Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
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|Previously known as Marine World (1968–1970s)|
Marine World Africa USA (1970s–1997)
The New Marine World Theme Park (1998)
Six Flags Marine World (1999–2006)
|Slogan||The Thrill Capital of Northern California|
|Operating season||Year round|
|Area||135 acres (55 ha)|
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom (formerly known as Six Flags Marine World, Marine World, The New Marine World Theme Park, and Marine World Africa USA) is a 135-acre (55 ha)
Transportation and facilities
Daily public transportation to the park is provided by
A 7.5 MW solar canopy shading the parking lot was installed in 2019, and provides 11.9
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom opened in 1968 as Marine World, a small
Conversion to a theme park
The number of amusement rides increased over the next few years, including the addition of several major
Addition to the Six Flags chain
After the final operating day of the 1998 season, October 31, the park officially became Six Flags Marine World.[
In 2000, the park opened its fourth major roller coaster dubbed Medusa. Medusa was designed by Bolliger & Mabillard. Medusa lasts three minutes; starting with a 150-foot-tall (46 m) drop, it then executes a 128-foot-tall (39 m) vertical loop, a dive loop, a Zero-G roll, a sea serpent roll, and two corkscrews. Medusa is one of the park's most popular rides. With the addition of Medusa, the park also received the Cobra family coaster and built a new parking lot south of the park.
The park received its fifth major roller coaster in 2001,
In 2002, due to local building restrictions, the height limit on all roller coasters at the park is 150 feet (46 m), while V2: Vertical Velocity exceeded that limit by about 36 feet (11 m). Thus, they lowered the coaster's reverse tower 36 feet (11 m) and turned the forward tower into a 45° angle with an incline
The park added its sixth major roller coaster, Zonga, in 2003. Designed by
On October 30, 2004, an accident on nearby I-80 caused power to go out in the park, resulting in several dozen riders getting stranded on roller coasters. No injuries were reported, but the park did close several hours early.
In 2006, Tava's Jungleland opened, a children's area located in the back of the park near the main land animal displays featuring nine new wild animal displays.
Rebranding to Discovery Kingdom
On January 17, 2007, the park announced its new name: Six Flags Discovery Kingdom. The new name reflects the image of an animal park, a thrill-ride park, and a marine park. The park was separated into different themed areas: Land (exotic land animals), Sea (marine mammals) and Sky (roller coasters). US$16 million was spent on modifications including new heavy duty titanium bars in the animal cages, new shows, and converting the 3D theater into a "4D" theater. The park also added a Thomas the Tank Engine-themed children's area called Thomas Town, which opened June 20, 2007.
On June 5, 2007, Six Flags Parks confirmed media reports that Six Flags would exercise their option to buy the park.
In 2008, the park closed the IWerks 3D Turbo Theater due to escalating repair costs on the out-of-date operating system and hardware. The park received its eighth roller coaster named Tony Hawk's Big Spin, which was located on the former Zonga concrete pad. The ride featured a unique layout compared to the three other coasters which share the name, including a base frame instead of permanent concrete footers and a higher top speed. Tony Hawk's Big Spin opened on May 23, 2008. That same year, the park completed its longest operating season offering "Holiday in the Park" through the first week of January.
In 2009, Discovery Kingdom introduced the all-new Odin's Temple of the Tiger. The new tiger show features a diving white tiger named Odin. Discovery Kingdom also initially acquired two new Bengal tiger cubs, Nalin and Akasha.
In 2011 to 2022, Discovery Kingdom introduced the all-new Merlin's Dolphin Show. The new dolphin show features a diving gray dolphin named Squeaky. Discovery Kingdom also initially acquired two new striped dolphins, Rascal and Umiko. The holiday events are Fright Fest and Holiday In The Park tonight!
In late 2010, Six Flags Parks began the process of removing licensed themes from attractions. They terminated several licenses including those with Thomas the Tank Engine and Tony Hawk. Tony Hawk's Big Spin was renamed and re-themed to Big Spin, then Pandemonium. Big Spin was later removed and replaced with Superman: Ultimate Flight opening in 2012. Thomas Town was renamed and re-themed as Seaside Junction in time for the 2011 season. For the 2011 season, the park introduced the SkyScreamer. The swing ride is 150 feet (46 m) high and soars in a 98-foot (30 m) circle at speeds over 43 miles per hour (69 km/h). The ride opened on May 27, 2011.
