Rickard Sandler

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Rickard Sandler
Minister of Commerce and Industry
In office
14 October 1924 – 24 January 1925
Prime MinisterErnst Trygger
Hjalmar Branting
Preceded byFrederik Thorsson
Succeeded byHenric Tamm
Personal details
Born(1884-01-29)29 January 1884
Torsåker, Sweden
Died12 November 1964(1964-11-12) (aged 80)
Stockholm, Sweden
Political partySocial Democratic
SpouseMaria Lindberg
Alma materUppsala University

Rickard Johannes Sandler (29 January 1884 – 12 November 1964) was a Swedish

minister of commerce and industry from 14 October 1924 to 24 January 1925, Prime Minister from 24 January 1925 to 7 June 1926,[1] and as minister for foreign affairs
from 24 September 1932 to 19 June 1936 and again from 28 September 1936 to 13 December 1939. Sandler is the only social democratic prime minister who did not also hold the post of party chairman. He is also the second-youngest prime minister of Sweden, aged 41 when he took office.

Early life and career

Rickard Sandler was born in

Member of Parliament. After receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree from Uppsala University, Rickard Sandler became a teacher at a folk high school in Kramfors (where his father was headmaster) and another in Brunnsvik. After joining the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League, Sandler's political career took off. He received a Licentiate of Arts degree in 1911 at the age of 26, after which he became a member of the board of the Social Democratic Party, and would remain a member until 1952. In 1917 he became editor-in-chief for Ny Tid, a social democratic newspaper in Gothenburg

Rise in politics

In 1918, in the government of Prime Minister

Fredrik Thorsson. He continued in the same capacity when Hjalmar Branting became prime minister in 1920. In 1921 when Thorsson went on to start the new Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Sandler took his place as the minister of finance, a capacity he held until 1923. In Hjalmar Brantings second government (1921 – 1923), Sandler was a minister without portfolio
, and in the third the minister of commerce and industry. He took the latter position after some persuasion, as he was intent to take up a job as the headmaster of the folk high school in Brunnsvik.

As Prime Minister

When Hjalmar Branting became ill and left office before his death in February 1925, and Fredrik Thorsson who was a likely candidate to replace Branting as prime minister also fell sick and died, Sandler was appointed to the post at the age of 41.

As Prime Minister, Sandler had to deal with the issue of reducing the Swedish military, as had been promised during the election campaign. He was supported by the

vote of no confidence, and defeated the government. The 1928 elections saw Arvid Lindman
of the conservative General Electoral League becoming the prime minister.

Foreign affairs

in 1937. His wife Maria (Maja) Sandler on the left.

Sandler returned to the government in 1932 as minister of foreign affairs, a post he held (except for a brief period in 1936) until 1939. Sandler left the government over a disagreement with the prime minister about the Winter War. Sandler wanted Sweden to actively help Finland after the Soviet Union had attacked it on 30 November 1939, a stance the prime minister did not hold.

Now a deputy, Sandler continued to be influential in Swedish foreign policy. In 1940 he became a member of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs (utrikesutskottet), and the chairman from 1946 to 1964. He was also a United Nations Delegate (1947 – 1960).[2]

Other positions

Sandler was governor of Gävleborg County (1941 – 1952). He was chairman of several governmental inquiries, including the Socialization Committee (1920 – 1936), a commission appointed to audit the Swedish refugee policy during World War II, known as the Sandler Commission (1945 – 1947), and the Commission on the Constitution (1954 – 1963).

Sandler was one of the founders of The Workers' Enlightenment League (

Arbetarnas Bildningsförbund ABF) in 1912. He was the main writer of the Marxist-oriented party program of the Social Democratic Party in 1920. He published the widely circulated statistical outline of social classes "The society as it is" (1911). Between 1926 and 1932 he was director of Statistics Sweden (Statistiska centralbyrån). Sandler translated Das Kapital by Karl Marx into Swedish
, and in 1943 he authored a book on literary and historic secret writings called Cipher.


  1. ^ "Sweden" (in Swedish). World Statesmen. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  2. ^ (in Swedish)Partiledare, PDF document from Socialdemokraterna - s-info.se
  • A major expansion of this article on 23 June 2006 was translated from the Swedish Wikipedia article, sv:Rickard Sandler.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Fredrik Thorsson
Minister for Finance
July – October 1920
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Fredrik Thorsson
Minister of Commerce and Industry

1924 – 1925
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister
1925 – 1926
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Foreign Affairs
1932 – 1936
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Foreign Affairs
1936 – 1939
Succeeded by