Sudden Impact

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Sudden Impact
A picture of Detective Harry Callaghan against a city skyline. In front of him is glass with a bullet-hole.
Theatrical release poster by Bill Gold
Directed byClint Eastwood
Screenplay byJoseph Stinson
Story by
Based onCharacters
by Harry Julian Fink
R.M. Fink
Produced byClint Eastwood
CinematographyBruce Surtees
Edited byJoel Cox
Music byLalo Schifrin
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
  • December 9, 1983 (1983-12-09)
Running time
117 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$22 million[1]
Box office$150 million[2]

Sudden Impact is a 1983 American action thriller film and the fourth in the Dirty Harry series, directed by Clint Eastwood (making it the only Dirty Harry film to be directed by Eastwood himself) and starring Eastwood and Sondra Locke.[3] The film tells the story of a gang rape victim (Locke) who decides to seek revenge on the rapists ten years after the attack by killing them one by one. Inspector Callahan (Eastwood), famous for his unconventional and often brutal crime-fighting tactics, is tasked with tracking down the serial killer.

The film is notable for the catchphrase "Go ahead, make my day", written by John Milius and uttered by Clint Eastwood's gun-wielding character in the beginning of the film as he stares down an armed robber who is holding a hostage.


In 1973, college-age artist Jennifer Spencer and her sister, Beth, are raped by a group of young men after being betrayed by female friend Ray Parkins. The brutal rape leaves Beth in a catatonic state. Ten years later, an enraged Spencer seeks revenge on the attackers. She kills one of the rapists, George Wilburn, with two shots—one to the genitals and one to the head—from a .38 Colt Detective Special revolver. Spencer leaves San Francisco because of the subsequent police investigation. Relocating to the town of San Paulo, she begins restoring its boardwalk's historic carousel near the beach where the rapes occurred.

Meanwhile, Inspector Harry Callahan is frustrated when a judge yet again dismisses one of his cases due to what she sees as unreasonable search and seizure. Later, at his favorite diner, Callahan foils a robbery and kills three of the criminals. When the surviving robber takes a hostage, Callahan targets him with his .44 Magnum and challenges him to, "Go ahead, make my day". The criminal surrenders. Callahan later causes powerful crime lord Threlkis to suffer a fatal heart attack at his granddaughter's wedding reception when Callahan threatens him with prosecution in a murder case.

Callahan's angry superiors call him in. While they cannot fire or suspend Callahan because his methods "get results", they instead order him to take a vacation. Callahan spends his time off target shooting with his .44 AutoMag and shotgun-armed partner Horace. However, his relaxation is short-lived when four of Threlkis's hitmen attack him. Callahan dispatches three, and the fourth escapes in an armored limousine. The suspect from the dismissed case and his friends also attack Callahan, throwing two Molotov cocktails into his car. He retrieves an unbroken firebomb and throws it at the attackers' car, causing them to crash into the bay, killing them. Callahan's supervisor, Lieutenant Donnelly, immediately sends him to San Paulo to investigate the Wilburn murder.

Upon arriving in San Paulo, Callahan chases down a would-be robber. The reckless but successful pursuit, during which Callahan commandeers a minibus carrying a group of senior citizens, draws the anger of the local police, although the seniors thoroughly approved and enjoyed the chase. While jogging with his bulldog Meathead, Callahan accidentally runs into Spencer. While she is less than thrilled, Spencer feels no extreme anger toward Callahan. Upon returning to his room at a motel, Callahan is targeted by the surviving Threlkis hitman, but the inspector kills him after being warned of his presence by Meathead. Meanwhile, Spencer kills a second rapist, Kruger, at the beach. Callahan recognizes the modus operandi, but local police chief Lester Jannings refuses to work with the famous "big city hotshot."

Callahan learns that the victims and Parkins are friends of Jannings' son, Alby. Parkins figures out that the rapists are being targeted and warns the remaining two, Tyrone and Mick. After fighting Kruger's uncooperative brothers-in-law, Eddie and Carl, Callahan meets Spencer again at an outdoor cafe. Over drinks, he learns that she shares his emphasis on results over methods when seeking justice. But, the inspector adds the caveat "'til it breaks the law." Callahan reveals that he is investigating Wilburn's murder, which rattles Spencer. Later, Callahan finds Tyrone dead. Mick stays at Parkins' home, where both await a probable attack. When Callahan visits them for questioning, Mick attacks him. After Callahan subdues Mick and takes him to the police station, Spencer arrives and guns down Parkins.

