Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
|Father||Carl XVI Gustaf|
|Mother||Queen Silvia of Sweden|
|Religion||Church of Sweden|
Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland (Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée; born 14 July 1977) is the
Victoria was born on 14 July 1977 at 21:45
Her given name, Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée, honours various relatives. Her first name comes primarily from her great-great-grandmother
She was baptised at the
Victoria studied for a year (1996–97) at the
In May 1999, she was an intern at the Swedish Embassy in
In 2006, Victoria enrolled in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs' Diplomat Program, running from September 2006 to June 2007. The program is a training program for young future diplomats and gives an insight to the ministry's work, Swedish foreign and security policies and Sweden's relations with the rest of the world. In June 2009, she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Uppsala University.
She speaks Swedish, English, French and German.
Change in status
Victoria was made
When she became heir, she also was made Duchess of Västergötland, one of the historical
Victoria's declaration of majority took place in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace of Stockholm on 14 July 1995. As of the day she turned 18, she became eligible to act as Head of State when the King is not in country. Victoria made her first public speech on this occasion. Located on the dais in the background was the same silver throne on which her father was seated at his enthronement, in actual use from 1650 and up until this ceremony.
As heir apparent to the throne, Victoria is a working member of the Swedish Royal Family with her own agenda of official engagements. Victoria attends the regular Advisory Council on Foreign Affairs and the information councils with Government ministers headed by the King, and steps in as a temporary regent (Riksföreståndare) when needed.
Victoria has made many official trips abroad as a representative of Sweden. Her first major official visit on her own was to Japan in 2001, where she promoted Swedish tourism, design, music, gastronomy and environmental sustainability during the "Swedish Style" event. That same year, Victoria also travelled to the West Coast of the United States, where she participated in the celebrations of the Nobel centenary.
In 2002, she paid official visits to United States, Spain, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Kosovo where she visited Camp Victoria. In 2003, she made official visits to Egypt and the United States. In early 2004, she paid an official visit to Saudi Arabia, as a part of a large official business delegation from Sweden, and in October 2004, she travelled to Hungary.
Crown Princess Victoria was given her own
In January 2005, Victoria made a long official visit to
In March 2006, Victoria made an official visit to
She is a member of the Honorary Board of the International Paralympic Committee.
In 2011, it was announced that Victoria would continue working throughout her pregnancy. In 2012, she took her maternity leave one day prior to the birth of her daughter Estelle and her husband Daniel revealed that he would take his paternity leave and switch parental roles with Victoria when Estelle began preschool.
In January 2016, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon appointed The Crown Princess as a member of Sustainable Development Goals Advocates for Agenda 2030. The Crown Princess is therefore one of 16 ambassadors in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Advocacy Group. The group's task is to promote the UN's Sustainable Development Goals – Agenda 2030 – in various ways. The Crown Princess primarily works with issues concerning water and health.
The Crown Princess Victoria's Fund
The Crown Princess Victoria's Fund was set up in 1997 and is run as a part of Radiohjälpen, the fundraising branch of Sveriges Television and Sveriges Radio. The fund's aim is to provide support for leisure and recreational activities for children and young people with functional disabilities or chronic illnesses.
The Crown Princess Victoria Fund's means mainly derive from donations by the public, but large companies such as Arla Foods, Swedbank and AB Svenska Returpack are constant sponsor partners. Additional support comes from The Association of Swedish Bakers & Confectioners who every year arrange a national “princess cake week” during which the participating cafés and bakeries give 2.50 SEK per sold princess pastry and 10 SEK per sold princess cake to the fund. The result of this fund-raising drive is usually presented to Victoria herself on her name day on 12 March every year; in 2007, the total amount was 200,000 SEK. Congratulatory and memorial cards are also issued by Radiohjälpen benefitting the fund, a simple way to pay respects and do a good deed in one act. In 2006, The Crown Princess Victoria Fund raised a total of 5.5 million SEK.
Every year Victoria visits one or several clubs or projects that have been granted money. These visits are not announced via the official royal diary but kept private; instead Sveriges Television often accompanies her and airs short programs from these visits at some time during the year.
