State Emergency Service of Ukraine

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State Emergency Service
Державна служба з надзвичайних ситуацій
Олеся Гончара 55а (2).jpg
Headquarters building, Kyiv
Agency overview
Formed1991
Preceding agencies
  • State Committee of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic government in protection of population from the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe
  • Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine
    *Ministry of Ukraine in Emergencies and Affairs in Protection of Population from the Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe
Jurisdiction Ukraine
Headquarters55, Honchar St, Kyiv[1]
Employees~60,000 in peace time
Minister responsible
  • Minister of Internal Affairs[3]
Agency executive
  • Head
  • First Deputy Head[4]
Parent agencyMinistry of Internal Affairs
Key document
  • Regulation on the State Emergency Service of Ukraine[2]
WebsiteOfficial website
An Emergency Service EC145
helicopter landing in Kyiv

The State Emergency Service of Ukraine[5] (Ukrainian: Державна служба України з надзвичайних ситуацій), until December 24, 2012 the Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство надзвичайних ситуацій України), is the main executive body tasked with carrying out state policy in the spheres of civil defence, rescue, creating and managing the system of insurance fund documentation, utilization of radioactive wastes, protection of population and territory in emergency situations, emergency prevention and response, liquidation in the aftermath, and the Chernobyl catastrophe.

It is abbreviated as ДСНС [України]. It also directly administers the zone of alienation located just north of Kyiv.

Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the agency's motto is "To prevent. To rescue. To help." (Ukrainian: Запобігти. Врятувати. Допомогти).

History

The former ministry was created in 1996 with the merger of the state civil defense body and the Ukrainian ministry in charge of protecting the population from the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe. Until 1991, the latter was a state committee of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, while state civil defense was part of the USSR's All-Union civil defense network.

In 2003, the ministry took over control of the firefighting service, previously under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (militsiya). The ministry had been part of the military reserve of the Ukrainian armed forces, but after the 2003 reform and fire services merger, all militarized formations were dissolved, and in 2005, the agency became officially non-military and focused on rescue services.

Until the administrative reform of December 9, 2010, the body was called Ministry of Ukraine in emergencies and the protection of the population from the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe. After the reform, three major central executive power bodies were directly subordinated to it:

  • State service of mining supervision and industrial safety of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Державна служба гірничого нагляду та промислової безпеки України)
  • State agency of Ukraine of the administration of the zone of alienation (Ukrainian: Державне агентство України з управління зоною відчуження)
  • State inspection of technogenic safety of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Державна інспекція техногенної безпеки України)
Other agencies
  • State department of fire-prevention security (see firefighting)
  • State search and rescue aviation service: Ukraviaposhuk
  • State hydro-meteorological service
  • State department of the insurance documentation fund of the Ministry

On December 24, 2012, the Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine was transformed into the State Emergency Service[5] and placed under jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence. On 25 April 2014, the service was transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs.[6]

Structure

Main body

  • Central Bureau of Emergency Situations

Specialized formations

  • State militarized mining rescue brigade (Kryvyi Rih)
  • Dnipro militarized mining rescue brigade

Other agencies

  • Ukrainian Hydro-meteorological Center
  • Ukrainian Aviation Meteorological Center
  • Main Aviation Coordination Center of search and rescue
  • "Rescuer"-Inform Information Analytical Center
  • Center of Civil Security 112
  • Mobile Rescue Center (Kyiv)
  • Odessa Sanatorium (Odessa)

List of Heads of the State Emergency Service

Ministry Name Term of Office
Start End
Emergency Minister Davyd Zhvania February 4, 2005 September 27, 2005
Emergency Minister Viktor Baloha September 27, 2005 October 5, 2006
Emergency Minister Nestor Shufrych October 5, 2006 ?
Ministry of Defense Mykhaylo Bolotskykh[5] December 24, 2012[5] March 2, 2014
Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Serhiy Bochkovsky March 2, 2014 March 25, 2015
Ministry of Internal Affairs Zoryan Shkiryak (acting) March 25, 2015 May 14, 2015
Ministry of Internal Affairs Mykola Chechotkin May 14, 2015 November 10, 2021[7]

Former agency executives (prior to 2012 reorganisation)

List of former chiefs of State Civil Defense

Prime-Minister(s) Name Term of Office
Start End
Vitold Fokin, Leonid Kuchma, Vitali Masol Mykola Bondarchuk August 24, 1991 October 1993
Vitali Masol, Yevhen Marchuk, Pavlo Lazarenko Lt.Gen. Viktor Grechaninov October 1993 May 1997

