Madidi National Park

Coordinates: 13°48′0″S 67°38′0″W / 13.80000°S 67.63333°W / -13.80000; -67.63333
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Madidi National Park
Map showing the location of Madidi National Park
Map showing the location of Madidi National Park
LocationLa Paz, Bolivia
Nearest cityRurrenabaque, Beni
Coordinates13°48′0″S 67°38′0″W / 13.80000°S 67.63333°W / -13.80000; -67.63333
Area18,957.5 km²[1]
EstablishedSeptember 21, 1995
Governing bodySERNAP Servicio Nacional de Áreas Protegidas

Madidi (Spanish pronunciation: 

Apolobamba, and the Manu Biosphere Reserve (Peru), Madidi is part of one of the largest protected areas in the world.[3]

Ranging from the

Madidi National Park can be accessed from San Buenaventura, reached by crossing the Beni River by passenger ferry from Rurrenabaque.

The local people who have migrated here from the


ecolodges are found in and around the Madidi National Park. The oldest and best known is Chalalan Ecolodge in Chalalán on the Tuichi River, a community-based enterprise that generates economic benefits to indigenous communities.[9]


The National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area Madidi is located in the northwest region of the Department of La Paz, in the provinces Franz Tamayo, Iturralde and Abel Bautista Saavedra. The municipalities involved are Apolo, San Buenaventura, Ixiamas, Curva, and Pelechuco.

The park is bordered to the west by the adjacent


The PN and IMNA Madidi is one of the largest protected areas in Bolivia, with a total land area according to the Supreme Decree constituting 18957.5 square kilometers, of which 12,715km² come under the heading of National Park and 6,242.5km² are categorized under the Integrated Management Natural Area.

The park boundaries are between 12° 30' and 14° 44' southern latitude and between 67° 30' and 69° 51' western longitude.

The area under conservation covers an altitudinal gradient ranging from 180 to 5,760 meters above sea level and covers a variety of ecosystems.


The climate is cold in the alpine region, temperate in areas of intermediate elevation, and tropical in the northern lowlands.

The winds come predominantly from the north, and cold fronts from the south have little impact on the temperature of the Madidi region. The dry season coincides with the austral winter. The average annual temperature is 26 °C but varies greatly, depending on the altitude. Isotemas

According to data from Assane (2002), in the region of Apollo the annual rainfall is 716mm; the rainy season is from October to March, and the dry season is from May to September.Isoyetas[10]


Madidi National Park hosts more than 8,000 documented species of vascular plants, with the likelihood of many more being discovered.[11]

The Madidi Project of the Missouri Botanical Garden had identified at least 132 new plant species in Madidi as of 2010.[12]



specific epithet meaning "of the Golden Palace". The park is also notable for its over 1,254 bird species, representing 14% of the world’s 9,000 bird species.[13]

In addition to the biodiversity found on its land, there is also a rich and varied life found here in the water with many fish species.

(undescribed species not included)


National Park and Natural Integrated Management Area Madidi is home to several ventures of Responsible Tourism and Community Ecotourism, one of the most recognized locally and internationally is

Chalalan Ecolodge
, owned by the indigenous people of San José de Uchupiamonas. Followed by San Miguel del Bala Ecolodge owned San Miguel Tacana community, both located in the Madidi National Park. Recently there were opened other local initiatives as Berraco del Madidi Amazon adventure tour, Madidi Jungle Ecolodge, Sadiri Ecolodge and Ecolodge Madidi heart.

