Sesemat (exclosure)

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Sesemat exclosure
Map showing the location of Sesemat exclosure
Map showing the location of Sesemat exclosure
Dogu’a Tembien district, Ethiopia
Nearest cityHagere Selam
Coordinates13°37′48″N 39°19′19″E / 13.63°N 39.322°E / 13.63; 39.322Coordinates: 13°37′48″N 39°19′19″E / 13.63°N 39.322°E / 13.63; 39.322
Area46 ha (110 acres)

Sesemat is an

Dogu'a Tembien woreda of the Tigray Region in Ethiopia. The area has been protected since 1993 by the local community.[1]


  • 1993: established as exclosure by the community
  • 2017: support by the EthioTrees project
Sesemat exclosure 2.jpg

Environmental characteristics[1]

  • Area: 46 ha
  • Average slope gradient: 24%
  • Aspect: the exclosure is oriented towards the northeast
  • Minimum altitude: 1943 metres
  • Maximum altitude: 2055 metres
  • Lithology: Antalo Limestone


As a general rule, cattle ranging and wood harvesting are not allowed. The grasses are harvested once yearly and taken to the homesteads of the village to feed livestock. There are two guards to protect the exclosure. Field observations showed that however some illegal grazing occurred in the exclosure in 2018.[1]

Benefits for the community

Setting aside such areas fits with the long-term vision of the communities were hiza’iti lands are set aside for use by the future generations. It has also direct benefits for the community:[2]

  • improved
    ground water
  • honey production
  • climate ameliorator (temperature, moisture)
  • the sequestered carbon (in total 67 tonnes per ha, dominantly sequestered in the soil, and additionally in the woody vegetation)[1] is certified using the Plan Vivo voluntary carbon standard,[3] after which carbon credits are sold
  • the revenues are then reinvested in the villages, according to the priorities of the communities; it may be for an additional class in the village school, a water pond, or conservation in the exclosures.[4]


With vegetation growth, biodiversity in this exclosure hast strongly improved: there is more varied vegetation and

montane white-eye. At dusk the exclosure and surrounding grazing land are good sites to see spotted hyenas.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e De Deyn, Jonathan (2019). Benefits of reforestation on Carbon storage and water infiltration in the context of climate mitigation in North Ethiopia. Master thesis, Ghent University.
  2. .
  3. ^ EthioTrees on Plan Vivo website
  4. .
  5. .

External links