Swedish Act of Succession

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Riksdag of the Estates
Long title
  • 1810 års successionsordning
CitationSuccessonsordning (1810:0926)
Territorial extent
Constitution of Sweden
Monarchy of Sweden

The 1810 Act of Succession (

line of succession to the Swedish throne and the conditions which eligible members of the Swedish royal family
must abide by in order to remain in it.

It was jointly adopted by the

Crown Prince

The actual contents of the Act, save the solemn

absolute primogeniture (eldest child regardless of sex).[1]

Historical background

The Act of Succession was adopted by the

Russia. The authoritarian constitution of 1772 was abolished and power was returned to parliament by the new Instrument of Government adopted on 6 June 1809. From 1814 to 1905 the Act of Succession also regulated succession to the Norwegian throne, due to the union of Sweden-Norway


The Act in the current version specifies that:

If any of these provisions are violated: all rights of succession for the person concerned and all descendants are lost.


In its original version, the Act mandated that a Swedish prince could only marry into families deemed to be of equal rank, or forfeit for himself and his future descendants all dynastic rights. The key wording was a prohibition of marrying a "private man's daughter" (Swedish: enskild mans dotter), a term which in Swedish jurisprudence was understood to exclude all non-royal persons, including the aristocracy. In 1937 the statutory provision which in effect had required a spouse of royal birth was changed and the prohibition only extended to a "private Swedish man's daughter" (Swedish: enskild svensk mans dotter).

A total of five Swedish princes lost their

Carl in 1937 and Carl Johan
in 1946. There is since 1980 no statutory limitation, based on either nationality or royal rank, on whom a prince or princess can marry, apart from the fact that permission must be granted.

In 1980, the rule of succession was changed from

absolute primogeniture.[1] This change in effect made Victoria (born 1977) heir apparent and Crown Princess, passing over her younger brother Prince Carl Philip
(born 1979) who had been the heir apparent and Crown Prince for less than one year.

See also


External links