|• Lord mayor (2020–26)||Marcus König (CSU)|
|• City||186.46 km2 (71.99 sq mi)|
|Elevation||302 m (991 ft)|
|• Density||2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||0911, 09122, 09129|
There are many institutions of higher education in the city, including the
The first documentary mention of the city, in 1050, mentions Nuremberg as the location of an
From the late 12th century to the Interregnum (1254–1573), however, the power of the burgraves diminished as the Hohenstaufen emperors transferred most non-military powers to a castellan, with the city administration and the municipal courts handed over to an Imperial mayor (German: Reichsschultheiß) from 1173/74. The strained relations between the burgraves and the castellans, with gradual transferral of powers to the latter in the late 14th and early 15th centuries, finally broke out into open enmity, which greatly influenced the history of the city.
The city and particularly
In 1298, the
In 1349, Nuremberg's Jews suffered a pogrom. They were burned at the stake or expelled, and a marketplace was built over the former Jewish quarter. The plague returned to the city in 1405, 1435, 1437, 1482, 1494, 1520, and 1534.
The largest growth of Nuremberg occurred in the 14th century.
In 1349 the members of the
Through these and other acquisitions the city accumulated considerable territory.
During the Middle Ages, Nuremberg fostered a rich, varied, and influential literary culture.
Early modern age
The cultural flowering of Nuremberg in the 15th and 16th centuries made it the centre of the
The state of affairs in the early 16th century[
After the Thirty Years' War, Nuremberg attempted to remain detached from external affairs, but contributions were demanded for the
After the Napoleonic Wars
After the fall of Napoleon, the city's trade and commerce revived; the skill of its inhabitants together with its favourable situation soon made the city prosperous, particularly after its public debt had been acknowledged as a part of the Bavarian national debt. Having been incorporated into a Catholic country, the city was compelled to refrain from further discrimination against Catholics, who had been excluded from the rights of citizenship. Catholic services had been celebrated in the city by the priests of the Teutonic Order, often under great difficulties. After their possessions had been confiscated by the Bavarian government in 1806, they were given the Frauenkirche on the Market in 1809; in 1810 the first Catholic parish was established, which in 1818 numbered 1,010 people.
In 1817, the city was incorporated into the district of
Nuremberg held great significance during the
At the 1935 rally, Hitler specifically ordered the Reichstag to convene at Nuremberg to pass the Nuremberg Laws which revoked German citizenship for all Jews and other non-Aryans. A number of premises were constructed solely for these assemblies, some of which were not finished. Many examples of Nazi architecture can still be seen in the city. The city was also the home of the Nazi propagandist Julius Streicher, the publisher of Der Stürmer.
On 2 January 1945, the medieval city centre was systematically bombed by the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Army Air Forces and about ninety percent of it was destroyed in only one hour, with 1,800 residents killed and roughly 100,000 displaced. In February 1945, additional attacks followed. In total, about 6,000 Nuremberg residents are estimated to have been killed in air raids.
Nuremberg was a heavily fortified city that was captured in
Between 1945 and 1946, German officials involved in war crimes and crimes against humanity were brought before an international tribunal in the Nuremberg trials. The Soviet Union had wanted these trials to take place in Berlin. However, Nuremberg was chosen as the site for the trials for specific reasons:
- The city had been the location of the Nazi Party's Nuremberg rallies and the laws stripping Jews of their citizenship were passed there. There was symbolic value in making it the place of Nazi demise.
- The Palace of Justice was spacious and largely undamaged (one of the few that had remained largely intact despite extensive Allied bombing of Germany). The already large courtroom was reasonably easily expanded by the removal of the wall at the end opposite the bench, thereby incorporating the adjoining room. A large prison was also part of the complex.
- As a compromise, it was agreed that Berlin would become the permanent seat of the International Military Tribunal and that the first trial (several were planned) would take place in Nuremberg. Due to the Cold War, subsequent trials never took place.