In 2012, the park added a steel Premier Rides roller coaster called Superman: Ultimate Flight. It is the tallest roller coaster inversion west of the Mississippi River, measuring 150 feet (46 m) in height. It includes "two upside down twists and two vertical rolls over a track length of 863 feet (263 m)". In some places, riders traverse speeds of 62 miles per hour (100 km/h).
The park added Cirque Dreams for the 2013 season; the show was held seasonally in the Dolphin Theater area. This show combined acrobats and aerialists performing alongside or above dolphins.
In 2014, Six Flags Discovery Kingdom held a press event for the new Tsunami Soaker water ride, during which the park announced a May 31, 2014 opening to the general public.[needs update] On August 28, 2014, Discovery Kingdom announced the new Dare Devil Chaos Coaster flat ride for the 2015 season. It is a standard 22M Larson Superloop pendulum flat ride that rocks riders back and forth inside a 360 degree loop. It opened to the public on May 23, 2015. On July 16, 2015, the park announced that Roar would close on August 16, 2015.
On September 3, 2015, the park announced their tenth major thrill coaster, The Joker, which is a hybrid transformation of Roar. The conversion was performed by Rocky Mountain Construction. The coaster features a 100-foot height, a 78-degree drop, and three inversions including the world's first step-up under flip inverted roll.
In February 2016, the park opened Pacific Rim 5-D, an in-theater, special effects 3D movie, on a limited and trial-run basis. The experience is based on the Warner Bros. Pictures' and Legendary Pictures' sci-fi movie Pacific Rim. Guests watch part of the movie wearing 3D glasses while sitting in seats that move, shake and bounce in response to the action on the movie screen.
In April 2017, Six Flags entered into an agreement with the owner of
Each fall, Discovery Kingdom opens Fright Fest for Halloween, consisting of six haunted houses, scare zones, and many ghouls are added throughout the park. Tinseltown Terror haunted house is located in the park's bumper car ride and the Brutal Planet haunted house is located in the Roar plaza. The scare zone is located between Ocean Discovery and the entry plaza, where cockroach eating contests are held. In 2007, Discovery Kingdom introduced the Wheel of Fright and the Coffin of Fear for Fright Fest. 2007 also brought the addition of the Kamp Khaos haunted house, replacing Brutal Planet. Kamp Khaos was placed inside the Monsoon Falls water ride lagoon.
The other major seasonal event,
Rides and attractions
|Batman: The Ride||
|2019||4-D Free Spin||DC Universe|
|Boomerang: Coast to Coaster||Vekoma||1998||Boomerang||Land|
|Cobra||Zierer||2000||Tivoli - Large||Sky|
|Vekoma||1998||SLC (689m Standard)||Sky|
|Medusa||Bolliger & Mabillard||2000||Floorless Coaster||Sky|
|Roadrunner Express||Zamperla||1999||Family Gravity Coaster 80STD||Looney Tunes Seaport|
|Sidewinder Safari||Zamperla||2022||Spinning Coaster||Land|
|Superman: Ultimate Flight||Premier Rides||2012||Sky Rocket II||DC Universe|
|The Flash: Vertical Velocity||Intamin||2001||Twisted Impulse Coaster||DC Universe|
|The Joker||Rocky Mountain Construction||2016||I-Box - Custom||DC Universe|
|Dare Devil Chaos Coaster||Larson International||2015||22m Giant Loop||Sky|
|Wonder Woman: Lasso of Truth||Zamperla||2017||Giant Discovery||DC Universe|
|Boardwalk Bumper Buggies||C & S (Floor) and Ninja (Cars)||1998||Bumper cars||Sky|
|The Ark||Zamperla||1998||Swinging Ship||Land|
|Wave Swinger||Zamperla||Unknown||Wave Swinger||Sky|
|Monsoon Falls||Intamin||1999||Spillwater water ride||Sky|
|Mack Rides||2014||Twist 'n' Splash||DC Universe|
|White Water Safari||Intamin||1999||River Rapids||Land|
- Looney Tunes Seaport (formerly Popeye's Seaport from 1997 through 1998)
- Acme Fun Factory – A large indoor play structure where children and their parents can shoot foam balls at targets or each other; opened in 1997.
