This Year's Model
|This Year's Model|
|Studio album by|
|Released||17 March 1978|
|Recorded||December 1977 – January 1978|
|Elvis Costello chronology|
|Singles from This Year's Model|
This Year's Model is the second studio album by the English singer-songwriter Elvis Costello, released on 17 March 1978 through Radar Records. After being backed by Clover for his debut album My Aim Is True (1977), Costello formed the Attractions — keyboardist Steve Nieve, bassist Bruce Thomas and drummer Pete Thomas (no relation) — as his permanent backing band. Recording sessions took place at London's Eden Studios in eleven days between late 1977 and early 1978. Nick Lowe returned as producer, and Roger Béchirian acted as engineer. Most of the songs were written prior to the sessions, and debuted live during the latter half of 1977.
Embracing new wave, power pop and punk rock, the songs draw from bands such as the Rolling Stones and the Beatles. The lyrics explore subjects such as technologies of mass control and failing relationships, but in a manner that some reviewers found misogynistic. Echoing the lyrics of some of the tracks, the cover artwork, designed by the English graphic artist Barney Bubbles, shows Costello behind a camera on a tripod, emphasising his role as an observer.
The accompanying singles "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" and "Pump It Up" were commercially successful and the album reached number four on the UK Albums Chart. The American LP was released in May 1978 through Columbia Records. Substituting "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" and "Night Rally" for "Radio Radio", it reached number 30 on Billboard's Top LPs & Tape chart. This Year's Model also received critical acclaim; reviewers highlighted strong songwriting and performances, while also admiring Costello and the band as artists. The album appeared on year-end lists in both the UK and the US.
In later decades, This Year's Model has been acclaimed as one of Costello's best works, some critics commenting on its influence on punk and new wave. It has appeared on several lists of the greatest albums of all time and has been reissued multiple times with bonus tracks. In 2021, Costello spearheaded a new version of the album titled Spanish Model, which featured songs from This Year's Model sung in Spanish by Latin artists over the Attractions' original backing tracks. It received favourable reviews and charted on several Billboard charts.
Elvis Costello was backed on his debut album My Aim Is True (1977) by the California-based country rock act Clover, whose laid-back approach he felt did not fit the sound of the times. Wanting a harder and sharper sound, he decided to assemble a permanent backing band. The first musician hired was Pete Thomas, former drummer of Chilli Willi and the Red Hot Peppers; the second hired was Bruce Thomas, a bassist whose previous involvements included several folk rock albums earlier in the decade;[c] and last Steve Nieve, who had no prior band experience and had trained at the Royal College of Music. With Costello on guitar, he and the band, now named the Attractions, made their live debut on 14 July 1977. Shortly after the release of My Aim Is True eight days later, the group performed an unauthorised show outside a Columbia Records convention, which led to Costello's arrest. The stunt attracted the attention of record executive Greg Geller, who months later became integral in signing Costello to Columbia in the United States.
Costello and the band were on tour for most of the rest of 1977. The dates included the Greatest Stiffs Live Tour with other Stiff Records artists and their first tour of America. During this time, Stiff co-founder Jake Riviera departed Stiff due to disputes with label co-founder Dave Robinson. Per Costello's management contract, Costello followed Riviera and left Stiff for Radar Records but retained his American deal with Columbia.[d] His final release for Stiff was that October's "Watching the Detectives", his first single to reach the UK top 20. In the meantime, Costello had written a large amount of new material which would appear on This Year's Model.
According to author Graeme Thomson, Costello's reputation in the US grew faster than in the UK. He was acclaimed in publications such as Time and Newsweek and approached to appear on NBC's Saturday Night Live as a last-minute replacement for the Sex Pistols, which took place the day after the tour's end. During the appearance, Costello and the Attractions played "Watching the Detectives" and began "Less Than Zero" before Costello abruptly cut the band off and counted them into the then-unreleased "Radio Radio", a critique of the commercialisation of broadcasting. The impromptu stunt angered producer Lorne Michaels and resulted in Costello's banning from Saturday Night Live until 1989.
Writing and recording
This Year's Model was recorded during a break in Costello's touring schedule. Recording took place at Eden Studios, a 24-track studio in Acton, London, beginning towards the end of December 1977 and completing in early January 1978. Costello later said the entire album was recorded in about eleven days. The band briefly paused to play a three-night residency at London's Nashville Rooms, which concluded on Christmas Eve 1977. Nick Lowe returned from My Aim Is True as producer and, in Thomson's words, was the "mad professor", pushing the band's energy further to attain the best performance. Like the debut, Lowe primarily wanted to capture the songs live with few overdubs. Acting as a foil to Lowe was engineer Roger Béchirian, who Costello recalled was tasked with interpreting Lowe's commands, such as "turn the drums into one big maraca" or "make it sound like a dinosaur eating cars".[e]
Costello stayed at Bruce Thomas's flat during the sessions. According to Thomson, Costello remained focused despite keeping himself apart from his wife Mary during this time, which eventually led to their separation. Most of the songs had been written and performed live with the Attractions before the recordings. One of the final tracks written was "Pump It Up", which Costello began writing outside a hotel fire escape during the Live Stiffs tour, debuting the song two days later and properly recording it in the studio a week after that. Having frequently played the tracks live, the band were able to complete them with few overdubs; some of Costello's live guide vocals ended up in the final mix. Bruce Thomas recalled: "We literally did the best tracks on the album – "Pump It Up", "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" – in one afternoon. It was like Motown. We'd just go in, play them, and that was it." Despite the fast-paced nature of the sessions, Béchirian recalled Costello coming off the tour with "radiating energy":
He was a star almost overnight, and I think he was quite bemused by it all, swept up with the excitement. I have a great laughing image of him being fairly fresh-faced, like a little boy in a sweet shop.
