Supreme Court of Sweden

Coordinates: 59°19′34″N 18°03′59″E / 59.32611°N 18.06639°E / 59.32611; 18.06639
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Supreme Court of Sweden
Högsta domstolen
Senior judgeship for former justices by order of retirement
Number of positions16, by statute Edit this at Wikidata
President of the Supreme Court
CurrentlyAnders Eka
The Bonde Palace in Gamla stan, Stockholm, is the seat of the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court of Sweden (Swedish: Högsta domstolen, HD) is the supreme court and the third and final instance in all civil and criminal cases in Sweden. Before a case can be decided by the Supreme Court, leave to appeal must be obtained, and with few exceptions, leave to appeal can be granted only when the case is of interest as a precedent. The Supreme Court consists of 16 Justices (Swedish: justitieråd) who are appointed by the government, but the court as an institution is independent of the Riksdag, and the Government is not able to interfere with the decisions of the court.


Historically, all judicial power was vested in the Monarch, but in 1614 Gustavus Adolphus instituted Svea Court of Appeal and authorized it to issue sentences in his name. Those not satisfied with sentencing were able to turn directly to the monarch, and appeals were handled by the Justice Department of the Privy Council (in Swedish: Justitierevisionen), a committee of that council.

Under the rule of

Oscar II
took part in the decision of one case.

Under the 1809

Minister of State for Justice (or Prime Minister for Justice)
and the foremost member of the court in 1809, but when the modern government ministries were created in 1840, this minister of justice were separated from the court. In 1844 the requirement on equal numbers of noblemen and commoners in service as judges of the court was dropped.

In 1909, the Supreme Administrative Court (Regeringsrätten) and the Council on Legislation (Lagrådet) were created to assume certain tasks that had been handled by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Administrative Court assumed responsibility for ruling on administrative cases and the Legal Council received the responsibility for judicial review (strictly speaking legal preview). At the same time the monarch lost voting power in the court.

The right to appeal cases to the Supreme Court was limited for the first time in 1915. A special dispensation was required before trying a minor civil or criminal case. Dispensation was to be given when there was a ruling that could become a precedent, and in 1945 this requirement was extended to all cases.

In 1948, the legal procedure was supplemented with oral proceedings and to satisfy the need for additional space the Supreme Court was moved in 1949 from the Royal Palace to the Bonde Palace on Stadsholmen.

By the

Kungl Maj:t), as well as announcing them at the Royal Palace
where they were adorned with the royal seal.

Current composition

The current Councillors of Justice (Swedish: justitieråd) of the Supreme Court of Sweden,[1] followed by year of appointment:

Presidents of the Supreme Court of Sweden


  1. ^ "Högsta domstolen - Justitieråd" (in Swedish). Retrieved 10 July 2019.

External links