Speaker of the Riksdag

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Speaker of the Riksdag
Riksdagens talman
List of Deputy Speakers
Salary2,112,000 kr annually[1]
Websitewww.riksdagen.se

The speaker of the

unicameral legislature in Sweden
.

The Riksdag underwent profound changes in 1867, when the medieval

parliamentarism in 1917, the Riksdag has properly functioned as the institution to which the prime minister and the government are held accountable. In 1971 the institution was transformed into a unicameral legislature with 350 members, reduced to 349 in 1976 to avoid parliamentary deadlocks. Since 1975, in accordance with the Instrument of Government of 1974, it is the speaker and no longer the monarch who appoints and dismisses the prime minister
.

The current speaker is Andreas Norlén, who has held the gavel since September 2018.[2]

Duties of the speaker

The speaker is the head and presiding officer of the

Instrument of Government (1974)
and the Riksdag Act.

The speaker themselves does not take part in debates, nor do they participate in the parliamentary committees. Consequently, they have no vote, and a substitute is appointed to fill his or her seat in the Riksdag during their time in office. While the speaker is still one of the elected representatives of the Riksdag, they are expected to remain unbiased and objective with regards to the political issues that are debated.

In terms of official protocol, the position of speaker is the second highest-ranked public position in Sweden. Only the monarch outranks the speaker since the monarch is the head of state. Additionally, the speaker nominally outranks the prime minister of Sweden, even though (since the 1974–75 reforms) that person is the country's de jure and de facto chief executive.[3]

Appointment and dismissal of the prime minister

One of the more important aspects of the work of the speaker is to head negotiations concerning the forming of a new government in case there is a shift of power after an election. The speaker can then dismiss a prime minister who is voted out of office, which happened for the first time on 25 September 2018.[4] After the negotiations, the speaker proposes the new prime ministerial candidate to the chamber, and following a positive vote, the speaker signs the commission (Swedish: förordnande) on behalf of the Riksdag. The prime minister appoints and dismisses their own cabinet ministers, forming the government (Swedish: Regeringen), without the involvement of the speaker.[3][5]

In case of either a voluntary resignation or a

vote of no confidence
, the letter of resignation of a prime minister is handed to the speaker.

In most other

parliamentary systems, including other constitutional monarchies, these duties are instead handled by the head of state. Relieving the Swedish monarch of political powers, although not the key objective from the outset, nevertheless became an important part of constitutional reform in the 1970s.[according to whom?
]

The speaker also attends the special change-of-government council held at the Stockholm Palace following the appointment of a new prime minister. During these meetings the speaker informs the monarch on the procedure of forming the incoming government. The monarch then announces the change of government.[6]

Deputy speakers

The speaker is assisted by three deputy speakers who are also elected by the chamber.

First Deputy Speaker
). Unlike the Speaker (and cabinet ministers), the deputy Speakers are not replaced by an alternate and remain members of the Riksdag with voting rights.[7]

Regent ad interim

In case all adult members of the

line of succession to the throne, as prescribed in the Act of Succession, are out of the country, the speaker assumes the role of Regent ad interim (Swedish
: Riksföreståndare). This would also be the case if they were all to decease.

Riksdag Board

The speaker chairs the Riksdag Board (Swedish: Riksdagsstyrelsen), which deliberates on the organisation of the work of the Riksdag, directs the work of the Riksdag Administration (Swedish: Riksdagsförvaltningen) and decides upon matters of major significance concerning the international contacts programme.

War Delegation

The speaker chairs the War Delegation (Swedish: Krigsdelegationen), when it is deemed necessary to convene.

List of speakers

Speakers of the bicameral Riksdag (1867–1970)

Speakers of the First Chamber (upper house)

Speakers of the Second Chamber (lower house)

Speakers of the unicameral Riksdag (1971–present)

Portrait Speaker
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Election Constituency
Took office Left office Duration
 
Henry Allard
Allard, HenryHenry Allard
(1911–1996)
15 January 1971 (1971-01-15)1 October 1979 (1979-10-01)8 years, 259 daysSocial Democrats1970
1973
1976
Örebro County
 
Ingemund Bengtsson
Bengtsson, IngemundIngemund Bengtsson
(1919–2000)
1 October 1979 (1979-10-01)3 October 1988 (1988-10-03)9 years, 2 daysSocial Democrats1979
1982
1985
Halland County
 
Thage G. Peterson
Peterson, Thage G.Thage G. Peterson
(born 1933)
3 October 1988 (1988-10-03)30 September 1991 (1991-09-30)2 years, 362 daysSocial Democrats1988Stockholm County
 
Ingegerd Troedsson
Troedsson, IngegerdIngegerd Troedsson
(1929–2012)
30 September 1991 (1991-09-30)3 October 1994 (1994-10-03)3 years, 3 daysModerate1991Uppsala County
 
Birgitta Dahl
Dahl, BirgittaBirgitta Dahl
(born 1937)
3 October 1994 (1994-10-03)30 September 2002 (2002-09-30)7 years, 362 daysSocial Democrats1994
1998
Uppsala County
 
Björn von Sydow
Sydow von, BjörnBjörn von Sydow
(born 1945)
30 September 2002 (2002-09-30)2 October 2006 (2006-10-02)4 years, 2 daysSocial Democrats2002Stockholm County
 
Per Westerberg
Westerberg, PerPer Westerberg
(born 1951)
2 October 2006 (2006-10-02)29 September 2014 (2014-09-29)7 years, 362 daysModerate2006
2010
Södermanland County
 
Urban Ahlin
Ahlin, UrbanUrban Ahlin
(born 1964)
29 September 2014 (2014-09-29)24 September 2018 (2018-09-24)3 years, 360 daysSocial Democrats2014Västra Götaland County
 
Andreas Norlén
Norlén, AndreasAndreas Norlén
(born 1973)
24 September 2018 (2018-09-24)Incumbent5 years, 292 daysModerate2018
2022
Östergötland County

See also

Historical predecessor

References

  1. ^ "Frågor & svar samt statistik över ledamöternas arvoden" (in Swedish). Riksdag. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  2. ^ "Andreas Norlén Elected Speaker of the Riksdag". Publicnow. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b Riksdagsförvaltningen. "The tasks of the Speaker". www.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  4. ^ Article in Dagens Nyheter 2018-09-25
  5. ^ Riksdagsförvaltningen. "Forming a government". www.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  6. ^ url=https://www.kungahuset.se/arkiv/nyheter/2022-10-18-ny-regering-tilltradd-i-konselj-under-kungens-ordforandeskap
  7. ^ a b Riksdagsförvaltningen. "Deputy Speakers". www.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 2021-06-28.

External links