Kherson military–civilian administration

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Kherson Military–Civilian Administration
Херсонская Военно-гражданская Администрация
Херсонська військово-цивільна адміністрація
Flag of Russia used by the Kherson Oblast State Administration
Coat of arms of the Kherson Oblast State Administration
Kherson Oblast in Ukraine
Kherson Oblast in Ukraine
Occupying powerRussia
Battle of Kherson2 March 2022
Administrative centerKherson
Government
 • Military CommanderViktor Bedrik[1]
 • GovernorVolodymyr Saldo[2] (Volodymyr Saldo Bloc)
 • Deputy GovernorKirill Stremousov
 • LegislatureSalvation Committee for Peace and Order
Area
 • Total28,461 km2 (10,989 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Total1,016,707
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The Kherson Military–Civilian Administration (Russian: Херсонская военно-гражданская администрация, romanizedChersonskaja vojenno-graždanskaja administracija, Ukrainian: Херсонська військово-цивільна адміністрація, romanizedChersonśka vijśkovo-cyviľna administracija) is a military occupation zone of Russia on the territory of the Kherson Oblast of Ukraine, formed after the fall of Kherson and most of the oblast, which led to the de facto control of most of the territories of the oblast by the Russian government and its armed forces.[4]

In mid-May 2022, the leadership of the Kherson Military–Civilian Administration announced its intention for the region be annexed by the Russian Federation.[5]

Background

On 24 February, Russian forces began an invasion of Ukraine.[6] Fighting began across the Kherson Oblast, resulting in multiple Russian victories.[7][8][9][10] On 2 March, Russian forces captured the capital of the oblast, Kherson,[11] beginning a military occupation of the city and the oblast.[12]

Occupation

Military occupation

Shortly after Kherson was captured, the Russian Ministry of Defence said talks between Russian forces and city administrators regarding the maintenance of order were underway. An agreement was reached in which the Ukrainian flag would still be hoisted in the city while Russia established the new administration. Mayor Ihor Kolykhaiev announced new conditions for the city's residents: citizens could only go outside during daytime and were forbidden to gather in groups. Additionally, cars were only allowed to enter the city to supply food and medicine; these vehicles were to drive at minimum speeds and were subject to searches. Citizens were warned to not provoke Russian soldiers and obey any commands given.[13]

In the first days of the invasion, Russian forces established control over and unblocked the North Crimean Canal, effectively rescinding a longstanding water blockage imposed on Crimea by Ukraine after the 2014 Russian annexation of the peninsula.[14] On 4 March, a Kherson resident told CNN and alleged that Russian soldiers had raped 11 women in Kherson, and six of those women were killed, including a teenager.[15][16] However, Hennadiy Lahuta, the head of the Ukrainian Kherson Regional State Administration, denied these allegations, stating that they were disinformation.[17]

On 5 March, Kolykhaiev said that there was no armed resistance in the city and Russian troops were "quite settled". He requested humanitarian aid, stating that the city lacked power, water, and medicine.[18] Later that day, around 2,000 protesters marched in the city center. The protesters waved Ukrainian flags, sang the national anthem, and chanted patriotic slogans. A video showed Russian soldiers firing into the air to dissuade the protestors. There were also claims that the Russian force had a list of Ukrainian activists in the city that they wanted to capture.[19] On 9 March, the General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces stated that Russia had detained more than 400 people in Kherson due to ongoing protests.[20]

On 12 March, Ukrainian officials claimed that Russia was planning to stage a referendum in Kherson to establish the Kherson People's Republic, similar to the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic. Serhiy Khlan [uk], deputy leader of the Kherson Oblast Council, claimed that the Russian military had called all the members of the council and asked them to cooperate.[21] Lyudmyla Denisova, Ombudsman of Ukraine, stated that the referendum would be illegal because "under Ukrainian law any issues over territory can only be resolved by a nationwide referendum".[22] Later that day, the Kherson Oblast Council passed a resolution stating that the proposed referendum would be illegal.[23]

