Trochetiopsis erythroxylon

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Saint Helena redwood

Extinct in the Wild  (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Trochetiopsis
T. erythroxylon
Binomial name
Trochetiopsis erythroxylon
Forst.) Marais
  • Pentapetes erythroxylon

Trochetiopsis erythroxylon, the Saint Helena redwood, is a species of plant, now extinct in the wild. It was formerly abundant enough in the upland parts of the island of Saint Helena for early settlers in the 17th century to use the timber to make their homes. It became extinct in the 1950s due to deforestation as its habitat was cleared to make way for pasture, timber and fuel.[2]

The St. Helena Redwood was used as an early example of ex situ conservation when the governor of St. Helena obtained a couple seedlings and planted them in his garden.[3] It now exists in cultivation, although cultivated stock is weak. This species has pendant flowers, petals that turn pink with age, and white staminodes.

Saint Helena redwood is completely unrelated to the redwood tree of California and other trees called redwood.

It is, however, in the same genus as the Saint Helena ebony (Trochetiopsis ebenus) and a hybrid between them (Trochetiopsis × benjamini) is now often planted on the island.

See also

  • Flora of St Helena


  • Cronk, Q. C. .. “The Decline of the Redwood Trochetiopsis Erythroxylon on St Helena.” Biological Conservation, vol. 26, no. 2, Elsevier Ltd, 1983, pp. 163-74

External links

Media related to Melhania erythroxylon at Wikimedia Commons