- Pepe Le Pew's Rafts of Romance – Small tea cup ride; opened in 1997.
- Elmer's Weather Balloons (Zamperla Samba Balloons)- A circular ride where kids can spin their cars while the ride changes elevation; opened in 1997.
- Sylvester's Pounce and Bounce (Zamperla Jumpin' Star) – A children's drop ride; opened in 1999.
- Bugs Buccaneer (Sartori kiddie swinging ship); opened in 1999.
- Taz's Typhoon (Zamperla Lolly Swing) – A children's version of the swing ride; opened in 1997.
- Daffy's Deep Sea Dive (Zamperla Crazy Sub) – A yellow submarine where kids and parents experience quick ascents and sudden drops; opened in 1997.
- Foghorn Leghorn's Seaport Railway (Zamperla Rio Grande) – Train ride; opened in 1997.
- Yosemite Sam's Flight School – Small planes where children control how high they go; opened in 1997.
- Seaport Carousel – A small merry-go-round Chance Morgan carousel with exotic animals; opened in 1997.
- Tava's Jungleland (all rides opened in 2006)
- Tava's Elephant Parade – A circular ride where children board small elephants and control their height.
- Congo Queen (Zamperla Rockin' Tug) – A large Tugboat that rocks and spins.
- Safari Jeep Tours – Riders board small Jeeps and traverse a track through animal attractions.
- Nairobi's Lookout Balloons (Zamperla Samba Tower) – Riders board 4-person gondolas and are taken to heights of 35 feet (11 m). Riders are able to spin themselves, which allows the observation tower to become a high speed ride.
- Frog Hopper – A circular ride with "hopping" cars.
- Monkey Around (Zamperla Swing Ride) – A swing ride that offers no changes in elevation.
- Zoe's Tree House (SCS Interactive “Treehouse”) – A large outdoor play structure with slides and look out towers.
- Seaside Junction (all rides opened in 2007 in the former Thomas Town)
All rides were re-themed to "Seaside Junction" in time for the 2011 season.
- Air Penguins (I.E. Park Mini Flight) – A circular ride where children board small helicopters and control their height. It was known as Harold the Helicopter from 2007–2010 in Thomas Town; and re-themed in 2011.
- Merlin’s Seaside Tours (I.E. Park Unknown Model Name) – It was known as Bertie the Bus from 2007–2010 in Thomas Town and re-themed in 2011.
- Seaside Railway – Train ride around the Shark Experience passing: Tidmouth Shed, Lake Hackenbeck, Hackenbeck Station. It was known as Thomas the Tank Engine from 2007–2010 in Thomas Town and re-themed in 2011. Riders used to board into Thomas' coaches Annie and Clarabel. The engine still has Thomas' whistle.
- Rockwall Climbing Challenge – Riders climb a 45 ft (14 m) rock wall.
- Shark Experience – Guest gets to go "underwater" with sharks as they travel on a moving walkway through an underwater tunnel showing various sharks. Species on display include sandbar sharks, blacktip reef sharks, zebra sharks, and nurse sharks.
- Jocko's Walrus Experience – Guest can get face to face with the park's walrus. Walrus training sessions may also be scheduled throughout the day. Featured in the film 50 First Dates.
- Stingray Bay – Located in Ocean Discovery, guests can touch live southern stingrays.
- Penguin Passage – Located in Ocean Discovery, guests can come face to face with African penguins.
- Seal Cove – Located in Ocean Discovery, guests can feed California sea lions and Pacific harbor seals.
- Alligator Isle – An exhibit featuring American alligators.
- Butterfly Habitat – Guests enter a large, glass-enclosed butterfly garden filled with exotic butterflies.