Victoria's first boyfriend was Daniel Collert. They socialised in the same circles, went to the same school and were already friends when their romance developed in the mid-1990s. When Victoria moved to the United States in 1998 to study and recover from her eating disorders, Collert moved with her and settled in New York. In September 2000, Victoria's relationship with Collert was confirmed in an interview with her at Expo 2000. The relationship ended in 2001.
In May 2002, Swedish newspaper
In a popular personal report called Tre dagar med Victoria, which profiled her work during a three-day period that aired on
Swedish media often speculated about upcoming engagements and marriages for Victoria. On 24 February 2009, rumours that wedding plans were imminent became particularly intense preceding an information council between the King and Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt. Under the terms of the Swedish Act of Succession, the Government, upon the request of the King, gives the final consent for a dynastic marriage of a prince or princess of Sweden. The prince or princess otherwise loses their right to the throne. Later that day, it was confirmed that permission had been granted and that Victoria would marry Westling in the summer of 2010. The wedding date was set in Stockholm Cathedral for 19 June 2010, the 34th anniversary of her parents' marriage. Her engagement ring features a solitaire round brilliant-cut diamond mounted on white gold.
Marriage, motherhood and children
The wedding took place on 19 June 2010. Guests including royalty and ambassadors from various countries were invited to the wedding ceremony which took place at Stockholm Cathedral. After the wedding the newlyweds were driven through Stockholm in a coach and then rowed in the antique royal barge Vasaorden to the royal palace where the wedding banquet was held. On the evening before the wedding, there was a gala concert dedicated to the couple in the Stockholm Concert Hall.
On 23 February 2012, Victoria gave birth to Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland, in the Karolinska University Hospital. Their second child, Prince Oscar, Duke of Skåne, was born on 2 March 2016 in Karolinska University Hospital.
Victoria has dyslexia, as do her father King Carl XVI Gustaf and her brother Prince Carl Philip.
In 1996, it was established that Victoria had anorexia; this was not confirmed until the next year. Victoria had planned to study at Uppsala University, but after intense media speculation and public discussion when pictures of an evidently emaciated Victoria in sleeveless dresses at the Order of the Innocence's ball and the gala dinner for the incoming state visit from Austria surfaced in April 1997, the Royal Court decided to confirm her condition.
After a press release from the Royal Court in November 1997 announced that Victoria had eating disorders, she moved to the United States where she received professional treatment and studied at Yale University.
In June 1999, Victoria said, "It was a really hard time. This kind of illness is hard, not only for the individual but also for the people close to him or her. Today I'm fine."
In November 2002, the book Victoria, Victoria! came out, speaking further about her eating disorder. Victoria said: "I felt like an accelerating train, going right down... during the whole period. I had eating disorders and was aware of it, my anguish was enormous. I really hated how I looked like, how I was... I, Victoria, didn't exist. It felt like everything in my life and around me was controlled by others. The one thing I could control was the food I put in me". She further said that "What happened cost and I was the one who stood for the payments. Now I'm feeling well and with the insights I've acquired through this I can hopefully help someone else".
Victoria has prosopagnosia, which makes it difficult to recognize familiar faces.   In an interview in 2008, she called it a "big drawback" in her capacity as heir to the throne.