On 13 March, Ukrayinska Pravda, a Ukrainian newspaper, reported that several thousand people in Kherson took part in a protest.[24] Russian soldiers dispersed the protest with gunfire, stun grenades, and rubber bullets, injuring several people.[25][26]

On 22 March, the Ukrainian government warned Kherson was facing a "humanitarian catastrophe" as the city was running out of food and medical supplies and accused Russia of blocking evacuation of civilians to Ukraine-controlled territory.[27][28] Russia countered by saying that its military helped deliver aid to the city's population.[29] A local journalist stated that there was only a staged event, in which former prisoners from Crimea were brought in to act as locals welcoming the Russians and accepting their assistance.[30] According to several media outlets, residents report intrusive checkpoints, abductions, and Russian looting of shops.[31][32]

Ukrainian counteroffensive

On 23 March, Ukrainian forces launched counterattacks against Russian forces in Kherson Oblast.[33][34] On 25 March, a senior US defense official claimed that the Russian forces no longer had full control of Kherson as the Ukrainians fought "fiercely" to recover the city.[35] However, Ukrainians in the city "questioned the Pentagon’s assessment, saying that the city remained in Russian hands".[36] CNN reported the situation in the city remained unchanged, citing residents confirming Kherson was under full Russian control. According to one resident, Russian forces had only lost a few villages in the province, while CNN earlier reported the Ukrainian counteroffensive was taking place in the northernmost part of the region near Kryvyi Rih.[37]

Military–civilian administration

By the beginning of April, Russian flags began to be used and displayed on the territory of Kherson Oblast.[38][39]

On 18 April, Igor Kastyukevich, a Russian politician and deputy of the 8th State Duma, was allegedly appointed by the Russian government as a de facto mayor for Russian forces on 2 March.[40][41] Kastyukevich denied these reports.[42]

On 26 April, both local authorities and Russian state media reported that Russian troops had taken over the city's administration headquarters and had appointed a new mayor,[43] former KGB agent Oleksandr Kobets, and a new civilian-military regional administrator, ex-mayor Volodymyr Saldo.[44] The next day, Ukraine's Prosecutor General said that troops used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse a pro-Ukraine protest in the city centre.[43]

In an indication of an intended split from Ukraine, on April 28th the new military–Civilian administration announced that from May it would switch the region’s payments to the Russian ruble. Additionally, citing unnamed reports that alleged discrimination against Russian speakers, its deputy head, Kirill Stremousov said that "reintegrating the Kherson region back into a Nazi Ukraine is out of the question".[45]

On 27 April, the Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Siberia approved the expropriation of grain from the Kherson region. Agricultural machinery from the occupied Kherson region was also transported to remote Russian lands, including Chechnya.[46] Lyudmila Denisova, the Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights, has compared this to repeating the Holodomor, a famine in Soviet Ukraine from 1932 to 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians. [47]

On 29 April, Saldo stated that the official languages of the Kherson Oblast would be both Ukrainian and Russian and that the International Settlements Bank from South Ossetia will open 200 branches in the Kherson Oblast soon.[48]

On 1 May, a four-month plan was adopted for a full transition to rubles. At the same time, the Ukrainian hryvnia will remain the current currency along with the ruble for four months.[49]

On 7 May, a new coat of arms was adopted, based on the 1803 coat of arms of the Kherson Governorate of the Russian Empire.[50][51][52][53]

On 9 May, an Immortal Regiment event was staged in the city, celebrating Victory Day. Soviet-era victory flags and red banners were used.[54]

On 11 May 2022, Kirill Stremousov announced his readiness to turn to President Vladimir Putin with a request for Kherson Oblast to join the Russian Federation, noting that there would be no creation of the "Kherson People's Republic" or referendums regarding this matter.[55] Commenting on these statements, Putin's press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that this issue should be decided by the inhabitants of the region and that "these fateful decisions must have an absolutely clear legal background, legal justification, be absolutely legitimate, as was the case with Crimea".[56]

Other events

On 20 April 2022, regional media from Odessa reported that pro-Russian blogger Valery Kuleshov had been killed by Ukrainian partisans in Kherson.[57]