- Cougar Rocks – Guests can get up close to the park's four cougars.
- Odin's Tiger Island – Home of the park's endangered Bengal and Amur tigers.
- Giraffe Encounter – Guests can get up close and feed the giraffes.
- Lion's Den – African lion exhibit.
- Dolphin Harbor – Educational dolphin demonstration presentation.
- Sea Lion Stadium – Located in Ocean Discovery, home of the park's California sea lion, Pacific harbor seal, and Asian small-clawed otter show.
- Toyota Stadium - The park's main dolphin show venue; guests can also get up close to the bottlenose dolphins at the viewing windows behind the stadium. Toyota is the sponsor of this display.
- Odin's Temple of the Tiger – Home to the Odin's Temple of the Tiger Show, a large amphitheater for guests to view the show. A small exhibit for viewing the tigers is located outside the stadium.
- Animal Nursery – Home to baby animals and animals with special needs.
- Reptile Discovery - Located in Tava's Jungleland, guest can view various reptile species.
Past rides and attractions
- Starfish – A circular Chance Trabant ride located near Ski Stadium. The ride was removed after two accidents sent people to the hospital after being thrown from the ride. The ride area is now the Air Penguins ride in Seaside Junction.
- Shoreline Express – The park's train system that transported guests from Shark Experience to Animal Adventure near Jambo. Shoreline Express was removed before the 2006 season to make room for Tava's Jungleland and the newly remodeled Lakeside Pavilion. A small area of track surrounding Shark Experience is currently being used for Seaside Railway.
- Six Flags Astroworld. Zonga operated for two years at the park. The ride regularly opened about two hours after the park and had frequent breakdowns, which contributed to closing the ride. The ride stood silent for the 2005 season and was moved to the Discovery Kingdom parking lot where it sat throughout the 2006 season, leaving a large empty concrete area at the front of the park. In early 2007 the ride was shipped off after being purchased.
- Jambo – One of the first Zamperla Joker rides to be installed in the US. The ride opened in 1998 in the rear of the park near VooDoo. The ride operated for the beginning of the 2006 season, but shut down before summer operation. Shortly after, all rides of the same model in the Six Flags chain shut down, and none have reopened. Jambo was removed in the winter before the 2007 season as well as its sister ride, Trailblazer, at Six Flags Great America.
- 'Round the World Ferris Wheel – A Ferris wheel with balloon gondolas; opened in 1998. In 2007 the ride was removed to make way for the new children's area.
- Turbo Bungee – Riders are harnessed to bungee cords and jump on a trampoline reaching heights where they are capable of front and back flips. Price was $7 per person for 2 minutes.
- iWerks 4D Theater – The theater has been known as DinoSphere, Stargate, or iWerks Turbo Theater although it played seven different films in its time. This was the original thrill ride to be built at the park; opened in 1997 as a 3D theater, it was updated for the 2007 season to include 4D effects which include water sprayers, seat vibrators and bubbles. The theater did not open for the 2008 season due to high maintenance costs. Both the Iwerks 4D theater and its original Dino Island show reopened for the park's 2018 season. However, as of 2019, the Dino Island show was changed to Happy Feet, then shut down indefinitely. It may have been shut down permanently because it has been removed from the park's website.
- Safari River Journey – A small children's boat ride that was closed due to lack of ridership. Located in Tava's Jungleland.
- The Joker, which opened in 2013.
- Shouka Stadium – Home of the park's orca named Shouka. Guests could view Shouka at the viewing windows in the back of the stadium in between shows. Also was home to Merlin and Cupid, Atlantic bottlenose dolphins. It occasionally served as temporary homes the park's other bottlenose dolphins over the years. The stadium is currently on the map as Toyota Stadium featuring the dolphin show DRENCH.
- Acme Water Works – A large interactive water play structure; opened in 1997. Closed in 2013.
- Wave Jumper – A circular ride where riders board orca-shaped gondolas and rise into the air approximately 15 ft (4.6 m); opened in 1999 and was removed in 2013 for Tsunami Soaker.
