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Thài-pêng (Penang Hokkien)
The Rain City, The Heritage City
Taiping took over
Taiping also receives some limelight for being the wettest town in
Taiping was ranked Top 3 Sustainable Cities in the world.
The area developed quickly in the 19th century when
Long Jaafar has been historically credited with the discovery of tin in Larut in 1848. According to legend, Long Jaafar had an elephant named Larut and he used to take this elephant with him when journeying between Bukit Gantang and Lubok Merbau. One day the elephant went missing and when the elephant was eventually found three days later Long Jaafar noticed tin ore embedded in the mud that was on the elephant's legs. It is said that this was how Larut got its name.
Eventually in 1850, Larut district was bestowed upon Long Jaafar by Raja Muda Ngah Ali and the Chiefs of Perak: the Temenggong, Panglima Bukit Gantang, Panglima Kinta, Syahbandar and Seri Adika Raja. Some time later, the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Abdullah, died in 1857 and a series of succession disputes ensued. Unhappy with the abuse and favouritism of various royalties, rival Malay camps took sides with one or the other of the two great Chinese secret societies present in there at the time.
Long Jaafar established and developed his administrative centre at Bukit Gantang and made Kuala Sungai Limau at Trong the principal harbour of the Larut Settlement. In 1857 Long Jaafar was succeeded by his son Ngah Ibrahim. Sultan Jaffar Muazzam Shah presented an acknowledgement letter to Ngah Ibrahim on 24 May 1858. This letter was signed by Sultan Jaffar, Raja Muda Ngah Ali and the Raja Bendahara of Perak. In the time of Ngah Ibrahim the Chinese increased in number and by early 1860 two large groups were formed by the Chinese, the "Five Associations" whose members worked in the mines of Klian Pauh and the "Four Associations" whose members worked in the mines of Klian Baharu.
Mining rights were given to the Hakka "Five Associations" or Go-Kuan (五館 or 五群) and the Cantonese "Four Associations" or Si-Kuan (四館).
The capital of Perak was moved from Bandar Baru (New Town) to Taiping after Datok Maharaja Lela assassinated the first
The town's mining industry continued to thrive; the country's first railway was built to transport tin from Taiping to Port Weld (now known as Kuala Sepetang) at the coast for export. The first train in Malaysia took its schedule on 1 June 1885.
Although Taiping's economy declined with the dwindling tin deposits, tin mining still remains an important industry in the area as rubber and rice.
Taiping lies 23m above sea level situated on a plain to the west of the Bintang Mountains. Perak's capital city, Ipoh, is approximately 48 km (30 mi) southeast of the town, while George Town, the capital city of the neighbouring state of Penang, lies 78 km (48 mi) away to the northwest.
Taiping also receives some limelight for being the wettest town in Peninsular Malaysia even on the driest month. In June, the town still receives 159 mm | 6.3 inch of rainfall. The average annual rainfall is about 3,200mm in Taiping while the peninsula's average is 2,000mm – 2,500mm. Its unusual rainfall has also led to a fertile collection of flora and century-old rain trees in the Taiping Lake Gardens.
|Climate data for Taiping, Malaysia (1982 - 2012)|
|Average high °C (°F)||32.1
|Average low °C (°F)||21.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||203
The Taiping Municipal Council is the municipal council which administers the township. This council was established after the township in 1930. Their jurisdiction covers an area of 186.46 square kilometres.
Due to electoral division by
Taiping has traditionally been a Chinese majority which is still retained till date. The Chinese make up 44%, followed by Malays at 39%, and Indians at 11%. Others constitute 2% of the population.
Primary and secondary education in Taiping are provided by national-type schools, Chinese-medium schools and Tamil-medium schools. Some of the notable schools are SMK Convent Taiping , SM Klian Pauh, Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan Hua Lian, St. George's Institution, SMK King Edward VII, Treacher Methodist Girls' School
- Lake Garden – The first public garden established during the British rule in Malaysia. It was originally a mining ground before established as a public garden in 1880.
- Maxwell Hill (Bukit Larut) – A hill station with an altitude of about 1000m; ideal for jungle-trekking and camping.
- Tulip Garden – Located at Bukit Larut, it is the first tulip farm established in Malaysia. This has now been closed.
- Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Taiping – First zoo to be established in Malaysia; popular on weekends with day-trippers from out of town
- Old Clock Tower.
- Perak Museum - First and oldest museum in Malaysia, established since 1886 by Sir Hugh Low.
- Anwar Fazal, Born in Sungei Bayor (Selama) but resided in Taiping. Anwar is the founder and also Chairman of the Taiping Peace Initiative and various non-governmental organisations in Malaysia.
- Imee Ooi, music producer, composer, arranger and vocalist.
- Lim Swee Aun, Former Health Minister of Malaysia.
- Uthaya Sankar SB, Malaysian writer from Aulong Lama, Taiping.
- Toh Chin Chye, Singaporean politician who served as the Deputy Prime Minister for Singapore.
The station was previously served only by
- "Logo". Portal Rasmi Majlis Perbandaran Taiping (MPT). 21 October 2015.
- "Laman Web Rasmi Majlis Perbandaran Taiping - Profil YDP". Archived from the original on 5 January 2010.
- Senarai Mukim dan Statistik Penduduk
- Malaysian States http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Malay_states.htm
- Newspapers recorded Taiping as the wettest place in Malaya in March 1937, with a rainfall of 21.55 inches, and Maxwell's Hill next to it with 16.01 inches. Comparatively, Kuala Lumpur's rainfall was just 6.39 inches (The Straits Times, 24 April 1937, Page 12).; In 1959, The Straits Times (The Straits Times, 2 April 1959, Page 7) reported, 'Water was rationed 39 days last year in Taiping, the wettest town in Malaya. 'Taiping's Larut Hills record the highest annual average total of 5800 mm rain (Cranbrook, Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, ed. Malaysia:key Environments. Oxford: Published in Collaboration with the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources by Pergamon, 1988. Print. Page 7).
- LOH, IVAN. "Taiping is No 3 most sustainable city in the world". The Star. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
- Wahab, Farid (31 May 2022). "Delving into cultural roots of north Perak". The Star Online.
- The Straits Times, 31 August 1931, Page 6
- Straits Times Weekly Issue, 12 November 1890, Page 3
- The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), 28 April 1894, Page 11
- The Straits Times, 6 March 1889, Page 2
- "Climate: Taiping, Malaysia", climate-data.org 2016. Web: .
- "Background". Official Portal of Taiping Municipal Council (MPT). 21 October 2015.
- "Landasan Keretapi Yang Pertama di Tanah Melayu". Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2009.
- Malayan Railways 100 years 1885 – 1995
Media related to Taiping, Perak at Wikimedia Commons