Apart from the
As a way of describing spatial areas, the concept of regions is important and widely used among the many branches of geography, each of which can describe areas in regional terms. For example, ecoregion is a term used in
In the fields of
Global regions distinguishable from space, and are therefore clearly distinguished by the two basic terrestrial environments, land and
Continental regions are usually based on broad experiences in human history and attempt to reduce very large areas to more manageable
Some continental regions are defined by the major continental feature of their identity, such as the Amazon basin, or the Sahara, which both occupy a significant percentage of their respective continental land area.
To a large extent, major continental regions are mental constructs created by considering an efficient way to define large areas of the continents. For the most part, the images of the world are derived as much from academic studies, from all types of media, or from personal experience of global exploration. They are a matter of collective human knowledge of their own planet and are attempts to better understand their environments.
In describing historic regions of America, Meinig writes of "The Great Fishery" off the coast of Newfoundland and New England, an oceanic region that includes the
In Russia, historical regions include Siberia and the Russian North, as well as the Ural Mountains. These regions had an identity that developed from the early modern period and led to Siberian regionalism.
A tourism region is a geographical region that has been designated by a governmental organization or
Some of the more famous tourism regions based on historical or current administrative regions include
Natural resource regions
Sometimes a region associated with a religion is given a name, like
Within some religions there are clearly defined regions. The
For example, the United States is divided into 32 Roman Catholic
In the field of
The word "region" is taken from the Latin regio (derived from regere, 'to rule'), and a number of countries have borrowed the term as the formal name for a type of subnational entity (e.g., the región, used in Chile). In English, the word is also used as the conventional translation for equivalent terms in other languages (e.g., the область (oblast), used in Russia alongside a broader term регион).
The following countries use the term "region" (or its cognate) as the name of a type of subnational administrative unit:
- Belgium (in French, région; in German, Region; the Dutchterm gewest is often mistakenly translated as "regio")
- Chad ('région, effective from 2002)
- Chile (región)
- Côte d'Ivoire(région)
- Denmark (effective from 2007)
- England (not the United Kingdom as a whole)
- France (région)
- Guinea (région)
- Guinea-Bissau (região)
- Italy (regione)
- Madagascar (région)
- Mali (région)
- Malta (reġjun)
- New Zealand
- Peru (región)
- Portugal (região)
- Philippines (rehiyon)
- Senegal (région)
- Togo (région)
- Trinidad and Tobago(Regional Corporation)
In Spain the official name of the
The government of the
The following countries use an administrative subdivision conventionally referred to as a region in English:
- Bulgaria, which uses the област (oblast)
- Greece, which uses the Περιφέρεια (periferia)
- Russia, which uses the область (oblast'), and for some regions the край (krai)
- Ukraine, which uses the область (oblast')
- Slovakia (kraj)
China has five 自治区 (zìzhìqū) and two 特別行政區 (or 特别行政区; tèbiéxíngzhèngqū), which are translated as "
Local administrative regions
There are many relatively small regions based on local government agencies such as districts, agencies, or regions. In general, they are all regions in the general sense of being bounded spatial units. Examples include electoral districts such as
Traditional or informal regions
The traditional territorial divisions of some countries are also commonly rendered in English as "regions". These informal divisions do not form the basis of the modern administrative divisions of these countries, but still define and delimit local regional identity and sense of belonging. Examples are:
Functional regions are usually understood to be the areas organised by the horizontal functional relations (flows, interactions) that are maximised within a region and minimised across its borders so that the principles of internal cohesiveness and external separation regarding spatial interactions are met (see, for instance, Farmer and Fotheringham, 2011; Klapka, Halas, 2016; Smart, 1974). A functional region is not an abstract spatial concept, but to a certain extent it can be regarded as a reflection of the spatial behaviour of individuals in a geographic space. The functional region is conceived as a general concept while its inner structure, inner spatial flows, and interactions need not necessarily show any regular pattern, only selfcontainment. The concept of self-containment remains the only crucial defining characteristic of a functional region. Nodal regions, functional urban regions, daily urban systems, local labour-market areas (LLMAs), or travel-to-work areas (TTWAs) are considered to be special instances of a general functional region that need to fulfil some specific conditions regarding, for instance, the character of the region-organising interaction or the presence of urban cores, (Halas et al., 2015).
In military usage, a region is shorthand for the name of a military
Media geography is a spatio-temporal understanding, brought through different gadgets of media, nowadays, media became inevitable at different proportions and everyone supposed to consumed at different gravity. The spatial attributes are studied with the help of media outputs in shape of images which are contested in nature and pattern as well where politics is inseparable. Media geography is giving spatial understanding of mediated image.
- Autonomous region
- Committee of the Regions
- Continental fragment
- Field (geography)
- Latin names of regions
- Military district
- Regional district
- Regionalism (disambiguation)
- Regional municipality
- Submerged continents
- United Nations geoscheme
- Susan Smith-Peter, "The Six Waves of Russian Regionalism in European Context, 1830–2000", in Russia's Regional Identities: The Power of the Provinces, ed. Edith W. Clowes, Gisela Erbsloh and Ani Kokobobo (London: Routledge, 2018), 14–43.
- Turismo.intoscana.it Archived 2009-11-30 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2009-11-25
- Visitmexico.com Archived 2010-01-02 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 2009-11-25
- Lakedistrict.gov.uk, Retrieved 2009-11-25
- Winecountry.com, Retrieved 2009-11-25
- "Military Units: Army Region". US Department of Defense. Retrieved 2023-05-18.
- Bailey, Robert G. (1996) Ecosystem Geography. New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-94586-5
- ISBN 0-300-03548-9
- Moinuddin Shekh. (2017) " Mediascape and the State: A Geographical Interpretation of Image Politics in Uttar Pradesh, India. Netherland, Springer.
- Smith-Peter, Susan (2018) Imagining Russian Regions: Subnational Identity and Civil Society in Nineteenth-Century Russia. Leiden: Brill, 2017. ISBN 9789004353497