Speaker of the Riksdag
|Speaker of the Riksdag|
List of Deputy Speakers
|Salary||2,112,000 kr annually|
The speaker of the
The Riksdag underwent profound changes in 1867, when the medieval
The current speaker is Andreas Norlén, who has held the gavel since September 2018.
Duties of the speaker
The speaker is the head and presiding officer of the
The speaker themselves does not take part in debates, nor do they participate in the parliamentary committees. Consequently, they have no vote, and a substitute is appointed to fill his or her seat in the Riksdag during their time in office. While the speaker is still one of the elected representatives of the Riksdag, they are expected to remain unbiased and objective with regards to the political issues that are debated.
In terms of official protocol, the position of speaker is the second highest-ranked public position in Sweden. Only the monarch outranks the speaker since the monarch is the head of state. However, since that position is hereditary, a person cannot be elected to become the monarch. Additionally, the speaker nominally outranks the prime minister of Sweden, even though (since the 1974–75 reforms) that person is the country's de jure and de facto chief executive.
Appointment and dismissal of the prime minister
One of the more important aspects of the work of the speaker is to head negotiations concerning the forming of a new government in case there is a shift of power after an election. The speaker can then dismiss a prime minister who is voted out of office, which happened for the first time on 25 September 2018. After the negotiations, the speaker proposes the new prime ministerial candidate to the chamber, and following a positive vote, the speaker signs the commission (Swedish: förordnande) on behalf of the Riksdag. The prime minister appoints and dismisses their own cabinet ministers, forming the government (Swedish: Regeringen), without the involvement of the speaker.
In case of either a voluntary resignation or a
In most other
The speaker is assisted by three deputy speakers who are also elected by the chamber.
Regent ad interim
In case all adult members of the
The speaker chairs the Riksdag Board (Swedish: Riksdagsstyrelsen), which deliberates on the organisation of the work of the Riksdag, directs the work of the Riksdag Administration (Swedish: Riksdagsförvaltningen) and decides upon matters of major significance concerning the international contacts programme.
The speaker chairs the War Delegation (Swedish: Krigsdelegationen), when it is deemed necessary to convene.
List of speakers
Speakers of the bicameral Riksdag (1867–1970)
Speakers of the First Chamber (upper house)
- Gustaf Lagerbjelke (1867–1876)
- Henning Hamilton (1877)
- Anton Niklas Sundberg (1878–1880)
- Gustaf Lagerbjelke (1881–1891)
- Pehr von Ehrenheim (1891–1895)
- Gustaf Sparre (1896–1908)
- Christian Lundeberg (1909–1911)
- Ivar Afzelius (1912–1915)
- Hugo Hamilton(1916–1928)
- Axel Vennersten (1928–1936)
- Johan Nilsson (1937–1955)
Speakers of the Second Chamber (lower house)
- Anton Niklas Sundberg (1867–1872)
- Ferdinand Asker (1873–1875)
- Arvid Posse (1876–1880)
- Olof Wijk (1880–1890)
- Gustaf Ryding (1891)
- Carl Herslow(1892–1893)
- Robert De la Gardie (1894–1902)
- Axel Swartling (1903–1912)
- Carl Bonde (1913)
- Johan Widén (1914–1917)
- Daniel Persson (1918)
- Social Democrat(1918–1921)
- Social Democrat(1922–1923)
- Social Democrat(1924–1927)
- Social Democrat(1927)
- Social Democrat(1928–1932)
- Social Democrat(1933–1952)
- Social Democrat(1953–1957)
- Sven Patrik Svensson (1958–1960)
- Social Democrat(1960–1968)
- Social Democrat(1969–1970)
Speakers of the unicameral Riksdag (1971–present)
|Took office||Left office||Duration|
|15 January 1971||1 October 1979||8 years, 259 days||Social Democrats||1970|
|1 October 1979||3 October 1988||9 years, 2 days||Social Democrats||1979|
|Thage G. Peterson|
|3 October 1988||30 September 1991||2 years, 362 days||Social Democrats||1988||Stockholm County|
|30 September 1991||3 October 1994||3 years, 3 days||Moderate||1991||Uppsala County|
|3 October 1994||30 September 2002||7 years, 362 days||Social Democrats||1994|
|Björn von Sydow|
|30 September 2002||2 October 2006||4 years, 2 days||Social Democrats||2002||Stockholm County|
|2 October 2006||29 September 2014||7 years, 362 days||Moderate||2006|
|29 September 2014||24 September 2018||3 years, 360 days||Social Democrats||2014||Västra Götaland County|
|24 September 2018||Incumbent||4 years, 184 days||Moderate||2018|
- Lantmarskalk, the presiding officer of the Estate of the Nobility in the Riksdag of the Estatesbefore 1866.
- The Instrument of Government, in English (as of 2012) (PDF), The Riksdag(2012). Retrieved on 2012-11-13.
- ^ "Frågor & svar samt statistik över ledamöternas arvoden" (in Swedish). Riksdag. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
- ^ "Andreas Norlén Elected Speaker of the Riksdag". Publicnow. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- ^ a b Riksdagsförvaltningen. "The tasks of the Speaker". www.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
- ^ Article in Dagens Nyheter 2018-09-25
- ^ Riksdagsförvaltningen. "Forming a government". www.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
- ^ a b Riksdagsförvaltningen. "Deputy Speakers". www.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
- The Speaker - At the Riksdag