- Roar - A Great Coasters International wooden coaster. It opened on May 14, 1999, and closed on August 16, 2015. The ride was re-themed and reopened with a new steel track as The Joker in May 2016.
- VooDoo - A Huss Top Spin (ride) that inverted riders multiple times on a horizontal axis. Believed to have closed during the 2017 season, due to extensive maintenance costs.
- TRS: Thunder Road Speedway – A high-speed go-kart track near The Joker. Ride duration is 7 minutes. It was closed and demolished in November 2018 to make way for Batman: The Ride.
- Harley Quinn Crazy Coaster - A unique Skyline Attractions Skywarp roller coaster opened in 2018. Removed after only 2 seasons of staggered operation due to excessive downtime and maintenance costs.
- Sky Coaster - An upcharge Skycoaster attraction that was removed in 2021.
- Tasmanian Devil - A Huss Frisbee ride that was closed in 2017 for refurbishments, but never reopened and was demolished in 2021.
- Hammerhead Shark - First Hawk 48 from Zamperla. Opened in 1998, Demolished in 2022.
- ^ a b c d e Burstyn, Rochel. "Let's Go To Six Flags Discovery Kingdom". Binah Bunch, June 28, 2012, pp. 26–211.
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- ^ Shahan, Cynthia (December 13, 2019). "Six Flags Discovery Kingdom To Be 80% Powered By Solar Carport". CleanTechnica.
- ^ "Guide To Six Flags Discovery Kingdom". sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com. May 24, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- ISBN 9780226143767. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
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- ^ "Remembering Marine World/Africa U.S.A., the offbeat animal park where an elephant water skied and William Shatner rode a killer whale". The San Francisco Chronicle. April 22, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
- ^ "Six Flags Discovery Kingdom 2019". negative-g.com. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
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- ^ "Six Flags Discovery Kingdom Ranked by Rider Vote". Theme Park Critic. August 17, 2011.
- ^ "Flash: Vertical Velocity - Six Flags Discovery Kingdom". rcdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
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- ^ "V2 Vertical Velocity SFDK". coaster-net.com. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
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- ^ "Six Flags renames Marine World 'Discovery Kingdom'". themeparkinsider.com. January 18, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- ^ "Theme park revamp brings more people to Six Flags". timesheraldonline.com. January 18, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- ^ Brown, J. M. (June 6, 2007). "Six Flags to buy Discovery Kingdom". Vallejo Times Herald. Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
- ^ "Roller coaster is new attraction at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom". eastbaytimes.com. May 11, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- ^ MacDonald, Brady (November 25, 2010). "Six Flags amusement parks prepare for thematic makeovers". LA Times. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
- ^ "Sky Screamer for Six Flags Discovery Kingdom in 2011". coaster101.com. October 7, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- ^ MacDonald, Brady (September 1, 2011). "Six Flags unveils new attractions for every park in 2012". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- ^ "Bird? Plane? It's Superman coaster at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- ^ "World Premier of Cirque Dreams Splashtastic - the Most Amazing Show Above H2O at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom". prnewswire.com. May 23, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- ^ Mirgoli, Nicholous. "Review of Tsunami Soaker Water Ride - Now Open at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom for 2014". www.ThemeParkOverload.net. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- ^ Maginnis, Amy (August 29, 2014). "Dare Devil Chaos Coaster set for Six Flags debut in 2015". dailyrepublic.com. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- ^ "Six Flags Discovery Kingdom Dare Devil Chaos Coaster". dailyrepublic.com. August 28, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
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- ^ "Six Flags Discovery Kingdom to Present the Biggest Christmas Tree in the World" (Press release). PR Newswire. October 22, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- ^ California Coaster Kings (July 31, 2014). "Throwback Thursday–iWerks 4D Theater (Six Flags Discovery Kingdom)". TheCoasterKings.com. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- Operating amusement parks
- Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
- Six Flags amusement parks
- Vallejo, California
- San Francisco Bay Area amusement parks
- Tourist attractions in Solano County, California
- Parks in Solano County, California
- 1968 establishments in California
- Amusement parks in California
- Amusement parks opened in 1968