O'Reilly Media

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

O’Reilly Media, Inc.
Ingram Publisher Services[1]
Publication typesbooks, videos
Official websitewww.oreilly.com

O'Reilly Media, Inc. (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American learning company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books, produces tech conferences, and provides an online learning platform. Its distinctive brand features a woodcut of an animal on many of its book covers.


Early days

O'Reilly Media is best known for its color-coded "Animal Books".

The company began in 1978 as a private consulting firm doing technical writing, based in the Cambridge, Massachusetts area. In 1984, it began to retain publishing rights on manuals created for Unix vendors. A few 70-page "Nutshell Handbooks" were well-received, but the focus remained on the consulting business until 1988. After a conference displaying O'Reilly's preliminary Xlib manuals attracted significant attention, the company began increasing production of manuals and books. The original cover art consisted of animal designs developed by Edie Freedman because she thought that Unix program names sounded like "weird animals".[2]

Global Network Navigator

In 1993 O'Reilly Media created the first web portal, when they launched one of the first Web-based resources, Global Network Navigator.[2] GNN was sold to AOL in 1995, in one of the first large transactions of the dot-com bubble. GNN was the first site on the World Wide Web to feature paid advertising.[3]


In March 2020, O'Reilly announced they would be closing the live conferences arm of their business.[4]

Although O'Reilly Media got its start in publishing, roughly two decades after its genesis the company expanded into event production. In 1997, O'Reilly launched The Perl Conference to cross-promote its books on the

FOO Camp. Past events of note include the O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference and the Web 2.0 Summit. Overall, O'Reilly describes its business not as publishing or conferences, but as "changing the world by spreading the knowledge of innovators."[5]

Today, the company offers a variety of conferences including:

Discontinued conferences

  • O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference (2001 as O'Reilly P2P Conference;[6] 2002–2009)[7]
  • Fluent
  • Tools of Change (TOC) Conference (2007–2013)[8]
  • The Next:Economy Summit
  • The Next:Money Summit
  • The Solid Conference
  • The O'Reilly Design Conference
  • Web 2.0 Summit (co-produced with TechWeb)
  • Web 2.0 Expo (co-produced with TechWeb)
  • MySQL Conference and Expo (co-presented by MySQL AB, until 2008, then by Sun Microsystems since 2009, now by Oracle Corporation since 2010.)
  • RailsConf (co-presented by Ruby Central)
  • Where 2.0
  • Money:Tech
  • Gov 2.0 Expo and Gov 2.0 Summit (co-produced with TechWeb)
  • O'Reilly school of technology discontinued as of January 6, 2016

O'Reilly Network

In the late 1990s, O'Reilly founded the O'Reilly Network, which grew to include sites such as:

  • LinuxDevCenter.com
  • MacDevCenter.com
  • WindowsDevCenter.com
  • ONLamp.com
  • O'Reilly Radar

In 2008 the company revised its online model and stopped publishing on several of its sites (including Codezoo and O'Reilly Connection).[9] The company also produced dev2dev (a WebLogic-oriented site) in association with BEA and java.net (an open-source community for Java programmers) in association with Sun Microsystems and CollabNet.

O'Reilly Online Learning (formerly Safari Books Online)

In 2001, O'Reilly launched Safari Books Online, a subscription-based service providing access to ebooks and videos as a joint venture with the


In 2014, O'Reilly Media acquired Pearson's stake, making Safari Books Online a wholly owned subsidiary of O'Reilly Media.[10] O'Reilly did a redesign of the site and had success in expanding beyond Safari's core B2C market into the B2B Enterprise market.

In 2017, O'Reilly Media announced they were no longer selling books online, including eBooks. Instead, everyone was encouraged to sign up for Safari or purchase books through online retailers such as Amazon.[11]

In 2018, O’Reilly Media rebranded Safari to what is now O’Reilly online learning. The platform includes books, videos, live online training, O’Reilly conference videos, and more. In 2019, O'Reilly acquired Katacoda so users can experiment with code in the website itself.[12]

Web 2.0 phrase

In 2003, after the

dot com bust, O'Reilly's corporate goal was to reignite enthusiasm in the computer industry. To do this, Dale Dougherty and Tim O'Reilly decided to use the term "Web 2.0" coined in January 1999 by Darcy DiNucci
. The term was used for the Web 2.0 Summit run by O'Reilly Media and TechWeb (formerly CMP Media). CMP registered Web 2.0 as a Service Mark "for arranging and conducting live events, namely trade shows, expositions, business conferences and educational conferences in various fields of computers and information technology." Web 2.0 framed what distinguished the companies that survived the dot com bust from those that died, and identified key drivers of future success, including what is now called “cloud computing,” big data, and new approaches to iterative, data-driven software development.