Following the trials, in October 1946, many prominent German Nazi politicians and military leaders were executed in Nuremberg.
The same courtroom in Nuremberg was the venue of the
In order to come to terms with the role Nuremberg played during the
Several old villages now belong to the city, for example Grossgründlach, Kraftshof, Thon, and Neunhof in the north-west; Ziegelstein in the northeast, Altenfurt and Fischbach in the south-east; and Katzwang, Kornburg in the south. Langwasser is a modern suburb.
Nuremberg has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) with a certain humid continental influence (Dfb), categorized in the latter by the 0 °C isotherm. The city's climate is influenced by its inland position and higher altitude. Winters are changeable, with either mild or cold weather: the average temperature is around −3 °C (27 °F) to 4 °C (39 °F), while summers are generally warm, mostly around 13 °C (55 °F) at night to 25 °C (77 °F) in the afternoon. Precipitation is evenly spread throughout the year, although February and April tend to be a bit drier whereas July tends to have more rainfall.
|Climate data for Nuremberg (1991–2020 normals, extremes since 1955)|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.0
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||11.0
|Average high °C (°F)||3.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.5
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||−11.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||40.0
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||15.0||13.4||13.6||12.2||13.6||13.2||14.7||12.4||11.7||13.8||14.4||17.1||165.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)||4.6||2.7||0.7||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.2||2.4||10.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||58.6||85.4||129.7||186.7||218.6||228.6||239.2||225.5||165.2||113.7||57.9||44.0||1,753.1|
|Source 1: World Meteorological Organization|
|Source 2: DWD Météo Climat Infoclimat|
Nuremberg has been a destination for immigrants. 50.1% of the residents had an immigrant background in 2022 (counted with MigraPro).
|12||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3,137|
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2011)
Nuremberg for many people is still associated with its traditional gingerbread (Lebkuchen) products, sausages, and handmade toys. Pocket watches — Nuremberg eggs — were made here in the 16th century by Peter Henlein. Only one of the districts in the 1797–1801 sample was early industrial; the economic structure of the region around Nuremberg was dominated by metal and glass manufacturing, reflected by a share of nearly 50% handicrafts and workers. In the 19th century Nuremberg became the "industrial heart" of Bavaria with companies such as Siemens and MAN establishing a strong base in the city. Nuremberg is still an important industrial centre with a strong standing in the markets of Central and Eastern Europe. Items manufactured in the area include electrical equipment, mechanical and optical products, motor vehicles, writing and drawing paraphernalia, stationery products and printed materials.
The city is also strong in the fields of automation, energy and medical technology. Siemens is still the largest industrial employer in the Nuremberg region but a good third of German market research agencies are also located in the city.
Nuremberg is Bavaria's second largest city after Munich, and a popular tourist destination for foreigners and Germans alike. It was a leading city 500 years ago, but 90% of the town was destroyed in 1945 during the war. After World War II, many medieval-style areas of the town were rebuilt.
Beyond its main attractions of the
Notable foods available in the city include lebkuchen, gingerbread, local beer, and Nürnberger Rostbratwürstchen, or Nuremberg grilled sausages. There are hundreds of restaurants for all tastes, including traditional Franconian restaurants and beer gardens. It also has vegan, vegetarian and organic restaurants. Nuremberg boasts a two Michelin Star-rated restaurant, Essigbrätlein.
Like many European cities, Nuremberg offers a pedestrian-only zone covering a large portion of the old town, which is a main destination for shopping and specialty retail, including year-round Christmas stores where tourists and locals alike can purchase Christmas ornaments, gifts, decorations, and additions to their toy Christmas villages. The Craftsmen's Courtyard, or Handwerkerhof, is another tourist shopping destination in the style of a medieval village. It houses several local family-run businesses which sell handcrafted items from glass, wood, leather, pottery, and precious metals. The Handwerkerhof is also home to traditional German restaurants and beer gardens.