Thomson says the sessions were "vibrant", productive and completed without difficulty. They began each day around 11 a.m. and finished around 9 p.m. According to Béchirian, "the whole thing was really good, it was really friendly, very positive. Everyone was really excited because they were the stars of the moment." Costello and the Attractions collaborated during the songwriting process. Although Costello preferred an "immaculate approach" to songwriting, wherein he would not present songs to the musicians until they were fully written, the Attractions offered suggestions that helped shape the songs. For "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea", Costello based the guitar parts on the 1964 tracks "I Can't Explain" by the Who and "All Day and All of the Night" by the Kinks, which the band used to create new figures to make "Chelsea" stand out on its own. The band recorded several outtakes, including "Radio Radio" and "Big Tears", the latter featuring a guest contribution from the Clash guitarist Mick Jones.[f] Other tracks written or demoed included "Crawling to the U.S.A.", "Running Out of Angels", "Green Shirt" and "Big Boys".[g]
The album was mixed at Eden by Béchirian with Lowe and Costello in attendance; Costello did not contribute due to his relative inexperience in the studio.[h] The mixing console had been custom-built by Béchirian in the early 1970s after the studio had changed locations. According to author Mick St. Michael, Lowe intentionally made the record louder than its predecessor. Béchirian recalled in an interview with Mix magazine that Lowe's primary goal was to "make sure the bass sat in well with the kick" and to bring Costello's voice to the forefront. With the record completed, Costello and the Attractions toured America in January 1978.
Music and lyrics
This Year's Model is a collection of songs that focused as much on Costello's recent success as on his by now patented emotional self-lacerations. Musically it seethed with tension, and this fitted the obsessive elements of the majority of the songs. ... Through the music, twitching and stuttering in a series of drum bursts, rents of organ and guitar arcs, the songs breathed as if through a gas mask – tight, controlled, afraid to splutter, claustrophobic, yet with a clear view of what was happening.
—Tony Clayton-Lea, Elvis Costello: A Biography
In the 2002 liner notes, Costello mentioned
In a contemporary interview with Creem magazine, Costello said the record contained less humour than its predecessor: "It's more vicious overall but far less personal, though." Referencing technologies of mass control, from corporate logos to night rallies, Hinton writes that the lyrics are "strongly visual, as befits the voyeurism which fuels many of the songs". References to objects such as cameras, films and telephones are present throughout many tracks, in both positive and negative lights, which author David Gouldstone argues creates a disillusioned world where greed and revenge are dominant. Like the cover artwork itself, the mechanical imagery emphasises observation rather than participation. Themes of uncertainty between reality and artifice previously emerged on "Watching the Detectives", and appear throughout This Year's Model on tracks such as "Pump It Up", "This Year's Girl" and "Living In Paradise". Author James E. Perone interprets songs like "Lipstick Vogue", "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" and "This Year's Girl" as relating to Costello's former job working at cosmetics and perfume company Elizabeth Arden.
Some reviewers identified themes of misogyny. In 1978, the writer Jon Pareles found the album "so wrong-headed, so full of hatred, [and] so convinced of its moral superiority" in Crawdaddy magazine. Drawing comparisons to Aftermath's similar lyrical content, Sounds magazine's Jon Savage said that "at least on occasion Elvis has the grace to make clear that it's a two-way process and he's at fault. Just wanna be your victim ...". Costello himself later wrote in the 2002 reissue's liner notes that he never understood the misogynistic accusations, believing they "clearly contained more sense of disappointment than disgust". Costello's failure to get the girl is the focal point of most of the relationships described in the album. Rolling Stone writer Kit Rachlis agreed, stating that all romances on the album are over or are about to commence, including a situation where he is unsure of whether to answer the phone or not ("No Action") or coming to terms after rejecting all compromises ("Lipstick Vogue").
"No Action" begins with Costello's solo voice. The lyrics detail the regret of a failed relationship. Gouldstone said that the song is the first example of Costello's use of "thematic punning", meaning the incorporation of references that indirectly relate to the song's main subject; "No Action", in this case, uses a telephone as comparisons to the narrator's companion. According to Costello, "This Year's Girl" was written as an "answer song" to the Rolling Stones' "Stupid Girl" (1965). Other influences included the mid-1960s works of the Beatles. In his 2015 memoir, Costello wrote that the song discusses how men see women and what they desire from them. The song's subject has achieved fame through fashion but it is only temporary, as by the next year, another girl will take her place. Once she realises it as time runs out, she feels cheated but by then it is too late. "The Beat" is primarily led by Nieve's keyboard and the rhythm section of Bruce and Pete Thomas. The song explores the uncertainties and pains of adolescence and early manhood, and Hinton regards it as the closest thing on the album to romantic love. It quotes Cliff Richard's "Summer Holiday" (1963) as a way to express enjoyment before the narrator is sought after by vigilantes.
"Pump It Up" was based on the stylings of Bob Dylan's "Subterranean Homesick Blues" (1965) and Chuck Berry's "Too Much Monkey Business" (1956). An energetic attack on a female chic society's member, the song takes place in a nightclub, where its self-important members aspire to fit into high society, seeking purpose. The vocals are fuelled by obsessive sexual desire, while the rhythmic guitar riff is likened by Gouldstone to heavy metal. Writing for AllMusic, Mark Deming stated that the song "perfectly captures the giddy but terrifying feeling of a wild, adrenaline-fueled all-night party that's dangling on the verge of collapse." A softer track changing from soft soul to Burt Bacharach, "Little Triggers" is about a failing relationship caused by the woman's indifference. The 'little triggers' refer to the small things that occur in the beginning of a relationship that make it meaningful, such as kissing, body-brushing and lip expressions. RAM magazine's Anthony O'Grady called it "a hypnotic, frustrated, hurt love song that's almost the mirror image of 'Alison' [from My Aim Is True]." "You Belong to Me" is heavily in debt to the Rolling Stones, using the same riff as "The Last Time" (1965). Lyrically, it is a plea for sexual freedom and is full of resentment and anger. Musically, AllMusic's Stewart Mason likens it to 1960s garage rock.