List of Ministers of Emergencies

Prime-Minister(s) Name Term of Office
Start End
Vitold Fokin, Leonid Kuchma, Vitaliy Masol Heorhiy Hotovchyts August 24, 1991 December 31, 1994
Vitaliy Masol, Yevhen Marchuk, Pavlo Lazarenko Volodymyr Holosha December 31, 1994 August 31, 1996
Pavlo Lazarenko, Valeriy Pustovoitenko Valeriy Kalchenko August 31, 1996 February 8, 1999
Valeriy Pustovoitenko, Viktor Yushchenko,
Anatoli Kinakh, Viktor Yanukovych
Vasyl Durdynets February 8, 1999 November 30, 2002
Viktor Yanukovych Hryhoriy Reva November 30, 2002 February 4, 2005
Yulia Tymoshenko, Yuri Yekhanurov David Zhvaniya February 4, 2005 September 27, 2005
Yuri Yekhanurov, Viktor Yanukovych Viktor Baloha September 27, 2005 September 15, 2006
Viktor Yanukovych Nestor Shufrych September 15, 2006 December 18, 2007
Yulia Tymoshenko Volodymyr Shandra December 18, 2007 March 11, 2010
Mykola Azarov Nestor Shufrych March 11, 2010 July 10, 2010
Mykola Azarov Mykhailo Bolotskykh (acting) July 10, 2010 November 12, 2010
Mykola Azarov Viktor Baloha November 12, 2010 20 November 2012[8]

Ranks

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Sesu 15 2018.jpg
Sesu 14 2018.jpg
Sesu 13 2018.jpg
Sesu 12 2018.jpg
Sesu 11 2018.jpg
Sesu 10 2018.jpg
Sesu 9 2018.jpg
Sesu 8 2018.jpg
Sesu 7 2018.jpg
Sesu 6 2018.jpg
Sesu 5 2018.jpg
SESU К 2018.jpg
Генерал служби цивільного захисту України
General of Emergency Services
Генерал-полковник
Colonel General
Генерал-лейтенант
Lieutenant General
Генерал-майор
Major General
Полковник
Colonel
Підполковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Майор
Major
Капітан
Kapitan
Старший лейтенант
Senior lieutenant
Лейтенант
Leitenant
Молодший лейтенант
Junior lieutenant
Kурсант
Kursant
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Sesu 4 2018.jpg
Sesu 3 2018.jpg
SESU 2 2018.jpg
SESU 1 2018.jpg
Головний майстер-сержант
Chief master sergeant
Майстер-сержант
Master sergeant
Сержант
Sergeant
Рядовий
Private

Medals

  • 25 years in service

  • 20 years in service

  • 15 years in service

  • 10 years in service

  • For bravery in an emergency

  • For honorable service

State Emergency Service Aviation

The Special Aviation Unit and Operational Rescue Service of the State Emergency Service (Спеціальний авіаційний загін оперативно-рятувальної служби цивільного захисту) is based in the city of Nizhyn.[9]

The Special Aviation Unit can work independently or in cooperation with other State Emergency Service units to protect population and territory, material and cultural values and the environment during emergencies, especially for work performed under difficult conditions.

Aircraft Origin Type In service Notes
Fixed-wing aircraft
An-32P Ukraine Aerial firefighting 4
An-26 Ukraine Transport Aircraft 3
An-30 Ukraine Aerial Surveillance and Aerial Photography 2
Helicopters
Mi-8 Ukraine Multipurpose Helicopter 14
Eurocopter EC145 France Medevac Helicopter

As of September 2018, three H225 helicopters were also to serve in State Emergency Service Aviation.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Official website". Mar 2017.
  2. ^ Положення про Державну службу України з надзвичайних ситуацій, затв. Постановою КМ № 1052 (in Ukrainian).
  3. ^ Interior minister's advisor Shkiriak appointed as acting head of Emergency Service – MP Heraschenko, Interfax-Ukraine (25.03.2015)
  4. ^ "Management - SES of Ukraine". Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  5. ^ a b c d Yanukovych appoints new Cabinet of Ministers, Kyiv Post (24 December 2012)
  6. ^ "ДСНС перейшла в підпорядкування МВС DSNS has become subordinated to MIA" (in Ukrainian). Gazeta Lviv. 2014-04-25.
  7. ^ Govt dismisses Chechotkin from post of State Emergency Service's head, Interfax-Ukraine (10 November 2021)
  8. ^ Baloha resigns as emergencies minister, Kyiv Post (2 November 2012)
  9. ^ Спеціальний авіаційний загін оперативно-рятувальної служби цивільного захисту ДСНС України
  10. ^ "Ukraine to get four French helicopters for rescue operations by year-end". www.unian.info.

External links