The Pedestrian zones of Nuremberg host festivals and markets throughout the year, the best known being Christkindlesmarkt, Germany's largest Christmas market and the gingerbread capital of the world. Visitors to the Christmas market can peruse the hundreds of stalls and purchase local wood crafts and nutcrackers while sampling Christmas sweets and traditional Glühwein.
In 2017, Nuremberg saw a total of 3.3 million overnight stays, a record for the town, and is expected to have surpassed that in 2018, with more growth in tourism anticipated in the coming years. There are over 175 registered places of accommodation in Nuremberg, ranging from hostels to luxury hotels, bed and breakfasts, to multi-hundred room properties.
Nuremberg was an early centre of humanism, science, printing, and mechanical invention. The city contributed much to the science of astronomy. In 1471 Johannes Mueller of Königsberg (Bavaria), later called Regiomontanus, built an astronomical observatory in Nuremberg and published many important astronomical charts.
In 1515, Albrecht Dürer, a native of Nuremberg, created woodcuts of the first maps of the stars of the northern and southern hemispheres, producing the first printed star charts, which had been ordered by Johannes Stabius. Around 1515 Dürer also published the "Stabiussche Weltkarte", the first perspective drawing of the terrestrial globe.
Printers and publishers have a long history in Nuremberg. Many of these publishers worked with well-known artists of the day to produce books that could also be considered works of art. In 1470 Anton Koberger opened Europe's first print shop in Nuremberg. In 1493, he published the Nuremberg Chronicles, also known as the World Chronicles (Schedelsche Weltchronik), an illustrated history of the world from the creation to the present day. It was written in the local Franconian dialect by Hartmann Schedel and had illustrations by Michael Wohlgemuth, Wilhelm Pleydenwurff, and Albrecht Dürer. Others furthered geographical knowledge and travel by map making. Notable among these was navigator and geographer Martin Behaim, who made the first world globe.
Composed of prosperous artisans, the guilds of the
The academy of fine arts situated in Nuremberg is the oldest art academy in central Europe and looks back to a tradition of 350 years of artistic education.
Nuremberg is also famous for its Christkindlesmarkt (Christmas market), which draws well over a million shoppers each year. The market is famous for its handmade ornaments and delicacies.
- Germanisches Nationalmuseum
- House of Albrecht Dürer
- Kunsthalle Nürnberg
- Kunstverein Nürnberg
- Neues Museum Nürnberg (Modern Art Museum)
- Nuremberg Toy Museum
- Nuremberg Transport Museum
The Nuremberg State Theatre, founded in 1906, is dedicated to all types of opera, ballet and stage theatre. During the season 2009/2010, the theatre presented 651 performances for an audience of 240,000 persons. The State Philharmonic Nuremberg (Staatsphilharmonie Nürnberg) is the orchestra of the State Theatre. Its name was changed in 2011 from its previous name: The Nuremberg Philharmonic (Nürnberger Philharmoniker). It is the second-largest opera orchestra in Bavaria. Besides opera performances, it also presents its own subscription concert series in the Meistersingerhalle. Christof Perick was the principal conductor of the orchestra between 2006 and 2011. Marcus Bosch heads the orchestra since September 2011.
The Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra (Nürnberger Symphoniker) performs around 100 concerts a year to a combined annual audience of more than 180,000. The regular subscription concert series are mostly performed in the Meistersingerhalle but other venues are used as well, including the new concert hall of the Kongresshalle and the Serenadenhof. Alexander Shelley has been the principal conductor of the orchestra since 2009.
The Nuremberg International Chamber Music Festival (Internationales Kammermusikfestival Nürnberg) takes place in early September each year, and in 2011 celebrated its tenth anniversary. Concerts take place around the city; opening and closing events are held in the medieval Burg. The Bardentreffen, an annual folk festival in Nuremberg, has been deemed the largest world music festival in Germany and takes place since 1976. 2014 the Bardentreffen starred 368 artists from 31 nations.
