Swedish Romantic literature

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Title illustration of Esaias Tegnér's Frithiof's Saga (1876 ed.)

Swedish Romantic literature denotes


One significant reason was that several poets for the first time worked towards a common direction. Four of the main romantic poets that made significant contributions to the movements were: the professor of history Erik Gustaf Geijer, the loner Erik Johan Stagnelius, professor of Greek language Esaias Tegnér and professor of aesthetics and philosophy P.D.A. Atterbom.[4]

Atterbom (1790–1855) comes from his flower poetry: Lycksalighetens ö ("Island of Bliss"), 1824–1827, and a collection of poetry called Blommorna.[8]

Icelandic sagas but in a modern dress. The work was translated into several languages, put to music in Sweden, where it had status of a national epos until the realism of the 1880s obsoleted it.[9]

  • Atterbom, 1831
    Atterbom, 1831
  • Geijer
  • Stagnelius, posthumous medallion
    Stagnelius, posthumous medallion

Early liberalism

Fredrika Bremer (1801–1865) was the first writer of the Swedish realist novel, in the spirit of Jane Austen, and her most important contribution is that she introduced the novel in Swedish on a large scale. Her most important novel was her last: Hertha, in 1856. Hertha is not so much a novel as it is a political debate of women's rights.

Viktor Rydberg (1828–1895) was a key figure in Swedish culture between 1855 and the modern breakthrough in 1879. In the spirit of Dickens, Rydberg wrote adventurous novels and stories that in reality were dealing with the poor and exposed people of society. Several works tried to define a world where Christianity became integrated with humanistic ideals of ancient Greece. Rydberg was also noted for groundbreaking historical and theological works.[10]

When Sweden lost

Zacharius Topelius (1818–1898) who took the role of national Finnish author. Although he wrote both novels and poetry, his most important contributions were children's books with Läsning för barn (Reading for Children, 1865–1896).[12]

  • Almqvist, circa 1835
    Almqvist, circa 1835
  • Rydberg, 1876
    Rydberg, 1876
  • Fredrika Bremer, 1849
    Fredrika Bremer, 1849

Notes and references

  1. ^ These years are given by Tigerstedt, 1971
  2. ^ a b Algulin, pp.67-68
  3. ^ Gustafson, pp.143-148
  4. ^ Gustafson, p.146
  5. ^ Algulin, pp.83-86
  6. ^ Gustafson, pp.156-164
  7. ^ Algulin, pp.77-81
  8. ^ Gustafson, pp.151-155
  9. ^ Algulin, pp.70-74
  10. ^ Algulin, pp.95-98
  11. ^ Algulin, pp.103-108
  12. ^ Algulin, pp.107-108