The track "Hand in Hand" opens with guitar
"Living in Paradise" was written in 1975 when Costello was a member of the pub rock band Flip City. O'Grady calls it as "shuffling power-pop reggae detailing how dreams of soft-living actualise in soul-decaying corruption". Morgan Troper of PopMatters maintained that it abandons the punk workings of the rest of the album for a ska-type rhythm. According to Gouldstone the track has themes already present in the album's other songs, including misogynistic ideals. "Lipstick Vogue" is described by AllMusic's Tom Maginnis as a showcase for the band's energy and skill. It opens with a drum fill by Pete Thomas before Bruce Thomas and Nieve drive on bass and keyboards, respectively. Reflecting themes of alienation, the song is about the perils of imperfect love. "Night Rally" provides commentary on the then-prevalent UK National Front. It presents, in Hinton's words, a "nightmare of state control and worse" that argues how totalitarianism infiltrates and affects society. Costello compares conglomerate corporations to these types of governments, in how they attempt to control the people. It cuts off abruptly, ending the album on, in St. Michael's words, "an explicit and disturbingly pessimistic note".
Packaging and artwork
We wanted to catch people's eyes. If they said, 'Why is it printed off register?' as the initial pressing was, it was because we wanted people to ask exactly that. It meant they'd pause just that little bit longer in front of our sleeve.
—Elvis Costello on the cover
The original UK cover artwork for This Year's Model was deliberately off-centre, making the title appear as His Year's Model and the artist "Lvis Costello". The design by Barney Bubbles left a printers' colour bar intact along the right side. The American and Swedish sleeves were lined up correctly and not off-centre. Riviera's F-Beat Records released a May 1980 issue with an aligned sleeve, which has been retained for all subsequent releases.
Photographed by Chris Gabrin, the front cover depicts Costello in his signature black framed glasses, wearing a dark suit with a polka dot shirt, glaring from behind a camera on a tripod. In Thomson's words, he is "expressionless" and "both observed and observing". According to Hinton, it was a "careful reconstruction" of David Hemmings from Michelangelo Antonioni's Blow Up (1966). The British cover had Costello standing back with his hands open; on the American cover, he crouched forward with both hands gripping the camera like a gun; a third shot was also used for the Swedish release. The back cover depicts Costello and the Attractions in a small, dimly lit hotel room reacting to a television with mock horror. Three of them are wearing black ties while Nieve dons a V-neck pullover. The inner sleeve depicts a robotic hand gripping a miniature TV on which Costello is playing, standing on one leg, and the other side depicts four colour-coded and dismembered mannequin bodies wearing string vests in a laundromat. Hinton states that the label's gimmick at the time was off-centre sleeves and avant-garde inner fold images.
The Attractions were acknowledged on the LP labels but did not receive sleeve credits on the original release. The LP labels contain text between the holding spirals reading "Special pressing No. 003. Ring 434-3232. Ask for Moira for your prize". Packaged with the first 50,000 copies of the LP was a free 7" single containing "Stranger in the House", an outtake from My Aim Is True left off the album due to its country-influenced sound, with a live cover of the Damned's "Neat Neat Neat" as the B-side. The first American pressings contain Costello's rather than Columbia's logo.
Release and promotion
The band's North American tour before the album's release lasted from January to early March 1978. The setlist consisted of tracks from both My Aim Is True and This Year's Model, as well as B-sides and covers. The tour was positively received, but contributed to the growing exhaustion of Costello and the Attractions.
Radar released the first single, "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea", backed by "You Belong to Me", on 3 March 1978 in the UK, which received acclaim and reached number 16 on the UK Singles Chart. A performance in Toronto on 6 March was heavily bootlegged, and was eventually issued as Live at the El Mocambo in 1993 with the 2½ Years box set, and as a standalone release in 2009. This Year's Model was released in the UK on 17 March with the catalogue number RAD 3. Costello and the Attractions undertook a 28-date UK tour between March to April. The dates were plagued with problems, including Bruce Thomas cutting his hand smashing a glass bottle, requiring Lowe to substitute for him; Thomas wore bandages for the filming of promotional clips for "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" and "Pump It Up". Costello grew more exhausted from constant touring but continued writing new material. By the tour's end, This Year's Model had reached No. 4 on the UK Albums Chart.
Another US tour commenced just three days after the previous tour's end. With Bruce Thomas still unavailable, Costello brought back Clover guitarist John Ciambotti, who only had one day of rehearsal. Throughout the tour, Costello and the band continued the wild behaviour they had become known for—both on and off stage—and experienced an increase in drug use, lack of sleep and growing exhaustion. Songs that would appear on Costello's next album, 1979's Armed Forces, began appearing in the set-lists. This Year's Model was issued in the US in May 1978; Columbia substituted "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" and "Night Rally" with "Radio Radio" on the notion that the lyrics on both tracks were "too English". It reached to number 30 on Billboard's Top LPs & Tape chart.
The tour lasted until June 1978, after which the band again toured Europe. "Pump It Up", backed by "Big Tears", was released as the second single in June, which peaked at number 24 in the UK, earning Costello another appearance on BBC's Top of the Pops. In July, Costello recorded "Stranger in the House" with country artist George Jones, which appeared on the latter's My Very Special Guests album in 1979, before commencing the recording sessions for Armed Forces. "This Year's Girl", backed by "Big Tears", was issued as a US single. After appearing on the American LP, "Radio Radio" was released as a stand-alone single in the UK on 24 October 1978, backed by "Tiny Steps".
|The Village Voice||A|
This Year's Model was well received on release. Many critics deemed it superior to My Aim Is True, praised the Attractions as a better band than Clover, and highlighted the strong songwriting and performances.[i] Melody Maker's Allan Jones announced it as a masterpiece and called the album "an achievement so comprehensive, so inspired, that it exhausts superlatives". He wrote that "the penetration of the language matches the vaulting hysteria of the performance" and concluded that the record "promotes its author to the foremost ranks of contemporary rock writers", such as Bruce Springsteen. Cash Box remarked that This Year's Model allowed Costello to surpass early comparisons of Springsteen and Graham Parker to establish his own identity. In RAM magazine, O'Grady dubbed This Year's Model "the best collection of...fashion-conscious songs since Ray Davies [of the Kinks] started his 'Dedicated Follower of Fashion' period." Tom Zito of The Washington Post had a hard time recalling an artist whose sophomore record surpassed their "already impressive" debut.