Nuremberg is known for Nürnberger Bratwurst, which is shorter and thinner than other bratwurst sausages.
Another Nuremberg speciality is Nürnberger Lebkuchen, a kind of gingerbread eaten mainly around Christmas time.
Nuremberg has 51 public and 6 private elementary schools in nearly all of its districts. Secondary education is offered at 23
Nuremberg hosts the joint university
- Nuremberg Castle: the three castles that tower over the city including central burgraves' castle, with Free Reich's buildings to the east, the Imperial castle to the west.
- Heilig-Geist-Spital. In the centre of the city, on the bank of the river Pegnitz, stands the Hospital of the Holy Spirit. Founded in 1332, this is one of the largest hospitals of the Middle Ages. Lepers were kept here at some distance from the other patients. It now houses elderly persons and a restaurant.
- The Hauptmarkt, dominated by the front of the unique Fleischbrückecrosses the Pegnitz nearby.
- The Gothic Lorenzkirche (St. Laurence church) dominates the southern part of the walled city and is one of the most important buildings in Nuremberg. The main body was built around 1270–1350.
- The even earlier and equally impressive Sebalduskircheis St. Lorenz's counterpart in the northern part of the old city.
- The church of the former Katharinenkloster is preserved as a ruin, the charterhouse (Kartause) is integrated into the building of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum and the choir of the former Franziskanerkirche is part of a modern building.
- Other churches located inside the city walls are:
- The Germanisches Nationalmuseum is Germany's largest museum of cultural history, among its exhibits are works of famous painters such as Albrecht Dürer, Rembrandt, and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.
- The Neues Museum Nürnberg is a museum for modern and contemporary art.
- The Walburga Chapel and the Romanesque Doppelkapelle (Chapel with two floors) are part of Nuremberg Castle.
- The Johannisfriedhof is a medieval cemetery, containing many old graves (Albrecht Dürer, Willibald Pirckheimer, and others). The Rochusfriedhof or the Wöhrder Kirchhof are near the Old Town.
- The Chain Bridge (Kettensteg), the first chain bridge on the European continent.
- The Tiergarten Nürnberg is a zoo stretching over more than 60 hectares (148 acres) in the Nuremberg Reichswald(or Nürnberger Reichswald) forest.
- There is also a medieval market just inside the city walls, selling handcrafted goods.
- The German National Railways Museum (in German) (an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage) is located in Nuremberg.
- The Nuremberg Ring (now welded within an iron fence of Schöner Brunnen) is said to bring good luck to those that spin it.
- The Nazi party rally grounds with the documentation-center.
Nuremberg from Spittlertor
(Hospice of the Holy Spirit)
Pilatushaus and Nuremberg Castle
Nuremberg Business Area
Palace of Justice, place of theNuremberg Trials
At local level, Nuremberg has historically been left-leaning in the conservative state of Bavaria – since the end of World War II, the city has mainly elected SPD mayors with the exception of Ludwig Scholz (elected 1996, served until 2002) and Marcus König (elected 2020). From 1957 to 1987, the position of Chief Mayor (Oberbürgermeister) was continuously held by Andreas Urschlechter (SPD) for 30 years.