Chalalan Ecolodge is a community ecotourism venture that belongs to the indigenous village of San José de Uchupiamonas, which receives the profits from running the hostel, besides contributing in other areas such as health and education. Chalalan operates since 1999 offering tours to the Madidi National Park. The tourism product includes transportation from Rurrenabaque to the hostel on a tour of the Beni and Tuichi rivers, cabin accommodation Tacana style rooms with private bathrooms, international fusion cuisine - English Amazon and guidance for indigenous community who speak Quechua, Spanish and they are trained and certified. Chalalan has a system of solar panels that feed the hostel with clean energy and has a system of solid waste management and wastewater treatment to reduce its environmental impact. The hostel has 9 cabins located in the vicinity of Lake Chalalan, which has taken the name for the hostel. Chalalan has 30 km of environmental interpretation trails, paddle canoes to get around the lagoon, a large gazebo and a dining room that also has a social area. The average stay is 4 days and 3 nights.

Sadiri Lodge

Sadiri Lodge was born as an alternative proposal for protection against extractive and deforestation activities that threaten the existence of this rich, diverse natural area and water reservoir, through responsible and non-profit community tourism that also promotes the local development of the communities. Currently, Sadiri Lodge is managed and administered by community members of the San José De Uchupiamonas Indigenous People, a community that is located in the heart of the most mega-diverse protected area in the world, Madidi. The main goal of Sadiri Lodge is to preserve the 34 thousand hectares of pristine forest, natural water reservoirs, and creatures of the living Bolivian jungle.

The mission of Sadiri Lodge is to protect the forest whose exuberant natural wealth creates a refuge for the species that inhabit the place. Within the area that Sadiri guards, there are more than 430 species of birds, this being an indicator of the natural importance of the area, which translates into the diversity of reptiles, insects, amphibians and magnificent species of flora that adorn the environment such as bromeliads and orchids. In addition, being a forest at 900 meters above sea level, it has a pleasant climate, housing different species of monkeys, whose morning chorus awakens the forest, and the little ones delight with their shrieks and jumps from tree to tree. But the melodic sounds are offered by the birds, making the jungle a naturally symphonic theatre. Not to mention the spectacle of the hummingbirds that flutter in the environment, and the most colorful insects and butterflies, among others. All of them are skilfully identified by the expert local Uchupiamonas guides, who use their ancestral knowledge of the forest, with animal calling techniques, their eyes and ears, complemented with stories of their culture, making an unforgettable and life-learning experience for those who visit Sadiri Lodge.

Berraco Madidi Amazon adventure tour is a private initiative of a member of the indigenous community Quechua-Tacana José de Uchupiamonas, located in the Madidi National Park and Natural Area of Integrated Management. The idea arose in 2007 and became a reality in 2010, with great enthusiasm and a lot of experience gained over many years as a guide. It is operated 100% by the population of the community in order to generate jobs and benefits to it. The camps (Ecocamp) is surrounded in the same territory as the community (210 thousand hectares), the Ecocamp is 6 hours away by boat outboard motor, it is the deepest in the Madidi National Park and has cabins built traditionally Quechua-Takana style using the same natural resources.

Madidi Jungle Ecolodge, which has been open to visitors in mid-2011, is a 100% local initiative, operated by indigenous families of the TCO San José de Uchupiamonas, which comprises 210 hectares of forest within the Madidi National Park, region Amazon of Bolivia. The Ecolodge is located 3.5 hours away by motor boat sailing upstream the Beni and Tuichi rivers in the Madidi National Park and has a capacity to accommodate 14 visitors in traditional Amazonian style cabins.

The enterprises of Responsible Tourism and Ecotourism settled within the Madidi National Park, comfortable boats offer transportation, unique accommodation, the best local guides and interpreters exquisite and delicious homemade food prepared on the basis of local products. Rurrenabaque is beginning to live this unforgettable adventure ecotourism by visiting the Bolivian Amazon.

The Bala Dam Project

One of the threats against the Madidi NP has been (and perhaps still is) the proposed

Bala Gorge
, where the Beni River breaks through the Bala Mountain Range.

The proposed

hydroelectric dam
project has a long history, and the project (and its threats against the nature in the area) was especially relevant in the year 1998. After some years the project apparently was given up, but the idea has come up again in 2007.