Costello is currently the best. There's simply no-one within spitting distance of him. He has his finger on the pulse of this desperate era and his perceptions are so disquieting because all too often they're too damn real to be strenuously ignored. ... Meanwhile, Model is just too powerful, too dazzling to be ignored or sidestepped.
Several reviewers placed Costello as one of the best British New Wave artists.[j] In Circus magazine, Fred Schruers lauded his lyrics, musicianship and angry persona, and cited This Year's Model as having fulfilled "every new wave expectation". Robert Christgau of The Village Voice also saw Costello's emotional delivery as full of anger and grimace, which he found "more attractive musically and verbally than all his melodic and lyrical tricks". In the midst of the punk movement, Christgau acknowledged the genre's influence on the album and artist. Creem's Alan Madeleine found the artist proves himself "stylistically mindful": he is "distinct enough from any other extant act to be noted, yet cautious of excess experimentation in this establishmental sophomore phase." Record Mirror's Tim Lott considered the songs "less vicious" than its predecessors, but said the artist remains an "Aladdin's cave of anti-matter". He called Costello's voice "insubstantial but wiry", the music "clever in its very lack of detail", and compared the organ-heavy sound with Blondie: a Sixties sound "trapped for ten years on atmospherics". Naming This Year's Model the winner of May 1978's "disc derby" in the Los Angeles Times, Robert Hilburn wrote that Costello's vocals "bristle with conviction and bite that we rarely find in rock in the '70s". Other critics highlighted Lowe's production.[k]
Some critics were less enthusiastic. Savage felt Costello was "less than likable" and the Attractions "spare yet full", but ultimately considered the album "an excellent, soon-to-be-popular" record. In Rolling Stone, Rachlis believed the album was more "musically and thematically" cohesive than My Aim Is True, but not "diminish[ing] the prodigal brilliance" of its predecessor. Conversely, Joel Selvin of the San Francisco Chronicle found "no new surprises" on Model, but felt the songs improved on the style exhibited on Aim, concluding that it "should satisfy his growing legion of fans, as well as gain new converts". In The New York Times, John Rockwell described This Year's Model as a "fine" record that maintains all of the artist's previous angry energy, yet "filling out the arrangements with a richness of texture (organ especially) that is very appealing". Pareles was critical of the overtly misogynistic themes.
This Year's Model was voted the best album of 1978 by both Melody Maker and The Village Voice. It was highly placed in other year-end lists by Rolling Stone, NME (3), Record Mirror (5) and Sounds (8).
Legacy and influence
|The Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Spin Alternative Record Guide||10/10|
This Year's Model continues to receive critical acclaim. Journalists praise the Attractions' music, describing them as one of the best backing bands in rock music. Gouldstone wrote that with Costello on guitar, they became a band who are "capable of making even mediocre music listenable and of giving Costello's greatest songs an enthralling sense of intensity and immediacy." Erlewine described them as giving the album a "reckless, careening feel", further commending the sound, concluding that "Costello and the Attractions never rocked this hard, or this vengefully, ever again." Writing for Pitchfork in 2002, Matt LeMay said they were the reason the album was superior to My Aim Is True, and that "it's not only a more complex and dynamic album, but also one that steers well clear of the retro guitar twang that marred the less interesting bits of his debut." Declaring This Year's Model not only Costello's best, but one of the best albums ever made, he stated that it balanced the "raw energy" of its predecessor with the "more elegant pop songwriting" of his later works." Writing for Blender magazine, Douglas Wolk considered the Attractions "perfect creative foils" for Costello, particularly signalling out Nieve's playing throughout the record.
Critics consider This Year's Model one of Costello's best, and "angriest",
Some reviewers mention the album's influence on punk and its evolution into new wave. In 2002, Uncut magazine's Chris Roberts called Costello the "bitter bard of the punk era", writing that with This Year's Model, he "articulat[ed] a generation's ire every bit as caustically as the [Sex] Pistols' gigantic guitars". Bray cited it as the album that proved pop and punk could co-exist. Writing for Record Collector in 2008, Terry Staunton cited it as "the post-punk distillation of the times", especially in London, and ten years later, Nick Hasted named it the "template" for the transition from punk to new wave. Regarding the album's position in the new wave genre, punknews.org's Julie River described This Year's Model as one of the first and strongest new wave albums, ultimately standing as one of Costello's finest albums. Paste magazine's Andy Whitman went further, describing the album as "the moment when New Wave found its frontman". Both River and Whitman agreed the album has aged well.
Thomson described the songs as "tight and instantly memorable", and mentioned Costello's improved songwriting and the Attractions' performances. Hinton considers it "light years ahead" of its predecessor, creating a "paranoid universe, where everyone is being watched." St. Michael similarly writes that the record "provokes and invokes" the listener as much as it entertains. In The Words & Music of Elvis Costello, Perone calls This Year's Model one of the "strongest sophomore efforts of any singer-songwriter", arguing that it affirmed the seeds that outlined on My Aim Is True that predicted the artist's future projects. The author also comments that it debuted one of the strongest four-piece rock bands of the era.
This Year's Model often appears on lists of the greatest albums of all time. In 2000 Q placed it at number 82 on its list of the "100 Greatest British Albums Ever". In 1987, Rolling Stone placed the album at number 11 on its list of the best of the past 20 years, and said that Costello charted "the modern romantic terrain with keen cynicism, caustic wit and furious energy." The same magazine ranked the album number 98 in its list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in 2003, maintaining the rating in a 2012 revised list, and dropping to number 121 in a 2020 revised list. In lists compiling the 100 greatest albums of all time, Mojo, NME and Spin ranked This Year's Model at numbers 69, 40 and 8 in 1995, 1985 and 1989, respectively. NME listed it at number 256 in their 2013 list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. In a 2018 issue selecting 70 landmark albums of the past 70 years, Record Collector chose This Year's Model as their pick for 1978. In 2004, Pitchfork's Sam Ubl ranked it the 52nd best album of the 1970s, calling it "one of [Costello's] most deceptive rock records", and in 2012, Paste placed it at number 35 in a similar list. Ultimate Classic Rock also included it in their list of the 100 best rock albums from the decade. Paste magazine also ranked it the 19th greatest new wave album in 2016.