Having survived the assault, Callahan and Spencer meet again and sleep together. On his way out, Callahan notices Spencer's car, which he had seen earlier at Parkins' house, where he soon finds Parkins' body. Eddie and Carl bail Mick out of jail. Meanwhile, Horace arrives at Callahan's motel to celebrate the easing of tensions in San Francisco. He meets Mick and his henchmen instead, who have been waiting to spring an ambush. Horace is killed, Meathead is neutered by switchblade, and Mick and his henchmen brutally beat Callahan before throwing him into the ocean.

Spencer arrives at the Jannings home with the intention of killing Alby, who was one of the rapists. To her surprise, she finds Alby, like her sister, is also catatonic; a guilty conscience caused him to attempt suicide via a car crash that left him with permanent brain damage. Jannings admits that to protect his reputation and his only child, he "fixed" the crimes and failed to jail the guilty parties. He convinces Spencer to spare Alby's life and promises that Mick, whom he does not know is now free, will now be punished. Mick and the others, however, arrive and capture Spencer, killing Jannings with her .38.

Callahan retrieves his AutoMag from the motel, having lost his long-barreled Model 29 in the ocean. Enraged at what Mick's gang have done to Horace and Meathead, he sets out after them. Mick's gang brings Spencer to the boardwalk for another rape, but she escapes to the carousel. They recapture her, but are startled by Callahan's apparent return from the dead. After killing Eddie and Carl, Callahan chases Mick, who absconds with Spencer atop a rollercoaster. The inspector reiterates his challenge of "make my day"—this time to Mick. When Mick laughs maniacally at Callahan, Spencer uses the diversion to break free from Mick. Callahan shoots Mick, who then plunges through the carousel's glass roof and is impaled on a carousel unicorn.

The police arrive and find Spencer's .38 on Mick; ballistics, Callahan states, will prove that "his gun … was used in all the killings." A compassionate Callahan and a vindicated Spencer leave the crime scene together.



The screenplay was initially written by Charles B. Pierce and Earl E. Smith for a separate film for Locke, but was later adapted into a Dirty Harry film by Joseph Stinson.[4] Filming occurred in spring 1983.[5] Many of the film's scenes were filmed in San Francisco and Santa Cruz, California.[6] The scene where Harry chases a bank robber in the downtown business district offers a rare glimpse of the area before it was devastated by the Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989. Footage for the robbery in "Acorn Cafe" was shot at Burger Island, later a McDonald's and now the site of a hotel, at the corner of 3rd and Townsend in San Francisco.[7] At this point in his career, Eastwood was receiving a salary that included 60% of all film profits, leaving the other 40% for the studio. Estimates had Eastwood earning $30 million for Sudden Impact.[8]

It was Locke's last film to have theatrical distribution.[9] Part of a career-long pattern that saw her playing female protagonists much younger than herself,[10] at 39 Locke was older than all the actors playing her rapists, and 21 years older than the youth catcalling her near the start of the movie. She was six years older than Audrie Neenan, even though the character of Parkins is clearly meant to be older than Spencer. The actress who played Locke's sister was eleven years her junior. Further, Locke was only seven years younger than the art gallery curator who calls her, unfathomably, "child" during their short scene together.


Box office

In its opening weekend the film took $9,688,561 in 1,530 theaters in the US.[11] In total in the US and Canada, the film made $67,642,693, making it the highest grossing of the five films in the Dirty Harry franchise.[5][12] The film also surpassed the $63.6 million gross of Thunderball (1965) to become the highest-grossing fourth installment of a film in the United States and Canada.[13] Worldwide, it grossed more than $150 million.[2]

Critical response

Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes retrospectively gave the film a score of 57% based on 37 reviews. The consensus reads: "Sudden Impact delivers all the firepower – and the most enduring catchphrase – fans associate with the Dirty Harry franchise, but it's far from the best film in the series."[14]