Titles, styles and honours
- 14 July 1977 – 31 December 1979: Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Sweden
- 1 January 1980 – 9 January 1980: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Sweden
- 9 January 1980 – present: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland
- Royal Order of the Seraphim(LoK av KMO)
- Royal Family Decoration of King Carl XVI Gustaf (14 July 1995)
- Recipient of the King Carl XVI Gustaf's Jubilee Commemorative Medal III (30 April 2016)
- Recipient of the King Carl XVI Gustaf's Jubilee Commemorative Medal II (23 August 2013)
- Recipient of the King Carl XVI Gustaf's Jubilee Commemorative Medal (30 April 1996)
- Swedish National Defence College Commemorative Medal (Försvarshögskolans minnesmedalj) (9 January 2008)
- Swedish Soldiers Homes Association Medal in Gold no 1 (Svenska Soldathemsförbundets medalj i guld, SSHFGM) (May 2021)
- Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross
- Order of the Balkan Mountains
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- Knight of the Order of the Elephant (14 July 1995)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
- Grand Cross of the Order of the White Star
- Order of the White Rose
- National Order of Merit
- Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Grand Cross of the Order of Honour
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
- Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance
- Grand Officer of the Order of the Three Stars
- Grand Cross of the Order of Grand Duke Gediminas
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau
- Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm[verification needed]
- Knight of the Order of Grimaldi
- Recipient of the Prince Albert II Investiture Medal
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion(11 October 2022)
- Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav (1 July 1995)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
- South Korea:
- Grand Cross of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (16 November 2021)
- Grand Officer of the Order of the Republic
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- ^ a b c "Crown Princess Victoria – Royal Engagements". www.kungahuset.se. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
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- ^ Svärdkrona, Zendry (12 January 2003). "Pojkvännerna" [The boyfriends]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- ^ Rönn, Cina (4 September 2000). "Victoria bekräftar: Daniel är min pojkvän" [Victoria confirms: Daniel is my boyfriend]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 22 August 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- ^ Nyhlén, Daniel (16 June 2002). "Victorias hemliga möte med Daniel" [Victoria's secret meeting with Daniel]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- ^ Nyhlén, Daniel (12 July 2002). "Första bilden på kärleksparet" [First picture of the love couple]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- ^ Nyhlén, Daniel (25 December 2004). "Hon försvarar sin drömprins" [She defends her prince charming]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- ^ Stiernstedt, Jenny; Svantesson, Erika (24 February 2009). "Victorias förlovning blir offentlig i dag" [Victoria's engagement becomes public today]. Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- ^ "Engagement between Crown Princess Victoria and Daniel Westling" (Press release). Royal Court of Sweden. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- ^ "Crown jewels: The fabulous rings which sealed the love of Europe's royal couples". HELLO! magazine. UK.
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En dyslektiker kan lära sig att läsa och skriva efter bara 50 timmars träning. Det säger nu Toini Prim, en av Sveriges ledande dyslexiexperter. Prim har tidigare bland annat hjälpt till att behandla prins Carl Philip.
- ^ "Med Drottningholmsom lekplats". Dagens Nyheters bilaga (in Swedish). 16 May 2010. p. 25.
'Rätt snart upptäcktes att Victoria hade ärvt faderns dyslexi och hon kämpade hårt för att hålla jämna steg med klasskamraterna.
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she also fell victim to anorexia. To reduce the pressure on her, her family sent her to America in 1998
- ISBN 91-89617-36-3.
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- The Royal Court's official biography in Swedish and English
- The Royal Court's press release about the Diplomat Program
- Radiohjälpen's official website for Victoria Fund
- Video on YouTube, Announcement of Victoria and Daniel Westling's engagement, 2009-02-24.
- 1977 births
- Living people
- Crown Princesses of Sweden
- Swedish princesses
- Swedish duchesses
- Dukes of Västergötland
- Recipients of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Recipients of the Grand Decoration with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, 1st Class
- Recipients of the Order of the White Star, 1st Class
- Grand Cross of the Ordre national du Mérite
- Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Grand Crosses of the Order of Honour (Greece)
- Recipients of the Order of the Falcon
- Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon
- Order of the Precious Crown members
- Recipients of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas
- Grand Crosses of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas
- Officers of the Order of Grimaldi
- Grand Crosses of the Order of the Star of Romania
- Yale University alumni
- Uppsala University people
- Uppsala University alumni
- People educated at Enskilda Gymnasiet
- Swedish military personnel
- People from Solna Municipality
- Swedish Lutherans
- Swedish socialites
- Heirs apparent
- Female heirs apparent
- Swedish people of German descent
- Swedish people of Brazilian descent
- Swedish people of Portuguese descent
- Swedish people of French descent
- 20th-century Swedish women
- 21st-century Swedish women
- Royalty and nobility with dyslexia
- Daughters of kings