The album was included in the 2018 edition of Robert Dimery's book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Based on the album's appearances in professional rankings and listings, the aggregate website Acclaimed Music lists This Year's Model as the most acclaimed album of 1978, the 28th most acclaimed album of the 1970s and the 92nd most acclaimed album in history.
This Year's Model was first released on
In 2008, it was reissued again by Universal/Hip-O Records as a deluxe edition, featuring most of the same tracks as the Rhino reissue, with the addition of a 13-track live bonus disc taken from a show at the Warner Theater in Washington, D.C. on 28 February 1978. For its 2021 remaster by UMe, "Big Tears" was added before "Radio Radio" on the standard album, bringing the total track count to 14.
All songs written by Elvis Costello.
- "No Action" – 1:57
- "This Year's Girl" – 3:16
- "The Beat" – 3:42
- "Pump It Up" – 3:12
- "Little Triggers" – 2:38
- "You Belong to Me" – 2:19
- "Hand in Hand" – 2:30
- "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" – 3:06
- "Lip Service" – 2:34
- "Living in Paradise" – 3:51
- "Lipstick Vogue" – 3:29
- "Night Rally" – 2:40
- The US release dropped "(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea" and "Night Rally" and added "Radio Radio" to close side two. The 2002 Rhino reissue added "Radio Radio" after "Night Rally" as the album closer, and the 2021 remaster added "Big Tears" before "Radio Radio".
According to the liner notes of the 2002 reissue:
- Elvis Costello – guitar, vocals
- Steve Nieve – keyboards
- Bruce Thomas – bass
- Pete Thomas – drums
- Mick Jones – lead guitar on "Big Tears"
- Nick Lowe – producer, mixer
- Roger Béchirian – engineer
Charts and certifications
|Remix album by|
|Released||10 September 2021|
|Elvis Costello chronology|
|Singles from Spanish Model|
In 2018, Costello collaborated with singer Natalie Bergman for a new version of "This Year's Girl" for the second season of the American television series The Deuce. For this version, Costello and his frequent collaborator, producer Sebastian Krys, added new vocals from Bergman alongside Costello's originals. The project led Costello to conceive a reimagining of This Year's Model entirely in Spanish. The project, titled Spanish Model, features 16 songs from the This Year's Model period sung by an array of Latin artists, including Juanes, Jorge Drexler, Luis Fonsi, Francisca Valenzuela, Fuego, Draco Rosa and Fito Páez, replacing Costello's original vocals but retaining the Attractions' original backing instrumentation.[l]
In a 2021 interview with Mojo, Costello said that he had three requirements for the project: he wanted a lesser-known line-up, each singer would translate his or her own song and the Attractions' original backing tracks would be used. He was insistent on the quality of the band's performances: "Take my voice out of it and the playing from Pete, Bruce and Steve is sensational." As a non-Spanish speaker, Costello and Krys worked with songwriters Elsten Torres, Ximena Muñoz, Luis Mitre and Andie Sandoval to translate the lyrics. Costello told Rolling Stone:
The thing with the translation, and we've discovered a lot over the record, [is that] the Spanish adaptation makes the melodies sound a little different, because the sound elements are different. I sing with a lot of, shall we say, attitude, particularly then. With songs like 'Hand in Hand' and 'Living in Paradise', I didn't realise these songs had melody — I thought it was just me sneering. I didn't realise they had tunes until I heard them sung by more melodious singers in another language.
The lyrics themselves are not literal translations. The first track completed was Cami's reinterpretation of "This Year's Girl" titled "La Chica de Hoy", which literally means "the girl of today". Costello explained that it has the same ideas as the original track, but Cami introduced reflections from her own career. "Radio Radio" was given "the most radical change" due to the track's now-outdated themes. "Night Rally" and "Chelsea" were also given changes to instead reflect the rise of Spanish fascism and the updated location of Miami, respectively. Krys originally intended to mimic Lowe and Béchirian's original mix, but decided it worked better when he mixed the backing tracks around the new vocals.
Many of the Latin performers connected with the music on the original album. La Marisoul, a huge fan of Costello's, felt honoured to sing "Little Triggers", now titled "Detonantes". The artist approached the track by saying "Okay, I'm gonna live in these lyrics". For "Radio Radio", Fito Páez amended it to the current era where he presented himself "like this old dinosaur who goes back to his little radio to listen to Elvis Costello". Juanes, who recalled watching the music video for "Pump It Up" on MTV, offered a Spanish take on the lyric's events for his version of the song. Francisca Valenzuela, who sang "Hand In Hand" with Luis Humberto Navejas, cited This Year's Model and Imperial Bedroom (1982) as her favourite records by Costello and was delighted when she was approached for the project, stating: "I think it reflects something we're all interested in, which is the multiculturalism and syncretism of music." Draco Rosa was thrilled at the opportunity to provide a new and natural take on "The Beat", titled "Yo Te Vi".
Preceded by the release of Juanes's "Pump It Up" on 15 July 2021, Spanish Model was issued on 10 September through record label UMe and was packaged with the 2021 remaster of the original album. Costello said in a statement: "Part of the fun of this project is its unexpected nature. Although, I think people in my audience that have been paying attention are pretty much used to surprises by now." Speaking to Mojo, he stated that the Attractions, Lowe and Béchirian all responded positively to Spanish Model.
Spanish Model earned Costello and the Attractions their first top-ten entry on a Billboard Latin chart, reaching number six on
|Under the Radar||7.5/10|
Spanish Model has been favourably reviewed by music critics. Erlewine commended the new vocals, stating that the Latin singers retain the "barbed humour" and "spiky politics" of the original album. He believes the new songs improved the project overall and expand the "musical and emotional palette", creating an album that was "not as a curiosity but rather a small wonder, revealing new dimensions of the original recording while opening up these songs for new audiences". Mojo's John Aizlewood found the project unnecessary but refreshing.