Vincent Canby criticized the film, stating "The screenplay is ridiculous, and Mr. Eastwood's direction of it primitive, which is surprising because he has shown himself capable in such films as The Outlaw Josey Wales and The Gauntlet. Among other things, the movie never gets a firm hold on its own continuity. Sometimes scenes of simultaneous action appear to take place weeks or maybe months apart."[15] Roger Ebert was more positive, awarding three stars out of four; while noting that the film was "implausible" with "a cardboard villain", he also praised it as "a Dirty Harry movie with only the good parts left in" and "a great audience picture."[16] Variety noted that "everything is pitched for maximum action impact, so audiences should feel they got their money's worth," but also thought that the action scenes put "too much reliance on characters, particularly Harry, being in the right place at the right time."[17] Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two stars out of four and wrote that nothing in the Dirty Harry sequels "has ever come close to the evil Scorpio in its portrayal of a bad guy. Because of that they are lesser films. We never feel that Harry is in any real danger."[18] Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times slammed the film as "the exploitation picture at its most nakedly manipulative," which "doesn't just exploit sex and violence but also audience prejudices toward minorities. (True, Callahan's partner, played by Albert Popwell, is black, but he's around only briefly.) That it exploits with sleek cinematic skill—not to mention a great deal of righteousness—makes it all the more reprehensible."[19] A negative review from Pauline Kael in The New Yorker remarked that the film "might be mistaken for parody if the sledgehammer-slow pacing didn't tell you that the director (Eastwood) wasn't in on the joke."[20]


Sudden Impact is best remembered for Harry's catchphrase, "Go ahead, make my day". United States President Ronald Reagan used the "make my day" line in a March 1985 speech threatening to veto legislation raising taxes.[5][21] When campaigning for office as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, in 1986, Eastwood used bumper stickers entitled "Go Ahead — Make Me Mayor".[5]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

"Make My Day" is a novelty song recorded by American country music artist T. G. Sheppard featuring Clint Eastwood.[23] It was released in February 1984 as the second single from the album Slow Burn. The song reached #12 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart.[24] The song was written by Dewayne Blackwell.

See also


  1. ^ Box Office Information for Sudden Impact. Archived October 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine The Wrap. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Thompson, Douglas (August 15, 2007). "Nine – White Hat, Grey Heart". Clint Eastwood - The Biography of Cinema's Greatest Ever Star. Kings Road Publishing. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-78418-574-9. Sudden Impact, made five years earlier, had by then earned more than $150 million.
  3. ^ Canby, Vincent (December 9, 1983). "Sudden Impact (1983) FILM: 'IMPACT,' WITH CLINT EASTWOOD". The New York Times.
  4. ^ Hughes, p.66
  5. ^ a b c d Hughes, p.69
  6. ^ Hughes, p.65
  7. ^ "3rd & Townsend McDonald's goes dark In preparation for demolition". SFGate. October 8, 2016. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  8. ^ Munn, p. 194
  9. ^ "Sondra Locke - Box Office". The Numbers.
  10. ^ Raquel Stecher (March 18, 2022). "Starring Sondra Locke". TCM.
  11. ^ "Sudden Impact". Box Office Mojo. IMDB. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  12. ^ "Dirty Harry Movies". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  13. ^ "Top Five Fourth Chapters". Variety. June 30, 1997. p. 19.
  14. ^ "Sudden Impact". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 16, 2021.
  15. ^ Canby, Vincent (December 9, 1983). "FILM: 'IMPACT,' WITH CLINT EASTWOOD". The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  16. ^ "Sudden Impact". December 12, 1983. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  17. ^ "Film Reviews: Sudden Impact". Variety. December 7, 1983. 14.
  18. ^ Siskel, Gene (December 12, 1983). "Dirty Harry's bumbling bad guys lack 'impact'". Chicago Tribune. Section 5, p. 3.
  19. ^ Thomas, Kevin (December 9, 1983). "Orgy of Violence in 'Sudden Impact'". Los Angeles Times. Part VI, p. 19.
  20. ^ Kael, Pauline (January 23, 1984). The Current Cinema. The New Yorker. 93.
  21. ^ George J. Church (March 25, 1985). "Go Ahead - Make My Day". Time Inc. Archived from the original on February 20, 2008. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
  22. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
  23. ^ "T.G. Sheppard & Clint Eastwood - Make My Day". youtube. Archived from the original on December 22, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  24. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2013). Hot Country Songs: 1944-2012, Eighth edition. Record Research. p. 304.


External links

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