The current mayor of Nuremberg is Marcus König of the Christian Social Union (CSU) since 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 15 March 2020, with a runoff held on 29 March, and the results were as follows:
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Marcus König||Christian Social Union||66,521||36.5||103,865||52.2|
|Thorsten Brehm||Social Democratic Party||63,742||34.9||95,237||47.8|
|Verena Osgyan||Alliance 90/The Greens||27,535||15.1|
|Roland Hübscher||Alternative for Germany||7,696||4.2|
|Titus Schüller||The Left||4,631||2.5|
|Florian Betz||Pirate Party/Die PARTEI||2,153||1.2|
|Christian Rechholz||Ecological Democratic Party||2,029||1.1|
|Ümit Sormaz||Free Democratic Party||1,905||1.0|
|Marion Padua||Left List Nuremberg||1,469||0.8|
|Fridrich Luft||Citizens' Initiative A (BIA)||869||0.5|
|Philipp Schramm||The Good Ones (Guten)||637||0.4|
|Source: City of Nuremberg (1st round, 2nd round)|
The Nuremberg city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 15 March 2020, and the results were as follows:
|Christian Social Union (CSU)||3,584,755||31.3||1.9||22||1|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||2,943,118||25.7||18.4||18||13|
|Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)||2,283,988||20.0||11.0||14||8|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||650,369||5.7||New||4||New|
|The Left (Die Linke)||449,463||3.9||New||3||New|
|Free Voters of Bavaria (FW)||324,475||2.8||0.0||2||0|
|Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP)||265,079||2.3||0.2||2||0|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||241,329||2.1||0.1||1||0|
|Die PARTEI/Pirate Party (PARTEI/Piraten)||194,693||1.7||New||1||0|
|Socio-Cultural Freedom, Participation and Sustainability (Politbande)||190,710||1.7||New||1||New|
|Left List Nuremberg||151,992||1.3||2.8||1||2|
|The Good Ones (Guten)||95,862||0.8||0.9||1||0|
|Citizens' Initiative A (BIA)||62,374||0.6||2.5||0||2|
|Source: City of Nuremberg|
The city's location next to numerous highways, railways, and a waterway has contributed to its rising importance for trade with Eastern Europe.
City and regional transport
The Nuremberg tramway network was opened in 1881. As of 2008[update], it extends a total length of 36 km (22 mi), has six lines, and carried 39.152 million passengers annually. The first segment of the Nuremberg U-Bahn metro system was opened in 1972. Nuremberg's trams, buses and U-Bahn are operated by the Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft Nürnberg (VAG; Nuremberg Transport Corporation), a member of the Verkehrsverbund Großraum Nürnberg (VGN; Greater Nuremberg Transport Network).
There is also a Nuremberg S-Bahn suburban metro railway and a regional train network, both centred on Nürnberg Hauptbahnhof. Since 2008, Nuremberg has had the first U-Bahn in Germany (U2/U21 and U3) that works without a driver. It also was the first subway system worldwide in which both driver-operated trains and computer-controlled trains shared tracks.
Nuremberg is located at the junction of several important Autobahn routes. The
Nuremberg is an important port on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal.
- German Champion: 1920, 1921, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1936, 1948, 1961, 1968
- German Cup: 1935, 1939, 1962, 2007
TuS Bar Kochba is a league that was founded in 1913 as a social-sport club for the Jewish community in Nürnberg. Established as the "Jewish Gymnastics and Sports Club Nuremberg", the league was dissolved by the Nazi party in 1939. It was reformed in 1966. The club plays in the senior A-league of the Bavarian Football Association.
The SELLBYTEL Baskets Nürnberg played in the Basketball Bundesliga from 2005 to 2007. Since then, teams from Nuremberg have attempted to return to Germany's elite league. The recently founded Nürnberg Falcons BC have already established themselves as one of the main teams in Germany's second division ProA and aim to take on the heritage of the SELLBYTEL Baskets Nürnberg. The Falcons play their home games at the KIA Metropol Arena.
The Nürnberg Ice Tigers play in the country's premier league, the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. They've been runner-up in 1999 and 2007. The Ice Tigers play their home games at the Arena Nürnberger Versicherung.