In PopMatters, Marty Lipp cited the project as a complete display of the Attractions' strength as a band and recognised how many of the Latin singers on the project were female, which represented a "striking reversal" of the "she done me wrong" mentality that pervaded a majority of Costello's early work. He felt that the absence of Costello's "brilliantly cynical wordplay" did the album more harm than good, particularly on "Pump It Up", but considered the project "still as exciting and fun as ever" and commended Costello for continuing to surprise his fans. Matthew Berlyant in Under the Radar magazine called the project unique and praised Costello for taking a major left turn almost 45 years into his career. He highlighted the rearranged track listing and additions to the original record as making the project stand on its own, concluding that Costello succeeded in both bringing attention to the original album and the Spanish-speaking artists that enveloped Spanish Model.
Track information adapted from Spotify:
|1.||"No Action"||Nina Diaz||2:12|
|2.||"(Yo No Quiero Ir A) Chelsea" ("(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea")"||Raquel Sofía and Fuego||3:39|
|3.||"Yo Te Vi" ("The Beat")"||Draco Rosa||3:47|
|4.||"Pump It Up"||Juanes||3:28|
|5.||"Detonantes" ("Little Triggers")"||La Marisoul||2:42|
|6.||"Tu Eres Para Mi" ("You Belong to Me")"||Luis Fonsi||2:50|
|7.||""Hand in Hand""||Francisca Valenzuela and Luis Humberto Navejas||2:34|
|8.||"La Chica de Hoy" ("This Year's Girl")"||Cami||3:29|
|9.||"Mentira" ("Lip Service")"||Pablo López||2:38|
|10.||"Viviendo en el Paraiso" ("Living in Paradise")"||Jesse & Joy||3:59|
|12.||"La Turba" ("Night Rally")"||Jorge Drexler||2:42|
|13.||"Llorar" ("Big Tears")"||Sebastián Yatra||3:10|
|14.||"Radio Radio"||Fito Páez||3:09|
|15.||"Crawling to the U.S.A."||Gian Marco and Nicole Zignago||2:47|
|16.||"Se Esta Perdiendo La Inocencia" ("Running Out of Angels")"||Vega||2:08|
|17.||"(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea [Dub Mix]"||Fuego and Raquel Sofía||3:33|
|18.||"Pump It Up [Duet Mix]"||Juanes||3:14|
|19.||"Pump It Up [Brutal Mix]"||Elvis Costello and the Attractions||3:22|
|US Latin Pop Albums (Billboard)||6|
|US Top Album Sales (Billboard)||50|
Top Current Album Sales (Billboard)
|US Top Latin Albums (Billboard)||38|
- ^ The UK sleeve was off-centre and featured a printer colour bar on the right. Later reissues feature a properly aligned sleeve.
- ^ The Attractions did not receive a sleeve credit on the original release but were credited on the LP labels. Later reissues are credited to Elvis Costello and the Attractions.
- ^ Although they have the same surname, Pete and Bruce are unrelated.
- ^ Lowe also left Stiff with Costello for Radar.
- ^ Béchirian continued to work with Costello on his next four Lowe-produced albums.
- ^ In the 2002 reissue's liner notes, Costello stated that "Big Tears" was the only "genuine" outtake from the This Year's Model sessions.
- ^ "Green Shirt" and "Big Boys" were both recorded for Costello's next album, Armed Forces (1979).
- ^ Costello asserted himself more on the mixing of Armed Forces.
- ^ Attributed to multiple references:
- ^ Attributed to multiple references:
- ^ Attributed to multiple references:
- ^ Some of Costello's original vocals were retained for a couple of tracks, including "Pump It Up" and "Radio Radio".
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Hinton 1999, chap. 3.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Hinton 1999, p. 434.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i St. Michael 1986, chap. 3.
- ^ a b c d Anon. (1978). This Year's Model (LP sleeve notes). Elvis Costello. UK: Radar Records. RAD 3.
- ^ a b c d River, Julie (2 June 2018). "Elvis Costello and the Attractions – This Year's Model". Punk News. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
- ^ a b c d e Hinton 1999, chap. 2.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Thomson 2004, chap. 4.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Costello, Elvis (2002). This Year's Model (reissue) (CD booklet). Elvis Costello. US: Rhino Entertainment. R2 78354.
- ^ Costello 2015, pp. 231–239.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Gouldstone 1989, chap. 3.
- ^ a b Costello 2015, pp. 237–242.
- ^ a b c d Hinton 1999, p. 426.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j Clayton-Lea 1999, chap. 2.
- ^ Mamo, Heran (25 January 2021). "Elvis Costello Recalls 'SNL' Stunt That Got Him Banned: 'I Just Wanted Them to Remember Us'". Billboard. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
- Ultimate Classic Rock. Archivedfrom the original on 28 December 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
- ^ a b c Costello 2015, pp. 314–319.
- ^ Demon Records. DPAM 2.
- ^ Tyler, Kieron (March 2008). "This Year's Model: Elvis Costello & the Attractions". Mojo Classic. 2 (5): 129.
- ^ Costello 2015, p. 54.
- ^ Costello 2015, p. 189.
- ^ Gouldstone 1989, chap. 4.
- ^ a b c Schultz, Barbara (January 2007). "Classic tracks: Elvis Costello and the Attractions' 'Pump It Up'". Mix (31): 140–141. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Thomson 2004, chap. 5.
- ^ a b Jackson, Josh; Martin, Garrett (8 September 2016). "The 50 Best New Wave Albums". Paste. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
- ^ Sexton, Paul (17 March 2021). "'This Year's Model': New Wave 1978-Style From Elvis Costello". uDiscoverMusic. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ Borack 2007, p. 190.
- ^ Bonomo, Marcus & Whitman Prenshaw 2012, p. 85.
- ^ a b c d e Bray, Ryan (17 March 2018). "'This Year's Model' Is Still Elvis Costello at His Angry Best". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on 11 July 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "This Year's Model – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
- ^ Perone 2015, p. 6.
- ^ a b c Pareles, Jon (June 1978). "Below the Belt". Crawdaddy. No. 85. p. 70.
