internationally important research areas, such as neurology, nanotechnology, climate change and stem cell biology.

Innovation

One of the most famous innovations based on research from Lund University is

diagnostic ultrasound
, which is today a routine method of examination in hospitals around the world. Other examples of pioneering innovations are the
Bluetooth technology, which enables wireless communication over short distances.[33] Here is a sample selection of discoveries from Lund through the ages.[34][35]

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[36]151-200 (2023)
QS World[37]85 (2024)
RUR World[38]66 (2023)
THE World[39]106 (2024)
USNWR Global[40]95 (2022)

Lund University consistently ranks among the top 100 universities in the world, with several subjects ranked in the top 50 and higher.[41] Lund was ranked 85th in the world (22nd in Europe) in the 2024 QS World University Rankings, making it the top ranked comprehensive university in Sweden.[42] It is the most popular university in Sweden for international applicants and was ranked as the 40th most international university in the world by Times Higher in 2021.[43] Lund placed 8th in the 2024 QS World University Sustainability Ranking.[44]

The QS World University Rankings by Subject for 2021 places Lund in the top 50 in the following subjects: Geography (24th), Development Studies (32nd), Environmental Sciences (44th) and Nursing (47th).[45] QS also has a separate ranking for business Master's (the QS Business Masters Rankings), where Lund University is ranked in the categories 'Marketing' (42nd)[46] and 'Finance' (47th)[47] in 2022. Additionally, the Times Higher subject rankings for 2021 places Lund in 65th place in Law.[48]

Lund University ranks 66th in the RUR World University Rankings.[49] Round University Ranking (RUR) is an international world university rankings system which measures performance of 1100 leading world universities by 20 unique indicators and 4 areas of university activities: teaching, research, international diversity, financial sustainability. All raw data for RUR Rankings is provided by Thomson Reuters. The same ranking offers subject rankings of different disciplines. RUR places Lund in the top tier for the following disciplines: Humanities (32nd), Life Sciences (12th), Medical Sciences (35th), Natural Sciences (18th), Social Sciences (89th), and Technical Sciences (38th).

In 2018, Lund placed 82nd in the world in the Times Higher Global University Employability Ranking[50] and in 2020, Lund placed 91–100 in the Times Higher Education (THE) World Reputation Ranking.[51]

Student life

AF-borgen
, the student-run complex at the heart of student life in Lund, May 2002.

Lund student life is based on three central structures: the student nations, the Academic Society (AF) and the student unions. Before July 1, 2010, students were required to enroll in a student union, nation and AF in order to receive grades at the university, but this is no longer compulsory.[52] Students may still enroll in these organizations if they wish.

Student nations

The

nations in Lund are a central part of the university's history, initially serving as residential colleges for students, organized by geographic origin. Östgöta Nation, the oldest nation, was established in 1668, two years after the university was founded. While the nations still offer limited housing, today they are best described as student societies
.

Today students may enroll in any nation, although the nations still preserve their geographic names. In most cases, it does not matter what nation one enrolls in, but different nations offer different activities for interested students.

Each nation has student housing, but the accommodations in no way meet demand, and they are usually appointed according to a queue system. Each nation has at least one pub evening per week, with a following night club. The solemn peak event in the course of an activity year is the organization of student balls once a year. Most well known of the nation balls (as opposed to balls organized by student unions) is the ball hosted by Göteborgs Nation - called the "Gustaf II Adolf Ball" (also known as the "GA-Ball"). Most nations also host at least one banquet per week, where a three-course dinner is served. Each nation also has different activities for students interested in sports, arts, or partying. All activities within the nations are run by volunteer workers.

The Academic Society

In 1830, Professor

Radio AF), and organizing the enormous Lundakarnevalen (the Lund Carnival) every four years. "AF Bostäder", an independent foundation with close ties to Akademiska Föreningen, maintains over 5,700 student residences in Lund.[53]

Student unions

The Delphi residential area, located in the northern part of Lund, is one of the large student housing complexes run by AF Bostäder.

The student unions represent students in various decision-making boards within the university and counsel students regarding their rights, housing and career options. There are nine student unions, one for each faculty and an additional union for doctoral students.[54] Lund's Doctoral Student Union is further divided into councils, one for each faculty except for the faculties of engineering and fine and performing arts.[55]

The unions are incorporated into the Association of Lund University Student Unions (LUS). It has two full-time representatives who go to weekly meetings with the vice-chancellor and other organizational university bodies. The student union association runs services such as a loan institute, a day-care center and a website with housing information. It also publishes the monthly Lundagård magazine.

Notable people

Samuel von Pufendorf.
Karl Manne Siegbahn, Nobel Prize in Physics
.
Anne L'Huillier, Nobel Prize in Physics.
Bluetooth technology, and the development of the modern-day medical ventilator.[56]

The following is a selected list of some notable people who have been affiliated with Lund University as students or academics.