Twin towns – sister cities
- Nice, France, since 1954
- Kraków, Poland, since 1979
- Skopje, North Macedonia, since 1982
- San Carlos, Nicaragua, since 1985
- Glasgow, Scotland, since 1985
- Prague, Czech Republic, since 1990
- Kharkiv, Ukraine, since 1990
- Hadera, Israel, since 1995
- Shenzhen, China, since 1997
- Antalya, Turkey, since 1997
- Atlanta, United States, since 1998
- Kavala, Greece, since 1999
- Córdoba, Spain, since 2010
Nuremberg also cooperates with:
Nuremberg maintains friendly relations with:
- The arts
- Michael Wolgemut (1434–1519), painter and printmaker
- Hans Folz (c. 1437–1513), author and poet
- Veit Stoss (c. 1450–1533), Renaissance sculptor, mostly in wood
- Peter Vischer the Elder (c. 1455–1529), sculptor
- Adam Kraft (c. 1460–1509), stone sculptor, master builder and architect
- Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528), painter, engraver, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance
- Hans Leonhard Schäufelein (c. 1480–1540), artist, painter and designer of woodcuts
- Hans Sachs (1494–1576), German Meistersinger, poet, playwright and shoemaker
- Augustin Hirschvogel (1503–1553), artist, mathematician and cartographer
- Georg Philipp Harsdörffer (1607–1658), jurist, Baroque-period German poet and translator
- Michael Sigismund Frank (1770–1847), Catholic artist, rediscovered glass-painting
- Lorenz Ritter (1832–1921), painter and etcher
- Philipp Rupprecht (1900–1975), cartoonist of anti-Semitic caricatures
- Hermann Kesten (1900–1996), novelist and dramatist
- Eliyahu Koren (1907–2001), master typographer, graphic artist and designer
- Hermann Zapf (1918–2015), typographer and calligrapher
- Peter Angermann (born 1945), painter
- Christoph Dreher (born 1952), filmmaker, musician and scriptwriter
- Katy Garretson (born 1963), American TV director and producer
- Martina Schradi (born 1972), author, cartoonist and psychologist
- Conrad Paumann (c. 1410–1473), organist, lutenist and composer
- Hans Sachs (1494–1576), Meistersinger, poet, playwright, and shoemaker
- musicologist, cantor, theologian and hymn-writer
- Johann Pachelbel (1653–1706), composer, organist, and teacher
- Bernhard Molique (1802–1869), German violinist and composer
- Hugo Distler (1908–1942), organist, choral conductor, teacher and composer
- Martha Mödl (1912–2001), Wagner soprano/mezzo-soprano
- Chaya Arbel (1921–2007), Israeli classical composer
- Siegfried Jerusalem (born 1940), operatic tenor
- Kevin Coyne (1944–2004), English musician, singer, composer, film-maker, and writer
- Rudi Mahall (born 1966), contemporary jazz bass clarinet player
- Margarete Haagen (1889–1966), actress
- Wolfgang Preiss (1910–2002), actor
- Heinz Bernard (1923–1994), British actor and director and theatre manager
- Annette Carell (1926–1967), American actress
- Sandra Bullock (born 1964), American actress, producer, and philanthropist
- Tom Beck (born 1978), actor, singer, and entrepreneur
- Science and business
- Bernhard Walther (1430–1504), German merchant, humanist and astronomer
- Anton Koberger (c. 1440–1513), goldsmith, printer and publisher
- Martin Behaim (1459–1507), German textile merchant and cartographer
- Peter Henlein (1485–1542), locksmith and clockmaker, invented the world's first watch
- Kunz Lochner (1510–1567), plate armourer, blacksmith and silversmith
- Joachim Camerarius the Younger (1534–1598), physician, botanist and zoologist
- Kaspar Uttenhofer (1588–1621), astronomer, author
- Johann Christoph Volkamer (1644–1720), merchant, manufacturer and botanist
- Maria Sybilla Merian(1647–1717), naturalist and scientific illustrator
- Johann Philipp von Wurzelbauer (1651–1725), astronomer
- John Miller (1715–ca.1792), engraver and botanist active in London
- Johann Kaspar Hechtel (1771–1799), brass factory owner, non-fiction writer and designer of parlour games
- Ernst von Bibra (1806–1878), scientist, naturalist and author
- Johann Sigmund Schuckert (1846–1895), electrical engineer, pioneer of the electrical industry
- Siegfried Bettmann (1868–1951), bicycle, motorcycle and car manufacturer
- Ernst Freiherr Stromer von Reichenbach (1871–1952), paleontologist
- Ulrich Rück (1882–1962), collector of musical instruments, chemist and dealer in pianos
- Isabella Weber (born 1987), economist active in the United States
- Otto Metzger (1885–1961), German-British engineer and inventor
- Karl Bechert (1901–1981), theoretical physicist in atomic physics and politician
- Peter Owen (1927–2016), British publisher, founded Peter Owen Publishers.