- ^ a b c d Savage, Jon (11 March 1978). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model". Sounds. p. 26. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ a b c Rachlis, Kit (29 June 1978). "This Year's Model". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 12 June 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Troper, Morgan (5 February 2021). "Between the Grooves: Elvis Costello – 'This Year's Model'". PopMatters. pp. 1–12. Archived from the original on 14 September 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ Costello 2015, pp. 190–191.
- ^ Maginnis, Tom. "'The Beat' – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ Deming, Mark. "'Pump It Up' – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d Kent, Nick (11 March 1978). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model (Radar Records)". NME. p. 37. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ a b c d e O'Grady, Anthony (5 May 1978). "Elvis Costello & The Attractions: This Year's Model (Radar)". RAM. Archived from the original on 19 April 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ a b c Perone 2015, pp. 16–25.
- ^ Mason, Stewart. "'You Belong to Me' – Elvis Costello Song Review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ Maginnis, Tom. "'(I Don't Want to Go to) Chelsea' – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 30 October 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ Maginnis, Tom. "'Lipstick Vogue' – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d e Parkyn 1984, pp. 38–39.
- ^ Lynam, Ian (13 March 2015). "The Genius of Graphic Designer Barney Bubbles". Red Bull Music Academy. Archived from the original on 28 January 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
- ^ Gabrin, Chris. "Chris Gabrin: Elvis Costello, 'This Year's Model' session". Snap Galleries. Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
- Demon Records. DPAM 1.
- ^ Deming, Mark. "Live at the El Mocambo – Elvis Costello / Elvis Costello & the Attractions". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 7 December 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
- ^ Deusner, Stephen M. (13 October 2009). "Elvis Costello – Live at the El Mocambo (rec. 1978, rel. 1993) album review". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 19 November 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
- ^ a b c Gallucci, Michael (17 March 2018). "How Elvis Costello Created His Masterpiece, 'This Year's Model'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 29 October 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ Costello 2015, pp. 253–254, 321–322.
- ^ a b "Elvis Costello – This Year's Model". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- ^ a b "Elvis Costello Chart History". Billboard. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
- ^ a b Parkyn 1984, p. 22.
- ^ a b c "This Year's Model: Elvis Costello" (PDF). Music Week. 18 March 1978. p. 56. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ a b Lott, Tim (11 March 1978). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model (Radar Rad 3)" (PDF). Record Mirror. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ ISBN 978-0-89919-026-6. Archivedfrom the original on 6 November 2004. Retrieved 16 October 2004.
- ^ Robbins, Ira (May 1978). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model". Trouser Press. Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ a b Hilburn, Robert (7 May 1978). "Pop Music: All Thoroughbreds in This Month's Disc Derby". Los Angeles Times. p. 77. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022 – via Newspapers.com (subscription required).
- ^ a b c "Top Album Picks" (PDF). Billboard. 8 April 1978. p. 82. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ a b c "Album Reviews" (PDF). Cash Box. 8 April 1978. p. 18. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ a b c Zito, Tom (3 May 1978). "Costello's stormy rock". The Washington Post.
- ^ a b Jones, Allan (11 March 1978). "Elvis on Revenge". Melody Maker. p. 17.
- ^ a b Rockwell, John (21 April 1978). "The Pop Life". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 August 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
- ^ Schruers, Fred (22 June 1978). "Elvis Costello is Angry and Convincing: This Year's Model Fulfils Every New Wave Expectation". Circus. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ Madeleine, Alan (July 1978). "This Year's Model: Elvis Costello". Creem. p. 59.
- ^ a b Selvin, Joel (16 April 1978). "England's Elvis — Solid brash". San Francisco Chronicle. p. 49.
- ^ "Records of the Year". Melody Maker. 30 December 1978. p. 19.
- ^ "The 1978 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. 22 January 1979. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2007.
- ^ "The Rolling Stone 1978 Critics' Awards". Rolling Stone. 28 December 1978. p. 11.
- ^ "NME's best albums and tracks of 1978". NME. 10 October 2016. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
- ^ "Top 10 Albums" (PDF). Record Mirror. 23 December 1978. p. 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2021. Retrieved 17 June 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ "Albums of the Year". Sounds. 30 December 1978. p. 12.
- ^ a b Wolk, Douglas (March 2005). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model". Blender. No. 34. Archived from the original on 4 February 2005. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- ^ Kot, Greg (2 June 1991). "The Sounds Of Elvis, From San Francisco And Beyond". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
- ISBN 978-0-85712-595-8.
- ^ White, Armond (10 May 1991). "Elvis Costello's albums". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 21 October 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- ^ a b c d e LeMay, Matt (9 May 2002). "Elvis Costello & The Attractions: This Year's Model". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
- ^ Eccleston, Danny (March 2002). "Elvis Costello & the Attractions: This Year's Model / Blood & Chocolate / Brutal Youth". Q. No. 188. p. 133.
- ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8. Archivedfrom the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- ^ Wyman 1995, p. 92.
- ^ a b Moody, Paul (8 August 2007). "Elvis Costello – This Year's Model". Uncut. No. 124. p. 84. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- ^ a b Mendelsohn, Jason; Klinger, Eric (27 April 2012). "Counterbalance No. 79: Elvis Costello's 'This Year's Model'". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d Sheffield, Rob (6 March 2008). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model (Deluxe Edition 2008)". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 8 August 2009. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- Ultimate Classic Rock. Archivedfrom the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ a b Shipley, Al (30 January 2022). "Every Elvis Costello Album, Ranked". Spin. Archived from the original on 19 February 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ a b Irvin, Jim (March 2002). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model/Blood & Chocolate/Brutal Youth". Mojo. Archived from the original on 5 December 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ a b Roberts, Chris (April 2002). "Elvis Costello: Reissues". Uncut. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2022 – via Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- ^ a b Staunton, Terry (May 2008). "This Year's Model: Elvis Costello & the Attractions". Record Collector. No. 349.
- ^ a b Hasted, Nick (December 2018). "The 70 Landmark Albums of the Last 70 years – Elvis Costello: This Year's Model". Record Collector. No. 487. p. 83.