Humanities and economics

Swedish temperance movement. Knut Wicksell (1851–1926) was an influential economist, sometimes considered one of the founders of modern macroeconomics.[59] Oscar Olsson (1877–1950) was an important developer of self-education in Sweden and known as the father of study circles.[60] Bertil Ohlin (1899–1979) received the Nobel Prize in economic sciences in 1977 for theories concerning international trade and capital, and was the leader of the Liberal's Peoples Party (Folkpartiet) for 23 years. Gunnar Jarring (1907–2002) was Sweden's ambassador in UN 1956–1958, and Sweden's ambassador in Washington DC 1958–1964. Britta Holmström (1911–1992) was the founder of Individuell Människohjälp (IM), a human rights organization with activities in 12 countries.[61] Torsten Hägerstrand (1916–2004) was an internationally renowned geographer, considered the father of 'time geography'[62] and receiver of the Lauréat Prix International de Géographie Vautrin Lud in 1992. Judith Wallerstein (1921–2012) was a renowned psychologist and internationally recognized authority on the effects of marriage and divorce on children and their parents. The first person from Iceland to earn a degree in archaeology, Ólafía Einarsdóttir, studied for her MA and PhD at Lund.[63]

Biology and medicine

Bengt Samuelsson (1934–) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1982 for "discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances". Arvid Carlsson (1923–2018) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2000 for "discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system" and is noted for having discovered the role of dopamine as an independent neurotransmitter.[70]

Mathematics, engineering and physical sciences

constant coefficients. Karl Johan Åström (1934–) is a notable control theorist, who in 1993 was awarded the IEEE Medal of Honor for "fundamental contributions to theory and applications of adaptive control technology".[74] Sven Mattisson (1955–) is an electrical engineer who was one of the developers of the Bluetooth technology. In 2023, Anne L'Huillier (1958-), professor since 1997, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for her work in attosecond physics
.

Politics and law

Rutger Macklean (1742–1816) was a prominent captain, politician and land owner remembered for introducing agricultural reforms leading to more effective large-scale farming in Sweden. Ernst Wigforss (1881–1977) was Sweden's finance minister 1925–1926 and 1932–1949 and has been considered the 'foremost developer of the Swedish Social Democracy'.[75] Östen Undén (1886–1974) was an internationally recognized professor of law and Sweden's minister of foreign affairs 1924–1926 and 1945–1962. Tage Erlander (1901–1985) was Sweden's prime minister 1945–1969, potentially a record of uninterrupted tenure in parliamentary democracies, and led his party through eleven elections. Ingvar Carlsson (1934–) served as Sweden's prime minister 1986–1991 and 1994–1996 and as Sweden's deputy prime minister 1982–1986. Rupiah Banda (1937–) was the president of Zambia 2008–2011 and its vice president 2006–2008. Leif Silbersky (1938–) is a notable lawyer and author famous for representing so-called high-profile cases in Sweden. Marianne Lundius (1949–) was between 2010 and 2016 the president of the Supreme court of Sweden, the first female justice in this position. Utoni Nujoma (1952–) was Namibia's minister of foreign affairs 2010–2012 and is since 2012 the country's minister of justice.

Literature and culture

Hans Alfredsson (1931–2017) was a Swedish comedian, author and actor, sometimes regarded as the foremost representative of the so-called Lundahumorn (the humor from Lund). Agnes von Rosen was a bullfighter and stunt performer who spent most of her later years in Mexico. Axwell (Born as Axel Christofer Hedfors, 1977–) is a world-renowned DJ, perhaps best known as a member of the trio the Swedish House Maffia. Elisabet Wentz-Janacek
was a musicologist, organist, and major contributor to the Swedish Choral Registrar.

Business and entrepreneurship

ÅF. Anders Dahlvig (1957–) was the CEO and President of the IKEA group between 1999 and 2009, during which IKEA experienced an average growth of 11 percent,[78] and is the current chairman of the New Wave Group. Charlotta Falvin (1966–) is a Swedish businesswoman who is the chairman of the companies Teknopol, Barista, Multi-Q and Ideon AB and the previous CEO of TAT and Decuma.[79] Ann-Sofie Johansson is the Creative Advisor and former Head of Design for fashion retailer H&M.[80] Cristina Stenbeck
(1977–) is a Swedish businesswoman who is the current chairman of Investment AB Kinnevik.

Partner universities

Lund University cooperates with universities on all continents, both in areas of research and

student exchange
.

Partners include the University of California system, Nanyang Technological University, Heidelberg University, the University of Tokyo and the University of Texas.

Apart from being a member of the

Nordplus programs. It also coordinates several intercontinental projects, mostly through the Erasmus Mundus
program.

See also

Notes

^Note a Prepared for both the book and the sword – to study and to defend the country in times of war. The lion in Lund University's seal holds a book in one hand, and a sword in the other.

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    Google Print,[1]
    )

External links

55°42′21″N 13°11′36″E / 55.70583°N 13.19333°E / 55.70583; 13.19333

  1. ^ Staahl, Magnus Laurentius (1834). Biographiske underrättelser om professorer vid Kongl. Universitetet i Lund, ifrån dess inrättning till närvarande tid. Tryckt på L.Littorins förlaghos Schmidt. p. 268.