The dam would cause the flooding of a huge area, about 2000 square kilometres, including a great part of the Madidi NP, and the catastrophic consequences are evident.

Potential dam failures and dam break would have catastrophic consequences. Numerical simulation suggests that the whole area would be flooded for several days.[14]

The Apolo-Ixiamas road project

Another of the main threats against Madidi is the proposed construction of the Apolo-Ixiamas road. This is an old demand from some local politicians and communities from the Altiplano, who want to colonize the park for timber and agriculture exploitation. However, independent studies from the NGO Conservation Strategy Fund have shown that this project is not a good development alternative for the region (Fleck et al., 2006a, 2006b). The project is economically unfeasible and would induce significant deforestation within the protected area (Fleck et al., 2006b).

Environmental losses caused by the road project could threaten current and future conservation and tourism activities in this protected area, which generate significant economic benefits to the region (Fleck et al., 2006a; Malki et al., 2007). Alternative investments such as improving the road that connects Apolo to La Paz (Peñarrieta & Fleck, 2007) and directing the road investment towards social investments such as health and education (Fleck et al., 2006b) have greater prospects of improving local quality of life while maintaining the important environmental services provided by Madidi.

See also


Fleck, L. C., Amend, M., Painter, L., Reid, J. (2006a). Regional economic benefits from conservation: the case of Madidi. Serie Técnica No. 5. Conservation Strategy Fund, Bolivia. 82 p..

Fleck, L. C., Painter, L., Reid, J., Amend, M. (2006b). A road through Madidi: an environmental-economic analysis. Serie Técnica No. 6. Conservation Strategy Fund, Bolivia. 100 p..

Malky, A., Pastor, C,Limaco, A., Mamani, G., Limaco, Z., Fleck, L. C. (2007). El efecto Chalalán: Un ejercicio de valoración económica para una empresa comunitaria. Serie Técnica No. 13. Conservation Strategy Fund, Bolivia. 74 p..

Peñarrieta, L., Fleck, L. C. (2007). Beneficios y costos del mejoramiento de la carretera Charazani - Apolo. Serie Técnica No. 14. Conservation Strategy Fund, Bolivia. 76 p..

  1. ^ "SERNAP". Archived from the original on 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
  2. ^ "Right to Name New Monkey Auctioned for Conservation". Environment News Service, international daily newswire. 2005-02-10. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
  3. ISSN 0362-4331
    . Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  4. ^ "Wildlife Conservation Society". Archived from the original on 2008-01-30. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
  5. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link
  6. ^ "THE EXPEDITION TO APOLOBAMBA". Retrieved 2007-09-23.
  7. ^ Alcázar, José Luis (2006-06-09). "BOLIVIA: In Search of the Toromona". Inter Press Service News Agency. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  8. ^ Berton, Eduardo Franco (2016-10-05). "Hydropower threatens Bolivian indigenous groups and national park". Mongabay Environmental News. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  9. ^ Malky Harb, Alfonso; Pastor Saavedra, Cándido; Limaco Navi, Alejandro; Mamani Capiona, Guido; Limaco Navi, Zenón; Fleck, Leonardo C. (2007). El efecto Chalalán: Un ejercicio de valoración económica para una empresa comunitaria (PDF). Conservation Strategy Fund.
  10. ^ MADIDI DE BOLIVIA, MAGICO, UNICO Y NUESTRO 2001 (Spanish) Archived 2006-06-14 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "WCS Bolivia > Landscapes > Madidi-Tambopata > Madidi". Wildlife Conservation Society. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  12. ^ "Eight new species discovered in Boliva national parks". ScienceDaily. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  13. ^ "Why Is Madidi So Amazing?". Wildlife Conservation Society. Archived from the original on 2007-08-07. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
  14. ^ "Science Engineering & Sustainability: Dam break simulation with HEC-RAS: Chepete proposed dam". Science Engineering & Sustainability. Retrieved 2019-05-04.

External links

See also

  • Panthera onca boliviensis