- ^ a b Whitman, Andy (3 March 2008). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model (Deluxe Edition)". Paste. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
- ^ a b Franzon, Henrik (n.d.). "This Year's Model". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on 11 October 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ "The 100 Greatest British Albums Ever! – Elvis Costello: This Year's Model". Q. No. 165. June 2000. p. 62.
- ^ "The Best Albums of The Last 20 Years – 11. This Year's Model". Rolling Stone. No. 507. 27 August 1987. p. 72.
- OCLC 70672814. Archived from the originalon 16 March 2006. Retrieved 12 April 2006.
- ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 31 May 2012. Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 22 September 2020. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
- ^ "The 100 Greatest Albums Ever Made". Mojo. No. 21. August 1995. pp. 50–88.
- ^ "Top 100". NME. 30 November 1985. p. 12.
- ^ "The 25 Greatest Albums of All Time – No. 8: Elvis Costello and the Attractions: This Year's Model". Spin. April 1989. p. 47.
- ^ Barker, Emily (24 October 2013). "The 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time: 300–201". NME. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ Ubl, Sam (23 June 2004). "The 100 Best Albums of the 1970s". Pitchfork. p. 5. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ "The 70 Best Albums of the 1970s". Paste. 7 January 2020. Archived from the original on 11 December 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
- ^ "Top 100 '70s Rock Albums". Ultimate Classic Rock. 5 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ISBN 978-1-78840-080-0.
- ^ a b LeMay, Matt (18 March 2008). "Elvis Costello: This Year's Model: Deluxe Edition Album Review". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "This Year's Model [Deluxe Edition] – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "This Year's Model – Elvis Costello (CD – UMe #003394102)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 3 December 2021. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
- ISBN 978-0-646-11917-5.
- ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 29, No. 10, June 03 1978". RPM. Archived from the original on 14 January 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- MegaCharts. Archivedfrom the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Archivedfrom the original on 15 March 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- ^ "Elvis Costello – 'This Year's Model'" (ASP). VG-lista. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- ^ "Elvis Costello – 'This Year's Model'" (ASP) (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- ^ "Top 100 Albums" (PDF). Cash Box. 3 June 1978. p. 57. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 August 2022. Retrieved 5 July 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ "Record World Album Chart" (PDF). Record World. 3 June 1978. p. 54. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 August 2022. Retrieved 5 July 2022 – via worldradiohistory.com.
- ^ "Canadian album certifications – Elvis Costello – This Year's Model". Music Canada.
- ^ "British album certifications – Elvis Costello – This Year's Model". British Phonographic Industry.
- ^ "American album certifications – Elvis Costello – This Year's Model". Recording Industry Association of America.
- ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Spanish Model – Elvis Costello". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d Lopez, Julyssa (15 July 2021). "Elvis Costello on Why He Remade 'This Year's Model' Entirely in Spanish". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 23 January 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d Lipp, Marty (14 September 2021). "Elvis Costello Remakes His Classic 'This Year's Model' in Spanish". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d e Berlyant, Matthew (12 October 2021). "Elvis Costello & the Attractions: Spanish Model (UMe) – review". Under the Radar. Archived from the original on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ a b Willman, Chris (16 September 2021). "Elvis Costello on the Endurance of 'This Year's Model,' and What's Gained in Translation With New 'Spanish Model'". Variety. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ a b Simmons, Sylvie (September 2021). "Elvis Costello reimagines 'This Year's Model' — in Spanish!". Mojo. No. 334. p. 14.
- ^ a b c Milano, Brett (28 September 2021). "Elvis Costello On Reimagining His Landmark 1978 Album Into The New 'Spanish Model'". uDiscoverMusic. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d e Lopez, Julyssa (10 September 2021). "Five Artists on What It's Like to Sing Elvis Costello's Songs in Spanish". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 28 October 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ a b "Elvis Costello Preps Spanish Version of 'This Year's Model' With Special Guests". Billboard. 16 July 2021. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ Richards, Will (18 July 2021). "Elvis Costello announces Spanish reimagining of 1978 album 'This Year's Model'". NME. Archived from the original on 31 October 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f Bustios, Pamela. "Elvis Costello & The Attractions Score First Entry on a Billboard Latin Albums Chart With 'Spanish Model'". Billboard. Archived from the original on 19 May 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
- ^ a b "Elvis Costello Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
- ^ a b "Reviews for Spanish Model by Elvis Costello & the Attractions". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
- ^ a b Aizlewood, John (November 2021). "Elvis Costello: 'Spanish Model' Review". Mojo. No. 336. p. 87.
- ^ "Spanish Model – Elvis Costello & the Attractions". Spotify. 2021. Archived from the original on 13 October 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
- Bonomo, Joe; Marcus, Greil; Whitman Prenshaw, Peggy (1 October 2012). Conversations with Greil Marcus. Literary Conversations. ISBN 978-1-61703-622-4.
- Borack, John M. (2007). Shake Some Action: The Ultimate Power Pop Guide. ISBN 978-0-9797714-0-8.
- Clayton-Lea, Tony (1999). Elvis Costello: A Biography. London: ISBN 978-0-233-99339-3.
- ISBN 978-0-241-00346-6.
- Gouldstone, David (1989). Elvis Costello: God's Comic. New York City: ISBN 978-0-312-04309-4.
- Hinton, Brian (1999). Let Them All Talk: The Music of Elvis Costello. London: Sanctuary Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-86074-196-8.
- Parkyn, Geoff (1984). Elvis Costello: The Illustrated Disco/Biography. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-0531-2.
- Perone, James E. (2015). The Words and Music of Elvis Costello. Santa Barbara, California: ISBN 978-1-4408-3215-4.
- St. Michael, Mick (1986). Elvis Costello: An Illustrated Biography. London: ISBN 978-0-7119-0772-0.
- Thomson, Graeme (2004). Complicated Shadows: The Life and Music of Elvis Costello. Edinburgh: ISBN 978-1-84195-796-8.
- Wyman, Bill (1995). "Elvis Costello". In ISBN 0-679-75574-8.