On 23 April 2022, Ukraine's Ministry of Defence claimed a strike on a Russian 49th Combined Arms Army command post near Kherson, saying it killed two generals and critically injuring one. The names of the generals were not released.[58][59]

On 24 April 2022, the Ukrainian Operational Command South reported that the Ukrainian army had liberated eight settlements in Kherson Oblast.[60]

On 25 April 2022, Ihor Kolykhaiev announced that Russian forces had taken control of the Kherson City Council.[61]

On 27 April 2022, the Ukrainian Air Force struck the Kherson TV Tower with a missile temporarily forcing Russian television off-air.[62]

Control of settlements

Name Pop. Raion Held by As of More information
Arkhanhelske 1,769 Beryslav  Russia[63][64] 21 May 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Beryslav 12,123 Beryslav  Russia[65] 30 March 2022 Captured by  Russia 27 February 2022.
Bilyaivka [uk] 684 Beryslav  Russia[66] 26 April 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Blahodatne [uk] 1,008 Kherson  Russia[67] 30 April 2022
Chaplynka 9,539 Kakhovka  Russia[68] 27 April 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Chornobaivka 9,275 Kherson  Russia[69] 27 March 2022 See 2022 Chornobaivka attacks
Captured by  Russia 27 February 2022.
Chulakivka 3,087 Skadovsk  Russia[70] 15 March 2022 Captured by  Russia 15 March 2022.
Dobryanka [uk] 149 Beryslav  Ukraine[71] 6 April 2022
Hornostaivka 603 Henichesk  Russia[72] 27 March 2022 Captured by  Russia 25 February 2022.
Kalynivske 1,075 Beryslav  Russia[68] 27 April 2022 Captured by  Russia 27 April 2022.
Kherson 283,649 Kherson  Russia[73] 25 March 2022 See Battle of Kherson
Captured by  Russia 2 March 2022.
Khreshchenivka [uk] 780 Beryslav  Russia[74] 16 April 2022 Captured by  Russia 16 April 2022.
Kyselivka 2,466 Kherson  Russia[67] 30 April 2022
Nova Kakhovka 45,069 Kherson  Russia[75] 27 February 2022 Captured by  Russia 17 February 2022.
Nova Zorya [uk] 154 Kherson  Ukraine[76] 27 April 2022 Captured by  Russia 9 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 22 March 2022.
Novooleksandrivka [uk] 1,319 Beryslav  Russia[66] 26 April 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Novoraisk 2,376 Beryslav  Russia[68] 27 April 2022 Captured by  Russia 27 April 2022.
Novovorontsovka 6,081 Beryslav  Ukraine[68] 27 April 2022
Novovosnesenske [uk] 622 Beryslav  Ukraine[71] 6 April 2022
Oleksandrivka 2,596 Kherson  Ukraine[77] 1 May 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Russia around 20 April 2022[78]
Oleshky 24,383 Kherson  Russia[79] 24 February 2022 Captured by  Russia 2 March 2022.
Osokorivka 2,747 Beryslav  Ukraine[71] 6 April 2022
Petropavlivka [uk] 722 Beryslav  Russia[66] 26 April 2022 Captured by  Russia 27 February 2022.
Posad-Pokrovske 2,349 Kherson  Ukraine[80] 21 March 2022 Captured by  Russia 9 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 21 March 2022.
Pravdyne [uk] 1,621 Kherson  Russia[81] 12 April 2022
Skadovsk 17,344 Skadovsk  Russia[82] 13 March 2022 Captured by  Russia 9 March 2022.
Tavriyske [uk] 566 Kherson  Ukraine[76] 27 April 2022
Trudolyubivka [uk] 282 Beryslav  Ukraine[71] 6 April 2022
Tyahynka 2,031 Beryslav  Russia[68] 27 April 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Ukrainka [uk] 312 Beryslav  Russia[66] 26 April 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Velyka Oleksandrivka 6,487 Beryslav  Russia[83] 11 May 2022 Captured by  Russia 27 February 2022.
Vysokopillia 3,899 Beryslav  Russia[84][64] 21 May 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Shelled on 15 May 2022.[84]

See also

References

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