- regional scientistand academic
- Public thinking and public service
- Saint Sebaldus of Nuremberg (11th century), the patron saint of Nuremberg
- Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia (1361–1419), King of Bohemia and German King
- Holy Roman emperor from 1433 until 1437.
- Burgrave of Nuremberg in 1397–1427
- Hartmann Schedel (1440–1514), physician, humanist, historian and cartographer
- Caritas Pirckheimer (1467–1532), Abbess at the time of the Reformation
- Johannes Pfefferkorn (1469–1523), Catholic theologian and convert from Judaism
- Renaissance humanist, lawyer and author
- Franz Schmidt (1555–1634), executioner and diarist
- Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach (1804–1872), philosopher and anthropologist
- Gottlieb Christoph Adolf von Harless (1806–1879), Lutheran theologian
- Helene von Forster (1859–1923), women's rights activist and author
- Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein (1870–1948), general
- August Engelhardt (1875–1919), founded a sect of sun worshipers in German New Guinea .
- Johanna Hellman (1889–1982), German-Swedish surgeon
- Auschwitz and Ravensbrück
- Karl Holz (1895–1945), Nazi Party politician
- Käte Strobel (1907–1996), politician, Federal Minister of Healthcare (1966–1969), Federal Minister of Youth, Family and Health (1969–1972)
- Ronald Grierson (1921–2014), British banker, businessman, government advisor and British Army officer
- Werner Heubeck CBE (1923–2009), Luftwaffe PoW and a British transport executive
- Arnold Hans Weiss(1924–2010), U.S. Army intelligence officer, helped find Hitler's will
- Günther Beckstein (born 1943), politician, Minister President of Bavaria (2007–2008)
- Robert Kurz(1943–2012), Marxist philosopher, social critic and journalist
- Thomas Händel (born 1953), politician and Member of the European Parliament
- Ulrich Maly (born 1960), politician, Mayor of Nuremberg (2002–2020)
- Markus Söder (born 1967), politician, Minister President of Bavaria since 2018
- Ines Eichmüller (born 1980), politician, former national spokesperson for the Green Youth
- Heinrich Stuhlfauth (1896–1966), soccer-player
- Hans Nüsslein (1910–1991), tennis player and coach
- Olga Jensch-Jordan (1913–2000), springboard diver
- Fritz Riess (1922–1991), racing driver
- Max Morlock (1925–1994), soccer-player
- Günther Meier (1941–2020), amateur boxer, bronze medalist at the 1968 Summer Olympics
- Norbert Schramm (born 1960), figure skater
- Alex Wright (born 1975), British-German professional wrestler
- Deniz Aytekin (born 1978), soccer-referee
- Hannah Stockbauer (born 1982), swimmer, bronze medalist at the 2004 Summer Olympics
- Florian Just (born 1982), pair skater
- Absolute Andy (born 1983), professional wrestler
- Maximilian Müller (born 1987), field hockey player, gold medalist at the 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics
- Nicole Vaidišová (born 1989), Czech tennis player
- Dominik Eberle (born 1996), American football player
- List of mayors of Nuremberg
- Norisring Racetrack, where Pedro Rodriguez died in 1971
- Nuremberg Architecture Prize
Notes and references
- Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)
- "Daten und Fakten – Stadtportal Nürnberg". www.nuernberg.de. Archived from the original on 23 July 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
- Region Nürnberg Archived 4 July 2022 at the Wayback Machine on hey.bayern
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