Moscow Zoo

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Moscow Zoo
Moscow 05-2017 img25 Zoo main entrance.jpg
The Moscow Zoo entrance.
Date opened31 January 1864; 159 years ago (1864-01-31)[1]
LocationMoscow, Russia
Coordinates55°45′43″N 37°34′38″E / 55.76194°N 37.57722°E / 55.76194; 37.57722Coordinates: 55°45′43″N 37°34′38″E / 55.76194°N 37.57722°E / 55.76194; 37.57722
Land area21.5 ha (53 acres)
No. of animals10,531 (2019)
No. of species1,267 (2019)
MembershipsEARAZA,[2] EAZA,[3] WAZA[4]
Public transit access#7 Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line Barrikadnaya
#5 Koltsevaya line Krasnopresnenskaya

The Moscow Zoo or Moskovsky Zoopark (Russian: Московский зоопарк) is a 21.5-hectare (53-acre) zoo founded in 1864 by professor-biologists, K.F. Rulje, S.A. Usov and A.P. Bogdanov, from the Moscow State University. In 1919, the zoo was nationalized. In 1922, the ownership was transferred to the Government of Moscow and has remained under Moscow's control ever since.[5]

The zoo had an area of 10 hectares (25 acres) when it first opened, with 286 animals. In 1926, the zoo was expanded to adjacent lands, increasing the area to 18 hectares (44 acres). The zoo's original buildings were wooden, built in the old Russian style with intricate wood trims.

In 1990, the zoo was renovated. Notable additions include a new main entrance in the shape of a large rock castle, and a footbridge that connected the old (1864) and new (1926) properties of the zoo. Prior to construction of the footbridge, the zoo operated as two 'separate zoos' because the Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Street divides the properties.

In addition, the zoo was expanded once more. New exhibits were opened including a sea aquarium, an aviary, a creatures of the night exhibit, a sea lion exhibit and a section aimed at children. Waterfalls and streams were added throughout to give the zoo a more natural feeling.

The Moscow zoo has over 7,500 animals representing about 1,000 species and covers an area of about 21.5 hectares (53 acres).[6] The zoo studies animal's behavior, feeding and reproduction, and breeds rare endangered species.

Moscow Zoo Museum

Founded in 2008 in a two-storey building of the 19th century, built in the late XIX - early XX centuries, located on the territory of the zoo. Since 2015, the museum has been open to the public and everyone. In the central and side halls there is an exposition devoted to the history of the Moscow Zoo and a natural science permanent exposition. The collection of the museum includes more than 10,000 zoo coat of arms from all over the world, hundreds of paintings, sculptures and drawings by the masters of Russian animalistics, such as Vasily Vatagin, Alexei Komarov, Vadim Trofimov, Andrei Marts and Alexei Tsvetkov.[7][8][9]

Research & Educational Center

The Moscow Zoo has her own educational institute and research center. In addition to full-training for zoo staff and teachers, there is a continuing education program for zoo and aquarium staff,

Soviet period, it is a national training center. This was founded in 2017 by the current director Svetlana Akulova and Björn Stenvers.[10][11]

Animals & Exhibits

Old Territory exhibits

Flamingo Pond

Giraffe House

Fauna of China

Bird World

Elephant Museum

New Territory exhibits

Animal Island


Indoors (Exotarium):

Polar World

Tur Hill

Animals of Africa

Former exhibits


From 2001 to 2014, the Moscow Zoo Dolphinarium [ru] operated on the grounds of the zoo's old territory. The exhibit was dismantled following unsanitary conditions and improper husbandry procedures.


Directors of the zoo have included:[5]

  • Yakov Kalynovsky (1864-1867)
  • Alexey Usov (1867-1873)
  • Alexandr Maklakov (1878-1880)
  • Vladimir Popov (1878-1881)
  • laexandr Chelukanov (1881-1883)
  • Valdimir Vagner (1883-1886)
  • Nikolai Kulagin (1889-1894)
  • Alexandr Walter (1894-1895)
  • Nikolai Antuschevich (1895-1904)
  • Vladislav Pogorzhelsky (1904-1917)
  • Yury Belogolovy (1917-1919)
  • Aleksandr Kots (1919-1924)
  • Mikhail Zavadovsky (1924-1928)
  • Sergey Novikov (1928-1932)
  • Eugeny Klemeck (1932-1935)
  • Lew Ovstrovsky (1935-1940)
  • Trophym Burdelev (1940-1950)
  • Sergey Butygin (1950-1951)
  • Igor Sosnovsky (1951-1977)
  • Vladimir Vladimirovich Spitsin [ru] (1977-2013)


  1. ^ "Moscow Zoo (Moscow)". Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Zoo Sites". EARAZA. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  3. ^ "EAZA Member Zoos & Aquariums". EAZA. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  4. ^ "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". WAZA. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  5. ^ .
  6. ^ "Московский зоопарк".
  7. ^ Московский зоопарк. Коллекции
  8. ^ Официальный сайт Московского зоопарка. Музей зоопарка
  9. ^ KudaGo. Музей истории зоопарка
  10. ^ "Moscow Zoo Academy". (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-12-22.
  11. ^ "Moscow Zoo opens educational institute for employees of Russia". (in English and Russian). Retrieved 2021-12-21.


  • Vera Chaplina True Stories from the Moscow Zoo (1970) Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey; Prentice-Hall, Inc. P. 152 (translated by Lila Pargment, Estel Titiev).
  • Egorova, L. V., ed. (2004). The Moscow Zoo: History and 140th anniversary (Московский зоологический парк. К 140-летию со дня основания. Страницы истории). Moscow: Ellis Luck 2000. . (in Russian)

External links

Media related to Moscow Zoo
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