Learning the vi Editor
has been incorporated into the O'Reilly logo.

In May 2006 CMP Media learned of an impending event called the "Web 2.0 Half day conference." Concerned over their obligation to take reasonable means to enforce their trade and service marks CMP sent a cease and desist letter to the non-profit Irish organizers of the event. This attempt to restrict through legal mechanisms the use of the term was criticized by some. The legal issue was resolved by O'Reilly's apologizing for the early and aggressive involvement of attorneys, rather than simply calling the organizers, and allowing them to use the service mark for this single event.[13]

Make: and Craft:

In January 2005 the company launched Make: magazine and in 2006 it launched Maker Faire. The flagship Maker Faire in San Mateo, CA, drew over 130,000 attendees. Other Faires around the world collectively draw millions.[14] In 2012, O'Reilly Media spun out the Make properties into a separate venture-backed company, Maker Media, headed up by former O'Reilly executive and Make founder Dale Dougherty.[15]

In the fall of 2006, O'Reilly added a second magazine, Craft:, with the tagline "Transforming Traditional Crafts." Craft: folded in 2009.

In the summer of 2019, Maker Media laid off its entire staff and ceased operations.[16]

Post–Tim O'Reilly era

In 2011, Tim O'Reilly stepped down from his day-to-day duties as O'Reilly Media CEO to focus his energy and attention on the

Gov 2.0
movement. Since then, the company has been run by Laura Baldwin. Baldwin comes from a finance and consulting background.

Infinite Skills acquisition

In 2014 O'Reilly acquired Infinite Skills, a Canadian publisher of online and DVD video courses.[17]


O'Reilly uses

copyright law, it is still quite restrictive compared with other, widely used, licenses offered by Creative Commons.[18]

See also


  1. ^ "Publishers We Work With - Book Distribution | Ingram Content Group". Archived from the original on September 7, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Levy, Steven (October 2005). "The Trend Spotter". Wired. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
  3. .
  4. ^ Baer (dbInsight), Tony. "O'Reilly closes the live conference business". ZDNet. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "Reflections on our First 25 Years". October 22, 2014. Archived from the original on March 17, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  6. ^ "O'Reilly Peer to Peer Conference". 2001. Archived from the original on January 21, 2003.
  7. ^ "O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference". Archived from the original on December 13, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  8. ^ O'Reilly, Tim (May 2, 2013). "Ending the TOC Conference, But Still Pushing Tools of Change for Publishing". O'Reilly Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Codezoo and Connection landing page". Oreilly.com. October 3, 2007. Archived from the original on May 28, 2018. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  10. ^ "O'Reilly purchases Pearson's stake in Safari". O'Reilly Media. August 4, 2014. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  11. ^ "We're reinventing,too". O'Reilly Media. June 29, 2017. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  12. ^ "O'Reilly acquires Katacoda—and a new way for 2.5M customers to learn". O'Reilly Media. November 19, 2019. Archived from the original on November 20, 2019. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  13. ^ Ivry, Sara (May 29, 2006). "Squabble Over Name Ruffles a Web Utopia". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  14. ^ "Maker Faire - Make a Maker Faire - Maker Faire". Maker Faire. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  15. ^ O'Reilly, Tim (January 24, 2013). "Why We Spun Out Maker Media". O'Reilly Media. Archived from the original on February 4, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
  16. ^ Constine, Josh. "Maker Faire halts operations and lays off all staff". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on August 8, 2019. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  17. ^ Kayla Baum. "Announcement: Infinite Skills Has Been Acquired by O'Reilly Media!". Infinite Skills Training Videos. Archived from the original on June 3, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  18. ^ "O'Reilly First to Adopt Founders' Copyright: Publisher Restores Balance to Copyright with New Legal Option from Creative Commons". April 23, 2003. Archived from the original on May 28, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2016.

External links